Animal Experimentation

In: Other Topics

Submitted By ealeman81
Words 783
Pages 4
English B1A
March 22, 2012
Animal Experimentation Experimentation done on animals is considered unethical, for some people at least. Not only do animals suffer while being experimented on, they often at times undergo vivisection. Vivisection, in the strictest sense, is the partial or complete dissection of live animals for research purposes (Monamy 6). If humans consider it wrong to inflict pain unnecessarily to other humans, then it should also be unnecessary to inflict pain onto animals. Animals breathe, eat, drink, excreta, reproduce, and can feel pain just as humans can. All animals (including human beings) must be treated identically, for each species has capacities and needs that are peculiar to it and deserve to be taken into account (Fox 64). Animals have sentient just as humans do. A sentient animal not only has an awareness of its surroundings but is capable of experiencing pain (Monamy 6). A quantum extension of ethics was proposed when Peter Singer asserted in Animal Liberation (1975) that moral consideration must transcend the species boundary to include all sentient animals (Monamy 40). Because animals experience pain just as humans do, a law should be passed where experiments on animals should be interdicted. While it has been proven that experiments on animals has benefited humans in many ways, enough evidence should have been gathered from those experiments where animals are no longer needed. Cats, dogs, sheep, lambs, pigs, mice, and monkeys are just a few of the animals that are being used in laboratories. Experimenting on dogs has found enzymes that dissolve clots in arteries. While experimenting on monkeys and chimpanzees, researchers found a way to immunize children without using painful needles, therefore saving thousands of lives and sparring even more children from having paralyzed limbs for life. Burned victims survived, “because the…...

Similar Documents

Animal Cruelty

...Cruelty Involved in Animal Testing Hobbes, the cat, has been under experimentation for most of his life. This is probably the last time that he will ever have to be experimented on again. Why? Because he is probably not going to make it through this time. The makers of Herbal Essences are about to force shampoo down his throat to see what happens to its organs. Even if the cat lives through the process, they are going to have to kill it to see which organs it could have damaged. If this was an actual human going through this deadly experiment, people would be in shock. Instead, scientists are testing whether or not swallowing shampoo would affect a cat. Testing on animals is a very disagreeable process that should not be allowed. Animal testing started a numerous years ago to help provide humans with information. The process of animal testing is one of the most disturbing experiments ever done. Many cosmetics and personal care products are made every year and are put into the market after being tested on animals. Almost every product has been animal tested at some stage in its development. The website titled "Animals in Product Testing" stated, "...these products have gone through a long and complex testing process that leaves millions of animals mutilated, burned, poisoned and gassed in outmoded and unnecessary tests." From these different experiments, animals are often left with different diseases like Syphilis, herpes, or AIDS ("Animal Rights: Animal Testing").......

Words: 1787 - Pages: 8

Animal Experimentation

...70 million animals scalded, force fed chemicals, genetically manipulated, hurt and killed in the USA alone. Is this really necessary? I believe that this torture is cruel and horribly selfish and barbarian. Not only are we harming innocent animals when there are many other valid ways of experimenting but everyday animals are being brutally killed for experiments that aren't even proven to give valuable, reliable results. Animal experimentation is a universal issue which provokes much controversy. As such a provocative subject it inevitably demands much attention. There is an aggressive yet on going argument which furiously debates the ethical question of animal rights against particularly ruthless scientific experiments. There is a plethora of statistics and data which strengthen the fight to ban animal testing, for example opinions of prestigious medical doctors and veterinary surgeons. Also, the misleading and underhanded attempt to disguise the vile treatment of animals by major companies and even charities insinuates that the immorality and pain inflicted upon these innocent creatures is in fact widely recognised, yet ignored. This needs to be changed. The success of animal experimentation is often exaggerated as revealed in a horrifying story told by the 'Daily Mail'. In 2000 a project carried out by Cambridge-based Imutran, which involved transplanting genetically modified pig hearts and kidneys into monkeys was told as a success story, until vital and disturbing......

Words: 901 - Pages: 4


...Animal Testing: Necessary Evil or Just Evil? Krista Surratt Stanly Community College Table of Contents Cover Page ………………………………………………………………………………………..1 Table of Contents …………………………………………………………………………………2 Abstract …………………………………………………………………………………………...3 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………….4 Background …………………………………………………………………………………….…4 Proposed Plan …………………………………………………………………………………….6 Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………………………..7 References …………………………………………………………………………………….......9 Abstract This proposal is about what the harsh realities of animal testing really are, the brutality the animals go through, and a way to change it for the better in many aspects. Animal testing is an issue that many people (with a heart) disagree with, especially since there are more accurate alternatives. This picture puts together words that lab animals cant (Miss). Introduction One Mississippi, Two Mississippi, Three Mississippi. Every three seconds a precious animal dies in a laboratory setting. Animal testing is one of the most common branches of testing and research in the world today. Some in favor of animal experimentation justify it by saying they’re taking animals’ lives to save humans. Scientists who agree with animal testing usually cut the vocal chords out of the animal or sew their jaws shut; but is this the only way to obtain concrete results? Is it really necessary to subject an animal’s life......

Words: 1321 - Pages: 6

Experimentation Critique

...Experimentation Critique of The Balance Evaluation Systems Test to Differentiate Balance Deficits RES/320 Patti Moser July 5, 2010 CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY: I certify that the attached paper, which was produced for the class identified above, is my original work and has not previously been submitted by me or by anyone else for any class.  I further declare that I have cited all sources from which I used language, ideas and information, whether quoted verbatim or paraphrased, and that any and all assistance of any kind, which I received while producing this paper, has been acknowledged in the References section.  This paper includes no trademarked material, logos, or images from the Internet, which I do not have written permission to include.  I further agree that my name typed on the line below is intended to have, and shall have the same validity as my handwritten signature.   Student's signature (name typed here is equivalent to a signature):  Sherri L. Eveland___________________________ ___ Experimentation Critique of The Balance Evaluation Systems Test to Differentiate Balance Deficits This article presents the theoretical framework, interrater reliability, and preliminary concurrent validity for this new instrument, the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest). The goal of this study was to develop a clinical balance assessment tool that aims to target 6 different balance control systems so that specific rehabilitation approaches can be......

Words: 1608 - Pages: 7


...Respecting All Animals: There’s No Difference x x Prof. x x Respecting All Animals: There’s No Difference The majority of people in this world consider animals just creatures put here on earth to serve a purpose, even more so-most react to their slaughter ,simply with a shrug of the shoulder, unimportant, and more commonly “a way of life” Many consider living conditions that would not be suitable for a person, to be suitable for a living animal. These animals are subjected to heinous conditions and treatment, supposedly for good reason. Of course, it seems to be a common principle amongst certain people to think that animals are not capable of possessing feelings, so maybe this is why the cruelty seems tolerated? As once acknowledged by René Descartes in Understanding Philosophy, regarded animals as “simply physical bodies that lacked minds or souls; thus, animals were similar to organic machines.” (Mosser, 2014, chap. 6.4) I will be analyzing how each of these issues contributes to the unethical and disrespectful treatment of our fellow animals and why we should no longer tolerate it. First off, the most important thing to point out is the fact that animals are used for many things, in constant disregard for their feelings I might add. Just like the previously mentioned living conditions- animals are subjected to the most inhumane practices that would not ever be suitable for the treatment of people. I suppose this is the exact reasoning behind the......

Words: 1055 - Pages: 5

Human Experimentation

...TOPIC #4: Human Experimentation PRO: Prisoners should be allowed to participate in human research CON: Prisoners should not be allowed to participate in human research History and definitions Dating back to 1965, seventy-five prisoners at Holmesburg prison in Pennsylvania were purposely exposed to a poisonous agent. This study was conducted to determine the effects of dioxin, a potentially harmful substance. Dermatologist Dr. Albert Kligman, exposed prisoners to a dosage 468 times greater than the required dosage for the experiment. All evidence has been destroyed; however, participants are still experiencing dermatologic issues. As a result of research and experiments like these conducted in prisons, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare terminated the use of prisoners as subjects. Shortly after, the federal government passed strict guidelines limiting the scope of experimentation among prisoners. These guidelines passed, codified at Title 45 of the Code of Federal Regulations, in 1978. Although prisoner research has been outlawed decades ago, it is far from over (Reiter, 2009). Certain guidelines are in place to protect human subjects in research. “The Common Rule” provides for the proposed research to be reviewed by the institutional review board (IRB) in addition to requiring informed consent. A review body, known as the Institutional review board (IRB) was established to protect the natural rights and welfare of persons subjected to scientific......

Words: 1677 - Pages: 7

Animal Experimentation

...Animal Experimentation Over millions of animals are used in experiments every year. There has been a controversy between animal rights supporters and scientist; whether it is right to use animals in experimental research. The research are usually conducted inside universities, medical schools, pharmaceutical companies, farms, and commercial facilities that provide animal testing services. Most animals are euthanized after being used in an experiment. Therefore animal experimentation should not be done. It should be against the law. ​Supporters of animal rights believe that animals have an inherent worth – a value completely separate from their usefulness to humans. Animals surely deserve to live their lives free from suffering and exploitation. All animals have the ability to suffer in the same way and in the same degree that humans do. They can feel pain, pleasure, fear, frustration, loneliness and motherly love. Animal rights is not just a philosophy – it is a social movement that challenges society’s traditional view to all non-humans animals exist solely from human use. Causing animals to die for science, for the sake of trying to save human lives, may be considered to some extent if it will contribute advancement of science, and it will be to the benefit of humanity. ​People and animals are completely different in genetics, therefore it is useless to use animals in experiments to see the effects of some substance. An animal may react different to a substance than what...

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

What Is Animal Experimentation and Why Is It Important?

...What is animal experimentation and why is it important? The use of animals in scientific research has greatly contributed to the medical and educational progresses that were achieved until now. There is a long history of using animals in scientific research, along with it a debate concerning its moral and ethical justification dates back to the moment, when animals were first used. Attitudes towards testing on animals scoped from absolute acceptance to absolute rejection and this seemed to have logical explanation. Both sides had strong arguments. For instance, involving animals in research has a positive effect, resulting in increasing of human health standards. Experience obtained from working with animals helped scientists to improve their general knowledge of mechanisms of how do living organisms function. On the other hand, the remaining scientists claimed that methods used to obtain those results were not only cruel and inhumane, but the majority of them could have been done using non-animal methods. This essay will prove that animal experimentation is a necessity, having led to numerous breakthroughs, it will also provide information about animal testing and alternatives that are now used to make the use of animals less harmful. Animal experimentation refers to any type of experimental procedures carried out on living animals. Using living animals in research started long ago, in ancient times. The main aim was to satisfy the curiosity of......

Words: 878 - Pages: 4

Animal Cruelty

...Part IV Katie Schulz Mrs. Polski Modern Problems May 2, 2013 Introduction~ Animal experimentation began in the early 3rd and 4th centuries BCE with the Greeks performing the first experiments on living animals. Ever since these early periods there has been a search to answer the question of whether animal testing is ethical. This question is proposed due to the suffering of animals during medical experimentation. Veterinarian, Peter M. Henrickson, found this to be the case in his experience during a veterinary class. The research began on Rodney a shepherd mix. “The first thing we did was neuter him, a seemingly benign project, except it took us an hour to complete the usual 20-minute procedure, and an anesthetic overdose kept him out for 36 hours. Afterward, he recovered his strength quickly and felt good” (Henrickson, Par. 4). They then proceeded to do an abdominal exploratory, opening his abdomen and then closing him again. “This was the first major surgery for any of us, and, with inadequate supervision, we did not close him properly. By the next morning, his incision had opened and he was sitting on his small intestine. Hastily, we sewed him up again, and he survived. But it was a week or more before he could resume walks he had come to eagerly anticipate” (Henrickson, Par. 6). After Rodney’s slow recovery they once again put him under anesthesia. “We broke his leg and repaired it with a steel pin. After this, Rodney seemed in almost constant pain, his......

Words: 5691 - Pages: 23

Animal Research

...Argumentative Essay.docx2/ 4 Baneen ZiaUH Honors CollegeEvery year, millions of animals suffer tremendous pain as a result of scientific studies, commercial testing, and medical research in the United States. Animal testing, the method of using non—humans in means of research, requires the captivity of animal in order to experiment for human breakthroughs and advancements. Although a few of the countless experiments performed contribute to the act of improving lives through the discovery of cures, researchers risk the lives of many and harm these animals in the process. The natural lives of animals become disrupted and these animals forcefully enter studies in which they will most likely undergo pain or, unfortunately, death. The unjust and inhumane treatment of animals in experimentations to innovate and benefit the human race is unnecessary, misleading, and unethical, and therefore, should not be performed for biomedical research. Animal testing estimates 26 million animals used for biomedical research each year in America. By testing the toxicity of drugs or the effectiveness of medications, scientists use animals to understand the human body without actually causing harm to it. The three methods of testing include toxicology research, pure research, and applied research for an under the intentionof discovering effects of such medications and bearing direct outcomes. Scientific researchers use animals to understand the human anatomy without causing impairment to the human......

Words: 1217 - Pages: 5

Animal Testing Is Animal Cruelty

...Taylor Petty 12/2/2015 English 099 Mr. Adamoschek Is it cruel to use Animals to Test Human products? Approximately 225 million animals are used for testing every year. Billions have been killed in the process. ("Questions and Answers About Biomedical Research.”) How can this be allowed? Isn’t it cruel to use animals to test products for humans? Many animal rights activists say, “yes” to this question. However, scientists argue it is necessary and animal research can help save human lives. There are probable arguments for both sides. But the dangers of using animals to test products for human use weighs an even greater risk than not using the animals. Alternatives are much more ethical.          Over the years, scientists have used animals to test the toxicity of products being produced for humans. Their argument is clear: that animals can be helpful in aiding to provide advances in human health and new drug findings. Animal testing has helped find some medicines to fight cancer, as well as other medicines now used, for example: Insulin, antibiotics and HIV drugs. It is this very reason that scientists and others support the testing of animals. In fact, there are even some people that will support the use of medical research on animals but they do not support the use of animals for cosmetics to be tested on. Another aspect they tend to want people to take into consideration is that animal testing helps ensure the safety of drugs being used as well as other substances......

Words: 1939 - Pages: 8

Animal Experimentation

...Animal experimentation has been a controversy throughout the world; many people agree and others disagree. However, there is more research that shows that animal experimentation helps find cures for diseases, helps understand how the human body works, and on the development of antibodies and vaccines. Animal experimentation is very beneficial in medicine. “Animal experimentation has played a part in many major advances such as the development of antibodies, vaccines, and surgical techniques”(Source 1). Humans and some animals such as mice, rats, and chimpanzees share “physiological and genetic similarities”(Source 2) making animal experimentation tremendously helpful for further medical science. “Chimpanzees share 99% of their DNA with humans, and mice are 98% genetically similar to humans”(Source 3). Making chimpanzees and mice good candidates for animal experimentation because of their close genetic similarity with humans. Animals not only have been used in testing; they have also been used in the military and in space. “Since as early as 1948, animals have been used by the U.S space program for testing such aspects of space travel”(Source 3). In which include a variety of animals such as rats, mice, fish, crickets, and snails that have also been launched into space for neurological testing. Animals have also played an important role in the military. “The U.S Department of Defense used 488,237 animals for research and combat trauma training”(Source 3). Which included...

Words: 476 - Pages: 2

Animal Testing

...INTRODUCTION The use of animals in scientific experimentation should continue to be fought against because it is morally wrong, there are alternatives to animal experimentation, and the unnecessary research it involves. The use of animals in experimentation has been a debate and a controversy for quite some time now. Many have strong opinions and views on this sensitive issue. That leads us to one question: Is it right? There are alternatives to animal experimentation, and they are addressed by some government websites. The number of animals used for experimentation tens of millions. Scientists defend animal research saying that this testing has contributed greatly to the advancement of cures for human diseases. However, in our generation, there should be a continued resolve in the fight against animal experimentation because it is morally wrong, there are now promising alternatives, and it involves a lot of unnecessary research. " The practice of animal experimentation and testing continues not because it is the most accurate or reliable means of research, but rather because of tradition, peer-pressure, and enormous promotion from those with strong vested interests." S.O.S at the University of Georgia (2012) BODY In my opinion animal testing is wrong, mainly for the moral debate of inflicting unnecessary pain to a living species, but it is also wrong for the environment. Scientists claim that testing on animals is the key to find cures for human diseases, and try to......

Words: 1420 - Pages: 6


...Treatment of Animals in chemical testing Animal testing is an issue in today's society that, whether anyone realizes it, does affect each of us. Such as transplants, vaccines, and medicine. Nearly each and every one of us today have received vaccine shots. We have all used medications. We have all heard of transplant technology. This above example I have used is farfetched. Brain transplants are not an everyday occurrence. They are not yet, at least. However, kidney and heart transplants are beginning to become a more and more common every day. Who knows what is possible with the proper research. Today there are a great deal of people who oppose animal testing in laboratory research. This is limiting our medical capabilities . Could we be holding ourselves back from medical breakthroughs such as a cure for cancer or AIDS? Animal testing is already controlled to a great extent. Many cats and dogs are killed annually by shelters and pounds. Animal testing is not as cruel as it is portrayed and is an essential to reaching medical breakthroughs. Special controls on laboratory animals have been in place since 1876. These have been revised in 1986. These laws are now more commonly known as the revised Animals Act of 1986. This law allows for scientist to perform testing while also safe guarding the animals. Prior to any testing a cost benefit analysis must be applied. In this analysis they review the potential research benefits with the......

Words: 863 - Pages: 4

Experimentation - Free Term Papers, Essays and Research Documents The Research Paper Factory Join Search Browse Saved Papers Search Experimentaion In: Experimentaion Experimentation Critique An article in the Teaching of Psychology Journal illustrates how a group of undergraduates used a Web-Based Self and Peer Assessments Systems in evaluating proposals for experimental psychology. An interest to teachers is grasping at students for involvement in experiments, and for students gain an opportunity to applying their skills to assess their observations empirically. Researchers observe the participants over a quantitative research, considering various styles, and techniques for data collecting. This study was an observation. Results will determine that the students build an improved understanding between the proposals created before the experiment and after the assessment to establish quality work. The study is an experimental research, in which “intervention by the researcher beyond that is required for measurements to determine the effect on another variable” (Cooper & Schindler, 2006, p. 709). The researchers placed the participants into teams, and the teams picked a topic taught in class, and create a proposal. In this paper, the attention is on the method, independent and dependent variable, observation techniques, and the sampling plan. Method Chang, Lee, Lin, and Sung, from the national Taiwan Normal University conducted this study. The study......

Words: 324 - Pages: 2

Netflix 6.6.1 APK modded apk | Nokia Tone | Mark Ronson