Analysis of War Theory

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By KM33
Words 896
Pages 4
The works “Preventive War and Democratic Politics”, “Democratization and the
Danger of War”, “Terrorism, the Use of Force, and International Law After 11 September”, and “Failed States: Fixing a Broken World” all describe and aim to formulate the motivations for modern wars between two states. By using historical precedents, each author makes assertions about war theory, leaving the reader with a framework to analyze conflicts occurring in the world today. While each entry makes a unique assumption, the content of arguments invariably overlaps. In my response I will examine each piece and the questions I was left with after contemplating the implications of their respective theories. In “Preventive War and Democratic Politics”, Levy first distinguishes preemptive wars from preventive wars, claiming that the former involves an immediate threat to a state’s safety while the latter is determined by the presence of a non-immediate threat—often an adversary “crossing a particular threshold of military power, leading to a stop-level power shift” (Levy, 7). He goes on to discuss that since the advent of nuclear military developments, the majority of wars have been preventive. This argument is logical because as the stakes are raised, states have the responsibility to their constituents to mitigate threats; citizens are much more willing to tolerate smaller skirmishes than risk the threat of an over-militarization of another state with different social and political values, beliefs, and goals. This theory has been manifested in my lifetime by the U.S. military presence in the Middle East and sanctions on Iran, who have strived to develop their capacity for nuclear warfare in recent years. While there is a myriad of reasons for U.S. military occupation of Iraq, Afghanistan, and other Middle East nations, the threat of nuclear development in Iran has played a major role in…...

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