Biodiversity

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Submitted By joan5
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Affects on Biodiversity Biodiversity is defined as “The range of variation found among microorganisms, plants, fungi, and animals. Also the richness of species of living organisms” (ESA). It the diversity among ecosystems, species and genetics. Biodiversity provides organisms,including humans; food, homes, and nutrients for healthy living. It provides clean air, water and nutrient rich soil. Biodiversity allows for animals to adapt to their changing environments. There are many different human activities that have had a negative impact on biodiversity globally. Fossil fuels is one the major factors influencing the changes in our ecosystems. “Many of the factors leading to the accelerating loss of biodiversity are linked to the increasing use of energy by society” (Ash, 2007)
The emissions of fossil fuels is a direct link to global warming. The climate changes have an effect on habitats, reproduction, water temperatures, and genes. It also has effects on economies and health policies. Pesticides is another element that has an negative impact on biodiversity.
Pesticides can influence the nutrients in soil, and health of animals and water supplies. A group of chemicals often used for pesticides, endocrine disrupters, have many corrupting effects on animals, and habitats. “Endocrine disrupters are especially dangerous to wildlife - not only do they cause instability and increased mortality in the population, but their long-term effects severely dampen their ability to recover.” (Oliver, 2001) These chemicals can effect future populations by limiting reproduction, and causing birth defects. These chemicals also have an adverse affect on humans and their health. The production of paper has an indirect impact on biodiversity, the forest and timber used for paper production are homes to many creatures. Destroying the forests effect the habitats and…...

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