Asthma in Adolescents and Adults

In: Science

Submitted By Ahronvaldez
Words 8358
Pages 34


In Partial Fulfillment of the Course Requirement
In Surgical Nursing


Presented to:
The Faculty of Cebu Doctors’ University
College of Nursing


Submitted by: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Phi 2nd generation
Class 2009
30 September 2008


I. Introduction ……………………………………………………………………. 3

II. Objectives ……………………………………………………………………... 5

III. Nursing Assessment……………………………………………………………. 8 A. Personal History Patient’s Profile Family and Individual Information Level of Growth and Development Normal Development at Particular Stage The Ill Person at Particular Stage of Patient B. Diagnostic Results…………………………………………………... 16 C. Present Profile of Functional Health Patterns ……………………. 17 Health Perception / Health Management Pattern Nutritional – Metabolic Pattern Elimination Pattern Activity / Exercise Pattern Cognitive / Perceptual Pattern Rest / Sleep Pattern Self – perception Pattern Role Relationship Pattern Sexuality – Reproductive Pattern Coping – Stress Tolerance Pattern Value – Belief System D. Pathophysiology and Rationale………………………………………. 22 Normal Anatomy and Physiology of Affected Organ Schematic Drawing of the Pathophysiology of the Disease The Disease Process and its Effects on Other Organs Classical and Clinical Symptoms of Disease with Rationale IV. Nursing Intervention………………………………………………… ……...

Similar Documents


...Living with Asthma missing works cited The weather in Boston is just beginning to feel cooler as Maeve Vaillancourt, a Northeastern University sophomore rushes to her first class of the day. Although she is already behind schedule, she huddles in a corner to take a dose of her Abuterol inhaler, then finishes her ten-minute walk and slips into class late. “I hate taking my inhaler in public, because it is embarrassing, but after quick walks like that, I need to or else I feel as if I can’t breathe,” said Vaillancourt. Vaillancourt has been suffering from asthma[->0] since she was diagnosed at the age of 9. She is one of 18.2 million adults age 18 years and older with this illness according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Over seven million children ages 0-17 have asthma. Asthma is a chronic disease of the respiratory system[->1] that leads to inflammation of the bronchial tubes, resulting in difficulty carrying air to the lungs. Asthma greatly affects an individual’s breathing, and can place severe restrictions on daily life. During asthma attacks, which may be triggered by weather, allergens, exercise, the individuals’ ability to breathe becomes difficult. As a young, active college student[->2], Vaillancourt’s battle with asthma plays a role in her day-to-day life, beyond just her walks to class. “I don’t think of inhalers as medicine. I bring it out everywhere; itis like a wallet, or cash,” said Vaillancourt, who suffers from......

Words: 1770 - Pages: 8

Outline the Influence of Childhood and/or Adolescents Experiences on Later Adults Relationships

...Q. Outline the influence of childhood and/or adolescents experiences on later adults relationships (8+16) Individuals differ in their relationships; psychologists have researched whether adult relationships are related to early experiences in life. Bowlby believes that the type of relationship the individual has with their primary caregiver gives a basis of a future relationship. This is called the internal working model. The fear of strangers represents an important survival mechanism, which is by nature, babies display social releasers which helps them ensure contact or proximity with the primary caregiver, as they similarly will with their partner in their adult relationship. Another example of the internal working model is the continuity hypothesis, which is a key theory to explaining childhood or adolescent experiences on later adult relationships, where it states that childhood relationships will affect your future relationships, Mary Ainsworth explores this by looking at our relationships as infants as concluded three types: Secure, insecure-avoidant, insecure-resistant. Secure is where the infant is in a calm state even without the presence of the primary caregiver, secure avoidant is where shows little distress, avoids contact with caregiver when returns, and insecure-resistant is when child shows a lot of distress, anxious and nervous. This demonstrates the relationship that the child has with the primary caregiver when they are present and not present.......

Words: 757 - Pages: 4


...Asthma is a chronic disease of the lungs that affects millions of children in America. Millions of children are diagnosed with the disease each year, and are frequent visitors of the countries’ emergency rooms. Asthma is Greek for panting, which is what asthmatics experience when they experience an asthma attack (Eisele, 2003). According to Neergard (2006), more than 20 million Americans have asthma, and the chronic lung disease is on the rise. This paper will discuss the, causes, symptoms, treatments and the demographics of children being diagnosed with the disease. In order to understand the severity of the disease called asthma, one must understand it causes. These causes lead to the symptoms that have thus far caused the disease to kill 5,000 people every year and accounts for 2 million emergency-room visits (Neergaard, 2006). Though there are treatments for the disease widely available, certain causes of the diseases aren’t concretely founded, causing asthma to remain a mysterious disease to doctors. In the following we will go on a journey to discover the mysterious, precarious reality of children diagnosed with asthma. According to Eisele (2003), five thousand people die of it every year in the United States. Currently it's the sixth most common chronic condition in the nation. Three times as many people have it now as in 1980. Some 6 million of them are children. For children, asthma is the most common chronic disorder, the leading cause of missed school, and the......

Words: 2015 - Pages: 9


...Asthma Introduction In today's society children are faced with many problems in their day to day life. However, there is one disorder that affects many children and can be potentially fatal if not caught and treated correctly. This disorder is call asthma. The National Center for Biotechnology Information defines asthma as, "Asthma is a disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightening, and coughing." Asthma mostly effects younger boys and effects adult women more than adult males. In the United States there are around 18.7 million children that have some type of asthma, which is about every 1 and 12. The number of people diagnosed with asthma grew by 4.3 million from 2001 to 2009. From 2001 through 2009 asthma rates rose the most among black children, almost a 50% increase. In a study in 2007 there was 3,447 asthma related deaths in the United States. Nine deaths a day were caused by this disorder. There are many different types of treatment that can be used to help cure or manage asthma if diagnosed correctly. Many children do not receive the medication the need due to lack of insurance coverage, no health benefits or they do not get the right diagnosis. Asthma costs in the US grew from about $53 billion in 2002 to about $56 billion in 2007, about a 6% increase. Greater access to medical care is needed for the growing number of people with asthma. Asthma cost the US about $3,300 per person with...

Words: 1134 - Pages: 5

Epidemiology of Asthma

...Epidemiology of Asthma: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways which causes episodic wheezing, shortness of breath ,chest tightness, and coughing. Asthma effects people of all ages, backgrounds , religion and gender. According to one article no one risk factor is responsible for asthma morbidity; rather asthma risk factors include living in poverty, in the inner city being uninsured or Medicaid enrolled and being African American. (Kimberly P Toole, 2013) Asthma is a significant health problem in the United States and Massachusetts. Asthma is one of the most common chronic childhood illnesses in the United States where prevalence nearly tripled from 3.6% in 1980 to 9.1% in 2007. Asthma impacts both society and the individual causing millions of lost school days. (Woodin, Tin, Moy, Palella, & Brugge, 2010) Nationally the total cost of asthma in 2007 was 19.7 billion dollars, in Massachusetts the total charges for acute care hospital utilization for asthma was over 136 million dollars in 2006. (Zotter & huisingh, 2009). According to the CDC 1:11 children have asthma in the U.S., that amounts to seven million children in 2010 and the prevalence of asthma is increasing in the United States and in Massachusetts. Studies done by the CDC indicate that in children more boys than girls have asthma. The surveys also indicated that socioeconomic status plays apart in asthma prevalence. Families with an annual household income of 75,000 dollars or...

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5


...Introduction: Asthma is a disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. Asthma is caused by inflammation in the airways. When an asthma attack occurs, the muscles surrounding the airways become tight and the lining of the air passages swells. This reduces the amount of air that can pass by. In sensitive people, asthma symptoms can be triggered by breathing in allergy- causing substances (called allergens or triggers). Common asthma triggers include: •Animals (pet hair or dander) •Dust •Changes in weather (most often cold weather) •Chemicals in the air or in food •Exercise •Mold •Pollen •Strong emotions (stress) •Tobacco smoke Data: Asthma is a chronic lung disease that affects an estimated 16.4 million adults (aged ≥ 18 years)1 and 7.0 million children (aged< 18 years)1 in the United States (U.S.), regardless of age, sex, race, or ethnicity. Although the exact cause of asthma is unknown and it cannot be cured, it can be controlled with self-management education, appropriate medical care, and avoiding exposure to environmental triggers. The following data provide an overview of the burden of asthma in Indiana (IN) compared with the U.S. All stated comparisons indicate that the group is statistically significantly different than the reference group (e.g., adults aged 18-24 years, men, non-Hispanic whites, children aged 15-17 years, and boys).......

Words: 478 - Pages: 2


...Asthma Joshua Hernandez HCS/245 Oct 7, 2014 Margaret Latham Asthma Asthma is a serious respiratory diseases that is widespread that affects millions and millions of people through out the world. This disease affects newborns, young children, adults, baby boomers and seniors and it is rapidly affecting small children in a rapid rate. Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways with recurring symptoms, with reversible airflow obstruction with common symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Asthma is thought to be caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors that affect people throughout the world and in the United States. Diagnoses for the individual having asthma doesn’t know they have asthma till the symptoms of wheezing and shortness of breath arises. Newborns that have asthma when they are born are because it’s a genetic cause but young children that develop asthma are usually because of the environmental issues such as pollution. Also, delivery via caesarean section is associated with an increased risk (estimated at 20–80%) of asthma—this increased risk is attributed to the lack of healthy bacterial colonization that the newborn would have acquired from passage through the birth canal. Many environmental factors have been associated with asthma’s development including allergens, air pollution, and other environmental chemicals. Low air quality from factors such as traffic pollution or high ozone......

Words: 885 - Pages: 4


...Running Header: Asthma Paper on Asthma September 10, 2010 Abstract Chronic bronchitis is a preventable disease highly linked to smoking. Once a patient is diagnosed with chronic bronchitis through pulmonary function tests and other exams, it is not curable but there are medications that may help in alleviating symptoms. Chronic bronchitis patients are often referred to as “Blue bloater.” In chronic bronchitis, there is a marked increased in the proliferation of the goblet cells that results in excess mucous production. There is marked inflammation of bronchial mucosa due to infection or chemical inhalation. There is excessive mucus production occurring on most days for at least three consecutive months for two consecutive years. Some medications that are use in the treatment of chronic bronchitis are: adrenergic agents, anticholinergic agents, corticosteroids agents and antibiotics. Since there is no cure for chronic bronchitis at the present time, the prognosis is fair in regards to when the diagnosis is made. If detected early enough steps can be taken to prevent further damages to the lungs. Smoking cessation is a key factor in stopping the progression of the disease. Pulmonary rehabilitation including exercise training and education about the disease and the harmful effect of smoking is an essential component of chronic bronchitis therapy. Paper on Chronic Bronchitis Introduction Chronic Bronchitis belongs to a part of a larger group of diseases......

Words: 2294 - Pages: 10


...Asthma By Luis M. Cotto Asthma is considered a chronic (long-term) lung disease that causes inflammation and narrows the airways. Asthma is also known to cause recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe), tightness of the chest, shortness of breath, and coughing. The coughing usually occurs at night or early in the morning. Asthma has been known to affect people of all ages, but it mostly starts during childhood. More than 25 million people are known to have asthma. About 7 million of these people are children. In order to have a complete understanding on how asthma affects the human body, you must first have a complete understanding of how the airways work. The airways are tubes that carry air into and out of the lungs. People who have asthma have inflammation of the airways which causes them to swell and become very sensitive. The airways have a tendency to react very strongly to certain substances that are inhaled. When the airways react to these foreign bodies, the muscles will tighten up. This causes the airways to narrow, causing less air to get to the lungs. The swelling can even get worse, making the airways even narrower. When that happens, the cells in the airway might make more mucus than usual, which can further narrow the airways. Sometimes your symptoms are mild and will go away on their own or after treatment with......

Words: 740 - Pages: 3

Asthma in Adolescents and Adults

...ASTHMA in Adolescents and Adults ASTHMA in Adolescents and Adults Susan Corbridge and Thomas C. Corbridge ASTHMA in Adolescents and Adults Many individuals suffer from a respiratory condition known as asthma and experience the acute and sometimes chronic effects of this disorder. This disorder often presents itself in an individual exhibiting the hallmark signs and symptoms of breathlessness, wheezing and coughing, due to the airway wall being inflamed and smooth muscle bronchospams. At this time it is imperative to assess the situation and take the appropriate action. Research shows that there is various causes to why inflammation and bronchospasm obstruct the airway, making it difficult to pin point any one cause. This article states that atopy has been identified as a risk factor, as well as exposure to allergens can increase or induce an asthma attack (GINA: the Global Initiative for Asthma, Global strategy for asthma management and prevention). There are many factors that can affect any one person with this condition, such as heredity, obesity, smoke, exercise, upper respiratory tract infections, perfumes and certain occupations can trigger respiratory distress with an asthmatic episode. There are other treatment considerations that evaluate and treating other......

Words: 1291 - Pages: 6


...Asthma Evidence Based Pharmacology Asthma is a chronic debilitating disease which affects children and adults. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), “asthma affects people of all ages, but it most often starts during childhood. In the United states, more than 25 million people are known to have asthma. About 7 million of these people are children.” Asthma is most commonly diagnosed during childhood. Pathophysiology and Age Continuum Implications Asthma is a disorder that affects the airways; it is an obstruction of the airways that takes place due to inflammation, chronic airway hyperactivity, and remodeling of the airway. According to Maddox & Schwartz (2002), “the etiology of asthma is complex and multifactorial. It involves the interaction between genetic factors and environmental stimuli” (p. 477). Therefore, patients suffering from asthma are not only susceptible to un-modifiable genetic factors but also environmental factors that trigger the airway obstructions. Essentially asthma is an inflammation of the airways in which there is an infiltration into the walls of the airway by mast cells, eosinophils, T-helper cell type two (Th2), and T-lymphocytes (Bonsignore, Profita, Gagliardo, Riccobono, Chiappara, Pace, and Gjomarkaj, 2015). According to Bonsignore, et al. (2015), “persistence of chronic inflammation may alter the homeostasis of lung tissue, leading to airway remodeling. Tissue remodeling includes epithelial alterations......

Words: 1241 - Pages: 5


...According to "American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology" (2015), “The number of people with asthma continues to grow. One in 12 people (about 25 million, or 8% of the U.S. population) had asthma in 2009, compared with 1 in 14 (about 20 million, or 7%) in 2001.” Another scary eye opener is that more than half 53% to be exact of people with asthma had an attack in 2008. Out of that 53 percent of people more children suffered from asthma attacks then adults. In 2007 a whopping 185 children and 3,262 adults died from asthma ("American Academy Of Allergy Asthma And Immunology", 2015). Asthma can be a very scary chronic diseases. Asthma is a chronic lung disease that happens to be long-term this disease inflames and narrows the airway. Asthma causes recurring periods of wheezing which could sound like a person is trying to whistling when they are breathing. They also suffer from recurring chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing. A person with asthma coughing usually happens in the morning when they first wake up or at night when they getting ready for bed ("National Heart, Lung, And Blood Institute", 2016). To really understand how asthma effect a person you have go to understand how the human airway works. You may not pay attention to the length of what our body does to help us breath. We breathe twelve to twenty times per minute day after day due to our wonderful respiratory systems. Our lungs expand and contract supplying our body with oxygen and helps......

Words: 893 - Pages: 4

Asthma districts where jungle fever is predominant. ASTHMA Asthma is a state of the bronchial tubes described by scenes of tightening and expanded mucous generation. A man with asthma has bronchial tubes that are super delicate to different jolts, or triggers, that can deliver asthma indication. As such, asthmatics have uncommon affectability that causes their lung tissue to respond significantly more than is ought to different invigorating components or triggers. Regular triggers incorporate dusts and grass seeds, house dust bugs, tobacco smoke, contaminations in the environment , changes in the climate, respiratory diseases, for example, a cool or a sore throat, exercise, particularly in chilly climate, can trigger asthma in some people,as can enthusiastic components, for example, anxiety or nervousness. A few manifestations that individuals with asthma regularly experience are mid-section tightenings, trouble breathing in and breathing out, wheezing, generation of a lot of mucous in their windpipes and hacking. Not every one of these manifestations happen for each situation of asthma. In some cases individuals may have hacking without and indications for a considerable length of time or even years before it's understood that they are asthmatic. Interestingly enough, asthma side effects are most extreme during the evening, while we're resting our aviation routes limited as a consequence of gravity changes. Although asthma can't be cured it can be controlled. Some are......

Words: 2764 - Pages: 12


...Asthma March 21, 2011 Anatomy & Physiology II Asthma Asthma is a chronic lung disease that affects more than twenty two million people in the United States, with more than six million of them being children. Asthma inflames and constricts airways, which are the tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs. When these airways are inflamed and constricted the result is shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. Airways that are inflamed are extremely sensitive and tend to react strongly to certain inhaled substances. The chain reaction of muscles tightening around the airways, inflammation, and increased mucus production typically result in asthma symptoms. Asthma is a serious disease that without proper diagnosis, management and treatment could be fatal. Causes According to the National Health Institute, the exact cause of asthma is still not known. Researchers think that some genetic and environmental factors interact to cause asthma. Some genetic factors that are believed to play a role in asthma are an inherited tendency to develop allergies, or atopy, and having parents with an asthma diagnosis. While there appears to be a genetic link, environmental factors play an important role in asthma as well. Viral infections in infants appear to have a role in the development of asthma. Most babies will experience wheezing due to a viral infection at some point, but not all will develop asthma. The common viruses that cause wheezing are RSV,......

Words: 917 - Pages: 4


...ASTHMA CHRISTOPHER RUBIO UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX According to “Asthma makes breathing difficult for more than 34 million Americans.” Asthma is a non-curable Repertory disorder in which the passage way that air flowing in and out of the lungs narrows, this causes wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing. This narrowing of the wind pipe is a temporary problem is reversible. In some severe cases of asthma death may be a result. Asthma is simply an inflammation of the airway. Other terms associated with asthma are Bronchial asthma and Cardiac asthma. Cardiac asthma develops when there is a buildup of fluid in the. Of the 34 million American who suffer from asthma five million of these cases are in children under age 18. NHS.UK Says that it’s a possibility “If you are diagnosed with asthma as a child, the symptoms may disappear during your teenage years.” Asthma claims 5,500 deaths each year in the United States alone. It can occur in both male in female and has no specific age that it targets. Asthma also has not specific age group, ethnicity, or social level that it targets. However asthma is known to be more common in Poor neighborhoods with cold climate. From 1982 to 1994 asthma increased about 60 percent affecting more children than adults. Even the deaths related to asthma increased about 50 % from 1979-1992. There are some scientists who believe that this increase is due increase second hand smoking exposure,......

Words: 1226 - Pages: 5

Orologi dell'annata | Frank Lovejoy | Temple Run 2 mod apk latest