British English Literature

In: English and Literature

Submitted By viniregin
Words 13303
Pages 54

10 - A History of English Literature

Classic Literature
Read about A History of English Literature. More E-texts A History of English Literature 1918 by Robert Huntington Fletcher



Preface | How to Study | Tabular View | Chapters: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | Assignments

Chapter X. Period VIII. The Romantic Triumph, 1798 To About 1830 The Great Writers of 1798-1830 | Samuel Taylor Coleridge | William Wordsworth | Robert Southey | Walter Scott | Last Group of Romantic Poets | Percy Bysshe Shelley | John Keats | Summary | Lesser Writers |

THE GREAT WRITERS OF 1798-1830. THE CRITICAL REVIEWS. As we look back to-day over the literature of the last three quarters of the eighteenth century, here just surveyed, the progress of the Romantic Movement seems the most conspicuous general fact which it presents. But at the, death of Cowper in 1800 the movement still remained tentative and incomplete, and it was to arrive at full maturity only in the work of the great writers of the following quarter century, who were to create the finest body of literature which England had produced since the Elizabethan period. All the greatest of these writers were poets, wholly or in part, and they fall roughly into two groups: first, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Robert Southey, and Walter Scott; and second, about twenty years younger, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and John Keats. This period of Romantic Triumph, or of the lives of its authors, coincides in time, and not by mere accident, with the period of the success of the French Revolution, the prolonged struggle of England and all Europe against Napoleon, and the subsequent years when in Continental Europe despotic government reasserted itself and sternly suppressed liberal hopes and uprisings, while in England liberalism and democracy steadily and doggedly…...

Similar Documents

British Literature of the 20th Century

...11 The Interwar Years 13 British Postwar Literature 19 Conclusion 27 References 29 Introduction The 20th century seems to be the most dramatic and unique: it witnessed two world wars and great social, economic and political changes. All this events could not but find their reflection in the arts in general and in the literature in particular. The urgency of the work is determined by the complexity of the period considered and variety of forms and trends which appeared during the century. The object of the project is British literature. The aim of the project is to consider the peculiarities and distinct features of the British literature of the 20th century. In order to gain the project’s aim, during its implementation the following practical issues were studied: - the most distinguished writers of the period; - their contribution to development of the British literature; - key topics. The project’s aim and issues considered predetermined the choice of methods of research. During the project’s implementation the following methods were used: critical survey of the sources on the issue considered, as well as comparison and analysis. Theoretical value of the project is constituted by the analysis of the peculiarities and distinct features of the British literature of the 20th century. Practical value of the project is predetermined by the possibility to use it in practice in courses of world and British history and literature. The project’s aim......

Words: 9384 - Pages: 38

British Literature

...English Study Guide E period Beowulf * The Wrath of Grendel Grendel, a murderous, powerful monster lurks outside Hrothgar’s a Danish King’s, extravagant party. God drove out the demons, but they split into many forms of evil spirits, fiends, goblins, monsters, and giants. Grendel is a demonic monster. At night, when the party ended, Grendel ate 30 guests and left blood everywhere. In the morning, the people of Herot and Hrothgar mourned the deaths of Grendel’s victims. However, Grendel came again and ate all of Hrothgar’s soldiers, leaving Herot bare. Hrothgar was incredibly saddened by this. However, God protected him and no help came from the pagan sacrifices. The only protection came from God. * The Coming of Beowulf In the land of the Geats, ruled by Higlac, Beowulf was the greatest and strongest of all the men. He decided to go to see Hrothgar, because he has heard of the horrors Grendel brought. The Geats egged on his adventure, so Beowulf took a crew of the mightiest men he could find and set forth on his journey. They arrived at the Danish shore and were questioned by the guard, who thought they might be raiders or pirates. Beowulf explained they were Geats; his father was Edgetho, a famous soldier and explained why they were there. The guard lets them pass. They enter Herot and are called to see the King. Beowulf is greeted by Hrothgar and explains why he is there. He says he will fight and kill Grendel without fear, and if he looses......

Words: 3978 - Pages: 16

Literature in British

...Lola Bunny Dr. Michael English 2301.01 10 December 2002 Negotiating Death Now and Later: Humanism, Eternity, and Milton's "Two-Handed Engine" Lines 108-131 of "Lycidas" have been disputed for over three centuries, and the debate over the meaning of Milton's "two-handed engine" is still far from over. 1 I join here the seemingly illimitable number of readers who propose a solution to lines 130-131, and I argue that we need go no further than the poem itself to discover that Milton has in mind the Pilot's keys. My aim will be, first, to foreground the combined Christian and humanistic feature which informs the unity of the work. Then I propose a clear identification of the speaker in the passage. A number of unsatisfactory interpretations begin with a misunderstanding of who the "dread voice" really is, and smoking him out will, I hope, enable us to derive from Milton's other poetry and prose the most likely meaning he would have attached, within the context of the poem, to a "two-handed engine." The Pilot of the Gallilean Lake passage is, after all, a series of lines whose context begs to be situated; it deliberately invites a close reading of its structure. Even so, we shall see that the passage does not at all cloak itself in mystery. The reason for the sudden appearance of the disruptive "dread voice," coming as it does about three-fourths of the way into a pastoral elegy, has occupied critics who struggle to account for the unity of the poem. ......

Words: 4418 - Pages: 18

English Literature

...First year Learning English English language Learning is widely spread over different parts of the world. It is taught as a foreign language in many countries. In many others, it is not only considered as a part of their culture, but it is also used as a second language. These are called the Commonwealth of the English language speaking countries. The English language learners are often seen as the best judges of their own needs and wants because they know what they can and cannot do with it, and what language skills are more essential. Even large numbers of them face problems and expensive access to the necessary materials; they prefer to surf through the internet or read books and special magazines dealing with the subject. Throughout the years, the English language curriculum has been regularly updated and revised, based on the behavior of the learners. For those who want to do further studies in English, there are two main specific tests in the language: TOFEL (Test of English as a foreign language), and TOESL (Test of English as a second language). They are elaborated to control and test the efficiency of the English language use and training, and recognition of the knowledge acquired before. ......

Words: 934 - Pages: 4

English Literature

...London — the capital of Great Britain is situated on the Thames River. It is the largest city in Europe with a population of eight and a quarter million. It is divided into four parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. The City is the business and commercial heart of Lon-don. Many banks, offices and firms are concentrated the-re. The Tower and St. Paul's Cathedral are in the centre. The Tower is about 900 years old. Many years ago it was a royal residence, then a prison. Now it is a museum. St. Paul's Cathedral is very large and fine. It was completed in 1710. The famous English architect Christopher Wren planned and built St. Paul's Cathedral. If the City is the business part of London, Westminster is the centre of administration. We can see the Houses of Parliament there. It is a beautiful building with two towers and a very big clock called Big Ben. The Houses of Parliament stand in Parliament Square. Westminster Abbey is opposite the Houses of Parliament. Many great Englishmen were buried in Westminster Abbey. To the west of Westminster Abbey you can see Buckingham Pa-lace. It is a royal residence. The ceremony of the chan-ging of the guards which takes place in front of Bucking-ham Palace is of great interest to the tourists. Rich people live in the West End. The best and most expensive clubs, restaurants and theatres, beautiful houses and parks are there. The East End — the district of plants, factories, slums and docks — is for......

Words: 550 - Pages: 3

English Literature

... The three selected poems are Dark August, A city’s death by fire and Midsummer, Tobago by Derek Walcott. Dark August portrays the dark period in human life and talks about learning to appreciate and love the dark days. Human cannot avoid to experience the sadness and pain in life. There are many things which cannot be fixed in our life like the rain, even it stopped raining for sure it will comes again. Besides, he expresses his feelings by saying that no matter how unpleasant the life is, we must not lose hope and always face it positively. Another intented meaning of this poem can be said that even the island are being colonized by the British and the natives are suffered in the dark days but they should not lose hope and live they life as birght as possible. Derek Walcott uses this poem to describe human condition at the same time examines the postcolonial issues. A City’s Death by Fire is a lyrical poem which full with feelings of loss, sadness and disenchantment that come with the destruction of the city. The intensity of the loss is captured in the personification in the title of the poem “A City’s death by Fire”. In this poem, the city was said to be death but not the living organisms said to be death. The metaphor captures the existence of the town just like an organisms which having a life. Its heritage which cannot be brought back to original form such as buildings......

Words: 1496 - Pages: 6

English Literature

...General Certificate of Secondary Education Higher Tier June 2014 English Literature Unit 2 Poetry across time Thursday 22 May 2014 1.30 pm to 2.45 pm 97102H H For this paper you must have: • an AQA 16-page answer book • an unannotated copy of the Anthology Moon on the Tides. Time allowed • 1 hour 15 minutes Instructions • Use black ink or black ball-point pen. • Write the information required on the front of your answer book. The paper reference is 97102H. • Answer two questions. • Answer one question from Section A and the question in Section B. • For Section A, you must have a copy of the AQA Poetry Anthology Moon on the Tides in the examination room. The text must not be annotated and must not contain additional notes or materials. • Write your answers in the answer book provided. • Do all rough work in your answer book. Cross through any work you do not want to be marked. • You must not use a dictionary. Information • The marks for questions are shown in brackets. • The maximum mark for this paper is 54. • You should: – use good English – organise information clearly – use specialist vocabulary where appropriate. Advice • You are advised to spend about 45 minutes on Section A and about 30 minutes on Section B. • You are reminded that there are 36 marks for Section A and 18 marks for Section B. IB/M/Jun14/E2 97102H 2 Section A: Anthology – Moon on the Tides Answer one question from this section. You are advised to spend about 45 minutes on this...

Words: 827 - Pages: 4

English Literature

...English literature From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Selected English-language writers: Geoffrey Chaucer, William Shakespeare, Jane Austen, Mark Twain, Virginia Woolf, T. S. Eliot, Vladimir Nabokov, Toni Morrison, Salman Rushdie. The focus of this article is on literature in the English language from anywhere, not just the literature of England, so that it includes writers from Scotland, the whole of Ireland, Wales, as well as literature in English from former British colonies, including the US. However, up until the early 19th century, it deals with the literature written in English of Britain and Ireland. English literature is generally seen as beginning with the epic poem Beowulf, that dates from between the 8th to the 11th centuries, the most famous work in Old English, which has achieved national epic status in England, despite being set in Scandinavia. The next important landmark is the works of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343–1400), especially The Canterbury Tales. Then during The Renaissance, especially the late 16th and early 17th centuries, major drama and poetry was written by William Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, John Donne and many others. Another great poet, from later in the 17th century, was John Milton (1608–74) author of the epic poem Paradise Lost (1667). The late 17th and the early 18th century are particularly associated with satire, especially in the poetry of John Dryden and Alexander Pope, and the prose works of Jonathan Swift. The 18th......

Words: 563 - Pages: 3


...Bittersweet Love: Forces that Cause Love Relationship to Change for Better or Worst Jazzmin Jones Instructor Chunn ENG 125 February 2015 Literature has been the foundation that develops the need to have conflicts that can creates inspiring pieces of ideas of how to overcome it or learn from it if it cannot be resolves. It express the hardships and struggles from the experiences of the writer that reader can establish connections or may acknowledge it as a worldly or personal crisis. In short story, “Country Lovers” by Nadine Gourdime and “Hills Like White Elephants” by Elswell Hemmingway, both centers around the conflict that involves the issues of forces that may threaten to end love relationships in way both couples didn't want, by exploring the use of literary techniques such as symbolism, climax, and setting. Both stories deal with forces that is causing a love crisis between each other. The theme in “Hill Like White Elephant”, the couples are dealing with the topic of their unborn child and abortion and in “Country Lovers” focus on the love of childhood friends that turn into sexual curiosity that is against society rules and expectation between blacks and whites. Hills Like White Elephants, the whole story is consist of dialogue between a young woman who is nicknamed “Jig” and the unnamed American lover, trying to talk to each other but neither are listening or viewing each other point of views. The “white elephant” symbolizes to Jig's unwanted pregnancy......

Words: 881 - Pages: 4

English Literature

...encircling the earth that has large amounts of ozone in it. Ozone is a colourless gas found in the upper atmosphere of the earth that is formed when oxygen molecules absorbs ultraviolet, and undergo a chemical reaction known as photo dissociation or photolysis. In this process, a single molecule of oxygen breaks down into two oxygen atoms.The free oxygen atom[o],then combines with an oxygen molecule[02] and forms a molecule of ozone[03].The ozone molecule in turn absorbs ultraviolet rays between 310-200nn[nanometer] wavelength and thereby prevent these harmful radiations from entering the earth’s atmosphere. Ozone layer was discovered in 1913 by the French physicists Charles Fabry and Henri Buisson,and its properties were explored by the British meteologist G.M.B Dobson,who developed a simple spectrophotometer[Dobsonmeter]that could be used to measure stratospheric ozone from the ground. Ozone layer acts as a shield for the earth from very harmful UV rays.If we damage the ozone layer anymore then we would put ourselves at an increasingly greater risks because we cannot survive without the ozone layer.Exposure to UV rays causes skin cancer,damage crops and harms ocean life,e.g polar shifting, that is,a complex event that occurs when uneven melting of ice occur_a major hole is now over Antarctica,where there are ice shitfs.If this melts,it could increase coastal flooding and the poles could shift,causing a violent shift in climate. Ozone is a triatomic form of......

Words: 949 - Pages: 4

Child Labour in British Literature

...Child labour in British Literature Child labour is very popular topic and motif in British Literature. Many famous authors base their novels on this term. Industrialisation led to a dramatic increase in child labour. Children were working in factories and mines what was very exhausted and dangerous. Child labour was not an invention of the Industrial Revolution. Poor children have always started work as soon as their parents could find employment for them. But in much of pre-industrial Britain, there simply was not very much work available for children. This changed with industrialisation. The new factories and mines were hungry for workers and required the execution of simple tasks that could easily be performed by children. The result was a surge in child labour – presenting a new kind of problem that Victorian society had to tackle. Research has shown that the average age at which children started work in early 19th- century Britain was 10 years old, but that this varied widely between regions. In industrial areas, children started work on average at eight and a half years old. Most of these young workers entered the factories as piecers, standing at the spinning machines repairing breaks in the thread. A few started as scavengers, crawling beneath the machinery to clear it of dirt, dust or anything else that might disturb the mechanism. In the mines, children usually started by minding the trap doors, picking out coals at the pit mouth, or......

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6

English Literature - Wikipedia

...English literature From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is focused on English-language literature rather than the literature of England, so that it includes writers from Scotland, Wales, and the whole of Ireland, as well as literature in English from former British colonies, including the US. However, until the early 19th century, it only deals with the literature of the United Kingdom and Ireland. It does not include literature written in any other language than English. There is some discussion of literature in languages other than English from the United Kingdom in British literature. English literature is generally seen as beginning with the epic poem Beowulf, the most famous work in Old English, which was written in England some time between the 8th and the early 11th century.[1] Despite being set in Scandinavia, Beowulf has become a national epic of England. The next landmark was the work of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343–1400), especially The Canterbury Tales. During the Renaissance, especially the late 16th and early 17th centuries, major drama and poetry was written by Edmund Spenser, William Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, John Donne and others. Another great poet, from later in the 17th century, was John Milton (1608–74), author of the epic poem Paradise Lost (1667). The late 17th and the early 18th centuries are particularly associated with satire, especially in the poetry of John Dryden and Alexander Pope, and the prose works of Jonathan Swift.......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

English Literature

...1. Literature of the 17th century. John Milton. “Paradise Lost”. John Bunyan. “Pilgrim’s Progress”. The peculiarities of the English literature of the 17th century are determined by the events of the Engl. Bourgeois Revolution, which took place in 1640-60. King Charles I was beheaded in 1649& General Oliver Cromwell became the leader of the new government. In 1660, shortly after Cro-ll’s death, the dynasty of the Stuarts was restored. The establishment of new social&eco-ic relations, the change from feudal to bourgeois ownership, escalating class-struggle, liberation movement and contradictions of the bourgeois society found their reflection in lit-re. The main representatives of this period is: John Milton: was born in London&educated at Christ’s College. He lived a pure life believing that he had a great purpose to complete. At college he was known as the The Lady of Christ’s. he Got master’s degree at Cambridge. It’s convenient to consider his works in 3 divisions. At first he wrote his short poems at Horton. (The Passion, Song on May Morning, L’Allegro). Then he wrote mainly prose. His 3 greatest poems belong to his last group. At the age of 23 he had still done little in life&he admits this in one of his sonnets. (On his 23d B-day) In his another sonnet he wrote on his own blindness. (On his Blindness) Milton wrote diff. kinds of works. His prose works were mainly concerned with church, affairs, divorce & freedom. The English civil war between......

Words: 10397 - Pages: 42

English Literature

...whore” hardly seems an appropriate epitaph for this once complex and sympathetic character. * ------------------------------------------------- Commenting on the way in which the prevailing cultural stereotypes of women were not only inadequate to describe them but justified their oppression and even encouraged violence against them. * ------------------------------------------------- Annabella is the emotional centre of the play. ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Friar Bonaventura * ------------------------------------------------- Confidant. * ------------------------------------------------- Catholic were objects of suspicion and even hatred for English Protestants. * ------------------------------------------------- Appears virtuous and sincere. * ------------------------------------------------- Takes no pleasure in the idea of the lovers’ sexual transgression. * ------------------------------------------------- Makes no impression on Giovanni. * ------------------------------------------------- Rather than stay until the end of the play in order to try to prevent the tragedy, he escapes, abandoning the couple to their fate. ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Putana * ------------------------------------------------- Confidante of her young female charge. *......

Words: 5476 - Pages: 22

British Literature

...ASSIGNMENT MODERNIST SHORT STORY Submitted By: Steffy Johnson 11/PELA/026 INTRODUCTION Modernist literature is the literary expression of the tendencies of Modernism, especially High modernism. Modernistic art and literature normally revolved around the idea of individualism, mistrust of institutions mainly government and religion, and the disbelief of any absolute truths. Modernism as a literary movement reached its height in Europe between 1900 and the middle 1920s. Modernist literature addressed to aesthetic problems and can be viewed largely in terms of its formal, stylistic and semantic movement away from Romanticism,  examining subject matter that is traditionally mundane. It often features a marked pessimism, a clear rejection of the optimism apparent in Victorian literature. It attempted to move from the bonds of Realist literature and to introduce concepts such as disjointed timelines. Modernism as a literary movement is seen, in large part, as a reaction to the emergence of city life as a central force in society. Furthermore, an early attention to the object as freestanding became in later Modernism a preoccupation with form. Modernist writers were more acutely conscious of the objectivity of their surroundings. The most prominent modernist authors are: T. S. Eliot, W. B. Yeats, Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, D. H. Lawrence, E. M. Forster, Ernest Hemingway, Joseph Conrad, Franz Kafka, Knut Hamsun, Gertrude Stein, Mikhail Bulgakov, MarcelProust, John......

Words: 2124 - Pages: 9

Angel das Blumenmädchen | La Carrera de la muerte 4: más allá de la anarquía (2018) | Konbini Kareshi