Analysis of Diversity Among Cytoplasmic Male Sterile Sources and Their Utilization in Developing F1 Hybrids in Pearl Millet [Pennisetum Glaucum (R.) Br]

In: Science

Submitted By sakkira
Words 5522
Pages 23
Indian J. Genet., 69(4) (Spl. issue): 352-360 (2009)

Analysis of diversity among cytoplasmic male sterile sources and their utilization in developing F1 hybrids in Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (R.) Br]
C. Tara Satyavathi*, Sakkira Begum, B. B. Singh, K. V. Unnikrishnan and C. Bharadwaj

Division of Genetics, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012

Abstract The present study aims at analysis of diversity among parental lines of different cytoplasmic sources and their utilization in developing F1 hybrids. Seven male sterile cytoplasmic lines belonging to A1 – 3; A4 – 2 and A5 – 2 were crossed with three elite restorers. The cluster analysis done with molecular data obtained from genomic DNA using SSR markers grouped the parental lines belonging to A1 cytoplasm into one cluster, A4 into one and A5 into the other. The assessment of the performance of the F1 hybrids was done through standard heterosis, heterobeltiosis and economic heterosis. The study clearly indicated that all the seven cytoplasmic male sterile lines coming from different cytoplasmic sources are capable of producing new superior hybrids. Physiological characters like chlorophyll, relative carotenoids and root length density have also been studied to assess the performance of parents and F1 hybrids. Higher economic heterosis was observed for yield in A 1 cytoplasm compared to A4 and A5 cytoplasms. Desirable effects of earliness and maturity can be obtained using A4 cytoplasm while desirable heterosis could be obtained for plant height, spike girth, number of nodes, chlorophyll content, relative carotenoids and 1000 grain weight from A5 cytoplasm.

an area of 9.33 m ha with a production of 8.15 m t and productivity of 882 kg/ha (2005-07). Pearl millet is a highly cross-pollinated crop. It exhibits tremendous amount of diversity at both phenotypic and genotypic levels [1].…...

Similar Documents

Cosmetics Adoption Among Young Male Adults in Malaysia

...COSMETICS ADOPTION AMONG YOUNG MALE ADULTS IN MALAYSIA CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Problem Background Personal identity is increasingly sought by consumers and one is recognized based on what one consumes (Firat & Venkatesh, 1993). People try to become the being they desire to be by consuming the items that they imagine will help to create and sustain their idea of themselves, their image and their identity (Bocock, 1993). Judgements about individuals are no longer made upon occupation or role in production but rather on what is consumed and how individuals present themselves (Firat, 1993). Through the possession of products, consumers can display their successes reflecting their personal achievement (Mitchell, 1983). Postmodern consumerism is obsessed with appearance and consumption, where style is a substitute for identity and presentation overshadows essence. This concept is part of a culture that have feminized men (Brod, 1995) and considers women and men as equally involved in the practices of consumption (Bocock, 1993). Masculine and feminine differences have been abolished by the postmodern patterns of consumption (Kacen, 2000) and these patterns of consumption are both determined and enhanced by the types of products consumers invest in (Seabrook, 1999). The construction of the male consumer of who they are, of their identity as men, is now achieved as much through style of dress, body care, image and having the right look, as do their female......

Words: 9857 - Pages: 40

Strategic Analysis of Pearl Continental Pakistan

...Strategic Analysis of Pearl Continental Pakistan Summary: A strategic business analysis of Pearl Continental Hotel, located in Pakistan. Explores history, weaknesses, strengths and future prospects. [pic] COMPANY PROFILE Our vision We are committed to dynamic growth and service excellence built upon our heritage of traditional hospitality. We strive to consistently meet and surpass guests, employees and others stakeholders expectations. We feel pride in making efforts to position Pakistan in the forefront of the international arena. Our Core Values - G.R.I.T Growth & Development Recognition & Reward Innovation Trust Recognition and Reward Achievement orientation Performance-based evaluation Appreciation Incentives Setting ever-rising standards of performance Innovation Listening and two-way interaction Participation Encouragement Motivation Enterprises Trust Cooperation Support Teamwork Sense of ownership Empowerment Integrity Dignity Respect Candidness Growth & Development For All Competence and contribution as the only basis for job security Promotion from within Learning environment and opportunities Provision for world-class education and training Aligning people with latest technological trends INTRODUCTION TO PEARL CONTINENTAL History The Pearl continental chain in Pakistan is owned by the Hashwani group under the holding company Pakistan Services Ltd (PSL) and Hashwani Hotels ltd respectively. The Pearl chain was acquired by......

Words: 4185 - Pages: 17

Hybrid Strategy

...(2 ICBER 2011) PROCEEDING nd nd THE APPLICATION OF COST, DIFFERENTIATION AND HYBRID STRATEGY IN BUSINESS OPERATIONS: WILL HYBRID STRATEGY BECOME THE NEW COMPETITIVE STRATEGY? Mas Bambang Baroto, 2Muhammad Madi Bin Abdullah International Business School (IBS), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia International Campus, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia E-mail: (Corresponding Author), 1 ABSTRACT Both strategic management researchers and practitioners have realized the importance of the cost, differentiation and combination strategies for effective organizational performance and excellence. Recently, many large business companies in different part of the world have been applying both strategies (hybrid strategy) at the same time, rather than applying a single strategy at one period of time. The implementations of those three strategies are commonly used by the big giant companies where their business operations level is ranging from domestic, regional, international and global. Thus, the principal aim of this paper is to explore the application of these three strategies (cost strategy, differentiation strategy, and hybrid strategy) in various business companies. Keywords: Cost leadership strategy, differentiation strategy, single strategy, hybrid strategy INTRODUCTION In the competitive market, certain industries are having very heavy competitive rivalry among the company players. The coverage of the industries could be domestic,......

Words: 4324 - Pages: 18

Staple Food Value Chain Analysis

...STAPLE FOODS VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS COUNTRY REPORT - MALAWI November 2009 This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development. It was prepared by Chemonics International Inc. The author‘s views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ACE AGRA AISP ADMARC CISANET CPL CHDI COMESA COMPETE EAC FEWSNET FNSJTF GAC GMAC GOM GTPA ICRISAT MACE MBS MoAFS MoIT MRA NASFAM NEPAD NFRA NPQS NSO SMIP SPS SABI SADC SFRFFM USAID VCA WFP WRS Agriculture Commodity Exchange for Africa Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa Agriculture Input Subsidy Program Agriculture Development and Marketing Board Civil Society for Agriculture Network Chibuku Products Ltd. Clinton Hunger Development Initiative Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Competitiveness and Trade Expansion Programme East African Community Famine Early Warning System Network Food Nutrition and Security Joint Task Force Group Action Committee Grain Marketing Advisory Council Government of Malawi Grain Traders and Processors Association International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics Malawi Agricultural Commodity Exchange Malawi Bureau of Standards Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security Ministry of Industry and Trade Malawi Revenue Authority National Smallholder Farmers Association of Malawi New Partnership......

Words: 50613 - Pages: 203

Molecular Analysis of Jawahar Rice Hybrids for Genetic Purity and Fingerprinting

...Molecular analysis of Jawahar Rice Hybrids for genetic purity and fingerprinting Amrita Ingole, Abstract Varietal identification and genetic purity has attained critical importance worldwide especially in the context of plant variety protection. The estimation of hybrid seed purity is done conventionally by grow out test, which is based on the assessment of morphological and floral traits in plants grown to maturity, which locks up the capital while awaiting the results for GOT. GOT could be replaced with DNA based assays. The present investigation was undertaken with an objective to identify distinguishable microsatellite markers to establish fingerprinting of rice (Oryza sativa L.) hybrids, assessing variation within parental lines and testing the genetic purity of hybrid seed develpod by JNKVV Jabalpur, 4 cms, 4 restores and 5 hybrids were employed in this study. About 52 most informative microsatellite markers were employed for fingerprinting five rice hybrids and their parental lines. A total of 77 alleles were detected, and the number of alleles per locus ranged from 1 to 6, with an average of 2.56±1.33 primer pair. Eleven markers amplified specific alleles those separated the male from female lines. 13 markers were found polymorphic for female lines. Marker RM 164 clearly differentiates all the 4 CMS lines under study. 24 markers were found polymorphic among the male parents. No such marker was found that could differentiate all the male lines from each other...

Words: 4253 - Pages: 18

Character Analysis of Pearl

...The Character of Pearl Pearl is a major character in the novel The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne. Even though she is a young child through most of the book, she plays a very important role. Pearl asks many different questions throughout the text that make the adult characters even question themselves. She is more perceptive and more honest than anyone in the rest of the book. Without Pearl, “The Scarlet Letter” would not be as successful as it is. Pearl is supposed to be an average child, but she is also there to help us realize things we might not have seen on our own, and to symbolize sin and guilt. When we first meet Pearl, most of us realized that there was definitely something special about this little girl. She has a special insight into things in the book that I would have never noticed without Pearl. Hawthorne uses Pearl in a special way to reveal that Dimmesdale has something to do with the scarlet letter. Pearl is not used to being around a lot of people, so when she accepted Dimmesdale so openly it helped the readers realize who he truly was. It says “Pearl, that wild and unpredictable little elf, crept over to him. She took his hand in both of hers and laid her cheek against it.” (92) This is a kindness that most little girls would only share with a family member, such as their father. There is also other information that Pearl gives to reveal to us that she knows who her father truly is. When Hester and Pearl come across Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale on......

Words: 836 - Pages: 4

Analysis the Asset Utilization

...Analysis the Asset Utilization (AU) The Asset Utilization and interest income ratio Asset Utilization (AU)—measures the amount of interest and noninterest income generated per dollar of total assets. The breakdown of the AU ratio separates the total revenue generated into interest income and noninterest income. As the interest income and noninterest income table shows, the income generated by noninterest part is only around 14% of the interest income. The figure means that both bank are majorly focus on the interest business as a commercial bank. It also leads to the asset utilization and the interest income ratio are highly similar as shows on the graph. As we can see on the interest income ratio graph, the interest income ratio was drop rapidly during the 2008 to 2009 then make a few recover on 2011 and the trend of ANZ and NAB are similar. The reason of the fast decreasing on the interest income ratio may be the global economic crisis during 2008. The global economic crisis pull the hold financial industry down and it also affect the interest income of those two banks. The bank’s interest income is also strong relate to interest rate. Graph ?(ausi interest rate) and ? (interest income ratio)shows a similar performance between the interest rate of Australian and the interest income during the 2008 to 2012. The trend of income interest ratio is following the step the trend the interest rate of Australian. In addition, both ANZ and NAB perform following the economic......

Words: 671 - Pages: 3

The Influence of Interest and Facilities for the Capability of Gadgets Utilization Among Uum Students

...THE INFLUENCE OF INTEREST AND FACILITIES FOR THE CAPABILITY OF GADGETS UTILIZATION AMONG UUM STUDENTS Abdul Shukor , Khatijah , Atika , Hafizuddin , Kusairee ABSTRACT The purpose of this research is to identify the influence of interest and facilities for the capability of gadgets utilization among students of University Utara Malaysia. This research is using descriptive study to analyse the student’s perception between interest and facilities in using gadget. Besides that, in the above relationship questionnaires were used to collect data. A total of 100 students responded to the survey. Furthermore, methods that have been used for data collection in this research were by observation, questionnaire and also case study. The findings also revealed that there is no moderator in this research but it just considered that interest and facilities was not a moderator in the mentioned relationship but can be considered as significant independent predictor of usage while capability gadget utilization as dependent variables. Results from the study shows that the interest and the facilities of the student towards capability of gadget utilization were positively related. CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Background of the study Development in the world is expanding to new levels. Let it be anything, technology has made things more knowledgeable and convenient. Today, the world has turned into a world of gadgets. The gadgets have advanced in various ways. Today, you will find......

Words: 4826 - Pages: 20

Pinstripes and Pearls Book Analysis

...Book Analysis: Pinstripes and Pearls "We didn't fully understand what we were getting into -- what obstacles we would encounter, what trails we would blaze....We just knew, from an early age, that we wanted both to serve our country, help make our world a little better and a little safer -- just like our fathers and our brothers -- and to marry; rear honest, happy children; and lead fulfilling personal lives -- just like our mothers." “Pinstripes and Pearls” is a book which shows the challenges of the lives and careers of the women of Harvard Law School’s class of 1964 as told by Judith Richards Hope. This was a time when women were not considered desirable candidates for most professional jobs or admission to elite colleges and programs. There was lots of discrimination against women in the workplace as well as colleges, specifically Harvard Law School. This book showed the successes of the 15 women who graduated in Harvard Law School’s class of 1964 and the great struggles and obstacles they were faced with as they went through college and their careers. The focus of this analysis will be on how far women have come in the past 50 years, why it is so much harder for women to rise through the ranks of successful careers and be considered equals once they do, and if there ever can truly be a perfect balance between a women’s work life and home life. Although women I don’t believe that women are viewed as completely equal to men in society yet, thankfully they have come a......

Words: 1909 - Pages: 8

A Study on Functional Areas of Friends Trading Corporation, Thalassery with Special Reference to Distribution Network Analysis

...mustards, castor, mung bean, black gram, horse gram, pigeonpea, field pea, grass pea (khesari), fenugreek, cotton, jujube, grapes, dates, jackfruit, mango, mulberry, and black plum. Indian peasants had also domesticated cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs and horses thousands of years ago. Some scientists claim agriculture in India was widespread in the Indian peninsula, some 3000–5000 years ago, well beyond the fertile plains of the north. For example, one study reports twelve sites in the southern Indian states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh providing clear evidence of agriculture of pulses (Vigna radiata and Macrotyloma uniflorum), millet-grasses (Brachiaria ramosa and Setaria verticillata), wheats (Triticum diococcum, Triticum durum/aestivum), barley (Hordeum vulgare), hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), finger millet (Eleusine coracana), cotton (Gossypium sp.), linseed (Linum sp.), as well as gathered fruits of Ziziphus and two Cucurbitaceae. Some claim Indian agriculture began by 9000 BP as a result of early cultivation of plants, and domestication of crops and animals. Settled life soon followed with implements and techniques being developed for agriculture. Double monsoons led to two harvests being reaped in one year. Indian products soon reached the world via existing trading networks and foreign crops were introduced to India. Plants and animals—considered essential to their survival by the Indians—came to be worshiped and......

Words: 6029 - Pages: 25

Nalysis of Service Source International Diversity

...Abstract The objective of this analysis is to confirm that Service Source is using diversity to its fullest potential. It will discuss it’s abundance of diverse individuals within the organization and the groups they have formed to expand awareness. However, there are areas where SSI could improve such as expatriates sent overseas to global stations and the training therein. With specialization of the strengths and targeting the weaknesses listed, Service Source could uncap a more effective business model that would increase the bottom line. Analysis of Service Source International Diversity Businesses see the turnover rate every month leading people to believe that it’s just circumstantial. That an employee will leave because of personal reasons. However, there are several trends in turnovers within a company and they all focus around diversity. “The turnover rate for blacks in the U.S. workforce is 40 percent higher than the rate for whites, and turnover among women is twice as high as for men,” (Robinson & Dechant, 1997). What if SSI was able to hone in on encouraging diversity to maximize the current talent available? The argument has shown before in other studies that companies who practice this have increased profits. Diverse Employees While at SSI, you cannot find two employees exactly alike. Whatever definition of diversity you choose to accept, SSI matches it. The diversity of the employees already has long reaching affects. SSI has a massive referral......

Words: 1267 - Pages: 6

R Language Data Analysis

...Interface Foundation of America R: A Language for Data Analysis and Graphics Author(s): Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman Source: Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Sep., 1996), pp. 299314 Published by: American Statistical Association, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and Interface Foundation of America Stable URL: Accessed: 24/02/2009 14:04 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained at Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission. JSTOR is a not-for-profit organization founded in 1995 to build trusted digital archives for scholarship. We work with the scholarly community to preserve their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform that promotes the discovery and use of these......

Words: 1190 - Pages: 5

Strategic External Analysis

...Strategic Management External and Internal Assessments 1 External Strategic Assessment “It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change.” – Charles Darwin “Nothing focuses the mind better than the constant sight of a competitor who wants to wipe you off the map.” – Wayne Calloway, Former CEO, PepsiCo 2 1 External Audit – Sources of Information •Internet •Libraries •Suppliers •Distributors •Salespersons •Customers •Competition 3 External Strategic Management Audit - The macro environment Scanning (PESTEL analyses, Scenarios) - Industry or Sector Analysis (5 forces, industry/product life cycle) - Competitors scanning (Strategic Group Map, CPM) - The Organization responses (EFEM) 4 2 Layers of the business environment 5 Key Aspects of PESTEL Analysis • Not just a list of influences • Need to understand key drivers of change • Drivers of change have differential impact on industries, markets, and organisations • Focus is on future impact of environmental factors • Combined effect of some of the factors likely to be most important 6 3 Macroenvironment – PESTEL (1) 7 Microenvironment – PEST(EL) Political Economic • Government stability (+) • Taxation policy (+) • Foreign trade regulations (+) • Social welfare policies (-) • Business cycles (-) • GNP trends (-) • Interest rates (--) • Inflation (+) •......

Words: 2952 - Pages: 12

Diversity Analysis Wells Fargo

...D Diversity Analysis of Wells Fargo MGMT 360-51 Team - Multiplicity Shannon Willy Darren Cattnach Jeannine Petersen Edward Davis Cindy Sellner Metropolitan State University Summer 2010 Executive Background Introduction Wells Fargo & Company is a diversified financial services company providing banking, insurance, investments, mortgage, and consumer and commercial finance through more than 10,000 stores and 12,000 ATMs and the Internet across North America and internationally. They are headquartered in San Francisco; however, they’re decentralized so every local Wells Fargo store is a headquarters for satisfying all their customers’ financial needs. This has led to a large customer base, which Wells estimates that one in three households in America does business with them. Wells Fargo has $1.2 trillion in assets and more than 278,000 team members across their 80+ businesses. They ranked fourth in assets, and third in market value of their stock among their U.S. peers as of March 31, 2010 ("," 2010). Wells Fargo’s company vision is stated as, “We want to satisfy all our customers’ financial needs, help them succeed financially, be the premier provider of financial services in every one of our markets, and be known as one of America’s great companies.” This statement has led them to have an outstanding reputation in the community. They have been recognized in the following publications: FORTUNE 19th in Revenue among All......

Words: 4396 - Pages: 18

Why Bod Diversity Is Important

...Diversity: Scorecard Why Board Diversity Equals Success Alicia Yi Managing Director, Strategic Client Services Korn/Ferry International Women vs. Men’s Tertiary Education * The score above show the proportion of women to every 100 men. ** Source: MasterCard Worldwide Index of Women’s Advancement Asia’s Growth Model is Shifting… MARKET SHIFT ASIA 1.0 (1985 – 2005) THE IMPETUS FOR CHANGE — Reduced Western Consumer Spending — Emerging Consumerism in Asia — Shifting R&D investments — Asia’s drive to innovate — Asia’s need to move up the value chain — Unemployment in the west — Western companies Asianizing — Asian companies globalizing ASIA 2.0 (2006 – 2020) CONSUMER SHIFT MADE IN ASIA MADE FOR ASIA INNOVATION SHIFT THE WORLD’S FACTORY and BACK OFFICE THE WORLD’S LABORATORY and KNOWLEDGE OFFICE JOBS SHIFT CHEAP and PRODUCTIVE WORKFORCE CREATIVE and INNOVATIVE TALENT Asia Advancing - Innovation Tata Nano : the $3,000 car was conceived and developed in India LG LX9500 : the world’s first 3D LED TV Mac 400 : a hand-held cardiogram ($800) developed by GE in India Kaohsiung Stadium : World’s first solar powered stadium – in Taiwan The USB Credit Card : developed by Shinhan Card in Korea Eko Hybrid: World’s first hybrid 2-wheeler ($500) – in Bangalore F1 Night Race : World’s first night race in Singapore Harmony Express: World’s fastest train (394 kmph) in China Four Leadership Styles Leaders most likely...

Words: 1288 - Pages: 6

Top Gear | Klettband zum Aufnähen Weiß und Schwarz 16, 20, 25 , 30, 38, 50, 100 mm 25m Neu | Are Computers Necessary? - 539 Words