Ap World History Chapter 2 Notes

In: Historical Events

Submitted By kimjiwon914
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Events/Important/key Dates
• 7,000~ 4,000 BCE: Spread of agriculture through most of Middle east.
• 5,000 BCE: Farming along Nile River
• 4,000 BCE: Sumerians settle in Tigris- Euphrates valley
• 4,000 BCE: Sumerians (a people who had migrated into the area from the north) provided final boost toward establishing civilization
• 4,000 BCE: cumulative effects of agriculture & technology → civilization as a new organizational form (wheel, bronze use, and writing facilitated)
• 3,500 BCE: Writing is introduced. (based on new needs for commercial property and political records → celebration of the deeds of proud local kings)
• 3,500 BCE: Early Sumerian alphabet
• 3,100~2,700 BCE: Initial kingdoms in Mesopotamia and Egypt
• 3,000 BCE: Introduction to bronze tools
• 3,000 BCE: Mesopotamian husbands veiled their wives on marriage → to protect the wife’s honor
• 2,700~2,200 BCE: Old Kingdom period , Egypt
• 2,600 BCE: First great pyramid
• 3,400~2,200 BCE: Akkadian Empire conquers Sumer
• 2,052~1,786 BCE: Middle Kingdom period → civilization spreads to Upper Nile.
• 2,000 BCE: Sumerians wrote the Epic of Gilgamesh ( world’s oldest story)
• 2,000 BCE: Sumerians produced the potter’s wheel, invented glass, introduced useof fertilizer and silver → Trade expands → Sumerians had trading contact with India
• 1800BCE: Babylonian Empire rose again
• 1600BCE: fall of Babylonian Empire
• 1,300 BCE: (Egypt) Queen Nefertiti → role in religious reforms → men and women have equal access to afterlife

• MIDDLE EAST o Cumulative effects of agriculture → wave of technology → generated civilization as a human organization
• SUMERIANS o Fertile Crescent (rivers overflow → depositing fertile soil ; flat → was open to invasion) → Sumerians migrated to this place from the region north about 700miles. o created a state city ( urban king that claimed great…...

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