Archaeological Anthropology

In: Social Issues

Submitted By lucycoco
Words 918
Pages 4
Archaeological Anthropology
TOPIC: Human evolution and the bow & arrow

Summary
Archaeologists study the material remains left by our ancestors in order to interpret cultural variation and changes in the past, more over it focuses on how human evolution. Human beings construct niches by inventing ways of using their relationships with on another and with the physical environment to make a living. As an example, referring to the subsistence strategies, we may tell that it can be divided into 2 different subtopic, food collectors and food producers. And in this case bow and arrow belongs the category of the tools of foragers. The tools allowed hunters to shoot prey more accurate than with spear. Archeologist argues that the innovation is more than a technological revolutions; it had a social consequences. Conferring to the scientific paper, there are two main major theories of criteria for falsification. One is Social-coercion theory; it’s an explanation for the rise of social complexity from Stony Brook University biologists Paul Bingham and Joanne Souza states from the new article. The primary prediction is when local subsistence capacity permits; local introduction of the bow will rapidly be followed by increases in social scale and economic intensifications. Another theory is Warfare theory, and the primary prediction is the local introduction of elite bow will result in increased interpolity warfare, with increases in social complexity and economic intensification resulting from the demands or effects of increased warfare, stated from the paper. Yet, how can the bow be a cause of social complexity increase? All models are acting as superior in performance to its predecessors. According to those idea, the introduction of a more and effective weapon system gave social groups a safer, more reliable way to coerce uncooperative individuals to support the…...

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