Call Money

In: Other Topics

Submitted By sadatbabu
Words 5856
Pages 24
Purpose of Call Money Market

Characteristics

• Maturity: The maturity of the call money market instruments are varying between a day to a fortnight. As it consists with the day-to-day surplus funds, so its payable on demand at the option of either the lender or the borrower.

• Liquidity Nature: All the instruments of this market are highly liquid and their liquidity being exceeded only by cash.

• Yield: It includes the rate of interest paid on call loans and its also known as Call Rates. The call rate is highly variable from day to day and often from hour to hour. It may vary from centre to centre also. It is very sensitive to the changes in demand for and supply of call moneys.

• Location of Transaction: The call money market is mainly located in big industrial and commercial centers.

• Volume of Call Money to be Transacted: The volume of call loans depends on the extent of deposits accrual, the possibility of quick investment in and liquidation of other money market instruments, timing of advance tax payments and seasonal fluctuations in demand for credit etc.

• Risk: This includes the flexibility of call money rate. As it is volatile in accordance with the difference in Trading Centers & Bank Rate so any removal of ceiling in these centers, the call money rate is supposed to be fluctuated widely. Beside these, the large amount of borrowings by banks an certain dates to meet CRR requirements, overextended credit position of some banks, sudden withdrawal of funds by financial institutions and business companies, illiquidity in money market and forex market instability are the major factors behind this riskiness. • Participants: Simply, all the scheduled & non-scheduled commercial banks, brokers, dealers and other financial institutions with good financial reputations that may fall short…...

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