Arizona Constitution

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Running head: Arizona Constitution

Arizona Constitution

Arizona Constitution Arizona became the forty-eighth state on February 14, 1912. Many events led to the admission of Arizona as a state in the Union and are recognized in the following timeline. ❖ Arizona History – 1700’s • Arizona was first explored by the Spanish • 1539 – Father Marcos de Niza explores Arizona and claims it for Spain • 1752 – First permanent Spanish settlement was established in Tubac • 1776 – A Spanish fort is built at Tucson

❖ Arizona History – 1800’s

• 1821 – Mexico gains military control of Arizona • 1821 – Trappers and traders from the United States came into Arizona • 1848 – United States won the Mexican War and gained all of Arizona, north of the Gila River through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo • 1850 - The Great Compromise organized this new territory and allowed for division of the territory into states to be admitted to the Union in the Future • 1854 – The rest of Arizona becomes part of the United States by the Gadsden Purchase • 1891 – An Arizona Constitution was written and passed by voters. While the US House of Representatives also passed the constitution, the Senate did not approve statehood.

❖ Arizona History – 1900’s

• 1904 – A bill was proposed to combine the New Mexico and Arizona territories into a single state. New Mexico voters approved but Arizona did not. • 1910 – Another constitutional convention was held, and this constitution was passed on February 19, 1911 • 1912 – On February 14 a proclamation was signed making Arizona a state in…...

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