Asss

In: English and Literature

Submitted By rishabhsingh261
Words 4120
Pages 17
“DAMAGE AS A CONSTITUENT OF
TORT LAW”
INTRODUCTION
The word tort is of French origin and is equivalent of the English word wrong, and the Roman law term delict. It is derived from the Latin word tortum, which means twisted or crooked. It implies conduct that is twisted or crooked. It is commonly used to mean a breach of duty amounting to a civilwrong. Of the various attempts to define tort, Salmond's definition is rather popular. Salmond defines tort as a civil wrong for which the remedy is a common law action for unliquidated damages and which is not exclusively the breach of a contract or the breach of a trust or other merely equitable obligation. A tort arises due to a person‟s duty to others in generally which is created by one law or the other. A person who commits a tort is known as a tortfeaser, or a wrongdoer. Where they are more than one, they are called joint tortfeaser. Their wrongdoing is called tortuous act and they are liable to be sued jointly and severally. The principle aim of the Law of tort is compensation of victims or their dependants. Grants of exemplary damages in certain cases will show that deterrence of wrong doers is also another aim of the law of tort.

OBJECTIVES OF LAW OF TORTS i. To determine rights between parties to a dispute. ii. To prevent the continuation or repetition of harm e.g. by giving orders of injunction.

iii. To protect certain rights recognized by law e.g. a person's reputation or good name. iv. To restore property to its rightful owner e.g. where property is wrongfully taken away from its rightful owner. CONSTITUENTS OF TORT The law of tort is fashioned as an instrument for making people adhere to standards of reasonable behavior and respect the rights and interests of one another. A protected interest gives rise to a legal right, which in turn gives rise to a corresponding legal duty. An act, which infringes a…...

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