Bio Inspired Neural Networking Among Multi-Robots

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By kavyavarshini123
Words 8918
Pages 36
BIO INSPIRED NEURAL NETWORKING AMONG
MULTI-ROBOTS

CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION

Transportation is one of the most important economic activities of any country. Among the various forms of transport, road transport is one of the most popular means of transportation. Transportation has an element of danger attached to it in the form of vehicle crashes. Road crashes not only cause death and injury, but they also bring along an immeasurable amount of agony to the people involved. Efforts to improve traffic safety to date have concentrated on the occupant protection, which had improved the vehicle crash worthiness. The other important area where research is currently being done is collision avoidance. Technological innovations have given the traffic engineer an option of improving traffic safety by utilizing the available communication tools and sophisticated instruments. Using sensors and digital maps for increasing traffic safety is in its infancy. Systems are being developed to utilize the available state of the art facilities to reduce or possibly prevent the occurrence of crashes. Total prevention of crashes might not be possible for now, but the reduction of crashes could easily be achieved by using the collision avoidance systems.

1.1 NEED FOR COLLISION AVOIDANCE
The development of collision avoidance systems is motivated by their potential for increased vehicle safety. Half of the more than 1.5 million rear-end crashes that occurred in 1994 could have been prevented by collision avoidance systems .Collision avoidance systems can react to situations that humans cannot or do not, due to driver error. Therefore, they are able to reduce the severity of accidents. Figure 1 below indicates that about 45 percent of the crashes that occur are caused by human errors. Human errors that cause crashes include failure to keep in proper lane, failure to yield right of way,…...

Similar Documents

Robots

...The First conception of the robot that can be dated back to 350 B.C where the Greek mathematician Archytas of Tarentum built a mechanical bird that was propelled by steam. Robots have came a long way from the past to the present, in the future Robots will maybe be everywhere on the face of the planet earth. Robots will be in everyone’s homes helping the family owners do maybe chores or just protect the little ones in case of an emergency. Robots are machines capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically.Robots have evolved greatly since the very first robot to the present robot. Some features that robots have improved greatly are the structure of the body and intelligence. One of the features that robots have improved over the years is their intelligence. Back then robots were built just to do one simple task. For an example people invented robots to help people just lift things up thats all. But now robots are being built to so much more. Now Robots can be told to do something and they do it. They are able to do the task as they are told to do so. Some of these tasks may be from watering the plants to washing the car to even cooking your very own meal. Robots intelligence have increased so much that some robots have a mind of their own and can do a task without being told, they just do the task on their own free will. Chiefly, one feature that has greatly improved over the years i s the intelligence of the robot. Another feature that has greatly......

Words: 464 - Pages: 2

Artificial Neural Network for Biomedical Purpose

...ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS METHODOLOGICAL ADVANCES AND BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS Edited by Kenji Suzuki Artificial Neural Networks - Methodological Advances and Biomedical Applications Edited by Kenji Suzuki Published by InTech Janeza Trdine 9, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia Copyright © 2011 InTech All chapters are Open Access articles distributed under the Creative Commons Non Commercial Share Alike Attribution 3.0 license, which permits to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt the work in any medium, so long as the original work is properly cited. After this work has been published by InTech, authors have the right to republish it, in whole or part, in any publication of which they are the author, and to make other personal use of the work. Any republication, referencing or personal use of the work must explicitly identify the original source. Statements and opinions expressed in the chapters are these of the individual contributors and not necessarily those of the editors or publisher. No responsibility is accepted for the accuracy of information contained in the published articles. The publisher assumes no responsibility for any damage or injury to persons or property arising out of the use of any materials, instructions, methods or ideas contained in the book. Publishing Process Manager Ivana Lorkovic Technical Editor Teodora Smiljanic Cover Designer Martina Sirotic Image Copyright Bruce Rolff, 2010. Used under license from Shutterstock.com First published March, 2011 Printed......

Words: 43079 - Pages: 173

Artificial Neural Network Essentials

...  NEURAL NETWORKS by Christos Stergiou and Dimitrios Siganos |   Abstract This report is an introduction to Artificial Neural Networks. The various types of neural networks are explained and demonstrated, applications of neural networks like ANNs in medicine are described, and a detailed historical background is provided. The connection between the artificial and the real thing is also investigated and explained. Finally, the mathematical models involved are presented and demonstrated. Contents: 1. Introduction to Neural Networks 1.1 What is a neural network? 1.2 Historical background 1.3 Why use neural networks? 1.4 Neural networks versus conventional computers - a comparison   2. Human and Artificial Neurones - investigating the similarities 2.1 How the Human Brain Learns? 2.2 From Human Neurones to Artificial Neurones   3. An Engineering approach 3.1 A simple neuron - description of a simple neuron 3.2 Firing rules - How neurones make decisions 3.3 Pattern recognition - an example 3.4 A more complicated neuron 4. Architecture of neural networks 4.1 Feed-forward (associative) networks 4.2 Feedback (autoassociative) networks 4.3 Network layers 4.4 Perceptrons 5. The Learning Process  5.1 Transfer Function 5.2 An Example to illustrate the above teaching procedure 5.3 The Back-Propagation Algorithm 6. Applications of neural networks 6.1 Neural networks in practice 6.2 Neural networks in medicine 6.2.1 Modelling and Diagnosing the...

Words: 7770 - Pages: 32

Neural Network

...Business – MGT 501 Neural Network Technique Outline * Overview ………………………………………………………….……… 4 * Definition …………………………………………………4 * The Basics of Neural Networks……………………………………………5 * Major Components of an Artificial Neuron………………………………..5 * Applications of Neural Networks ……………….9 * Advantages and Disadvantages of Neural Networks……………………...12 * Example……………………………………………………………………14 * Conclusion …………………………………………………………………14 Overview One of the most crucial and dominant subjects in management studies is finding more effective tools for complicated managerial problems, and due to the advancement of computer and communication technology, tools used in management decisions have undergone a massive change. Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) is an example, knowing that it has become a critical component of business intelligence. The below article describes the basics of neural networks as well as some work done on the application of ANNs in management sciences. Definition of a Neural Network? The simplest definition of a neural network, particularly referred to as an 'artificial' neural network (ANN), is provided by the inventor of one of the first neurocomputers, Dr. Robert Hecht-Nielsen who defines a neural network as follows: "...a computing system made up of a number of simple, highly interconnected processing elements, which process information by their dynamic state response to external inputs."Neural Network......

Words: 3829 - Pages: 16

Robot

...leaving it, but I convince myself that it would not take long. 2:02 AM. Looking at the notification was a bad idea. It was a video about Yamaha’s new singing robot. As the narrator speaks, the camera zooms into the robot’s face-- her eyes are kindly brown, her hair cropped close to her face in a school-girl fashion. In such proximity, I cannot believe that I am looking at an inorganic being. As she begins to sing, she nods her head, blinking, looking as alive as a child performing for her par`ents. Her voice is rich and cheery; she continually changes her facial features as if she actually feels emotions of the song. For a moment, I imagine she can, but her voice is just as programmed as the rest of her. 2:45 AM. After looking through several videos of humanoid robots, I lay in bed, thinking. Questions run through my mind-- how were their skins constructed? How many muscles did they have, and how were they programmed? Would such robots be available to the market in the near future? Present. I fell in love with the idea of creating a completely submissive life. The ethical and moral arguments of the issue fascinated me. However, the creation of humanoid robots frustrated me. Because they were so expensive and time-consuming to create, the robots themselves would surely be remembered better than their creators. Robots were to be the next internet-- everyone knows they exist, but few know of the people who toiled to create them. I then thought about the thousands of babies......

Words: 363 - Pages: 2

Robot

...Robots are used in many fields and some of them are: 1. Vehicle and car factories, 2. Precision cutting, oxygen cutting, lasers, etc., 3. Mounting circuits on electronic devices (i.e. mobile phones) 4. Working where there might be danger (i.e nuclear leaks, bomb disposal) 5. Surgeons are performing robotic-assisted surgeries that, among other things, can equalize little jiggles and movements of a surgeon's hands when doing delicate procedures, such as microscopically aided surgery or brain surgery, etc. 6. Other manufacturing, such as certain repetitive steps in assembly lines or for painting products so humans don't breathe the over spray or have to work with respirators on, working in the heat of drying and treating ovens on wood products, etc. 7. Mail delivery to various mail stations throughout the buildings in large corporations. (They follow routes marked with ultra violet paint). 8. To assist police and SWAT teams in dangerous situations, such as with hostages or in shoot outs and stand offs. They can be sent to the scene to draw fire, open doors, "see" the environment from a closer view point, or look in windows with cameras, etc. 9. Bomb diffusion, land mine detection, and military operations where they are used as in #8 above. 10. Remote procedures by a surgeon or other doctor who is unable to be there to perform the surgery in person (such as at an ice-bound Antarctic research center) or where there is a shortage of surgeons in a specific......

Words: 930 - Pages: 4

Robot

...Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue4, July-august 2012, pp.2228-2232 Wireless Controlled Omnidirectional Monitoring Robot With Video Support M. A. Meor Said, M.A.Othman, M.M.Ismail, H.A.Sulaiman, M.H.Misran, Z.A. Mohd Yusof Centre for Telecommunication Research and Innovation, Fakulti Kej. Elektronik dan Kej. Komputer, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia ABSTRACT This paper presents the function of Wireless controlled omnidirectional monitoring robot with video support. This project is an elementary that can be controlled with using RF mode and with camera on the robot surface. Generally, the RF has the advantage of adequate range up to 200 meters with proper antennas and the proposed monitoring robot is omnidirectional that it can move in forward and reverse directions, monitoring robot also is able to steer it towards left and right direction. It also have additional webcam/camera that can display on the monitor screen by using the wireless mode, beside that this project also using EPIC software and PIC Microcontroller for controlled the robot. To make sure that the objectives of this project achieved, a systematic method have been applied in order to obtain the future development of the robot especially for the robot motor control circuit and actuator mechanical system. Instead of connecting with wires, every appliance has small transmitters/receivers [4]. The project......

Words: 3266 - Pages: 14

Robot

...2012 Should Robots be Encouraged to Do Work? What is a robot? A robot, scientifically known as a machine, means ‘a machine capable of carrying out complex series of actions automatically, especially one programmable by a computer (Oxford dictionaries, 2012). A robot can complete one or more tasks repeatedly, with high speed and accuracy. In today’s modern life, robot is getting to be increasingly important for many people because it can perform industrial duties, housework and so forth. Today, it has been proven, that robot bring benefits to all of us in many different ways. Japan is a good example of a country to prove that robot is an important machine in industries in the country. In fact, Japan looks for robots to fill jobs because there are lack of employees to do work (Lustig, 2009).This shows, the importance of robots to do work in big industries. Furthermore, mostly electronics industry and motor vehicle industry need large quantity of robots to complete their products until final products (IFR International Federation of Robotics, n.d). The top list shows that the Republic of Korea has sold 23,500 robots, up from 7,800 units in 2009 (IFR International Federation of Robotics, n.d). From the statistics, we can realise that robots play an important role to do work in all of the industries in the world. However, there are those who think that robots have negative effects for people and can bring extreme danger in future. Although other people think that robots......

Words: 2498 - Pages: 10

The Research of Robot Path Planning System

...The Research of Robot Path Planning System Keqing LIN College of Information Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, P. R. China Abstract: First we analyze all of the aspects of the algorithm in detail, including environmental modeling, path initialization, the fitness function design, the operator design, the analysis and selection of algorithm parameters. Then, use the MATLAB write, simulate and debug the program, continually analyze the simulation result in static environment. Simulation results showed that genetic simulated annealing algorithm in a variety of obstacles environment can plan out an optimal or near-optimal path effectively, which demonstrate the effectiveness of the algorithm. Key words: Path planning、Genetic algorithms、Simulated annealing algorithms Introduction Robot is the agent which can stay in the physical state, is a automatic or semi-automatic machine to perform work. It can be perceived by the sensor surroundings in the surrounding environment to make certain reactions. Robot is the popular trend of modern scientific and technological research in the 21st century which will increasingly play an important role in reflecting its importance. Since the invention of the world's first generation of robots, robots applications in various fields widely, the ability to interact with the environment are increasing. Robots need to focus on the following issues specially, namely: determine where it is, where to go, how to get. The third......

Words: 966 - Pages: 4

Cluster Analysis with Nature Inspired Algorithams

...A COMPARITIVE STUDY OF CLUSTER ANALYSIS WITH NATURE INSPIRED ALGORITHMS A PROJECT REPORT Submitted by K.Vinodini 310126510043 I.Harshavardhan 310126510039 B.Prasanth kumar 310126510013 K.Sai Sivani 310126510042 in Partial Fulfillment of the requirements for the Award of the Degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY in COMPUTER SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND SYSTEMS ENGINEERING Anil Neerukonda Institute of Technology and Science (ANITS) ANDHRA UNIVERSITY : VISAKHAPATNAM – 530003 APRIL 2014 ANIL NEERUKONDA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCES ANDHRA UNIVERSITY : VISAKHAPATNAM-530 003 BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE Certified that this project report “A Comparative study of cluster analaysis with Nature Inspired Algorithms”is the bonafide work of “K.Vinodini, I.Harsha, B.V.PrasanthKumar, K.SaiSivani”who carried out the project work under my supervision. Signature Signature Dr S C Satapathy Dr S C Satapathy HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT ...

Words: 9404 - Pages: 38

Robots

...Advancement in Robot Engineering Over the several years, robot engineering has become a part of everyone’s daily life especially towards the development of robots for the elderly. Frank Tobe, a robotics analyst and publisher of The Robot Reports, explains and describes about the different type of technologies that are beginning to come to the market to help the elderly to live in their homes for as long as possible. Joseph Engelberger, who is a robotics pioneer, created and helped with the invention of the first industrial robot. The need for eldercare technology continues to increase throughout the years. A study from Georgia Tech showed and proved the seniors preferred robotic help for household chores but not for personal needs such as getting help to get dressed up, bathing, and many more. The consequences for having robot-care can vary depending on what type of care the robot is providing to the elders. One consequence would be that robots would be replacing jobs that humans once had. Robots that are used for medical purposes could dramatically change the way we treat the ailments. Many researches are experimenting with robots to perform surgical performances such as a heart surgery. Over the years, robotic engineers are trying to develop nano-robots that could be injected into cancer patients in order to selectively kill cancer cells. For elderly people with impairments such as a spinal cord injury or some sort of paralysis caused by a stroke, robots are able to......

Words: 437 - Pages: 2

Bio and Electrocardiogram

...INTRODUCTION In today’s environment there has been lot of threats due to heart disease and no proper diagnosis With the recent developments in technology, physicians have powerful tools to observe the working of the heart muscle and thus to establish their diagnosis. Among cardiovascular examinations, electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis is the most commonly used and very effective too. This is due to the fact that ECG presents useful information about the rhythm and the electrical activity of the heart. Thus, it is used for the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias worldwide. For effective diagnostics, the study of the ECG signal must be carried out for several hours. For this reason, researchers have been interested in enabling computers to classify the abnormal ECG signals. During the last five decades the analysis of ECG signals evolved from simple visual examinations to totally automated analysis [1, 2, 3]. A noise free signal is necessary in any type of signal analysis and classification [4]. Several algorithms have been proposed for denoising of the biomedical signals, especially ECG signals. Advancement have been done to various fields for denoising and classification of ECG signals. ECG signal is one of the bio signals that is considered as a non-stationary signal and needs a hard work to denoise [5, 6]. An efficient technique for such a non-stationary signal processing is the wavelet transform. The wavelet transform can be used as a decomposition of......

Words: 3286 - Pages: 14

Neural Network

...EEL5840: Machine Intelligence Introduction to feedforward neural networks Introduction to feedforward neural networks 1. Problem statement and historical context A. Learning framework Figure 1 below illustrates the basic framework that we will see in artificial neural network learning. We assume that we want to learn a classification task G with n inputs and m outputs, where, y = G(x) , (1) x = x1 x2 … xn T and y = y 1 y 2 … y m T . (2) In order to do this modeling, let us assume a model Γ with trainable parameter vector w , such that, z = Γ ( x, w ) (3) where, z = z1 z2 … zm T . (4) Now, we want to minimize the error between the desired outputs y and the model outputs z for all possible inputs x . That is, we want to find the parameter vector w∗ so that, E ( w∗ ) ≤ E ( w ) , ∀w , (5) where E ( w ) denotes the error between G and Γ for model parameter vector w . Ideally, E ( w ) is given by, E(w) = ∫ y – z 2 p ( x ) dx (6) x where p ( x ) denotes the probability density function over the input space x . Note that E ( w ) in equation (6) is dependent on w through z [see equation (3)]. Now, in general, we cannot compute equation (6) directly; therefore, we typically compute E ( w ) for a training data set of input/output data, { ( x i, y i ) } , i ∈ { 1, 2, …, p } , (7) where x i is the n -dimensional input vector, x i = x i 1 x i 2 … x in T (8) x2 y2 … … Unknown mapping G xn ym z1 z2 Trainable model Γ … zm -1- model outputs y1 … inputs x1...

Words: 7306 - Pages: 30

Mech-Humanoid-Robot

...www.studymafia.org A Seminar report On Humanoid Robot Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Degree of Mechanical SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED www.studymafia.org BY: www.studymafia.org 1 www.studymafia.org Preface I have made this report file on the topic Humanoid Robot; I have tried my best to elucidate all the relevant detail to the topic to be included in the report. While in the beginning I have tried to give a general view about this topic. My efforts and wholehearted co-corporation of each and everyone has ended on a successful note. I express my sincere gratitude to …………..who assisting me throughout the prepration of this topic. I thank him for providing me the reinforcement, confidence and most importantly the track for the topic whenever I needed it. 2 www.studymafia.org Acknowledgement I would like to thank respected Mr…….. and Mr. ……..for giving me such a wonderful opportunity to expand my knowledge for my own branch and giving me guidelines to present a seminar report. It helped me a lot to realize of what we study for. Secondly, I would like to thank my parents who patiently helped me as i went through my work and helped to modify and eliminate some of the irrelevant or un-necessary stuffs. Thirdly, I would like to thank my friends who helped me to make my work more organized and well-stacked till the end. Next, I would thank Microsoft for developing such a wonderful tool like...

Words: 3784 - Pages: 16

Robot It

...Abstract Robots are the representation of how fast technology growing around the world. Robots are the instruments to understand the real time applications of diverse theories and concepts. Not only that but they could replace humans in the future to do certain tasks specially those involving dangerous mission and could kill a human being. Therefore, this report will introduce a small part of the robotics world by introducing a short history about robotics technology. Then will move to show why robots are important to us. Afterward, different types of sensors will be introduced including their principles. Furthermore will show how sensors should be interfaced with the development boards (8051 based as well as AEM) that have been recently purchased by the computer department in the university. Besides these of course, the microcontrollers, which have been mentioned earlier, will be fully documented and tested. Likewise, to understand how these sensors works, a test program will be written and will be fully documented for inclusion of the final report. Abstract 2 Introduction 4 References 8 Figures 9 Introduction Robot for many people is simply a machine that does certain job and that’s it. Unfortunately, it is not! Robots currently go beyond these very simple tasks and imaginations. Nowadays a single robot can replace a huge number of people in different fields. Nevertheless, in the future it is expected to be capable of acting as human being from the way of...

Words: 1172 - Pages: 5

Chopper 1 … bitte melden | COVER GUSCIO SCOCCA TELECOMANDO GT GT482 GT82TX/N 2 tasti ANTIFURTO ALLARME AUTO | Vedi Prodotto