Ancient History

In: Historical Events

Submitted By snappy
Words 1384
Pages 6
ESSAY
“IDEOLOGY OF NOVITAS” OF CATO THE ELDER AND GAIUS MARIUS

The ancient Romans valued military and political achievement above all else, their customs, traditions and reference of ancestors revolved around it. All men strife to be worthy of their country and family in military and political accomplishment, the power of these achievement not only illuminated the individual, but reflected glory upon descendants. The Romans were govern by the ruling patrician class of nobles, who occupied much of the senate. In exceptional circumstances, there were men of outstanding reputation, military and political achievement who were elected by the people to join the ruling class, this men were known as ‘novus homo’ or new men. This men were the first in their family to rise to high office, through their own effort, therefore ennobled their family forever. Patronage with successful and powerful families and alliances through marriage is essential for this new men.

The Romans were in the habits of describing new men, they look up to them. Cato the elder and Gaius Marius were an ambitious ‘novus homo’. Both were born into plebeian’s family with no distinction. They rose to high office through their obvious talents such as strength of characters, discipline, an effective orator, possess great endurance, fearlessness, frugal, hard worker, opponent of the senate in the interest of the common people, formidable general and eagerness to prove themselves worthy. Both were loved by the common people and especially for Marius, he held the consulship for a record 7 times.

Cato’s has many outstanding achievement, some were administrative reform, and increased the revenues of the province by improvement in the working of the iron and silver mines. On account of his achievement in Hispania, the senate decreed a thanksgiving ceremony of three days. In the course of the year, 194…...

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