Air and Water Pollution

In: Science

Submitted By bjop51
Words 765
Pages 4
| Air and Water Pollution | Environmental Science |

|

Air and water pollution has become a very important problem that has to start being resolved. Although this isn’t something that can be resolved over night it is a problem that can slowly but surely improve a little at a time. The two types of air pollutants I have chosen are carbon monoxide and lead. These are both pollutants that harm our air majorly and need to be reduced. The two types of water pollutants I chose are surface water and groundwater pollution. All of these pollutants need to be more well-known that way each individual can do their part to help protect our environment.
One type of a common air pollutant is carbon monoxide (CO). This is the type of pollution that occurs when combustion process. Carbon monoxide is a colorless and odorless gas that is more common in urban areas. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, “CO can cause harmful health effects by reducing oxygen delivery to the body's organs (like the heart and brain) and tissues. At extremely high levels, CO can cause death.” [ (Carbon Monoxide, 2012) ] This pollutant can be modified as either a primary or secondary pollutant. It is a primary because it can directly enter the air as a harmful substance. It can also be a secondary because it can also be created by the combustion process. Air pollution has a lot to do with greenhouse gases and our environment. When fuels are burned some of the pollutants are greenhouse gases.
Another type of common air pollutant is lead (Pb). This is a metal that is found in the environment as well as in manufactured products. It has become such a problem because it is has been found in fuels that are in on-road motor vehicles. There has been a great amount of use of lead to decrease which has been helping the environment slowly. According to the United…...

Similar Documents

Air and Water Pollution

...Air and Water Pollution Paper Air and water pollution is a big deal in our environment. The two types of air pollution that I have decided to talk about are nitrogen dioxide and carbon dioxide. These are both very prominent in our environment. These pollutants can either be primary or secondary pollutants. A primary pollutant is an air pollutant emitted directly from a source that retains some chemical form. A secondary pollutant is not directly emitted as such but forms when other pollutants react in the atmosphere. Nitrogen dioxide is both a primary and secondary pollutant. It is a primary pollutant because besides oxygen is a main gas that frequents our atmosphere. It is a secondary pollutant because it is formed by the oxidation of nitric oxide, which is produced by traffic and fossil fueled power stations. The second air pollutant that I am discussing is carbon dioxide. It is considered a primary pollutant because it is already present in our atmosphere but it does become toxic when additional releases cause it to rise about its natural concentrations. The rise in carbon dioxide levels is one of the contributing factors to the greenhouse effect. The sources of primary pollutants are called mobile sources also known as transportation these include cars, trucks etc. The other source of pollutants is known as industry or stationary which includes power plants, industrial sites etc. The most prominent gases in the atmosphere are nitrogen and oxygen. Nitrogen at 78% and...

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Air Pollution

...April 25, 2013 Air Pollution kills over 1 million in China I found this article titled “Air Pollution Linked to 1.2 Million Premature Deaths in China” in The New York Times on April 1, 2013. I found it interesting because prior to reading this article, I did not know air pollution was such a big problem, particularly in China. Edward Wong, journalist for The New York Times, wrote this article about premature deaths due to outdoor air pollution. According to Wong, air pollution is linked to 1.2 million premature deaths in 2010. This is nearly 40 percent of the global total. Ambient particulate matter pollution was the 4th leading risk factor for deaths in China. A study showed that the growth rate of disclosure of pollution information has slowed; meaning China is not disclosing this information to the public. China needs to figure out how to get a handle on their air pollution problem. China is no stranger to air pollution. According to the article, 350,000 to 400,000 people die prematurely each year because of outdoor air pollution. This is nearly 40 percent of the global total. In 1990, air pollution killed 800,000 people prematurely world wide. India also has densely populated cities that struggle with air population as well. India also had 620,000 premature deaths in 2010. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development stated that “urban air pollution is set to become the top environmental cause of morality worldwide by 2050, ahead of dirty water and lack of......

Words: 673 - Pages: 3

Air and Water Pollution

...Air and Water Pollution Dimetrious Jones ENV/100 October 24, 2012 Katherine Fiegel Air and Water Pollution The two major elements that are essential to the survival of any living organism are clean water and air. Pollution is a major threat to these elements which in turn has made water and air pollution serious problems that are endangering the lives of people worldwide. Pollution is caused by contaminants being introduced into an environment which have very harmful effects on the environment as a whole. Most of the pollution that ends up in the environment is a result of human actions, but there are some instances were pollution is caused by natural disasters. Pollution can have a very devastating effect on virtually every living organism within any environment that has become contaminated with pollutants. Primary and Secondary Air Pollutants Most forms of air pollutants fall into two major categories which are primary and secondary. Primary air pollutants are those that are emitted directly form a source, this could be the smoke from the exhaust pipe of a car or the gases emitted from the burning of coal (www.greenfacts.org). Secondary air pollutants are those that are not emitted directly but are formed by the interaction of primary pollutants with the atmosphere (www.greenfacts.org). Sulphur dioxide (S02) is a primary air pollutant that occurs most often when coal is burned in thermal energy plants. Sulphur dioxide is one form of air pollution......

Words: 1274 - Pages: 6

Air Pollution

...Air Pollution Pollutants in our air today are very serious environmental problem. Besides other pollutions such as water, sound and land, air pollution affects us the most as we inhale and exhale them every single seconds. As living in an industrial era, we have familiar with terms such as smog, lead, ozone, and carbon monoxide. The news, newspaper and media have shown a lot of consequences of these pollutants that we have to face nowadays such as the haze. More and more regulations have been established and implemented to minimize the air pollutions such as vehicle emissions testing standards and pollutant emitting facilities standards. However, it seems that all of these are not working as the air pollutions worsen. Thus, the causes need to be researched and identified to find for the solutions of combatting air pollution that affects us the most. According to Dr. Laurent Hodges in her book Environmental Pollution Second Edition (1997), there are a number of different causes of air pollution. Firstly, particulate matter that consists of solid and liquid aerosols which suspended in the atmosphere is one of the major cause. It comes from the burning of coal in industrial processes. These atmospheric particles will scatter and absorb sunlight then reduces visibility. Secondly, sulphur oxides that being produced when coal is burning and during industrial processes can damage materials, vegetation, and human respiratory system as it is acidic. Sulphur oxides, even in a small...

Words: 670 - Pages: 3

Air Pollution

...Air pollution is a widespread problem that can be hard to contain. Air pollution can cause problems in both humans and animals. Not only that, air pollution can cause changes in climate which can affect our food sources. Air pollution is harmful to the environment and bad for people’s health. This problem needs to be contained. Many of the things that pollute the air are used by humans daily and at http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/pollution-overview/ it says that car, planes, buses, and many other modes of travel release carbon dioxide into the air which is one of the main components of global warming. Most of the activities that use fossil fuels emit carbon dioxide into the air. Cutting back on emissions of fossil fuels can reduce the amount of carbon dioxide on other greenhouse gases that cause global warming. A big problem with air pollution is that it can cause asthma attacks. “Asthma is a serious chronic lung disease that appears to be on the rise in, the United States and many other countries around the world. The prevalence of asthma in the U.S. has increased by more than 75% since 1980.” (http://www.arb.ca.gov/research/asthma/asthma.htm). Air pollution hasn’t been linked to causing asthma but has been linked to asthma attacks. Acid rain also is a problem created by air pollution. “Acid rain (or acid deposition, as it's called in technical circles) is produced by the burning of fossil fuels. It is formed when emissions of sulfur......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Air Pollution

...Research Paper Outline 11/12/09 Topic: The Causes of Water Pollution Thesis: Water pollution happens in two ways: the emission of toxic waste into water by households and industries and natural calamity. I. Introduction A. Water is an important resource 1. Use in homes – cooking, cleaning, personal hygiene 2. Use in industry – ingredient in products, washing, processing, cooling, transporting, sanitation 3. “Water Fact,” par. 1 – less than 1% of the earth’s water is accessible for human use 4. State thesis II. Pollution of water from household use A. Humans use all kinds of products in the home 1. Stauffer, The Water Crisis, p. 58 a. cleaning products b. paint and solvents c. lawn and garden chemicals d. antifreeze, motor oil 2. They dump these things down their drains B. There are other ways to dispose of these products 1. Stauffer, The Water Crisis, p. 58 a. avoid using hazardous products b. if you use them, dispose of them properly III. Pollution of water from industrial use A. Factories use chemicals to create their products 1. Stauffer, p. 24 a. chemicals disposed into water b. chemicals disposed of (diffuse) into air B. Chemical disposal makes water undrinkable 1. Stauffer, p. 24 a. waste released into water sources make water undrinkable b. waste released into the air causes acid rain, which pollutes water sources IV. Spread of toxic waste by natural......

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

Water and Air Pollution Env/100

...Water and Air Pollution There are many pollutants within the world today. These pollutants cause many problems within the environment from causing deformations, death, miscarriages, and many other problems. These pollutants can harm the air or water in the ecosystem and cause many problems. There are many types of pollutants and those are anything in the environment that does not belong. These pollutants can be anything from burning fossil fuels, spraying pesticides, toxic chemicals being released into the water, and trash loose in the ocean. These types of pollutants have different effects on the environment and can do different things. There are two types of air pollution; these are primary and secondary pollutants. The primary air pollutants are emitted right into the air from a source. These can come from anything that burns fossil fuels. These are car burn fossil fuels and create carbon dioxide that is released into the atmosphere which contributes the harm of the ozone layer creating the green house gasses. This is caused mainly because there is a incomplete combustion of the gasses leaving the gas in a state in which it is difficult to change. The carbon dioxide does not only come from car emissions but also the transportation activities, electricity, and industry emissions. These all release emissions into the atmosphere through burning fossil fuels which is where they get the energy they need to function. There are other types of air pollutions as well.......

Words: 1214 - Pages: 5

Air and Water Pollution

...Air and Water Pollutions Andrew Binder ENV/100 March 17th, 2014 Barbara Plourde Air and Water Pollutions Skin rashes, eye and throat irritation, emphysema, typhoid fever, and cancer are a few health issues that have been connected to water and air pollution. Pollution is defined as the releasing of harmful products or substances into the environment (Webster Dictionary, 2013). Pollution causes negative changes in the environment that effect plant and animal life, sources of water, and the ozone layer. Nitrogen oxide and nitrogen dioxide are two types of air pollutants. Pesticides and waste run- off from factories, refineries, and waste treatment facilities are two types of water pollutants. Primary and Secondary Air Pollutants There are two types of air pollutants primary and secondary. Gas and other hydrocarbon fuels in combustible engines produce primary pollutants like nitrogen oxide (Pearson- Education, 2014). When there is sunlight, nitrogen oxide combines with hydrocarbons. When they combine they form secondary pollutants, (Pearson- Education, 2014). Nitrogen oxide also reacts to oxygen to form a secondary pollutant called nitrogen dioxide. Nitrogen dioxide colors the air and blends with other chemicals and atmospheric water vapors to create smog. Primary air pollutants enter the atmosphere directly through natural processes or human activities (Berg & Hager, 2009). Nitrogen oxide enters directly into the atmosphere from combustible engines it is......

Words: 1090 - Pages: 5

Air Pollution

...Air Pollution CaTina Massey Environmental Science November 12, 2011 Instructor: Professor Mahoney AIR POLLUTION Air pollution is the biggest problem we as Americans face today. The problem arose during the industrial revolution and has just gotten worse since then. However, the industrial revolution brought many great changes to the world; better transportation, cheaper merchandise, and has made our life better. In the beginning of the industrial revolution, the problem of pollution was not something that people paid attention too. As the science involved, people began to realize the problem with pollution. Many different sources cause air pollution. Automobiles that are burning gasoline produce very harmful gases and incineration of products. Factories produce millions of particles that are carried off into the air. Gaseous by-products produced by chemical plants release these toxic gases when their concentration is at a high enough level. As the world has become more industrialized, the increased amount of air pollution and new health hazards have developed. Air pollution can arise from different sources that we cannot control. For example, forest fires, dust storms, and volcanoes. One of the sources of air pollution is acid rain. Raindrops that are combined with polluted air create acid rain. Acid rain mainly causes the erosion of buildings, destruction of crops, and many other assets. Global warming is also caused by acid rain. Many......

Words: 891 - Pages: 4

Air and Water Pollution Paper

...Air and Water Pollution Paper Deleta Johnson ENV/100 September 3, 2013  Dr. Willie Frazier Pollution is the contamination of substances so that they are unfit for an intended use. Waste materials from people, animals, and industries pollute water. Air can become polluted from smoke and dust and from automobile exhaust gases. This paper will be discussing two types of water and air pollutants and analyze their effect on the environment and human life. Air pollution occurs when wastes dirty the air. Nitrogen Oxide and Carbon Oxide is two of the air pollutants that have problems with pollution in society today. These two air pollutants fall in the category of primary pollutants. I believe that these two pollutants are primary pollutants because when nitrogen oxide is inhaled by individuals it can cause serious health problems such as asthma. Nitrogen oxide is let out and exposed into the air it can harm the growth of the plants and crops. As a result the farmers lose quantities of food that are being grown. Carbon oxide is an odorless, colorless, and tasteless gas. Human beings and animals inhale oxygen and exhale the carbon dioxide that is produced by oxidizing food in their bodies. “Green plants take carbon dioxide from the air and give off oxygen when light shines on them. In the light, plants combine carbon dioxide with water to make food.” (Sorensen,2013) Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, and extremely poisonous gas. Because it has no odor or......

Words: 1022 - Pages: 5

Air Pollution

...Joann Lee Geology Research Paper December 1, 2014 Air Pollution Air pollution can be described as any contaminate or harmful substance to the atmosphere that disturbs the natural composition and chemistry of the air, causing damage to the environment, human health and the quality of life. The air that we breathe is filled with substances and pollutants that are hazardous to our health and these pollutants in the air can take many forms such as gases, solid particles or liquid droplets. Pollution enters the Earth’s atmosphere in many different ways. Air pollution can be created naturally, for example smoke from wildfires or ash from volcanoes, but most air pollution is created by humans, especially from the release of emissions from factories, cars, planes and etc. Air pollution that occurs naturally is considered as a natural source and air pollution caused by humans are called anthropogenic or man-made sources. Air pollution is the most common in large cities due the high volume of people and some of the most polluted cities in the world are Beijing, New Delhi, Los Angeles and Cairo. Although air pollution is usually thought of as smoke from large factories or exhaust from vehicles, air pollution can come from indoors also. Burning kerosene, wood, or coal to heat a house can contaminate the air inside the house, resulting in air pollution indoors. The ash and smoke from the burning of the substances can make breathing difficult and can also stick to the walls, food or......

Words: 2116 - Pages: 9

Air and Water Pollution

...Air and Water Pollution Jennilee Stieber ENV/100 February 24th, 2014 Jennifer Lake Air and Water Pollution Air and water are a necessity for all living things. There are naturally occurring and man based pollutants that effect the air that we breathe and the water we drink. Pollution is changing the world we live in, and understanding our pollutants helps us come to a better solutions and a future for our environment. Carbon oxides are air pollutants that are the gasses carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. Both are colorless, odorless, tasteless, and are considered primary pollutants (Berg & Hager, 2009). Primary pollutants are emitted into the air directly by the sources. Carbon monoxide’s main source is vehicle exhaust, and other sources include from incomplete combustion. Carbon dioxide is released naturally through volcano eruptions and respiration. Some human activities that contribute to the production of carbon dioxide are deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels, such as oil and coal ("Global Climate Change", 2014). Carbon dioxide contributes to global warming by trapping in the heat from the sun in the troposphere and stratosphere, which leads to the whole Earth warming up. Carbon monoxide spreads in the troposphere, prevents other polluting gases to be release from the atmosphere and contributes to smog (2014). Particle matter is an air pollutant that consists of dust particles, lead, and sulfuric acid. There are solid and liquid......

Words: 932 - Pages: 4

Pollution of Air

...INTRODUCTION With the great concern surrounding the destruction of the earth's atmosphere due to air pollution, the immediate and direct harm caused to the human body is often over shadowed. While many are aware that our careless use of hazardous chemicals and fossil fuels may leave the planet uninhabitable in the future, most over look the fact that they also cause real damage to our bodies at this moment. Such pollutants cause damage to our respiratory system, leading to the fluctuation of the life span of an individual depending on a number of conditions. Amongst these conditions are the individuals specific geographic location, age, and life style. In this essay I will try to explain what pollutants are and how they affect our bodies. What are the pollutants? And how do they affect our bodies?  In order to understand how air pollution affects our body, you must understand exactly what this pollution is. The pollutants that harm our respiratory system are known as particulates. Particulates are the small solid particles that you can see through a ray of sunlight. They are products of incomplete combustion in engines example: automobile engines, road dust, and wood smoke. Billions of tons of coal and oil are consumed around the world every year.  When these fuels burn they produce smoke and other by-products into the atmosphere. Although wind and rain occasionally wash away the smoke given off by power plants and automobiles, much still remains. Particulate matter......

Words: 2476 - Pages: 10

Air and Water Pollution Paper

...Air and Water Pollution Paper Since the industry revolution, environmental pollution has gradually become a global problem. It looks set to hog the limelight in this century. Almost all the countries suffer from such problem and are struggling to keep their heads over the water. This essay will cover two types of air pollutants and two water pollutants that affect our health. Air: (Indicate whether the selected air pollutants are considered primary or secondary pollutants. Be sure to explain why they are considered to be primary or secondary, and discuss the sources of these pollutants) (Examine the selected water pollutants. Discuss the sources of these pollutants, and indicate the impact of these pollutants on water resources and aquatic life) Air pollution is something in the air that causes harm to humans or the environment. There are many different forms of air pollutants and these are broken down further into primary and secondary pollutants. A primary pollutant is something that stems directly from a source such as volcanic ash or vehicle emissions. A secondary pollutant forms when two pollutants react in the atmosphere such as acid rain. Most air pollution comes from one human activity: burning fossil fuels, natural gas, coal, and oil to power industrial processes and motor vehicles. Among the harmful chemical compounds this burning puts into the atmosphere are carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and tiny solid particles......

Words: 1252 - Pages: 6

Air Pollution

...Air pollution There are many different types of air pollution that effect’s us on an everyday basis. I never realized how many different kinds of air pollution until I have read this chapter. Humans are the main cause of air pollution. The sad part is we continue to pollute. We poison the air every day by throwing out enormous piles of garbage, burning tons of fossil fuels, and driving. Primary pollutants are suspended particle matter, radon, lead, air toxics, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds. The secondary pollutants are ozone and peroxyacetyl nitrates (Environmental Science 11e). These are mixed in with multiple air pollutions. Air pollution is caused by a brown cloud that hangs over the valleys, especially on hot days. That is caused by the ozone. The ozone is a colorless gas that is in the air. When the ozone gets closer to the earth’s surface it is called ground zero. At that point it is very harmful. It is very harmful to the plants, animals and is very highly reactive in the lungs and can cause respiratory disease too. The ozone can cause choking, coughing and stinging eyes. Ground zero chemicals are created by automobiles, trucks, and buses; large industry; utility companies; gas stations; print shops; paint stores; cleaners; and off-road equipment, such as aircraft, locomotives, construction equipment, and lawn and garden equipment (Environmental Science 11e). Also to reduce the risk of this is to......

Words: 933 - Pages: 4

The Rookie HDTV 720p AC3 5.1 | Скачать | Transmedia Storytelling - 1447 Words