Below the Surface

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By kayla3299
Words 752
Pages 4
Below the surface

Many people have the fear of drowning. Most of these fears come from a traumatic experience that has happened to them as a child. On rare occasions, some people have a fear of swimming in just the ocean or lake but not from a swimming pool itself. By discovering the fear of swimming through unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, conditioned stimulus, and conditioned response, one may be able to get over these fears to enjoy the many things that one can do in the water. A 38-year-old man loves to go to the lake. His friends go out on the boat to go fishing but the man stays and says he will fish from the banks with his wife. While his wife and he are casting their lines out from the rocky ledge, his wife asks him why he never goes out on the boat with his buddies or why he does not swim in the beach on family outings. He states that when he was a small boy his parents took him out on the family boat. His parents put him in a little floatation device so that he could enjoy a few hours of swimming, and they jumped in behind him. His father was playing a game of tag with him when his farther disappeared under the water. A few seconds went by when he felt his feet being tickled. The boy started to laugh and was throwing his arms around so fast and hard that he flung himself out of the floatation device. He realized he had started sinking under the water. He remembers reaching up trying to grasp for anything that would pull him up. Opening his mouth to call for help, he swallowed some water. He could not breathe, and he felt his lungs start to tighten up and hurt. The next thing he remembers is coughing and waking up on the boat with his mother and father kneeling beside him. They set him up and told him to keep taking deep breathes. He remembers being taken to a nearby hospital for observation. He later discovered he had been under for…...

Similar Documents

Copper Surfaces

...effective killer of gram positive and gram negative bacteria as well as all drug resistant bacteria. Once installed in the patient’s room, it will cut down the number of hospital born infections (Maclean et al., 2010). A clinical study was performed which looked at the efficacy of HINS lighting to reduce the level of bacteria found in both outpatient and inpatient settings. The results showed that it reduced the level of bacteria well above what is achieved by standard cleaning (Bach et a.l, 2012). The actual figures showed reductions of MRSA by up to 86% , when compared to traditional cleaning methods. Along with this, there have been rigorous studies carried out assessing its safety that have shown that the levels used in hospitals are well below the threshold limit for any adverse effects to people(Bach et al., 2012). The adoption of the HINS lighting system is simple. It requires no staff training or even staff compliance. This system is wired to the normal light switch, and disinfection is as easy as turning on the switch (Bache et al., 2012). In addition to the reducing reimbursement for nosocomial infections, there are also policies which require mandatory reporting of hospital-acquired infection rates (Haplin, Milstein, Shortell, Vanneman, & Rosenberg, 2011). In an attempt to improve patient safety, many states are adopting policies which require hospitals to publicly report their infection rates. According to Haplin et al. (2011), “The idea behind mandatory public......

Words: 1441 - Pages: 6

Microsoft Surface

...    MICROSOFT SURFACE: MULTI-TOUCH TECHNOLOGY A White Paper Prepared By: Allison Jeffers Gainey Jeffersa2@winthrop.edu November 2008 EDUC 651 What are multi-touch surfaces? Multi-touch surfaces allow for a device to recognize two or more simultaneous touches by more than one user. Some have the ability to recognize objects by distinguishing between the differences in pressure and temperature of what is placed on the surface. Depending on the size and applications installed in the surface, two or more people can be doing different or independent applications on the device. Multi-touch computing is the direct manipulation of virtual objects, pages, and images allowing you to swipe, pinch, grab, rotate, type, and command them eliminating the need for a keyboard and a mouse. Everything can be done with our finger tips. Microsoft Surface http://www.microsoft.com/surface/index.html  Defined: Microsoft Surface is an interactive table top that can do everything a network computer can do plus more without using a keyboard or a mouse. There are four key features: direct interaction, multi-touch ability, multi-user ability, and object recognition. Direct interaction allows you to touch or grab digital information with your hands and use natural gestures to open, grasp, and command virtual objects, pages and images. The multi-touch feature enables the Surface to recognize many points of contact simultaneously so you can enlarge an image by touching the opposite corners and dragging......

Words: 2281 - Pages: 10

Cell-Surface Membane

...basic structure and are known as PLASMA MEMBRANES. - The cell-surface membrane is the plasma membrane that surrounds cells and forms the boundary between the cell cytoplasm and the environment. - Therefore allows different conditions to be established inside and outside a cell. - Controls movement of substances IN AND OUT of the cell. Phospholipid Bilayer Structure: - Phospholipids form a bilayer sheet. - Phospholipids are important components of cell-surface membranes for the following reasons: 1. One layer of phospholipids has its hydrophilic heads pointing inwards, interactive with the water in the cell cytoplasm. 2. The outer layer of phospholipids has its hydrophilic heads pointing outwards (interacting with the water which surrounds the cells). 3. The hydrophobic tails of both phospholipid layers point into the centre of the membrane, protected from the water on both sides. - Lipid-soluble material moves through the membrane via the phospholipid portion. - The functions of phospholipids in the membrane are to: 1. Allow lipid-soluble substances to enter and leave cell. 2. Prevent water-soluble substances entering and leaving cell. 3. Make the membrane flexible. Proteins: The proteins of the cell surface membrane are arranged MORE RANDOMLY than the regular pattern of phospholipids. They are embedded in the phospholipid bilayer in two main ways: 1. Extrinsic proteins: occur either on the surface of the bilayer or only partly embedded in it, but they......

Words: 645 - Pages: 3

Surface Well Test

...SURFACE WELL TESTING By Karrym Rebay Vol. 1 Preface This is a paper that has been produced to help you better understand and work with the equipment you are familiar with and presently operating on your particular Well Test Unit. It will give you more knowledge about, not only the operation, but also the maintenance and calibration techniques that will help you become more familiar with your own equipment. Paper Content 1. PAPER DESCRIPTION 2. IDENTIFYING A STANDARD WELLTEST PACKAGE AND ITS COMPONENTS 3. EQUIPMENT OPERATION AND FLOWING CONDITIONS 4. SAFETY AROUND YOUR EQUIPMENT 5. CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE 6. CALCULATING FLOW RATES 7. GLOSSARY – Exploration & Production Terms 8. CONVERSIONS & TABLES Paper Description This paper describes the specific conditions under which well tests must be performed, lists the surface testing equipment used to perform these well tests, summarizes how this equipment is used to collect samples at the surface and lists several examples that influence the layout of surface equipment. A reservoir test can only be performed under certain conditions. This means the reservoir must be exposed to a disturbance that will cause the reservoir pressure to change. This pressure change, when recorded and interpreted along with the measured flow rates, will give us information about well and reservoir parameters and geometry. A pressure......

Words: 873 - Pages: 4

Microsoft Surface

...Microsoft Surface. Microsoft Surface (also known as Milan) is a multi-touch device announced by Microsoft on May 29, 2007. It is oriented as a hardware and software combination technology that allows one or multiple users, to maneuver digital content by the means of gesture recognition technology. This include the motion of hands or objects. The main target customers are retail, hotels, restaurants, hospitality business and military skillful purposes. On January 6, 2011 at Consumer Electronic show Microsoft revised the latest version of Microsoft Surface and named as Microsoft Surface 2.0, which was built with Samsung. A commercial unit of Microsoft Surface is cost around $12,500, whereas a developer Microsoft Surface unit is prized $15,000 and that includes a developer unit, five seats and its relevant support guide. The Users can communicate with the device by touching or sliding their fingertips and objects such as drawing brush across the screen, or by placing and moving placed objects on the screen. This mechanism of communication with computers is called as a Natural User Interface(NUI). Its Multi-touch capability is optimized to respond to 52 touches at one time. At a show with a reporter the Surface Computing director dipped his fingers in on screen paint palette, then slide it across the screen to draw a funny face, then he used all his fingers at one time to give the face a full chunk of hair. Its main four main components being important in the role of surface......

Words: 561 - Pages: 3

Surface Plasmon

...that good bending transmission can even arise out of U-turn structures. ©2005 Optical Society of America OCIS codes: (240.6680) Surface plasmons; (260.3910) Metals, optics of; (130.2790) Guided waves References and Links 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003). A. V. Zayats and I. I. Smolyaninov, "Near field photonics: surface plasmon polaritons and localized surface plasmons," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S16-S50 (2003). T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature (London) 391, 667-669 (1998). W. J. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Enhanced infrared transmission through subwavelength coaxial metallic arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005). S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, and G. C. Schatz, "Surface plasmon generation and light transmission by isolated nanoholes and arrays of nanoholes n thin metal films," Opt. Express 13, 3150-3165 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-8-3150. S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Materials 2, 229-232 (2003). E. M. Hicks, S. Zou, G. C.......

Words: 4516 - Pages: 19

27attack Surface Analysis and Managing an Application's Attack Surface.

...although the principles remain the same. The internal attack surface is likely to be different to the external attack surface and some users may have a lot of access. The Attack Surface describes all of the different points where an attacker could get into a system, and where they could get data out. The Attack Surface of an application is:1.The sum of all paths for data/commands into and out of the application, and2.The code that protects these paths (including resource connection and authentication, authorization, activity logging, data validation and encoding), and3.All valuable data used in the application, including secrets and keys, intellectual property, critical business data, personal data and PII, and4.The code that protects these data (including encryption and checksums, access auditing, and data integrity and operational security controls).The security implications of having a variety of client platforms are: 1. Violation of a security policy by a user2. Disgruntled employee sabotage3. Download of non-business video using the Internet to an employer-owned computer 4. Malware infection of a user’s laptop5. Unauthorized physical access to the LAN6. LAN server operating system vulnerabilities7. WAN Denial of Service (DoS) or Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks 8. WAN eavesdropping9. Errors and weaknesses of network router, firewall, and network appliance configuration file. The basic strategies of attack surface reduction are to reduce the amount of code......

Words: 442 - Pages: 2

Tsa Implementation of Surface Security

... TSA Implementation of Surface Transport Security The Transportation Security Administration or TSA, is an agency within Department of Homeland Security, which developed in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center. The DHS was created by the Bush Administration as a way to consolidate security information and intelligence to help defend the the United States from foreign and homegrown aggression. The TSA itself was established under the Aviation and Transportation Security Act in November 2001. (http://www.tsa.gov/research/tribute/history.shtm) Since then, the TSA has become household term for air travelers in the United States, even abroad. The familiar annoyance of long lines and uniformed officers disassembling everything you packed. However, air travel in the United States is hardly the only method of transit utilized by the everyday citizen, or terrorist in sheep's clothing for that matter. Ten years later, one may ask, what is the TSA doing to protect other modes of transport? More specifically, what are they doing to help implement security for travelvia surface modes, such as trucks, rail, and ocean vessels? The mere mention of the the Transportation Security Administration conjures up the image of an airport and “prohibited items” lists. However, being the Transportation Security Administration, additional application is needed. Now, let's move forward, to 2011. TSA involvement in Security Of Surface Transport Beside the......

Words: 517 - Pages: 3

Under the Surface

...Under the Surface I believe the American flag symbolizes unity, freedom, and a strong nation. Red represents hardiness and valor, white represents hope, purity, and innocence, and blue represent vigilance, perseverance, and justice. Since 9-11, America has been filled with hatred and the blame went on more than just a few of people but on an entire religion. Often times Muslims that has no affiliation with the attack has been categorize as terrorist. The Islamic as a whole is a great faith for one to follow but a small group associated with the religion has caused much shame to the community. Al-Qaeda is a militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Landen in the late 1980s, which was the terrorist organization solely responsible for the attack of 9-11. Al-Qaeda has redefined the way we look at the Islamic religion. Al-Qaeda is the reason many Americans view the Islamic religion in such a negative way and classifies all Muslims as terrorists. Al-Qaeda is a political movement with a demonstrated military ability, which has sought to bypass the state while co-opting its attributes and channeling its resources (Mohamedou 42). The organization, which coalesced in Afghanistan under the initial troika leadership of Palestinian teacher Abdallah Azzam, Egyptian surgeon Ayman al Dhawahiri, and Saudi businessman Osama Bin Laden in August 1989, was born more in context of a major international armed conflict, namely the Soviet Union’s failed take......

Words: 1392 - Pages: 6

Microsoft Surface vs. Apple Pad

...Case Study – Microsoft Surface vs Apple iPad Since its first introduction in 2010, Apple iPad has been dominating the tablet market. It is safe to say that the Apple iPad paved the road for the modern tablets. Nearly every company tried to copy the iPad, except Microsoft. In fact, Microsoft tried really hard to differentiate itself completely from the usual tablets on the market and compete directly with the iPad. In 2012, the company created a tablet, which can run both in tablet mode and desktop mode, and named it “Surface RT” or simply “Surface”. The Surface came with multiple preloaded software and the ability to edit Microsoft Office files. Microsoft Surface was without a doubt unique and unprecedented and had all the bells and whistles. Thus, one may ask, Why is Microsoft struggling to make sales on its tablets despite their versatility, features and smart design? What are the primary mistakes Microsoft made that had led to the Surface suffering in the Tablet market? What branding mistakes led to this current predicament for Microsoft? There is a number of mistakes or poor decisions that could have led the Microsoft Surface sells to suffer in the market. First and foremost, Microsoft missed the mark on branding its tablets. The name “Surface” used to be associated to an interactive computer table with a big touchscreen. Only few people knew of the existence of that device. Thus, after the failure in the Surface table, Microsoft decided to reuse the name for......

Words: 1187 - Pages: 5

Marché Des Grandes Surfaces

...Situation Problème n°1 Le marché des grandes surfaces Table des matières I.Introduction 3 II.Cadre d’analyse de la méthode SCP 3 A.La demande : 3 B.L’offre: 4 III.Structure du marché : 5 A.Nombre d’acheteurs et de vendeurs 6 1.La concentration d’un marché 6 2.L’indice de Hirschmann-Herfindahl 6 3.Le CR 4 7 4.Limites des indicateurs 9 B.Les barrières à l’entrée 9 C.Diversification 9 IV.Le comportement des entreprises sur le marché de la grande distribution. 10 A.Qu'est-ce que la stratégie de différenciation ? 10 B.Les marques distributeur (MDD) 10 C.La carte de fidélité 11 D. La théâtralisation de l'espace de vente 11 V.Performances: 12 a)Prix, profits, qualité et progrès 12 b)L’Efficience 12 c)L’Equité  12 VI.Politiques gouvernementales 13 A.Les différentes lois mises en place : 13 VII.Conclusion 13 Sources : 13 I. Introduction Le secteur de la grande distribution est un secteur qui joue un rôle clé dans l’économie, en effet 97% des ménages français fréquentent une moyenne ou grande surface, le chiffre d’affaires global de la grande distribution est de 233 milliards d’euros. Le milieu de la grande distribution est un secteur très compétitif, pour s’adapter au mieux au marché et contrer les concurrents, les entreprises se doivent d’avoir une grande connaissance de ce marché. Pour analyser le marché, la méthode SCP (Structure, Comportement, Performance) semble adaptée. Cette......

Words: 6994 - Pages: 28

Surface Techonology

...improper handling of e-waste in those areas and its resulting impacts.7 Various reports have graphically documented health and safety threats to workers and environmental contamination from e-waste recovery practices in developing countries. It is difficult to document all e-waste recycling hubs, but popular destinations for e-waste exported from the United States (and other developed countries) are waste processing operations in Guiyu in the Shantou region of China, Delhi and Bangalore in India, and the Agbogbloshie site near Accra, Ghana. Multiple studies have documented environmental and health effects of uncontrolled waste processing activities. Environmental impacts include contamination of all local environmental media—soil, air, surface water, and ground water. For example, a June 2009 study8 found that the primary hazardous recycling operations in Guiyu involve metal recovery that involves open burning of wires to obtain steel and copper, cathode ray tube (CRT) cracking to obtain copper-laden yokes, desoldering and burning of circuit boards to remove solder and chips, and acid stripping chips for gold; plastic recycling through chipping and melting; anddumping of materials that cannot be further processed (such as leaded CRT glass and burned circuit boards) and residues from recycling operations (such as ashesfrom open burn operations, spent acid baths, and sludges). Concerns About Domestic E-Waste Disposal To understand why e-waste is exported, it is......

Words: 2860 - Pages: 12

Microsoft Surface

...    MICROSOFT SURFACE: MULTI-TOUCH TECHNOLOGY A White Paper Prepared By: Allison Jeffers Gainey Jeffersa2@winthrop.edu November 2008 EDUC 651 What are multi-touch surfaces? Multi-touch surfaces allow for a device to recognize two or more simultaneous touches by more than one user. Some have the ability to recognize objects by distinguishing between the differences in pressure and temperature of what is placed on the surface. Depending on the size and applications installed in the surface, two or more people can be doing different or independent applications on the device. Multi-touch computing is the direct manipulation of virtual objects, pages, and images allowing you to swipe, pinch, grab, rotate, type, and command them eliminating the need for a keyboard and a mouse. Everything can be done with our finger tips. Microsoft Surface http://www.microsoft.com/surface/index.html  Defined: Microsoft Surface is an interactive table top that can do everything a network computer can do plus more without using a keyboard or a mouse. There are four key features: direct interaction, multi-touch ability, multi-user ability, and object recognition. Direct interaction allows you to touch or grab digital information with your hands and use natural gestures to open, grasp, and command virtual objects, pages and images. The multi-touch feature enables the Surface to recognize many points of contact simultaneously so you can enlarge an image by touching the opposite corners......

Words: 2281 - Pages: 10

Rizal: Hidden Beneath the Surface

...Nikki Vanessa V. Novales July 20, 2012 # 2012-42443 PI 10 E2-6R Rizal: Hidden Beneath The Surface A Reaction Paper On “Bayaning 3rd World” “Who is Rizal?” If you ask this question to any Filipino, they will most likely say, “He is our national hero” Or “He’s the person stamped on our 1-peso coin”. But is that all he really is? The movie “Bayaning 3rd World” is about two film makers trying to make a movie about Rizal. They found out, however, that this would not be an easy task, for their subject is a very complicated man. Rather than focusing on a single issue about Rizal, they decided to make a detective story about Rizal being the country’s national hero. They tackled several issues but focused mainly on Rizal’s retraction and Josephine Bracken. The movie was meant to be educational, but unlike most documentaries, “Bayaning 3rd World” is definitely not boring. The documentary was presented in a comical way, so that viewers of all ages would be able to understand it and grasp its meaning. I was confused at first because I didn’t know what the “Retraction Controversy” was and the two film makers started having these long conversations about it without explaining it to the viewers. But when I found out what it was all about, following the flow of the story became easy. Another controversy that arose was about Josephine Bracken, on whether she and Rizal were married or not. It was implied that if they were indeed married, then Rizal retracted...

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

Microsoft Surface

...(Size: 2.84 MB / Downloads: 1666) ABSTRACT Microsoft Surface, is a forthcoming Multi-touch product from Microsoft This is developed as a software and hardware combination technology. That allows a user, or multiple users, to manipulate digital content by the use of natural motions, hand gestures, or physical objects. It was announced on May 29, 2007 at D5 conference, and is expected to be released by commercial partners in spring 2008. Initial customers will be in the hospitality businesses, such as restaurants, hotels, retail, public entertainment venues and the military for tactical overviews. A projector underneath the surface projects an image onto its underside, while five cameras in the machine's housing record reflections of infrared light from human fingertips. The camera can also recognize objects placed on the surface if those objects have specially-designed "tags" applied to them. Users can interact with the machine by touching or dragging their fingertips and objects such as paintbrushes across the screen, or by placing and moving tagged objects. INTRODUCTION We are going to represent paper on Microsoft surface which is known as surface computing. Microsoft Surface is a forthcoming Multi-touch product from Microsoft which is developed as software and hardware combination technology. Minority Report meets the kitchen table in the new Surface from Microsoft. Claiming that surface computing is "as significant as the move from DOS to......

Words: 816 - Pages: 4

AR ARREDAMENTI | Aventura | Pink Panther and Pals (26)