Apasia: Root Causes

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Submitted By baller1
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Aphasia comes from the Greek root word, “aphatos”, meaning “speechless”. It is a language disorder in which there is an impairment of any language modality which may include difficulty in producing or comprehending spoken or written language. Aphasia occurs in men and women alike and although it is more common in middle-aged adults it may also occur in children. Depending on the area and extent of the brain damage, someone suffering from aphasia may be able to speak and not write, or vice versa. Aphasia may also display a wide variety of other language deficiencies in language comprehension and production such as the ability to sing and not speak. Aphasia may also co-occur with speech disorders such as dysarthria or apraxia of speech, which is now a disorder in itself ((Risser, Anthony H.; Spreen, Otfried (2003). Assessment of aphasia. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press).). Both resulting from brain damage. Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder resulting from a neurological injury and characterized by poor articulation. Apraxia is a disorder caused by damage to specific areas of the cerebrum and is characterized by loss of the ability to execute or carry out learned purposeful movements, despite having the desire and ability to perform the movements (wikopedia). One can understand how both of these disorders correlate closely to the language disorder aphasia, rather taking an in depth look or just an overview.
Aphasia is caused by damage to one or more language areas of the brain. Many times, the cause of brain injury is a stroke but other causes include severe blows to the head, brain tumors, brain infections, dementia, and other brain conditions. Aphasia may also develop after an individual sustains a brain injury from infections such as herpes encephalitis. As a result of the injuries, the pathways for language production and comprehension are…...

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