Big Ben

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Big Ben
Big Ben is the nickname for the great bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London, and often extended to refer to the clock and the clock tower, officially named the Elizabeth Tower, as well. Elizabeth Tower holds the largest four-faced chiming clock in the world and is the third-tallest free-standing clock tower. The bell, first named 'Great Edward' and later known as 'Great Tom', struck on the hour. The tower was completed in 1858 and has become one of the most prominent symbols of both London and England.
The Clock Dials
The ornate decoration on the Elizabeth Tower's upper floors owes much to Augustus Welby Pugin's influence on the main architect, Sir Charles Barry. The two architects collaborated successfully on the Palace of Westminster's neo-Gothic style which is displayed to great effect on the clock dials. The hour figure of four o'clock is shown by the Roman numeral IV, rather than IIII, as is more commonly used on clock dials. Under each clock dial there is a Latin inscription carved in stone: "Domine Salvam fac Reginam nostrum Victoriam primam" which means "O Lord, save our Queen Victoria the First."
Significant of the Great Bell
The clock has become a symbol of the United Kingdom and London, particularly in the visual media. When a television or film-maker wishes to indicate a generic location in Britain, a popular way to do so is to show an image of the tower.
Malfunctions, breakdowns, and other outages
- 1916: for two years during World War I, the bells were silenced and the clock face darkened at night to prevent attack by German Zeppelins.
- 1 September 1939: although the bells continued to ring, the clock faces were darkened at night through World War II to prevent guiding Blitz pilots
- New Year's Eve 1962: The clock slowed due to heavy snow and ice on the long hands, causing the pendulum to detach…...

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