American Economics

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A Report on American Economics in English Includes Social Security.

006 American Government-Economics

Most of the problems of the United states are related to the economy. One of the major issues facing the country today is social security.

The United States was one of the last major industrialized nations to establish a social security system. In 1911, Wisconsin passed the first state workers compensation law to be held constitutional. At that time, most Americans believed the government should not have to care for the aged, disabled or needy. But such attitudes changed during the Great Depression in the 1930's.

In 1935, Congress passed the Social Security Act. This law became the basis of the U.S. social insurance system.
It provided cash benefits to only retired workers in commerce or industry. In 1939, Congress amended the act to benefit and dependent children of retired workers and widows and children of deceased workers . In 1950, the act began to cover many farm and domestic workers, non professional self employed workers, and many state and municipal employees. Coverage became nearly universal in
1956, when lawyers and other professional workers came under the system.

Social security is a government program that helps workers and retired workers and their families achieve a degree of economic security. Social security also called social insurance (Robertson p. 33), provides cash payments to help replace income lost as a result of retirement, unemployment, disability, or death. The program also helps pay the cost of medical care for people age 65 or older and for some disabled workers. About one-sixth of the people in the United States receive social security benefits.

People become eligible to receive benefits by working in a certain period in a job covered by social security.
Employers and workers finance the…...

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