Administration Aspects of Policing Within Policing Organization

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Iloveyou1201
Words 305
Pages 2
Administration Aspects of Policing within Policing Organizations Police administration provides the structure, direction, and the atmosphere for effective policing to occur. The nature of policing as an institution of social control and service presents both challenges and opportunities to police administrators. To help with assigning work assignments and responsibilities by establishing work boundaries for people and the unit the administrative process was designed. Administration refers to the general managing and organizing that occurs at the highest levels of an organization. Administrators must develop ways of controlling the department to ensure that personnel and units follow the guideposts that are place. Additionally, administrators must ensure that there is adequate funding for the programs that are also implemented; it is a complicated task especially as a department becomes larger. The best way to understand administration and what administrators do is identify the activities associated with administration. Guilick (1937), an early administrative theorist, outlined administrative responsibilities using the acronym POSDCORB. The classic description of administration is still accepted today as one of the most appropriate for identifying administrative functions: (1) planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, reporting, and budgeting. The administrator must be diligent, competent, and dedicated to the department and the community as well in order to be successful. Law enforcement is constantly changing; police procedures taught today may be proven unsafe and outdated tomorrow. Police practices, technology, and laws are forever changing as well. Criminals are becoming more sophisticated and administrators are also looking for ways to improve themselves and their organizations. If police departments are to maintain the respect and…...

Similar Documents

Policing

...David Bayley and Clifford Shearing: The New Structure of Policing: Descriptions, Conceptualization and Research Agenda Policing is being reconstructed worldwide. Its distinguishing features are (a) the separation of those who authorize policing from who do it and (b) the transference of both functions away from government The change in policing cannot be understood in customary terms. It is often mischaracterized for example as privatization. Because the distinction between public and private domain becomes problematic in the new policing, the more appropriate description for what is occurring is multilateralization—as host of non governmental groups have assumed responsibility for their own protection, and a host of nongovernmental agencies have undertake to provide security services Crucial distinction is made between the auspices and providers of policing. Auspices are groups (and sometimes individuals) that explicitly and self-consciously take upon themselves the responsibility for organizing their own protection. Providers are groups that actually do the policing. In the old paradigm of policing government had responsibility for articulating security needs and for developing institutions to meet them. This has changed auspices can either be public (govt) or private (nongovt) Governments were the organizational auspices for formulating demand for policing, and they were the providers who supplied it. These two functions have become separate it has become acceptable......

Words: 811 - Pages: 4

Policing

...officer is employed. Some are beat cops, for example, patrolling a regular route to look out for infractions of the law, while others specialize in dog handling, bomb disposal, and various other fields of law enforcement. Police practices vary from one area to another and variations have been seen in the different styles of policing, structure, patterns of crime, and the demands of local communities. Most variations in police behavior have been seen in urban settings while rural and small-town policing has been relatively neglected. Variations from one area to the next frequently focus on comparisons among urban areas, occasionally make rural-urban comparisons, but rarely examine differences among rural areas (Warner, 1974). Crime prevention is often based on understanding the causes of crime, in order to find a way to reduce ‘risk factors’ within a community. One way to help with crime prevention is to try to tackle the social causes of crime, through cooperation with other departments within the community such as employment generation, poverty reduction, housing and education. Other approaches may include having the police try new methods such as community policing by helping with the rehabilitation of offenders and community projects to reduce the opportunities for crime in the community. When a police manager wants to have a positive police force that deals well with its community and wants to provide its officer and community with the best resources possible, the......

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

Policing Organizations in America

...Policing Organizations in America Policing organizations in America have different roles and functions at the federal, local and, state level. These roles fall under responsibilities and operational strategies. Although the federal government may be similar to state and local organizations there is difference in the role of federal employee. An Example of a federal agency is the FBI, Homeland security, and the DEA. Employees of this organization are allowed to make an arrest in any state or county, most of the federal agencies “do not provide basic services of protection and criminal investigation” (Walker & Katz, 2008, p. 76), which makes them different from the local and state organizations. Officers employed with the state troopers or highway patrols are employed with the state. Employment at the state level means that an officer is not allowed to make an arrest outside of the state. Officers on the local level are not allowed to make arrest outside of the city or county that employs them. All of these Agencies do have to follow the same code and depend on the federal laws. Police organizations have five primary responsibilities all of these responsibilities work together, which means they have similar structure both operational and administratively. The smaller departments do not have as much management and are much simpler. According to Walker and Katz (2008) “the typical police department is a bureaucracy, with a hierarchical structure and......

Words: 831 - Pages: 4

Policing

...Policing Matt S Rippee Sam Houston State University Abstract There is an abundance of white collar crime that occurs around all of us. The problem with this is too many people think that they can get away with it, and many of them do. To stop this influx of crime, a large number of agencies have been formed. These agencies use a joint policing style to combat white collar crime in the most effective way. Each and every day it is becoming harder to cheat the system due to the diligence and hard work that these agencies put forth. Policing White collar crime is around us everywhere. People that appear as if they have it all are scamming the system and profiting heavily from it. Due to these issues we have several agencies that work day and night to stop white collar crime. In broader terms there is really only three types of agencies that enforce white collar crime. This includes private agencies, formal criminal police agencies, and governmental regulatory agencies. With white collar crimes a lot of the time multiple different types of agencies will work together. This joint policing tactic is really the best way to explain the majority of success in white collar crime cases. Although there are only three types of agencies that go after white collar crime, those types have a large number of agencies within them. The first agency that I want to talk about is the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The FBI is probably the most......

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Policing

...Introduction “Police history” predates the evolution of the “police” as a permanent occupational group within a bureaucratic institution, providing the primary state response to crime and disorder. That was primarily a development of the 19th century and a reaction to the rapid social change of the industrial revolution and rapid urbanization. Prior to 1800, governments maintained order by a variety of means, local and national. One of the key historical debates concerns the effectiveness of these approaches and the degree of continuity between the premodern and modern police models. Around 1800 a small number of distinctively different types of police institution emerged. The French, under Napoleon, instituted the Gendarmerie, a state military police model. It evolved from the “Marechaussee,” which had had a dual military and civil function since the 16th century. The model was exported across Europe by Napoleon. The British developed two models. The first, set up to answer similar challenges to the Gendarmerie in France, was the Royal Irish Constabulary model. It was close to the state military model, but distinctively styled as part of the civil power of the state and subordinated to the Magistracy. The Irish model was subsequently exported to Britain’s colonies and became the basis of forces such as the Indian Police Service. The Metropolitan Police was consciously created as a local force with a uniform that was deliberately different from the military and a mission......

Words: 11839 - Pages: 48

Policing

...Investigation In Brief: Expanding Research by Sharing Data n n i Building Knowledge to Meet the Challenge of CriMe and JustiCe National Institute of Justice John H. Laub Director, National Institute of Justice The NIJ Journal is published by the National Institute of Justice to announce the Institute’s policy-relevant research results and initiatives. The Attorney General has determined that publication of this periodical is necessary in transacting the public business of the U.S. Department of Justice as required by law. Findings and conclusions of the research reported here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. All products, manufacturers and organizations cited in this publication are presented for informational purposes only, and their discussion does not constitute product approval or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Justice. Subscription Information Online http://puborder.ncjrs.gov/Listservs/nij/reg.asp Phone 301-519-5500 800-851-3420 Mail NCJRS P Box 6000 .O. Rockville, MD 20849-6000 World Wide Web Address http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/journals/welcome.htm U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs 810 Seventh St. N.W. Washington, DC 20531 Eric H. Holder, Jr. Attorney General Laurie O. Robinson Assistant Attorney General John H. Laub Director, National Institute of Justice This and other publications and products of the National Institute of Justice can be......

Words: 19057 - Pages: 77

Policing and Society

...Jeff Crowe Policing and Society Dr. Greenleaf March 6, 2015 Question 1 The broken windows theory in policing has changed the way many law enforcement agencies, along with the officers within them, have to look at crime. Police have always responded to crime, that is the belief and that has always been their job. What happens, though, when provided with an idea that expresses that crime can be more preventative just by looking at and involving the community to participate? Policing traditionally has always been a response unit, providing its’ service after the fact (after a crime has happened). The broken windows theory counters that traditional style by looking outside of the traditional criminal justice system to see how crime is generated and solutions to fix and prevent it (Trojanowics, 1994). The broken windows theory has views closely related to community policing: The quality of life, as the ultimate goal of policing (Carter & Sapp 1994; Joseph 1994; Kelling and Coles 1996; Skogan 1990; Trojanowics 1994). This type of policing has broadened the goal to assist communities to maintain a safe environment where basic institutions (families, schools, churches, commerce) can effectively operate and thrive within the community (Kelling and Coles 1996). Apprehending criminals is no longer the only focus among law enforcement. Police and their agencies must now adapt to look at what needs to be done to maintain the quality of life in communities as well as......

Words: 5063 - Pages: 21

Policing

...Annette Davis Inside Public and Private Policing CJA 500 Survey of Administration & Justice Dr. John Baiamonte, Jr. November 1, 2010 Assignment Write a 1500 to 2000 word paper that compares and contrasts the roles, responsibilities, and differences of public and private policing.  Cite at least two scholarly works (articles or books) or government documents. However, your textbook cannot be used as a source. Public policing has been known to have a monopoly on policing until the increased trend of private policing in the United States. Private policing, while emerging as a new industry, is not a new phenomenon and predates the existence of public police as witnessed today (Wilson 1994). Public and private policing have many similarities, as well as differences and the distinction between public and private police are often blurred. Private police look and behave like public police and describing their function often involves a comparison of the activities and responsibilities of the two. Despite the differences, public and private police tend to mirror each other to a certain extent (Nalla & Newman, 1990). The increase of private policing has been in response to many changes in society such as the increase of "mass private property" (Shearing and Stenning, 1983) in the form of large shopping complexes, cinemas, large retail stores and large compound style housing estates or gated communities. These require constant surveillance for the safety of shoppers and......

Words: 8202 - Pages: 33

Policing

...Policing in U.S Society Paper Brittany Duke CJS/210 11/08/2015 Brian Carter Policing in U.S Society Paper The United States has one of the most complex law enforcement systems in the world compared to other countries. There are several different policing organizations throughout the United States. These policing organizations can be broken down into two main agencies, federal law enforcement agencies and state and local law enforcement agencies. Federal law enforcement agencies contain officers that work for agencies in different departments such as the department of justice, department of Treasury, and Department of Homeland Security. Law enforcement agencies are at the federal level only, but they enforce various laws. They try and level local crime to the State. According to “Discover Policing” (2008-2015), “There are more than 17,000 state and local law enforcement agencies in the United States”. Every state has its own police force, and so does every city and every county. The State and local law enforcement agencies include different law enforcement agencies such as local police, state police, as well as other agencies. Local police includes municipal and county police that obtained their authority from that specific governing body that created it. They interact locally within their jurisdiction to uphold the laws in that area and take care of local crimes. State police perform police duties within their assigned state, they mainly help with......

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Policing

...History of Policing Thomas J. Bowers Texas A&M University Central Texas Abstract The history of police has come a long way. America has police standards and traditions based on the Sir Robert Peel’s British police. There is plenty of history in the American police and the evolution of the system, but first we must know how even the British Police came about. The Anglo-Saxons is where policing started. It was the people who were doing these jobs. The People in the area were given names or titles like tythings, or group of ten and they were responsible for policing their community. There was ten tythings in a hundred-man group who would fall under the Shire-reeve, or Sheriff of the land area or county. with a tything-man as representative of each; and into larger groups, each of ten tythings, under a “hundred-man” who was responsible to the Shire-reeve, or Sheriff, of the County. As time went on the tything man became the Constable, or Come-stable, and the Sheriff would be the Justice of Peace. The constables would have paid able men to walk the streets and keep the area safe. These men would be called the Watch. In the eighteenth century times changed and this system began to fail. After many years and studies of the accomplishments and fails of the system, Sir Robert Peel pushed for police department to be formed. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Act was agreed and the Metropolitan Police was recognized. The complete formation and unity came in 1839......

Words: 2473 - Pages: 10

Policing

...Policing happened long before computers existed, but the job is more streamlined and efficient now that computers play a major role in the way police officers work. Police agencies benefit tremendously from computers in accessing criminal and fingerprint databases, reporting offenses electronically, using GPS systems to track calls and speeding up forensics work. 1. Police Databases o Police use two main types of databases. Fingerprint databases allow forensics teams to run fingerprints found at a crime scene against prints in the system. These prints may be on file because of a person's criminal history or because of that person's job or licensing requirements. Though the database is not immediate, the process is faster than a lab worker comparing one-by-one. Police officers also use criminal databases, which show people arrested, indicted and convicted of various crimes. These databases allow for easier tracking of serial crimes and for identification of potential suspects. Offense Reports o Inputting offense reports is a time-consuming part of an officer's job. Much of the information is repetitive but must be completed. By having software programs for filing incident or offense reports, officers can cut out the time they spend on administrative tasks and focus on field work instead. GPS Tracking o GPS units in patrol cars allow officers to input addresses when calls come in. Rather than searching in the dark or trying to memorize an entire precinct, the officers can...

Words: 1449 - Pages: 6

Policing

...Policing in US Society Local police agencies have rules and regulations that they are to abide by; however, these policies change between agencies and jurisdictions. The federal government does not have many guidelines to lead the local agencies into how their agencies should be ran, including how many officers there should be for a certain amount of citizens in a patrolled area. In 2003 the national average for local agencies was 2.5 sworn officers per thousand (Walker & Katz, 2008, p. 66). This makes it difficult for communities, since there are not enough police officers to be able tend to calls made in emergencies. Calls for nonemergency situations often end up not being responded to because there are other incidents with greater importance and not enough officers to be able to tend to every situation. Most local agencies only get a small portion of their funds from the government, and most of the funding they do receive goes to paying salaries of the officers they do have. There are programs that would benefit the communities that have been cut because there isn’t the money to keep them running. “Governments at all levels are having increased difficulty balancing budgets, which frequently forces police departments to allocate dwindling resources to growing problems” (Community Policing Consortium, 1994, p. 3). This creates a problem in the communities for rehabilitating drug addicts, and other criminals with physical or mental disorders. When there is no......

Words: 540 - Pages: 3

Policing in America

...Policing In America In this paper I am going to identify and define the US government and policing organizations throughout the US and how they both impact of this relationship on the American Society as a whole. The government of the United States is the national government of the constitutional republic of fifty states that is the United States of America. This government comprises three distinct branches of government: a legislative, an executive and a judiciary. These branches and their various powers are delineated in the U.S. Constitution; the powers are specified in greater detail in laws enacted by Congress. Self-policing, a form of self-regulation, is the process whereby an organization is asked, or volunteers, to monitor its own adherence to legal, ethical, or safety standards, rather than have an outside, independent agency such as a governmental entity monitor and enforce those standards. Self-policing attempts may fail, due to the conflict of interest in asking any organization to police itself. If the public becomes aware of this failure, independent organization is often given the duty of policing them, sometimes with highly punitive measures taken against the organization. The results can be disastrous, such as a military with no external, independent oversight, which may commit human rights violations against the public. Not all businesses will voluntarily meet best practice standards, leaving some users exposed. Example: Self-regulation for online......

Words: 458 - Pages: 2

Policing

...of Policing Rashika S. Bowden CJS/210 9/72010 Instructor-Mark Morrison Response to Organizational Policing People explore the organizational theories as ways to explain plus help individuals see structure and simples ways the police agencies work. The tree theories of policing are 1) Resource Dependency, 2) Contingency, 3) Institutional. Resource dependency is often used for recognizing that organizations must find ways to survive, and engage in exchange with other organizations is their environment. Up holding an external social and political environment, contingency theory believes that it can and will create structure and achieve specific goals. “Last but not least institutional theories hold and place organizations under a category to operate with relations so they can improve their social and external political beliefs” (Walker & Katz, 2008). Agencies and police organizations try to operate according to the theories that were listed above. Often times as I have seen in numerous cases, if gang activity is a consistent problem in or around different communities, the agencies and police organizations will eventually form or call in the special gang unit. “However, not all resource dependent departments are awarded funding for their community issues; departments that struggle with gang-related problems may not have the resources to form a special gang unit. Each theory can explain the structures and operational strategies of most police organizations,......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2

Purpose and Organization of Policing in the United States

...Purpose and Organization of Policing in the United States Customer Inserts His/ Her Name Customer Inserts Grade Course Customer Inserts Tutor’s Name 24,07,2012 Organization and Purpose of Policing in the United States Policing in the US is civilian and is financed and managed by local governments. Most of the law enforcement agencies in the US are local, and a few represent special jurisdictions like university police and park police. Other agencies include state agencies and federal agencies. The majority of the police personnel work for local agencies, while the remaining work for federal law enforcement and special jurisdiction agencies. The major constituents of United States policing are both local, and they include departments of municipal police in the towns, villages, and counties. These two agencies are characterized by their size as they are small, and the fact that they are independent of one another (Eterno & Das, 2011). There is no hierarchy in policing among and between agencies. It only applies to individual agencies and not between agencies. Police usually perform their duties in the fields, mainly at the local and state stages. They do not need direct supervision (Conser, Paynich & Gingerich, 2012). Most of the duties performed by the police are undercover duties that entail making of low profile judgments. Most of these judgments do not require any accountings or arrest. Information in police departments is decentralized,......

Words: 615 - Pages: 3

Mozart La Para Ft Vakero Y Don Miguelo – Yo Quiero A Marte | Will & Grace Saison 10 | Download