America’s Post Civil War Growing Pain

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Submitted By sonumask
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The process of reestablishing the union to again include the seceded states began during the war and lasted until 1877. Abraham Lincoln believed secession was unconstitutional, and so legally, the Southern states were still in the union. He believed the executive branch, particularly the president, should establish the process of reconstruction and the terms should be generous. As the union army gained control of seceded states such as Tennessee, Lincoln appointed military governors and was prepared to recognize a new state government once 10 percent of the state’s 1860 voting population swore allegiance to the union. Members of congress in 1864 presented their own much less generous plan, but Lincoln did not sign the bill, angering the radical or extreme Republican in congress. Republican in Congress, more interested in punishing the south than Lincoln was bristled at Lincoln’s leniency. In opposition to Lincoln’s plan they passed the Wade-Davis bill, which would have allowed a southern state back into the union only after 50 percent of the population had taken the loyalty oath. Furthermore, to earn the right to vote or to serve in a constitutional convention, southerners would have to take a second oath, called the iron-clad oath that testified that they had never voluntarily aided or abetted the rebellion. Lincoln vetoed the bill, but the battle about reconstruction continued. On April 14, 1865, Lincoln was shot in the back of the head while watching a play at ford’s theater in Washington. If Lincoln lives, he certainly would not have condoned what happened at Memphis or New Orleans, and he certainly would not have tolerated the KKK(Ku Klux Klan).

Industrialization: The process of industrialization began well before the civil war, and indeed, industrialization and improved communications sparked the market revolution during the first…...

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