Blood Disorders

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HCA/240: Blood Disorders

There are several different blood disorders that many people suffer from. The three different scenarios that have to discuss all have different symptoms and are different blood disorders. Each one will be discussed and the cause of the disorder will be described, along with relating their symptoms with the diagnosis. Each patient has different ways to prevent or manage their disease in the future. Plasma is a clear, straw colored liquid and makes up 55% of the total volume of blood, and is about 90% water. Blood cells in plasma are suspended. Plasma carries the blood cells that contain proteins, minerals, glucose, and electrolytes. Some more dissolving substances include clotting factors, complement proteins, bilirubin, hormones, creatinine, and urea (Turley, 2011). Albumins and globulins are proteins that help in regulation of fluid in blood vessels that help them go in and out. Gama globulins help protect the human body and acts as antibodies from foreign substances known as antigens. Included in plasma are salts that contain potassium, sodium chloride, magnesium, bicarbonate, and calcium. This helps that bodies function with transmission of nerve impulses, muscle contractions, and regulates the acid-base balance. Some substances in plasma helps dissolve gas, waste products, and circulates through the blood. Red blood cells (RBC) or erythrocyte contains hemoglobin which carry oxygen/carbon dioxide to body tissues from the lungs. The body could slowly die if the red blood cells do not function properly (Science Clarified, 2011). When plasma is removed, the red blood cells are used in transfusion medicine. Red blood cells produce hemoglobin which is a protein pigment containing iron. Platelets or thrombocyte has only a cell fragment and is different than other blood cells. It is active in the…...

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