Cardiovascular Disease

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Cardiovascular Disease Information
Marissa Leigh Estes
HCA 240
Friday, May 18, 2012
Lisa Stewart

Cardiovascular Disease Information
The most common cause of Cardiovascular Disease is called Atherosclerosis or “hardening of the arteries”. Atherosclerosis occurs when plaque builds up in your arteries and slows or stops the flow of blood to your heart. Atherosclerosis is most often caused by unhealthy eating habits, poor or no exercise, being overweight and smoking. Some other causes of heart disease are high blood pressure, congenital heart defects, excessive alcohol consumption, drug abuse and even stress.
There is a laundry list of symptoms associated with Cardiovascular Disease. Chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, dizziness, syncope, and fatigue are symptoms that almost every type of cardiovascular disease has in in common. Symptoms like swelling of the extremeties or abdomen, fast heart rate (tachycardia), slow heart rate (bradycardia), fever, dry cough, skin rashes, breathlessness and/or cyanosis can also be indicators of different types of heart disease such as heart defects, cardiomyopathy, heart infections, congestive heart failure (CHF), stroke, heart attack, arrhythmias and heart valve problems.
While every patient is different, there are certain treatments or preventative measures that are prescribed for people with cardiovascular disease. Lifestyle changes like starting an exercise regimen, diet changes, and quitting smoking or drinking are the most common changes a person can make to help decrease their risk of CVD or prevent future damage if they have already suffered a form of heart disease. Diet changes may include cutting down or getting rid of salt in the diet. Exercising may be something as simple as walking a few times a day. Quitting smoking and cutting down on alcohol consumption can really make a huge effect in decreasing the…...

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