Can Wikileaks Be Found Guilty of a Crime for Its Release of the Iraq War Materials?

In: Business and Management

Submitted By themundanenerd
Words 5807
Pages 24
Can WikiLeaks be Found Guilty of a Crime for Its Release
Of the Iraq War Materials, Afghanistan War Materials and Diplomatic Cables?
In 2010, WikiLeaks released three large groups of information – classified documents concerning the Iraqi war, classified Pentagon documents concerning the conflict in Afghanistan, and U.S. State Department diplomatic cables. There was an outcry from members in the U.S. government, U.S. lawmakers, and U.S. citizens as they questioned how WikiLeaks could have legally obtained and released this information. There were also those who applauded WikiLeaks and saw them as part of the new media, simply carrying on the struggle between the people’s right to know versus national security. In this new Internet age, where data can be immediately published to an enormous audience from anywhere in the world with the simple push of a button, and where wars are no longer declared on a country but on generalized “terror,” is a site like WikiLeaks protected?
WikiLeaks Background
WikiLeaks states on its website:
WikiLeaks is a non-profit media organization dedicated to bringing important news and information to the public. We provide an innovative, secure and anonymous way for independent sources around the world to leak information to our journalists. We publish material of ethical, political and historical significance while keeping the identity of our sources anonymous, thus providing a universal way for revealing of supposed and censored injustices.
WikiLeaks, founded in 2006 by Australian Julian Assange and a small group of activist and computer experts, is a whistle-blowing website which “aims to bring to light secret information about governments and corporations” (“Times Topics”). “[I]t is the world’s first stateless news organization, because it belongs to the Internet rather than to the laws and culture of any one country” (Peters).…...

Similar Documents

Was the Iraq War Justified

...Was the invasion of Iraq, justified? That is a question that American society struggles with today. It is a highly debatable issue, with some for and some against. But what led up to it and why did we invade Iraq? In this paper, I will look at the facts, rumors, and mere coincidences that overshadow this highly controversial debate. I will also speak on personal experience, when I was deployed to that region. As we all know, in September of 2001 a great tragedy struck this great nation. On the morning of September 11th, terrorists hijacked four passenger planes. Two of the planes, struck one of the World Trade Center Tower’s. One plane hit the pentagon, while the fourth plane was enroute to Washington D.C., crashed in Pennsylvania. Nearly three thousand people lost their lives in these horrible events. It has been since Pearl Harbor since that large of an attack happened on American soil. President George W. Bush was our Commander-in- Chief, his approval ratings before these attacks were not bad, but not great. His rating, which was done by the Gallup poll was around 55%, give or take. The economy was heading into a recession. How this all comes into play, is the theory that war boosts the economy. Companies are given contracts to build equipment and clothing for the military in return they hire more employees to keep up with the demand. Not only do unemployment numbers decrease, spending increases which help boost an ailing economy. There are a lot of conspiracy......

Words: 1995 - Pages: 8

Glaxosmithkline Found Guilty in Criminal Case

...Summary GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) is one of the main pharmaceutical and healthcare drug developer and manufacturer in the world. The product liability case with the British company, GSK includes the drugs Avandia, Paxil, Wellbutrin, and others (Thomas & Schmidt, 2012). The drug maker pleaded guilty and agreed to pay fines from the criminal charges in the case. GSK promoted its antidepressants for unapproved uses and failing to report safety data to the FDA on their diabetes drug. In addition, there are civil penalties within this case for improper marketing on six other drugs. The fines are the largest settlement within the pharmaceutical industry, totaling 3 billion (Thomas et al., 2012). There have not been any charges placed against personnel of GSK, at this time. However, GSK has agreed to withdraw bonuses from executives in their part of this illegal behavior. The claims in this case are improper practices during the 1990 to the mid 2000’s, came from former employees of GSK, which include the regional vice president and senior marketing manager (Thomas et al., 2012). The criminal and civil claims include the following: • Even though it was known the drug was linked to suicidal thoughts in teens, GSK promoted the use of Paxil to children. GSK misrepresented information on a clinical trial in a medical journal on the drug. • Wellbutrin was approved for depressive disorder; however, was promoted to use for off-label promotions of various products, “weight loss......

Words: 1317 - Pages: 6

The Iraq War

...The Iraq War: An Avoidable Situation Introduction Iraq has generally never been a nation at peace, but that did not stop the United States from exacerbating those problems. Following the attacks of September 11 and the invasion of Iraq in 2003 the United States’ actions and counter terrorism strategy created an insurgency that set them up for a long and arduous war. Through what appeared to be a rushed planning process the United States entered Iraq and acted as if they wanted to worsen their situation. This paper will look at how the ordinances passed during the first year in Iraq, due to Paul Bremer’s lack of knowledge concerning counter-insurgency, made the United States government reconsider their strategy in Iraq. These actions combined with a growing resentment towards United States occupancy and Shi’a and Sunni insurgencies caused the United States to change its course of action towards counter-insurgency. The civil war that was beginning only added to the problem. Quickly, they wrote two new field manuals on counter-insurgency and with successful campaigns, led by General Petraeus, regained some stability in the war-torn nation. Background A decade before the War on Terror and the subsequent invasion of Iraq under the Bush regime, there was the Gulf War. Following the Iraqi defeat at the hands of a USA led, United Nations backed force there were strict sanctions placed on weapons, the military, and oil reserves in Iraq. Also, following this conflict, a......

Words: 4916 - Pages: 20

Iraq War

...Iraq War Thesis Statement: What are the different reviews on the war? I. Debate over War with Iraq A. Pros of the Iraq war 1 .The U.S. has a duty to disarm a nation like Iraq. 2. Saddam Hussein is a tyrant that has demonstrated a complete disregard for human life and should be brought to justice. 3. The people of Iraq are oppressed people, and the U.S. has a duty to save these people. 4. The oil reserves of the region are necessary to the U.S. economy. A rogue element like Saddam threatens the oil reserves of the entire region. 5. The practice of appeasement only fosters even bigger tyrants. 6. By removing Saddam Hussein, the U.S. is safer in the future from terrorist attacks. 7. The creation of another nation favorable to U.S. interests in the Middle-east. 8. The removal of Saddam Hussein would uphold previous UN resolutions and give the body some credibility. B. Cons of the Iraq war 1. A pre-emptive strike lacks moral authority and violates previous U.S policy. 2. The war will create civilian casualties. 3. The UN inspectors may be able to resolve this issue. 4. The liberating military will lose troops as well as the U.S. 5. The country of Iraq could disintegrate. 6. The U.S. and allies will be responsible for rebuilding a new nation. 7. There is very little proof of a connection to Al-Qaeda. 8. The world consensus doesn’t exist for war. 9. Allied relationships will be damaged. II.U.S. Occupation of Iraq Will Increase......

Words: 504 - Pages: 3

War on Iraq

...stalemate on the western front, several efforts were made to make a breakthrough, but every one resulted in failure with thousands of casualties. The Germans were too dug in to make the British artillery bombardments effective and so there were massacres such as the Somme. • Turkey had joined the war by attacking Russia, although this attack was easily beaten off by the Russians, turkey was now an enemy and it controlled the only entrance to the Black sea at the Dardenelles. This prevented Russia from receiving supplies and trade from the Mediterranean, an important link to the other allies • If Turkey could be crushed then it would perhaps cause other powers in the area such as Bulgaria and Greece to ally with Britain France and Russia against Germany, if this occurred then Austria-Hungary would be in an untenable position and would be forced to pull out of the War leaving Germany on its own surrounded by the enemy. • It was hoped that if another front could be opened then a breakthrough could be made rather than continual trench warfare. If Germany was surrounded it would have to fall to the allies. • The idea was primarily proposed by Winston Churchill • The war was a failure because after destroying the forts on the coast totally by naval bombardment the allies took far too long to land troops in order to attack the forts further inland. There was a whole months delay between the destruction of the forts and the landing on 25 April • The......

Words: 320 - Pages: 2

Iraq-Kuwait War

...1. SS Notes 7: Iraq-Kuwait conflict Causes of conflict Factors: Economic problems, oil production and dispute over territoryEconomic problems: Iraq had previously fought a war with Iran, which drained its reserves. As aresult, Iraq’s economy was severely weakened. Iraq also had debts to other countries such as the USand France. For example, Iraq owed about US$80 million in debts. Iraq thus had to find ways to payoff its debts and saw Kuwait as a potential solution. Thus the economic problems of Iraq are animportant cause of conflict between Iraq and Kuwait.Oil production: Iraq’s main source of income is through the sale of oil. Oil production wasmaintained by OPEC, to prevent a decline in oil prices. However, Kuwait ignored its quota, thus theprice of oil dropped from US$18 to US$7 per barrel. This loss of revenue for Iraq meant that it wasunable to pay off its debts through the sale of oil. This prompted Iraq to look for alternative ways tosettle their debts and looked to Kuwait as a potential solution. Thus oil production is an importantcause of the Iraq-Kuwait conflict.Territorial dispute: Some borders in the region were not well defined as both Iraq and Kuwaitinherited their borders from the British. There were thus clashes between the two countries as theyboth wanted certain territories for themselves. An example is the Rumaila oilfield. The Rumailaoilfield was shared between both countries as its borders were not clearly defined. However in 1990,Iraq claimed that......

Words: 2249 - Pages: 9

Iraq War

...Iraq War Iraq War was an armed conflict that began with the invasion of Iraq in March of 2003 and lasted until 2011. The US counted with some allies in this war such as United Kingdom or Australia. There were different reasons to explain the interest of the invasion and posterior war. Iraq invasion had a lot to do with 9/11 and the 1991 Gulf war. The Bush administration made the argument that in the post 9/11 climate there should be a belated reckoning with Saddam Hussein. He had continued to sponsor terrorism, had over the years invaded or attacked four of his neighbours, and had killed tens of thousands of his own people. Another important reason was the strong belief that Iraq had weapon of mass destruction, according to CIA, and most Middle Eastern governments and European intelligence agencies agreed. This started with the belief that there were missing stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction. The possible possession of these weapons was never clear, but was useful to get some more support as the other reasons would not generate enough public urgency for pre-emption. Another motivation to invade Iraq was the issue of oil. The intention was not to take Iraq oil, but to avoid Saddam of having the control of oil. Iraq’s oil revenues meant that Saddam would always have the resources to foment trouble in the region, would always be difficult to remove through internal opposition, and would always use petrodollar influence. Finally, we could also say that another......

Words: 760 - Pages: 4

Racism in Vietnam and Iraq War

...Hatzopoulos War & Society Uniting Tactics, Divisive Consequences Rape, torture and murder against innocent civilians- what could cause someone to do such a thing? The My Lai Massacre during the Vietnam War was a result of a war tactic that continues to be utilized today: racism and dehumanization of the enemy. This strategy, employed by the Armed Forces and facilitated by the media back on American soil has proven to be dangerous in that it causes both soldiers and civilians to treat an entire group as subhuman and unworthy of empathy. We can see this in the My Lai Massacre and through the persistent hare crimes against Muslims during the United States’ current “war on terror.” On March 16 1968, 140 men of the American Charlie Company entered the village of My Lai and were ordered to kill whoever they saw. There was the belief that the province of Quang Ngai where My Lai was located was a stronghold for Vietcong guerillas. After increasing frustration with losing their soldiers and not progressing in the war as much as they’d like, the group took their anger out on what was thought was a village of Vietcong enemies. It was the first chance they had to meet the enemy face to face instead of through grenades and booby traps and finally get even. Lieutenant William L. Calley ordered a search and destroy mission and urged that anyone in My Lai was to be considered connected to the Vietcong in some way, and should be killed. Though no guerillas were found when Charlie...

Words: 4184 - Pages: 17

Comparasion of Ww2 and Iraq War

...War is a very broad term for writing. Under this word, everybody imagine black and white soldier with a gun in a dusty environment. My question is “why?”. Why is the basic question of all. Existence on earth, learning, reading, or why somebody listen one ear in and another ear out? Why do we have war? Why people argue?, fight?. Why do we have quarrels?, rivalry or racing? The answer is simple. Proving power is not really right move. Subjugation is the wrong way of showing the great powers or superpowers. Power should provide love and support, not a battle about who is better. When I asked my younger sister what is the war, she said, "Battles and shooters where people kills and dies." This way you also our ancestors proved and showed their "size". Dictators, leaders of fascism and nationalism did not just wake up one day and became dictators. These people started manifesting in early childhood. At the school in the form of bullying or vandalism, and if they do not have a steady hand above them, their "abilities" develop even further. Lack of attention or care from parents, despise, not enough friends- all of this bad examples play big role and they are benefits to become person like that. Maybe we should help people like that and not brushed them aside because they are different. They have their reason why they are different. In my essay I would like to compare two wars, World War II and Iraq war. What are the differences and what are the similarities? World War......

Words: 1675 - Pages: 7

The Iraq War Was Unjustified

...The Iraq War was Unjustified The Iraq War was Unjustified There are many reasons why the war Iraq was unjustified. Until today, Iraq has not been found to have weapons of mass destruction. There are beliefs that former President George W. Bush simply waged war on Iraq because of their oil. Iraq as a country and the former President Saddam Hussein had no link to al-Qaeda terrorist group. The United States congress, based on wrong intelligence from the Bush’s administration agreed unanimously to go to war with Iraq, despite the fact that the Unites Nations disagreed with the decision. Because of the decision to wage war on Iraq, The United States lost most of its allies. “A war on Iraq for the purpose of “regime change” would not be a legal war under international law. Article 2(4) of the United Nations Charter states: “All members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purpose of the United Nations.” (Miller, 2003). On September 11, 2001, two planes crashed into the World Trade Center. Many Americans died because of the deadly attack. It was one of the deadliest attacks on U.S soil. One plane crashed into part of the pentagon, and the another plane crashed into an open field. Based on these attacks by the al-Qaeda terrorist group, President Bush declared war on the Taliban in Afghanistan in an attempt...

Words: 848 - Pages: 4

War Crimes

... War is a state of armed conflict between societies. It is generally characterized by extreme collective aggression, destruction, and usually high mortality. The set of techniques and actions used to conduct war is known as warfare. An absence of war is usually called "peace". Total war is warfare that is not restricted to purely legitimate military targets, and can result in massive civilian or other non-combatant casualties. While some scholars see war as a universal and ancestral aspect of human nature, others argue that it is only a result of specific socio-cultural or ecological circumstances. In 2013 war resulted in 31,000 deaths down from 72,000 deaths in 1990. The deadliest war in history, in terms of the cumulative number of deaths since its start, is the Second World War, with 60–85 million deaths, followed by the Mongol conquests which was greater than 41 million. Proportionally speaking, the most destructive war in modern history is the War of the Triple Alliance, which took the lives of over 60% of Paraguay's population, according to Steven Pinker. In 2003, Richard Smalley identified war as the sixth biggest problem facing humanity for the next fifty years. War usually results in significant deterioration of infrastructure and the ecosystem, a decrease in social spending, famine, large-scale emigration from the war zone, and often the mistreatment of prisoners of war or civilians. Another byproduct of some wars is the prevalence of propaganda by some or all......

Words: 7890 - Pages: 32

Ending the War in Iraq

...Ending the War in Iraq for our Military Troops Point Paper Final Bernetta Epps Contemporary International Problems-POL300 Ending the War in Iraq for our Military Troops Brief Background It all begin on September 11, 2001 (now known as 9/11) when 19 Islamist terrorist hijacked four American commercial passenger jet airliners. New our City Twin Towers were the first to be hit. One plane hit one tower and half hour later; a second plane hit the other tower. Everyone on board was killed along with thousands on the towers and surrounding the area. The impact of both airplanes caused both towers to collapse. The third plane hit the Pentagon in Washington D.C. also killing everyone on board. The fourth plane crashed into a field with no survivors. There were a total of 2,974 people who were killed in this attack on the United States. Ninety countries lost citizens to the attack at the world trade center in New York. The United States of America was under attack by terrorist. The United States was not prepared, did not see it coming and had to gain control. President George W. Bush announced to hic country we were now going to war. President Bush sent our military troops over to Iraq to fight for three main reasons. First, Bush sent the troops over to Iraq to find weapons of mass destruction. Second, Iraq had sponsored the terrorism that happened on 9/11. And third, to capture Osama Bin Laden. The United States military troops were to be a war for how......

Words: 1317 - Pages: 6

The Iraq War Wasn’t Justified

...The Iraq war wasn’t justified The 2003 invasion of Iraq (March 20 – May 1, 2003), was the start of the conflict known as the Iraq War or Operation Iraqi Freedom in which a combined force of troops from the United States, alongside the United Kingdom, and smaller contingents from Australia and Poland invaded Iraq and toppled the regime of Saddam Hussein in 21 days of major combat operations. This phase (March–April 2003) consisted of a conventionally fought war which concluded with the fall of Baghdad that marked the beginning of the second phase, the current Iraq War, and was a continuation of the Gulf War of 1991, prior to which Saddam Hussein had invaded Kuwait, and after defeat by Coalition Forces had agreed to surrender and/or destroy several types of weapons, including SCUD missiles and weapons of mass destruction (WMD). According to then President of the United States George W. Bush and then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair, the reasons for the invasion were "to disarm Iraq of weapons of mass destruction, to end Saddam Hussein's alleged support for terrorism, and to free the Iraqi people. According to Blair, the trigger was Iraq's failure to take a "final opportunity" to disarm itself of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons that U.S. and British officials called an immediate and intolerable threat to world peace. Although some remnants of pre-1991 production were found after the end of the war. US government spokespeople confirmed that these......

Words: 1431 - Pages: 6

Wikileak

...Login              Username: « Is the UK Torture Inquiry an Attempt to Limit Further Disclosure? Another Obama Recess Appointment For Someone Not Named Johnsen » Wikileaks Leaker Bradley Manning Finally Charged By: emptywheel Tuesday July 6, 2010 12:14 pm submit Tweet 93 The government has finally charged Bradley Manning, the Wikileaks leaker. He is charged with two counts of violating the UCMJ, one related to loading onto his own unsecure computer a set of information and adding unauthorized software to a military network computer, and the other related to accessing and passing information onto someone not entitled to have it. I find the charge sheet particularly interesting for two reasons. What the government says that Manning did with the material he accessed, and an apparent discrepancy between the government’s depiction of the timing and Wired’s depiction of it. What the government knows about what Manning did with the information First, it describes the information he accessed differently as follows:   The video of the July 12, 2007 Apache killing of Reuters journalists (obtained via unauthorized access, loaded onto his unsecured computer, transmitted to someone unauthorized to receive it) The Rejkjavik State Department cable leaked by WikiLeaks (obtained via unauthorized access, transmitted to someone unauthorized to receive it) 50 State Department cables (loaded onto his unsecured computer, transmitted to someone......

Words: 8363 - Pages: 34

Iraq War

...Kevin Marcoux PHI-Ethics 3/24/2010 WAR     War, destruction, and disagreements have been a major part of human history since the beginning of our race. Of course there are millions upon millions of people who believe that war is a horrible and frightful event that should be avoided at all means, but there are also others that are for war due to their own beliefs, whatever they may be. I am one of those people who believe that conflict and war not only is inevitable, but a necessary solution for maintaining overall peace on this planet.  With the ever-growing population of this planet, resources are becoming more and more scarce and rapidly increasing in need for civilization as a whole. Fossil fuels, grain, and potable drinking water are among a few of the resources needed for life in today’s world. Just as the demand grows for needed supplies, the tension grows in the hearts of men who are in need and cannot find which in turn results in swift conflict in order to acquire what is needed.  I believe in going to war to ensure the future security in society as a whole.  Some see that the only just cause for war is strictly in defense, which is when the enemy comes to you.  Why not go to the enemy and attack first to ensure the upper hand?  Or if you know that a certain country is invading another country solely to build a force to attack us?  Take the fight to them I say, and destroy the force that threatens the life and liberty of our families and fellow citizens...

Words: 901 - Pages: 4

Seven Senses of the Re'Union | DBM 380 Week 2 Individual Database Design Paper | The King of Fighters: Kyo