Biology 101

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Chloroplast- Site of Photosynthesis

Stroma Thylakoid- Expanded Membrane Stroma Lamellae-Unexpanded Membrane Chlorophyll a & b- green (absorb light energy)

Carotene- Orange
Kanthophylls- Yellow
Granum-Stack of Thylakoids

Photosynthesis- Light Production
6CO2+6H2O light C6H12O6+6O2
Carbon Water Glucose Oxygen
Dioxide (Sugar)

Golgi Bodies
Golgi apparatus
Dictyosomes
Vesicle Substance to be secreted from the cell
Cell Wall synthesis in dividing plant cells cellulose.
Vesticles- Single Unit membrane bound structure. 1. Lysosomes- Suicide bags- contain hydrolytic enzymes 2. Peroxisomes- Breakdown H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide) or other peroxides
Cytockeleton- Consists of three types of fibers or filaments. 1. Microtubles- 25 nm thick (nonometers) 2. Intermediate Filaments- 8-10nm thick 3. Microfilaments- 7nm thick
Function-Holding cellular organelles together and the movement of organelles
Organelle- Small organ
Plant vs. Animal Cells 1. Cell Wall (Plant) 2. Central Vacuole (Plant) 3. Chloroplast (Plant) 4. Centrioles (Animal)
Eukaryorotic Cells- Cells with a nucleus
Prokararyotic Cells- Bacteria 1. No Nucleus, but have Chromosomes 2. No Organelles- Mitochondria, Chloroplast 3. Have Ribosomes- Smaller than Eukarote 4. Have Cell Wall 5. Photosythetic membranes 6. Flagella and/or phili mobie
Cell Junctions Plasmamembrane Plasmodesmata

Pits- Areas where secondary cell wall does not form

Secondary Cell Wall Cell Wall 2 Middle Lamella Celcium Petate
Animal Cell- 1. Tight Junctions- Cell Membranes are knitted together with protein-formic continuous seal that prevents leaking 2. Anchoring Junction- Function like rivets fastening cells together. 3. Gap Junction- With…...

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