Assessment Tool Analysis

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Submitted By joprzybyla
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Assessment Tool Analysis
Joanna Przybyla
NUR/440
June 4, 2012
Vicki Clithero

Assessment Tool Analysis
Nursing assessment is the gathering of information about a patient(Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia n.d.). It is a conversation with a patient, combined with an observation of the patient’s needs, signs, and symptoms of an illness, the patient’s social and medical history, and any other possible information. It is a difficult process, but at the same time, very important as it creates a basis in caring for a patient. Luckily, nurses have many assessment tools available to help them and to guide them through the process of assessment. What is also very important is knowledge of Watson’s model of nursing and how it is focusing on holistic care and establishing a relationship between patients and caregivers (De Chesnay & Anderson, 2012, Ch.6). In this essay I am going to describe three assessment tools that I have chosen and also how they can be used when caring for population I described in last week paper. The three assessment tools I want to present are the: Apgar Score, Finnegan Scale, and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS).
The Apgar Score was introduced in 1953 by the American doctor specializing in anesthesiology and pediatrics, Virginia Apgar (Kids Health, 1998). It was named after her and to this day doctors and nurses use it worldwide to evaluate how babies are doing after the delivery. It is the first test the newborn takes and it quickly allows making important decisions about the further diagnosis and necessary treatment of a baby. In addition it is cheap and fast. It consists of five elements and each of them can be scored between 0-2 with 2 being the highest. The five areas include: “A” for activity or muscle tone, “P” for pulse or heart rate, “G” stands for grimace or reflexes, “A” marks appearance or skin color, and “R” stands for…...

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