A Little Bit of Logic

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By subrenad
Words 626
Pages 3
“A Little Bit of Logic.” 1. What is logic? - Logic is the study of arguments. 2. What is an argument in a philosophical sense? What do you call the parts of an argument
? In philosophy an argument is an attempt to persuade someone by giving then two reasons for accepting the conclusion. There are two parts of an argument one of which is called the premise or premises; they are the reasons in an argument. The second part of an argument is called the conclusion, which is the end point that your mind is going towards. 3. What is an inference? An inference is he connection by which the conclusion follow from the premises. 4. What is a valid deductive argument? Define it and give your own examples. A valid deductive argument is one that follows a correct logical form, therefore if the premises are true, the conclusion must also be true. Form * Examples: - 1. John is older than Ron. 1. J is R 2. Ron is older than Troy. 2. R is T 3. Therefore, John is older than Troy. 3. J is T
2. All life requires water.
There is no water on the planet Mars.
Therefore, no life is possible on Mars. 5. What is an invalid deductive argument? Define and give an example. An invalid deductive argument is an argument that has a false premise. Therefore an invalid argument does not logically compel acceptance of the conclusion.
Example: - 1. If Nafeeza is Indian, then she speaks Hindi. 2. Nafeeza speaks Hindi. 3. Therefore, Nafeeza is Indian.
- This argument is an invalid deductive argument because Nafeeza doesn’t necessarily have to speak Hindi. She could have taken classes to learn the language. 6. What is an inductive argument and how is it different from a deductive one? Define…...

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