American Life During and Post-Civil War

In: Historical Events

Submitted By shahveer30
Words 2988
Pages 12
Veer Shah

AP United States History

DBQ Essay #3: “American period between 1860-1880”

The historic period prior to the 1860s was the most underlying era in American society as it led to the bloodiest war in the American history, the Civil war. Prior to the Civil war, the American politics were sectionally divided between the Northern Republicans and the Southern Democrats. The political culture was almost saturated as both sections had realized that the numerous compromises would only provoke questions and dissimilarities between them, with the largely interfered question of slavery and suffrage. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 had been implemented as a nationwide direction towards admitting states with reference the 36° 30´ latitude line, either as a free-state (above line) or as a slave state (below the line). Despite of the temporary success of the compromise of 1820, it was repealed by the Stephen A. Douglas in 1854 in his Kansas-Nebraska Act. Likewise, the Compromise of 1850, created by the Great Compromiser, Henry Clay, was an effort to preserve the Union by settling the issue of slavery in the newly acquired territories from the Mexican-American War. Although it assured a temporary peaceful settlement between the sections, it failed to give birth to the Civil war and the rise in sectionalism. Although all these compromises had served their desired intents, politically as well as socially, in turn, they only played a catalyst role in increasing the tensions between the Northerners and Southerners. Thereafter, the period of Reconstruction was booming, as the Republicans were given a tough job of readmitting the forfeited South. The Republicans in the Congress were determined to grant civil liberties to the blacks, and were least interested in any sort of compromise with the South. Although the aftermath of Civil war had monopolized the…...

Similar Documents

Northern Strategy During the American Civil War

...Northern Strategy in the Civil War: Tactics and techniques used by the Federal government that turned the tide of the war Jason McCawley Research Paper HIST 101 Spr 11 6 June 2011 -2- The Federal government of the United States was faced with an enormous challenge following the firing of rebel cannon upon Ft. Sumter, SC, in April of 1864. How would a still relatively new government respond to an internal revolt? The Union army (Federal government) used several different methods, known in today’s military as Tactics, Techniques and Procedures (TTP’s). The Federal government was faced with the daunting choice of allowing the Confederate’s to simply leave the Union, or to try and re-unite the country by military force. Of course the Federal’s and President Lincoln could not simply let the country split into two. President Lincoln ordered his top military leaders to come up with a tactical plan to conquer the rebels and bring the Confederacy back into the Union. One of President Lincoln’s top military leaders, General Winfield Scott, proposed a plan, called the Anaconda Plan, based upon three primary missions (procedures). First, a naval blockade of the Southern seaports, second to gain complete control of the Mississippi river, and third, the capture and surrender of Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederate States of America.1 By blockading the Confederate ports, President Lincoln and General Scott hoped to deprive the rebel government of their main......

Words: 1596 - Pages: 7

Racism During Civil War

...Racism during the Civil War Racism has always been enforced, since the beginning of the world to nowadays. According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, racism is defined, as a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities. Racism is a specific form of prejudice, which involves prejudicial attitudes towards members of an ethnic group. Racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race. Sadly, some individuals believe that another person is less human than them. Some of the most common causes of racism are skin, color, language, customs or place of birth. Racial prejudice deals with terrible and hostile pre-judgments, opinions, and actions towards a race. Moreover, racism has some devastating effects. It can destroy a person's self esteem, community cohesion and even creates divisions in society. Racism has influenced wars, slavery, the formation of nations and legal codes. In addition, racism has been used as a powerful weapon encouraging fear and hatred of others in times of conflict and war. For this reason, during the Civil War, a huge presence of racism existed. One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest shows the different types of racism present during the Civil War. During the Civil War, Africans Americans were treated as slaves, thus people were racist against them. Although slavery was phased out of existence in the North, it was expanding on the South. The majority of the slaves worked on large cotton plantations, but many......

Words: 1414 - Pages: 6

Reconstruction: a Post-Civil War Failure

...21 January 2010 Reconstruction: A Post-Civil War Failure Viewed as an era as a whole, Reconstruction takes place between the years 1865-1877 or between the Civil War’s end and the Union army’s withdrawal from the South. Reconstruction’s main goals were to integrate newly freed slaves into society, readmitting Southern states whom had seceded from the Union, and recreating Southern property as to better its conditions. At war’s end, the process of reconstruction sought out to solve the challenge that the disembodied Union now faced: what the status would be of postwar freedmen. While the North continued occupying Southern territories, Reconstruction shared very few successes. However, Reconstruction failed to meet its greater purpose. The process of Reconstruction was incompetent in integrating freedmen into American society because of its unstable and strained economy, its political disadvantages and its desire to redesign Southern social structure completely. Financial matters played a key role in Reconstruction’s failure, leading way to public hostility and corruption. Government industrialization plans helped rebuild the Southern economy however; the plans cost a lot of money to the government who financed such plans using tax revenue. Unable to keep up with the ever-growing investments, tax rates skyrocketed resulting in an antagonistic public opinion on Reconstruction. Conditions during this period were bad enough; the Civil War had greatly damaged the economy,......

Words: 899 - Pages: 4

Medicine During Civil War

...Medicine during the Civil War "When the war began, the United States Army medical staff consisted of only the surgeon general, thirty surgeons, and eighty-three assistant surgeons. Of these, twenty-four resigned to "go South," and three other assistant surgeons were promptly dropped for "disloyalty." Thus the medical corps began its war service with only eighty seven men. When the war ended in 1865, more than eleven thousand doctors had served or were serving, many of these as acting assistant surgeons, uncommissioned and working under contract, often on a part-time basis. They could wear uniforms if they wished and were usually restricted to general hospitals away from the fighting front.  The Confederate Army began by taking the several state militias into service, each regiment equipped with a surgeon and an assistant surgeon, appointed by the state governors. The Confederate Medical Department started with the appointment on May 4 of Daniel De Leon, one of three resigned United States surgeons, as acting surgeon general. After a few weeks he was replaced by another acting surgeon general, who on July 1,1861, was succeeded by Samuel Preston Moore. He took the rank of colonel and stayed on duty until the collapse of the Confederacy.  Dr. Moore, originally a Charlestonian, had served twenty seven years in the United States Army. He has been described as brusque and autocratic, a martinet. He was also very hard working and determined, and he was progressive in his......

Words: 6027 - Pages: 25

American History Post Civil War

...AMERICAN HISTORY POST CIVIL WAR American History Post Civil War Test 2 Growth Of Education In The United States In Nineteen Century Education in the United States has faced great changes toward development in the past hundreds of years. A society that was coming to depend increasingly on specialized skills and scientific knowledge was, of course a society with a high demand for education. The late nineteenth century, therefore, was a time of rapid expansion and reform of American school and universities. One example was the spread of free public primary and secondary education. In 1860, there were only 100 public high schools in the entire United States. By 1900, the number had reached 6,000, and by 1914 over 12,000. By 1900, compulsory school attendance laws were in effect in thirty-one states and territories. But education was still far from universal. Rural areas lagged far behind urban-industrial ones in funding public education. Also, in the south, many blacks had access to no schools at all. The post-Civil War era saw, too, an important expansion of educational opportunities for women. In the years after the war, many of the land-grant colleges and universities in the Midwest and such private universities as Cornell and Wesleyan began to admit women along with men. The female college was part of an important phenomenon in the history of modern American women; likewise, the anthropologists, sought to provide educational opportunities for the Indian......

Words: 2231 - Pages: 9

Post Civil War

...Thirteenth Amendment to outlaw slavery. Soon after hearing about the abolishment of slavery African Americans came to the conciliation they had no where to go. They had no money, no home and place to go since they lived on the plantation and they were feed by there masters. So the same people that had were there slave owners gave them a deal they could’t refuse. They offered for them to stay on the plantation continue working and they would be able to stay in there and get feed every night. If they didn’t choose to stay they could try to make there way to somewhere else. At the same time though the government passed vacancy laws outlawing people from staying in a certain place for a long period of time. To enforce this law they hired the old slave catchers to be vacancy patrol. Then if caught for vacancy your punishment was to be sent right back to where you previously were being held as a slave. Soon following came the Fourteenth Amendment giving citizenship to African Americans through the Civil Rights Act of 1866. Three years later the Fifteenth Amendment was pasted allowing the right to vote. ! In 1872 Grant won the election as a Republican party candidate. Soon after all of the rights African American were people were receiving the KU Klux Klan was formed as a white supremacist group. They went around terrorizing Republicans to vote Democratically or not at all. (Butler Civil War 16) The Republican party continued to decline in number do to the threats of the......

Words: 813 - Pages: 4

The American Civil War

... The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was fought from 1861 to 1865. Seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America, known as the "Confederacy" or the "South". They grew to include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additional western territories, the Confederacy was never recognized by a foreign country. The states that did not declare secession were known as the "Union" or the "North". The war had its origin in the fractious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories. After four years of bloody combat that left over 600,000 Union and Confederate soldiers dead, and destroyed much of the South's infrastructure, the Confederacy collapsed, slavery was abolished, and the difficult Reconstruction process of restoring national unity and guaranteeing civil rights to the freed slaves began. In the 1860 presidential election, Republicans, led by Abraham Lincoln, opposed the expansion of slavery into US territories. Lincoln won, but before his inauguration on March 4, 1861, seven slave states with cotton-based economies formed the Confederacy. The first six to secede had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, a total of 48.8% for the six. Outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal...

Words: 7214 - Pages: 29

The South During the American Civil War

...Julia Theresa A. Regalado E34 December 12, 2014 American Civil War Fought 1861-1865, the American Civil War was the result of decades of sectional tensions between the North and South. Focused on slavery and states rights, these issues came to a head following the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860. Over the next several months eleven southern states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America. During the first two years of the war, Southern troops won numerous victories but saw their fortunes turn after losses at Gettysburg and Vicksburg in 1863. From then on, Northern forces worked to conqueror the South, forcing them to surrender in April 1865. The Civil War of 1861-1865 determined what kind of nation it would be. The war resolved two fundamental questions left unresolved by the revolution: whether the United States was to be a dissolvable confederation of sovereign states or an indivisible nation with a sovereign national government; and whether this nation, born of a declaration that all men were created with an equal right to liberty, would continue to exist as the largest slaveholding country in the world. The Civil War started because of uncompromising differences between the free and slave states over the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become states. When Abraham Lincoln won election in 1860 as the first Republican president on a platform pledging to keep slavery out of the territories,......

Words: 1095 - Pages: 5

The American Civil War

...V. Borunda Mrs. Martinez World History November 20, 2014 The American Civil War Many people know about the Civil War, but not every one knows the details. The Civil War was a key point in U.S. History that brought all the states together and made them into one single indivisible country. Before the civil war started there was the election of 1860. Abraham Lincoln has just been elected into office and many political officials didn’t like that. The Battle Field Lincoln pledges to abolish slavery in all the states, his views were very different from those in congress, and Lincoln wanted a strong nation, one without slavery. This would be fine if slavery wasn’t popular in most states, but sadly it was. There was conflict and disagreement, but most of this conflict came from the south. In the south slavery was a very popular and common practice. Thirteen states from the south seceded from the United States. These states called themselves The Confederate States Of America. According to www.civilwar.org the first battle of the civil war took place at Fort Sumter. On April 12, 1861, Major Robert Anderson was under fire by General P.G.T Beauregard, who was in command of the Confederate forces around Charleston harbor. Major Robert Anderson surrendered on April 13 and evacuated the next day. This The battlefield is a very known subject in all wars but this was one of the harshest wars in American history. This war like any other was fought and won with armies of soldiers. Each......

Words: 1667 - Pages: 7

Sex During the Civil War

...Sex During the Civil War During the Civil War, a lot of things and people were affected by the conflict. Including sexual behavior and the way people viewed sex. Before the Civil War, there were just some things that weren’t meant to be said, and some things that weren’t meant to be seen. No one talked about sex out in the open, and very few people posed nude for photos. One the other hand, just because it wasn’t a topic that was normally discussed, does not mean it wasn’t thought about. The desire for sex is something natural, being shame or uncomfortable about the topic, still did not hinder the men from the north and south to go and find sex. At the soldiers camp they could purchase something called a “Barrack Favorite”. Which were novels that included “sexual nature”. Photographs of nudity could also be purchased. A single nude picture was 12 cents, and one dozen nude pictures sold for 1 dollar and 20 cents. The pictures were not usually white women, but blacks or Indians. These were just some of the things the soldiers liked to look at during their leisure time. They were so far away from their wives, they had to find something to keep their sexual needs occupied. Prostitution also experienced a major growth during Civil War times. Not just because the husband wasn’t there to supply the women’s sexual needs, but because of the lack of income that was coming into the household. The most popular area for prostitution was Tennessee. Before the break of the war was......

Words: 357 - Pages: 2

American Civil War

... The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew to include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additional western territories, the Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by a foreign country. The states that remained loyal and did not declare secession were known as the Union or the North. The war had its origin in the fractious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories. After four years of combat, which left over 600,000 Union and Confederate soldiers dead and destroyed much of the South's infrastructure, the Confederacy collapsed and slavery was abolished. Then began the Reconstruction and the processes of restoring national unity and guaranteeing civil rights to the freed slaves. In the 1860 presidential election, Republicans, led by Abraham Lincoln, opposed the expansion of slavery into U.S. territories. The Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a majority of the electoral votes, and Lincoln was elected the first Republican president, but before his inauguration on March 4, 1861,......

Words: 8756 - Pages: 36

Amputations During the Civil War

...Amputations during The Civil War Hist. 1301 6/27/2015 If anything is remembered about the American Civil War, it is the gruesome way wounded soldiers were medically treated when a foot or a leg was hit by a bullet. The most common solution to save back then their lives, was Amputation. This technique of removing any limb did not start with the Civil War, but it had been performed since the beginning of ancient times. Primitive amputations were more inclined towards the removal of dead tissue resulted from wars, and congenital anomalies. The techniques used during The Civil War to perform amputations were not successful at times, but cutting a limb was considered the most effective resource. Bones were mostly shattered by bullet strikes, so the removal was highly necessary. With the enormous artillery and amount of powder-related guns that both sides owned, amputations became more common during war. As the earliest stages of The Civil War developed, surgeons started to receive in their improvised hospitals numerous soldiers with very dramatic wounds, which also helped them develop more advanced techniques like the enabling an adequate control of hemorrhage. When civil war broke out in the United States, amputations were the most common surgery among soldiers. The wounds caused by gun-powder bullets, and the limitations of medicine about sterilization played an important role in the success of amputations in the Civil War. From 1861 to 1865; years of The Civil War,......

Words: 1071 - Pages: 5

The Fluidity of the American Civil War

... The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew to include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additional western territories, the Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal and did not declare secession were known as the Union or the North. The war had its origin in the factious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories. After four years of combat, which left over 600,000 Union and Confederate soldiers dead and destroyed much of the South's infrastructure, the Confederacy collapsed and slavery was abolished. Then began the Reconstruction and the processes of restoring national unity and guaranteeing civil rights to the freed slaves. In the 1860 presidential election, Republicans, led by Abraham Lincoln, supported banning slavery in all the U.S. territories, something the Southern states viewed as a violation of their constitutional rights and as being part of a plan to eventually abolish slavery. The Republican Party, dominant in the North,......

Words: 7535 - Pages: 31

Personages of the American Civil War

...Michael Wilson History 120 May 2 2016 Important Personages of the American Civil War. Abstract A defining time in American history was the Civil war of 1861-1865. It is said that while the Revolution founded the United states,the American Civil war shaped the United states into the kind of country it would come to be. The war would come to decide whether the United states would break up to become sovereign states or continue to stand as one nation. Also it would be key in determining if the United states would eventually abolish slavery or continue to dominate the world in slavery. These two issues would come to be widely recognized as the reasons for the war. This paper focuses mainly on some major personalities that played important roles during the war. It highlights their achievments and setbacks and Osuala 2 also takes a look at how they were instrumental to different causes and in general, their influences on the war at large. Stay tuned. Introduction There were so many people who took part in the American Civil war of 1861-1865 which was between the Confederacy and the Union. By the end of the war,over 730,000 soldiers and sailors died in the conflict (Shi and Tindall 506). Some of the......

Words: 1972 - Pages: 8

Post Civil War

...The Reconstruction period is believed by some to be the most important period in American history. There were many historical turning points throughout this period. The two that caught my attention the most were the freedom given to slaves and African Americans being given the opportunity to vote. After being taken from their native country Africa, they were beaten, starved, raped, and forced to work extremely long hours with little to no sleep. One word to describe the treatment of slaves is, horrible. They were finally granted freedom during the Reconstruction period. Although, they were free, life was still extremely difficult for blacks in America especially in the southern states. It would take many years before life improved for the former enslaved African-Americans in the United States of America. According to Smith (2010),” the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865 abolished slavery”. The first thing many freed slaves did was move. Most slaves wanted to reunite with family members they lost due to the slave trade. Freed African-Americans wanted to establish their own churches and schools. Many schools for African-Americans opened in the southern states. Strong bonds between families was the backbone of the post war African-American community. Slave marriages had no legal standing at all. After emancipation thousands of freed African-Americans registered their unions before the army, Freedmans Bureau, and local governments. White southerners were scratching their heads trying...

Words: 315 - Pages: 2

Nio Garcia, Casper, Darell, Nicky Jam, Bad Bunny & Ozuna - Te Bote.Mp3 | Magruder's American Government Final Exam Review | Crime and Punishment Lit...