Atomic Bomb

In: Historical Events

Submitted By lcaldwell1622
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On August 6, 1945 the United States made a move that would change history forever. In a highly controversial move, the United States dropped the very first atomic bomb on Hiroshima; another atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. There are two sides to every story, the question lies in whether or not the United States was justified in dropping the atomic bomb. By exploring this controversy, hopefully there lie some answers about this great debate.
It is estimated that some 200,000 lives were taken between the bombs dropped at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. People opposed to the dropping of the bomb argue that these lives were taken unnecessarily due to the fact that Japan was trying to negotiate a peace treaty. They were out of resources needed to fight a world war and began to reach out to Sweden and Portugal in hopes of a peace treaty. On January 20, 1945 the Japanese sent terms of surrender that were almost identical to the terms that we agreed upon after the bombs were dropped, however these terms were not accepted. Again in April and May of 1945 they tried three more with no success. “Japan was already defeated and dropping the bomb was completely unnecessary” –Dwight D. Eisenhower (do we have an in-text citation for where this came from?). The people in opposition of the dropping the atomic bomb also argue the cities chosen to drop the bomb were of little military value; the number of civilians far out weighted the number of troops.
On the other side of the debate are people that believe dropping the atomic bomb was necessary and supported of the strategic move claim that the invasion of Japan (Operation Downfall) would have cost from 250,000 to a million American casualties. These numbers did not include the Japanese casualties that an invasion would have cost as well. If an invasion were to occur (according to the Japanese War Ministry…...

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