Aurum 1 Facit

In: Science

Submitted By Ballerina
Words 5371
Pages 22
tKapitel 1, Grundstoffer og kemiske forbindelser
1.1 a) Ag nr 47, latin: argentum, Argentina b) Sc nr 21, scandium, Scandia, latin for Skandinavien Eu nr 63, europium, Europa Am nr 95,americium, de amerikanske kontinenter Yb nr 70, ytterbium, Ytterby i Sverige
Hf nr 72, hafnium, Hafnia latin for København
Cu nr 29, kobber, Cypern c) Cl nr 17, chlor, græsk: gulligt – grøn Br nr 35, brom, græsk: bromos = stank Cr nr 24, chrom = krom, græsk: chroma = farve P nr 15, phosphor = fosfor, græsk: phôs = lys phoros = bærende Os nr 76, osmium, græsk osme = en lugt Rb nr 37, rubidium, latin rubidus = mørkerød (rubiners røde farve) d) Cm nr 96, curium, Marie og Pierre Curie som fandt radium No nr 102, nobelium, Nobel institut i Sverige, Alfred Nobel som opfandt dynamit Es nr 99, einsteinium, Albert Einstein som udtænkte relativitetsteorien
Md nr 101, mendelevium, Dmitrij Mendelejev som opstillede det periodiske system
Bh nr 107, bohrium, Niels Bohr, atomets opbygning og kvantemekanik e) He nr 2, heliun, græsk Helios = Solen Np nr 93, neptunium, planeten Neptun Pu nr 94, plutonium, dværgplaneten Pluto Se nr 34, selen, græsk: Selene = Månen Te nr 52, tellur, latin: Tellus = Jorden
U nr 92, uran, planeten Uranus

1.2 a) og b) Guld Au nr 79, aurum, latin: gul, glødende daggry (Sol) Sølv Ag nr 47, argentum, latin fra gammel græsk: hvidt, skinnende (Månen) Kviksølv Hg nr 80, hydragyron, græsk: vandsølv, flydende sølv, (Merkur)
Kobber Cu nr 29, cuprum, opkaldt efter Cypern, latin: aes Cyprium kobberholdige lagringer på Cypern (Venus)
Jern Fe nr. 26, ferrum, latin = grå (Mars)
Tin Sn nr. 50, stannum, latin dryppende og let(smelteligt metal), Jupiter
Bly Pb nr 82, plumbum, latin = blødt metal, (Saturn)
c) Mercury, Quicksilver
d) Mars var gud for krig. Jern bruges til våben. Mars’ overflade har samme farve som…...

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