Analysis Hills Like White Elephants

In: English and Literature

Submitted By zhang337
Words 305
Pages 2
"Hills Like White Elephants" Because the poem is mostly made up of dialogues, a lack of environmental description makes every setting worth of meditation. Almost every detail of setting, even those that may seem innocuous, actually demonstrates the struggle between the two characters about whether or not to have an abortion.
The white hills in the distance are probably the first theme oriented setting, since the author mentions the hills and white elephants in the title. I imagine the hills symbolize the rounded enlargement of the girl’s stomach, indicating her pregnancy. “White elephants” can be considered as useless or unwanted things, or valuable possessions which owners cannot dispose of, or the avoidance of a difficult topic. I think each meaning of the phrase can explain the situation depicted in the poem when referring hills to elephants, where the boy thinks the baby will disrupt their peaceful and happy life and both the boy and girl are trying to avoid the topic of abortion.
Another setting beer appears many times throughout the poem, which shows that they avoid conservation or directly face the pregnant issue. They order beer for three times and after the first round the girl wants to try Anis Del Toro. At the end of time, after moving the luggage, they each drink alone, the man stops in the bar room has another drink while the girl sits at the table drinking.
The railroad tracks is another setting shows the great gap between the couple. “He picked up the two heavy bags and carried them around the station to the other tracks.” Tracks, running side-by-side but never meet together, represent the between Jig and her boyfriend, which is being but never coming together. These tracks also divide the land to two parts, which shows the division exits between…...

Similar Documents

Hills Like White Elephants

...Zamani 1 Damien Zamani Professor Newman English 102 October 9th, 2012 Hills Like White Elephants Research Paper Despite the multiple critques of "Hills like White Elephants" I will briefly touch on a few. Several reviews elude the imagery and symbolism of the tale. Instead of list each critique in some haphazard bullet list we'll review the three points that were repeated and most obvious. The while elephant is the most prolific revolving theme of the story. Jig tells her boyfriend the hills look like white elepants. He responds that he's never seen one, to which she retorts "Of course you haven't". The hills are the imagery of the story. They are not actual hills but rather a metaphor for a choice of carrying a pregnancy to full term. White elephants are generally referred to as items whose maintenance costs exceeds their usefulness. In the story, Hemmingway is being subtle making an analogy of the hills being a child. For Jig, the costs exceeds the usefulness. To say children are exspensive is a Zamani 2 gross understatement. The hills represent an achievable undesirable journey. Jig comtemplates whether she's willing to make such a trip. This is eluded several times in the story. Her boyfriends perspective is that the hill is blocking his life with Jig. While jig indulges in the thought of the top of the hill; a child;family;life. The station is a allegory for change. The couple has a......

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Hills Like White Elephants

...The Message behind “White Elephants” “Hills like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway represents a girl sacrificing the way she feels about white elephants, so she can have the guy “the American” can continue to love her as he did in the past. The girl “Jig” first introduces the white line of hills as white elephants. Throughout, the whole conversation the couple is drinking alcohol as they talk. The setting of the story and the couple’s conversation takes place at a train station in between Barcelona and Madrid overlooking the Ebro River. Consequently, the white elephant represents an idiom for something valuable of possession but it is not something one would desire. In this case, the white elephant denotes an abortion. The couple sat down and ordered drinks as the girl causally looked off in the sky, above the hills claiming that the hills looked like white elephants. “They were white in the sun and the country was brown and dry” (Hemingway 229), it means that the white hills were prominent against the brown contrast and the shape of elephants in the hills popped out in the sky. “But if I do it, then it will be nice again if I say things are like white elephants, and you’ll like it?” (Hemingway 231), by this comment, the girl hopes to save her relationship with him by following through with the abortion. She feels that, that is what the guy wants from her and by asking him if she follows through with the process, will everything will be back to normal. The girl......

Words: 1154 - Pages: 5

Hills Like White Elephants

...role in developing the character’s thoughts. The setting of Ernest Hemingway’s “Hills Like White Elephants” gives the reader a sense of the characters actions and emotions with the use of mood, symbolism and the meaning of the story’s title. The setting of this story establishes the overall mood of this piece. Hemingway sets the story in Spain at a train station on a very hot day. The train station is an empty valley. In the story, the side of the valley which the American and Jig are on has “…no shade and no trees and the station was between two lines of rails in the sun” (Hemingway 203). This makes the reader feel the emptiness and loneliness of the surroundings. The characters are in an uncomfortable situation and the reader can sense this from the description of the surroundings. The uncomfortable situation the characters are facing is the decision of whether to have an abortion. The uneasy feeling is also present in the characters relationship. They do not seem like they have a happy relationship and the American seems to not care about the abortion. The American appears to come across as impolite when he says, “Just because you say I wouldn’t have doesn’t prove anything”, he says this when they are talking about the white hills (Hemingway 204). When they are talking about the abortion, the American says, “Its really an awfully simple operation” (Hemingway 205). This makes it seem like he does not care and he does not want the baby. The setting of this......

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Hills Like White Elephants

...Critical Analysis of Hills like White Elephants At first glance, Hills like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway, may allude to many interpretations, however, the short story has a clear purpose. Set in the Ebro River valley in Spain, the story looms around the issue brought forth by Jig and the American, who is nameless throughout the whole story. The issue here being the ‘simple operation’ that Jig is about to undergo which happens to be an abortion. Set in the early 1920s, the idea of abortion is as irrational and controversial as today’s ongoing debate over gay marriage. Although the term abortion is never used in the story, the imagery Hemingway uses along with the language and behavior of the characters gives way for one explanation – Jig is getting an abortion. Of the many symbols Hemingway uses, the theme of abortion is evident in the white elephant hills that have the “coloring of … skin through the trees” (Hemingway, 1). The white hills, as described in the setting, parallels a pregnant woman lying on her back with the hills being relative to the womb. In addition, the white color of the hills would represent the purity of the unborn child the woman bears. Furthermore, the fields of grain and trees along the river would represent the fertility that the woman embodies throughout the story. Her body being the fertile land on which the white hills were. The trees along the hills being the distorting factor of her mindset on going through with the abortion as the......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Hills Like White Elephants

...Moneca Donald Professor Ms. Laura La Flair RH 102: Rhetoric, Logic, Grammar, and Writing II April 14, 2014 Literary Analysis An Analysis of “Hills Like White Elephants” In Heminway’s short story Hills Like White Elephants the women is put in a difficult situation. The story talks about a women having abortion. She does not want to have the abortion but her boyfriend tries to persuade her that is it’s the right thing to do for both of their happiness in the relationship. This analysis of this paper will explain what is the couple’s relationship like in the beginning of the story, how has the relationship changed lately, and who dominates the relationship. The relationship of the couple in the beginning of the story is distant. They are making small talk with other to avoid the real issue they are dealing with. The women’s mind is somewhere else. For example, “The girl was looking off at the line of hills. They were white in the sun and the country was brown and dry. She says, “The look like white elephants”.pg. 79. This phrase gives the impression that her mind is not on him. During the first part of the story the couple talk about little of nothing. They make small talk about nothing. As the conversation goes on with couple, it becomes evident that the women is implying how she feels in the little words that she give off. For example, the conversation goes “Four reals.” We want two Anis del Tor.” “With water?” “Do you want it with water?” “It don’t......

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

Hills Like White Elephants

...Hills like white elephants “Hills Like White Elephants” is a short fiction story written by Ernest Hemingway. The story is about a couple and we only know them as the American and his girl Jig. In the beginning of the story they are sitting at a station bar in Ebro in Spain having a beer and waiting for their train to arrive. Jig looks out of the window and she looks at the hills across the valley and tells her boyfriend that they look like white elephants. As they are sitting at the table “Jig” looks at the bead curtain in the window and there is paint on the curtain saying “Anis Del Toro”. It was apparently a famous drink and they ordered two of them. Their regular conversation suddenly turned in to an argument after she compared the hills with white elephants. Jig is pregnant and that has made the couple unhappy. The American tries to convince Jig into having an abortion if she wants to. She says that she wants to have the abortion but only because that she no longer cares about herself. The American tells her not to do it for that reason. Their argument escalates quickly and they order two extra drinks just before their train arrives. The story is written in a 3rd person narrator. The narrator is a “fly on the wall” and observes everything about what the two characters “Jig” and the American say and how they act. In this story we follow the two characters the American and “Jig” through the whole time. This story is primarily a conversation between the two of them......

Words: 549 - Pages: 3

Hills Like White Elephants

...Professor Lynda Lambert English 102 5 November 2013 Hills Like White Elephants In “Hills like White Elephants”, the main character’s dilemma serves at the symbolic setting of the story. By giving the reader just enough information in the form of using symbols, Ernest Hemingway’s concept gives readers an opportunity to draw deeper meaning from the tale. He focuses on symbolism to deliver the idea of an abortion as the main point. Jig, the main character, struggles with the decision to continue her pregnancy or continue her hard-nosed lifestyle with the American; this is represented by describing two different scenerios of the railroad tracks. “Hills Like White Elephants” is the title Hemingway uses as a symbol for Jig’s pregnancy. A rare, expensive possession that is a financial burden to maintain is defined as a “white elephant”. “On this side there was no shade and no trees and the station was between two lines of rails in the sun” (Hemingway 591). The complicated decision of abortion plagues Jig and the American, even though the term “abortion” is not found in the story. From the symbolic interpretation of the setting, there are only two choices, or two directions, similar to how there are only two rail lines that pass through the station. (Rankin 1). However, the situation is regarded in separate viewpoints from both characters. “Close against the side of the station there was the warm shadow of the building and a curtain, made of strings of bamboo......

Words: 1141 - Pages: 5

Hills Like White Elephants

...Setting the Scene for Conflict: A Structural Analysis of “Hills Like White Elephants” Ernest Hemingway’s short story, “Hills Like White Elephants,” is a short story that takes place in Spain and is centralized upon the two main characters. Hemingway is able to focus this story on the current conflict in the lives of these characters through many means. The way the dialogue is presented contributes to the setting, ultimately contributing to the conflict, which is abortion. Hemingway has structured this work in such a way that the setting presents both sides of the abortion conflict, while also enhancing the sensory environment of the story. The binary opposition Hemingway presents throughout “Hills Like White Elephants” is immediately apparent in the first paragraph of the story. The names the characters have been assigned show their inequality, seeing as they are “The American and the girl” (335). By making this distinction, Hemingway is giving the American more personality, in the sense that we know where he is from. Being an American makes him seem as if he has more power or more importance than just a simple girl. Naming the female character the girl is questionable, because after being impregnated, she is considered to be a woman. Although this is a widely accepted idea, Hemingway identifies her as the girl anyway. We learn nothing about her until later on when she is given the name Jig. However, she only gains this identity after she establishes who her character is...

Words: 1239 - Pages: 5

Analysis of Ernest Hemingway, “Hills Like White Elephants”

...Marina Panay Professor Huot WRT 201 30 March 2015 Analysis of Ernest Hemingway, “Hills Like White Elephants” In the story “Hills Like White Elephants” the author Ernest Hemingway tells a story of a couple who are at a train station dialoging about an abortion. Hemingway shows how men do not think the same way about abortions than woman do. Hemmingway also sends a message of how men are manipulative towards women. He illustrates how women seem to have a harder time overpowering a man in a relationship. First, Hemmingway shows how men do not think the same way about abortions than woman do because in the story the man says it is a perfectly “natural procedure” (Hemmingway) not thinking of all of the hardship an abortion brings to a woman. According to the criticism “ it reveals perhaps better than any other part of the story the terms of the central conflict” (Madden). The man does not think of what the woman has to go through in the procedure. The emotional state and the physically pain full procedure she has to endure, knowing that she will not be having a child that could be the start of a new family for her. Because of the way that the man does not seem to care that he is getting rid of a child with life and just wants to continue the relationship with the woman after she has to sacrifice so much with the abortion shows the lack of knowledge the man has about the feeling a woman goes through when they have an abortion. Second, Hemmingway sends a message of how men...

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

Analysis of Hemingway’s “Hills Like White Elephants”

...Analysis of Hemingway’s “Hills Like White Elephants” In Ernest Hemingway's short story "Hills Like White Elephants," the decision on whether or not to have an abortion puts strain on the characters’ relationship. The two characters, Jig and the American, have differing views on abortion. Hemingway uses the elements of symbolism and dialogue to portray such a serious conversation in which a major life decision is about to be made. Like the proverbial elephant in the room that everyone sees, but no one wants to acknowledge, not once is the subject of abortion mentioned, but it is implied. The reader must be willing to read what is not there. While most writers set the stage for their readers, Hemingway leaves the interpretation completely up to the reader. This story takes place in 1926 in Spain, a country where abortion was illegal until 2009 (“History of Abortion”.) The fact that the procedure was illegal is probably why the word abortion was never mentioned during their public conversation in the bar. Money is obviously not an issue for the American as referenced to the many hotel stickers on their suitcases and as we know, money can buy anything including medical services. Jig is interpreted as a young and naïve girl, who is struggling with the decision that is laid upon her. The American is interpreted as an harsh, manly man who is adamant during his dialogue about what he wants, even to the point of trying to downplay the procedure by stating that it was an......

Words: 591 - Pages: 3

Hills Like White Elephants

...Darren Maracin Dr. Patrick Wasley English 445 20 November 2015 Importance of Theme: Hills like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway After analyzing Hemingway’s Hills like White Elephants, the reader can find that it is not your average story with a beginning, middle, and end. Hemingway does a phenomenal job of forcing the reader to think critically—giving just enough information for the reader to make assumptions and draw their own conclusions. The story itself is centered on a man and a woman having an emotional conversation filled with frustration and misunderstanding. Hemingway’s use of theme is important to this entire conversation between the two characters, and will give the reader more understanding of who the characters are and the situation they are faced with. The three major themes of this work that will be analyzed is alcohol as a comping mechanism, loss, and selfishness. This analysis of theme will also help to reinforce the characters thoughts, feelings, and emotions. American author, Ernest Hemingway, was born in the small town of Oak Park, Illinois in 1899 and died in Idaho, 1961. Hemingway began his career as a writer at the age of 17 for a newspaper office in Kansas City. When the United States entered the First World War, Hemingway joined as a volunteer to the ambulance unit in the Italian army. While serving, Hemingway was wounded, spending time in several hospitals until returning to the United States. When Hemingway returned, he became a......

Words: 1048 - Pages: 5

Hills Like White Elephants Literary Analysis

...Literary Analysis: Hills Like White Elephants The story “Hills Like White Elephants” is an incredible short story written by Ernest Hemingway. When readers read this short story, it forces readers to visualize the situation, an attempt to comprehend the dialogue, and infer the concluding symbolization of “Hills Like White Elephants.” Ernest Hemingway style of writing seems to give readers minimal facts; Hemingway does not provide the characters inner thoughts. Also, it is unclear of who said what. Readers have to make assumptions, speculations, and theorize a probable interpretation of the story. The story “Hills Like White Elephants” is written in a first person point-of-view with limited amount of facts and details. However, the title of the story implies the signification of what the story means. Based off the characters dialogue, the characters are presumably young couples struggling with their relationship and moral decisions. The conversation between the two characters seems vague but also neutral in the beginning of the story. However, when readers gather all the responses and organize each character response, the conversation implies a struggle in their relationship. The author tells the readers the man and the woman is drinking “two big ones.” In the middle of the story, the two characters consume more and more alcohol. The supporting of this evidence is when the woman said, “I wanted to try this new drink. That’s all we do, isn’t it- look at things and try...

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

Hills Like White Elephants

...Hills Like White Elephants In the short story “Hills Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway, a girl and a man discuss weather or not she should have an abortion. Because the man and the girl have different views on this subject, they argue continually throughout the story. The man is extremely selfish and is only looking out for his own well-being. “I think it’s the best thing to do. But I don’t want you to do it if you don’t really want to.” If he really wanted her to give her opinion and do what she thought was right, then he shouldn’t keep reminding her that “he thinks it’s the best thing to do”. At the end of the story the man clearly says that he doesn’t want the baby. “But I don’t want anybody but you” It’s really wrong of him to make a comment like that. He knows that his opinion will have a great effect on her decision, but he’ll say anything to get her to do things his way. The girl is consistently asking the man if everything is going to be the same between them. He tells her it will, but I don’t think he is being completely sincere. “ I love you now, you know I love you” It seems like he’s saying whatever it takes for her to agree to have an abortion. “… “I’ll love it. I love it now but I can’t think about it, you know how I get when I worry” When she asks him questions like that he doesn’t sound very reassuring, he attempts to change the subject. The girl is only concerned about her relationship with the man in the future. She is basing her decision......

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Hills Like White Elephants

...In “Hills Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway (1927), the theme is overcoming challenges during major life decisions and the importance of communication and courage during a time of crisis. A few of the symbols in the story were hills, white elephants, and a railroad. This was a story of a couple’s struggle with a life changing decision to have or abort a baby. As they both sat at a train station, they discussed the American’s desire for an abortion and Jig’s want for the pregnancy. She gazed in the distance at the hills on one half of the valley, which were dry, hot, and lifeless. “The girl was looking off at the line of hills. They were white in the sun and the country was brown and dry.” I feel this may have symbolized the couple’s challenges, Jig’s fear of her dead baby, being barren and the American’s desire for their lives to remain the same, stationary, and permanent (or the permanence of a baby). The hills on that side of the valley were compared to white elephants. White elephants are an ironic symbol of an awkward topic needing to be discussed and/or a useless gift. In the white elephant game, a gift is given as a joke and may be of no use to the recipient. As the American and Jig continue to discuss their wishes with the pregnancy, Jig sees the other side of the valley and it’s hills. They are described as alive, growing, and full of life. I feel this is a symbol of Jig seeing this crisis as an opportunity, life, growth, and a renewal for what......

Words: 501 - Pages: 3

Hills Like White Elephants

...In the short story Hills Like White Elephant , Hemingway unveils important problems of life , family values and decision to make an abortion . Hemingway observes and records human 's behavior and actions of people faced with moral and ethical problems . The use of an objective narrator and the choices of settings and objects support the situation and shape the atmosphere in the story . Thesis Hemingway skillfully uses settings , dialogue and symbolism to develop the story conflict Using specific settings , Hemingway depicts psychological and emotional state of the characters . The main setting is a bar by a train station It is possible to assume that the train station symbolizes future changes in lives of both heroes . The American and the girl with him sat at a table in the shade , outside the building (Hemingway Dark ' colors usually means evil , loosing hopes and disappointment and more important life and death . Hemingway depicts this situation metaphorically : the American and the girl are sitting in the shade trying to find the right decision to their problem . Following David Wyche interpretation , The station is situated between two sets of rails , whose significance lies "in their figurative implications (Renner 34 cited Wyche , and between two contrasting landscapes that symbolize the couple 's options (Wyche , 2002 , . 56 . It is associated with one or another of the main thought-feelings of the story : abortion verses a new life To some extent , the use of......

Words: 498 - Pages: 2

Economic Contributions of Small Business | moto de 1949 | Lampadina Effetto Fiamma Viva Votiva Attacco E 14 3 W Fuoco Per Presepio (606S