Canada in the 1970s

In: Historical Events

Submitted By loganlogan
Words 1112
Pages 5
During the 1970s, there were social, political, and economic events and issues that challenged Canadians. Throughout the 70s, some of the social issues were racism, gender discrimination, and language rights. A few of the political issues were immigration, refugees seeking asylum in Canada, and the challenge of humanitarianism of Canadians. Economically, Canada faced the most problems here; “oil price shock”, “supply shocks”, stagflation, and inflation.

Throughout the 1970s, Canadians were changing Canada’s society to become more equal in the context of racism, gender discrimination, and language rights. Pierre Elliott Trudeau was trying to build Canadian society to a “just” society where it is multicultural and everyone would live in harmony. Throughout the 1970s federal government implanted new social programs and expanded the old ones. In the 1960s women's rights activists demanded the establishment of the Royal Commission on the status of women. In December of 1970 that document included new recommendations such as; providing daycare services for working women, prohibiting gender discrimination bias or marital status, unemployment benefits to working women on maternity leave, and wages established based on skills and responsibility rather than gender. The Women's movement was a defining moment for Canada’s society in the 1970s. Canadian women all agreed on the basic need to improve the situation of women; to fight racism and sexism. Women demanded affirmative action in the workplace; many employers created programs to create better equality between males and females job categories. During 1974 women began to make their place in politics, 14 women sate in provincial legislatures. By the end of the 1970s women had began to gain access to more male dominated professions, and had made significant social effects to Canada’s society. Another defining moment in…...

Similar Documents

Canada

...“Canada is an unknown territory for the people who live in it, and I’m not talking about the fact that you may not have taken a trip to the Arctic or to Newfoundland, you may not have explored as the travel folders have it – This Great Land of Ours. I’m talking about Canada as a state of mind, as the space you inhabit not just with your body but with your head. It’s that kind of space in which we find ourselves lost. What a lost person needs is a map of the territory, with his own position marked on it so he can see where he is in relation to everything else. Literature is not only a mirror; it is also a map, a geography of the mid. Our literature is one such map, if we can learn to read it as our literature, as the product of who and where we have been. We need such a map desperately; we need to know about here, because here is where we live. For the members of a country or culture, shared knowledge of their place, their here, is not a luxury but a necessity. Without that knowledge we will not survive.” Margaret Atwood, Survival As Atwood’s statement demonstrates, Canadian literature is concerned with place and displacement, and with the development of an effective identifying relationship between self and environs. Canada’s literature whether written in English or French reflects three main parts of Canadian experience. First, Canadian writers often emphasize the effects of climate and geography on the life and work of their people. Second, frontier’s...

Words: 3528 - Pages: 15

Canada

...Country Information: Canada ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● The Canadian Mindset Characteristics of Society Lifestyle & Aspirations The Essentials (10 Key Tips) Working with the Canadians Making a Good Impression Business Etiquette Business Meeting Culture Motivating Others Effective Presentations Managing Relationships The Canadian Mindset Canadians are friendly and open with a practical cast of mind which befits a people who inhabit one of the largest - and in many places one of the most physically challenging countries on earth. They are traditional in their thinking and habits, modest and low key in attitude but enjoy a good sense of humour. They pride themselves on being honest and direct and are not given to prevarication or displays of rhetoric or emotion. With one of the most multicultural societies in the world, Canadians are tolerant and egalitarian in outlook. Despite their innate conservatism, they are also very progressive on some controversial social issues. Although they enjoy the trappings of success, Canadians are not ostentatious by nature. Canadians are sensitive about being taken for Americans. While enjoying a warm relationship with their neighbour, with whom they share a vast boundary and vigorous trade links, they are proud of the differences between the two countries and their peoples. They are often more subdued and measured than Americans. The majority of Canada is English-speaking although in the eastern part of the country, French is widespread...

Words: 3037 - Pages: 13

1970s

...Stephanie Wood English III Honors 2 May 2012 Events and Facts of the 1970s I. Introduction Thesis: During the 1970s our President was forced to resign, the economy was in a recession, books were written and interpreted differently, and great accomplishments occurred in sports. II. Economy A. Inflation 1. The peacetime inflation 2. Rising prices B. The unemployment rate C. Tax rate D. Oil Shortage E. Oil Embargo III. History A. The Presidency 1. Nixon as President 2. Why he resigned B. The end of the Vietnam War 1. The outcome on America 2. The year the war ended C. The Watergate Scandal 1. What the scandal was about 2. The people involved 3. The outcome IV. Sports A. Babe Ruth’s homerun being broken B. “Battle of the Sexes” tennis championship C. Mark Spitz Olympic record D. George Foreman becomes World Heavyweight champion E. OJ Simpson’s rushing record F. Muhammad Ali defeats George Foreman V. Literature A. Characteristics B. Famous authors C. Genre and Style VI. Concluding statements A. . The 1970s had many troubles with the economy including inflation and the oil embargo. The Watergate Scandal forcing President Nixon to resign was on everyone’s mind. However, the 1970s saw some positive events as well as Hank Aaron setting a new homerun record and new styles on how books were written and interpreted. B. Although the 1970s was a tough time for Americans we were still able to pull......

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

The 1970s

...The 1970’s were a time period full of freedom, equal opportunity, change, and war. In the 70’s, family roles were adjusting and divorce rates were rising (Walker). With the divorce rates rising, the traditional family values were seen as less important, values such as spending time as a family or everyone eating dinner all together. However, most shows during this era still portrayed the idea of a traditional family, which is having the mother stay home to cook, clean, and take care of the children, while the father is off at work supporting the family (Frum). T.V’s popularity in the 70’s was expanding, symbolizing a movement towards equality between races and genders (Frum). With the turn of the century, shows such as “Maude,” “The Jefferson’s,” “All In The Family,” and more began airing on national television (Frum). The social movements of the time period such as equal rights for women and the civil rights movement were becoming apparent in shows like these (Dow). Other than popular shows in the 1970’s, commercial television also had a profound and wide-ranging impact on American society and culture, therefore sparking a new consumer culture. Advertisements have been mentioned as major factors contributing to increased American materialism. With more and more people watching TV, this form of entertainment seemed at an all time high. But, since some shows like “All In The Family” started airing episodes that broke down the traditional family, people at home were starting to...

Words: 2966 - Pages: 12

Canada

...Canada Canada is a country in North America consisting of 10 provinces and 3 territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. The capital of Canada is Ottawa, Ontario. The absolute location is the exact location of a certain place on a map and Canada’s absolute location is 45.4214° N, 75.6919° W. The relative location is a location of a place in relation to another. Canada's relative location is above the United States of America. Canada is located in the northern-most region of North America. Its southern territories run along the northern border of the continental United States. Canada has the eleventh-largest economy in the world and is one of the world's wealthiest nations. As with other developed nations, the Canadian economy is dominated by the service industry, which employs about three quarters of Canadians. Canada is unusual among developed countries in the importance of the primary sector, with the logging and oil industries being two of Canada's most important. Canada also has a sizable manufacturing sector, centered in Central Canada, with the automobile industry and aircraft industry especially important. With a long coastal line, Canada has the 8th largest commercial fishing and seafood industry in the world. Canada is one of the global leaders of the entertainment software industry. Canada’s climate is not as cold all year round as you might think. Winter......

Words: 1204 - Pages: 5

Canada

...besøge restauranten i CN | | |Tower, der godt kan være en skuffelse. | |533,3 m høj fra bund til top | |CN Tower - CN står for Canadian National - knejser stolt på Torontos skyline og tårnet kan ses stort set fra alle vinkler af byen. De 533,3 | |meters højde på CN Tower gør, at du altid kan bruge tårnet som pejlemærke, næsten uanset hvor du befinder dig i Toronto. | |Det er arkitekten John Andrews, der står bag CN Tower. Tårnet kom til verden i begyndelsen af 1970'erne,| |da Canada nationale jernbaneselskab, Canadian National, ville bygge et radio- og tv-tårn. Et højt tårn har som | |bekendt altid været en hurtig genvej til omtale og berømmelse, og det gjaldt også i Torontos tilfælde. Desværre løb budgettet løbsk, så CN | |Tower endte med at blive adskillige millioner kroner dyrere end først antaget. Det gav selvsagt masser af omtale. | | | |Udsigtsplatform i 447 meters højde: CN Tower var verdens højeste fritstående konstruktion men er for nylig blevet overhalet af en ny | |skyskraber i Dubai.......

Words: 621 - Pages: 3

Are Canada

...TermPaperWarehouse.com - Free Term Papers, Essays and Research Documents The Research Paper Factory JoinSearchBrowseSaved Papers Home Page » Computers and Technology Air Canada Takes Off with Maintenix In: Computers and Technology Air Canada Takes Off with Maintenix Case Study: Air Canada takes off with Maintenix 1) What problems does Air Canada hope that Maintenix will solve? Air Canada hoped to solve the following problems: • The usage of several different legacy software packages installed over the last 15 years. • The inability of the systems to interact with one another or with finance and inventory systems • The costs on Air Canada the inefficiencies of these systems were causing. • The unprofessionalism they had in some fields’ maintenance engineering, line maintenance and materials management (full implementation). And the insufficiency of some other departments; heavy maintenance, shop maintenance and finance. (partial implementation) 2) How does Maintenix improve operational efficiency and decision-making? • Matintenix provides a system platform that is accessible via the Web and easy to deploy to all stations around the world. Mxi claims that their software reduces repetitive tasks and time chasing missing or incomplete information by allowing maintenance, engineering, and finance divisions to easily share information. This assures the improvement of operational efficiency. • Maintenix can supply data to the company’s existing enterprise......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

1970

...1970s From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search "Seventies" redirects here. For decades comprising years 70–79 of other centuries, see List of decades. From left, clockwise: U.S. President Richard Nixon doing the V for Victory sign after his resignation from office after the Watergate scandal in 1974; Refugees aboard a US naval boat after the Fall of Saigon, leading to the end of the Vietnam War in 1975; The 1973 oil crisis put the nation of America in gridlock and caused economic damage throughout the developed world; Both the leaders of Israel and Egypt shake hands after the signing of the Camp David Accords in 1978; The 1970 Bhola cyclone kills an estimated 500,000 people in the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (which would become independent as Bangladesh in 1971) in November 1970; The Iranian Revolution of 1979 ousted Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi who was later replaced by an Islamic theocracy led by Ayatollah Khomeini; The popularity of the disco music genre peaked during the middle to late 1970s. Millennium: | 2nd millennium | Centuries: | 19th century – 20th century – 21st century | Decades: | 1940s 1950s 1960s – 1970s – 1980s 1990s 2000s | Years: | 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 | Categories: | Births – Deaths – ArchitectureEstablishments – Disestablishments | The 1970s, pronounced "the Nineteen Seventies", refers to a decade within the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1970,......

Words: 11872 - Pages: 48

Canada

...that Canada is one of the greatest places to live in the whole world and I feel very fortunate to be a Canadian citizen. Canada is a very diverse country, offers a safe and beautiful environment and its health care system is world renowned. About one-fifth of Canada’s current population is now home to foreign-born who has immigrated to Canada looking for better opportunities. Many of these ethnic origins include China, India, Pakistan, Spain, Jamaica, Portugal and so much more. Canada is now known as a “melting pot” as it has become a society of various ethnic groups, languages, religions and beliefs. Everyone in Canada is treated equally and fairly. The multiculturalism in Canada has ensured all citizens feel safe and proud of their origins. Canada is also one of the most beautiful places to visit in the world. Some great places to visit would include Vancouver, Toronto and not to mention, the peaceful national parks in the territories. Our environment is one of the cleanest and offers clean air and water. We also have a significantly low crime rate in Canada. For example, US’s murder rate is triple that of Canada’s. Finally, Canada has one of the best health care systems to ever exist. We are one of the few countries to offer free health care to all citizens. Canada’s government pays for all healthcare through taxes and this saves a lot of money for citizens every year. In other countries, citizens would have to pay for check-ups, surgeries, and more, but in Canada,......

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Canada

...Canada: A People’s History, Episode 17 | K/U | T | C | A | Student Mark | | | | | Possible Mark | 10 | 10 | 5 | 5 | Hard Times 1. What difficulties did the people face with the recession of the 1980s? List at least five. (A: /5) * Inflation rates increased, which caused prices to increase a lot * Unemployment rates increased * Mortgage rate increased (causing people to move out of their houses) * Industrialized world is in recession * Managements became more aggressive which lead the unions to become more intimidated and offensive than before. Solidarity 1. Inflation caused governments to cut back on social programs and civil service jobs. What did the workers call for and why? (K: /1) The workers felt outraged and then decided on a movement. People in the movement protest for democracy and wanting it now. A rapidly organized collation, known as solidarity, the movement calls for a general strike. It is the biggest social protest in British Columbia. 2. Who supported the government and why? (K: /1) Many people from the private sector support the government, like business men. 3. Who was watching the action in British Columbia and why? (K: /1) The other government watched the action in British Columbia because people will start rioting if Bill Bennet wins. The Night of Long Knives 1. What was Trudeau's goal regarding the Constitution? (K: /1) Trudeau’s goal regarding the constitution was to bring home the Canadian Constitution...

Words: 884 - Pages: 4

Canada

...The second largest country in the world, Canada has no shortage of beautiful landscapes and unique sites for travelers to explore. From coast to coast to coast, the country is home to vibrant and culturally rich cities, along with incredible natural wonders. In Western Canada, the Rocky Mountains and cities of Vancouver, Victoria, and Calgary dominate most itineraries. In Central Canada, Niagara Falls, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, and Quebec City, are some of the most popular possibilities. Awe-inspiring scenery, vibrant cities and a welcoming atmosphere all make Canada a popular tourist destination. As the largest country in North America, Canada is a vast land encompassing majestic mountains, spectacular coastlines, virgin forests, spacious prairies and Arctic tundra. Public transit is a great way for visitors to get around Toronto.  It's an easy, safe, and quick way to get around; in many cases it'll also save you a lot of money compared to renting a car and paying for expensive downtown parking. You pay a single fare for each one-way trip.  The same fare covers subways, streetcars, and buses within the City of Toronto. There are no fare "zones" to worry about.  You can transfer between routes for free as needed to reach your destination, but you'll need to pay a new fare for the return trip, or if you make a stopover (e.g. to shop, eat, or explore an area). Toronto Transit Commission (TTC)The TTC provides subway, streetcar, and bus service within the City of......

Words: 1103 - Pages: 5

Canada

...Canada Canada is often referred to as the "land of opportunity" a society where new ideas are made everyday and where people don't rely on there family's background to survive. Canada is also known for its beautiful lakes and mountains. Canada also has a large population of caribou, deer, and moose. Canada covers most of the North American continent. The second largest country in the world is Canada. (infoplease.com) (Wylie) Canada is known for it's large forests and beautiful waterfalls. The Great Lakes are the most famous lakes in Canada. There is also great bear lake one of the most largest and pristine lakes in the world. The St. Lawrence plain covers most of southern Quebec and Ontario. They are separated by a forested plateau rising from lakes superior and Huron. (Wylie) Westward toward the pacific most of British Columbia, the Yukon, and part of western Alberta are covered by parallel mountain ranges. The west coast of the forest Callaway 2 range has a lot of fjords and channels. The two main river systems in Canada are the Mackenzie and the St. Lawrence. The worlds most northerly sand dunes are in Athabasca Provincial park in northwest Saskatchewan. (Wylie) (McAdam) Canada has more lakes than any other country combined. 2.4 million caribou live in Canada. Thirty one percent of Canada is taken up by forests. The longest coastline in the world is located in Canada. Twenty percent of the worlds freshwater is in Canada. The biggest tides in the......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3

Feminism in the 1970s

...Aviva Hurvitz 24 November 2015 Feminism and the Media Representation of Women in the 1970’s Major social change happens when enough people strongly believe in it. The media influences public opinion and thus has the ability to support or destroy these social change movements. In the 1970’s, the second wave feminist movement was attempting to create wide spread social change. Its leading organization, the National Organization for Women (NOW), was focused on dismantling workplace inequality, such as denial of access to better jobs and salary inequity, and protecting women’s rights, such as stopping domestic violence. They attempted to do this through creating legislation and changing public opinion. The media’s representation of women overall at this time counteracted these goals. By creating a derogatory picture of the “feminist”, the media made her unsympathetic to the public. Rather than creating support for the core goals of the feminist movement, the media focused on more controversial topics, specifically gay rights. This negative media coverage of the women’s movement hurt its ability to implement meaningful legislation, such as the Equal Rights Amendment. The way in which print media degraded women, demonized feminists, and connected feminism to controversial topics damaged the progress of second wave feminism in the 1970’s. The definition of a feminist is a person who believes in the social, economic, and political equality of the sexes (Miriam......

Words: 2871 - Pages: 12

Canada

...Background Canada was a simple solution for me, easily because I'm a recluse and I haven’t been outside of the United States. Being so geographically close to the United States, it comes as an easy choice and the language barrier is obsolete which makes transitioning easier. Geographically, Canada sits right above and next to the United States with Greenland and Iceland flanking it's eastern borders. I wanted to do business with a country that has the same ideology as myself while not having a language barrier. I'd have to say, being able to speak English without a translator is a major plus. The other main language of Canada is French which is mostly spoken in Quebec. According to Google public data, Canada has a little over 35 Million living people. Canada has a multitude of great cities: Toronto, Montreal, Calgary, Ottawa, Vancouver and Edmonton and funny enough, these cities all have teams in the National Hockey League. Speaking of Hockey, Hockey is to Canada as Rugby is to Australia. It is their pride and passion. Canada doesn't have states like the U.S. they have Provinces; Ontario, Quebec, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, and New Brunswick. Their prime minister is Stephen Harper and the best thing about Canada, free health care for all. Canada has a high quality of life. Their people are cared for with national health care and they try and stay out of wars, as much as possible. Obviously it snows more the......

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Canada

...Canada From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search For other uses, see Canada (disambiguation). Page semi-protected Canada Vertical triband (red, white, red) with a red maple leaf in the centre A shield divided into four rectangles over a triangle. The first rectangle contains three lions passant guardant in gold on red; the second, a red lion rampant on gold; the third, a gold harp on blue; the fourth, three gold fleurs-de-lis on blue. The triangle contains three red maple leaves on a white background. A gold helmet sits on top of the shield, upon which is a crowned lion holding a red maple leaf. On the right is a lion rampant flying the Union Flag. On the left is a unicorn flying a fleurs-de-lis flag. A red ribbon around the shield says "desiderantes meliorem patriam". Below is a blue scroll inscribed "A mari usque ad mare" on a wreath of flowers. Flag Coat of arms Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Latin) "From Sea to Sea" Anthem: "O Canada" Royal anthem: "God Save the Queen"[1][2] Projection of North America with Canada in green Capital Ottawa 45°24′N 75°40′W Largest city Toronto Official language(s) English and French Recognised regional languages Chipewyan, Cree, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, Slavey (North and South) and Tłįchǫ[3] Demonym Canadian Government Federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy[4] - Monarch Elizabeth II - Governor General David Johnston - Prime Minister......

Words: 14190 - Pages: 57

Keith Jarrett, Gary Peacock, Jack DeJohnette - Changes (2015) [24-192 HD FLAC] | Wege zum Glück Spuren im sand | 近距离击杀 2018 WEB-DL 720P X264 AAC CHS 17 минут