Challenges for International Human Resource Managers

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Jasber
Words 2747
Pages 11
International human resource management (IHRM) is concerned with identifying and understanding how multinational organisations (MNC’s) manage their geographically dispersed workforce in order to sustain their competitive advantage. Literature shows that globalisation has brought about new challenges and increased complexity for human resource (HR) directors in managing organisational systems in areas of recruitment and selection and training and development (Kayworth and Leidner, 2000; Selmer, 2001; O’Leary, Cummings, 2002). Geographical dispersion has created trends correlated with several challenges IHR managers face when dealing with the global environment. These include issues associated with the Internet, time zones and employee isolation. Being in contact with different geographic locations leads IHR managers to do business with employees of different nationalities and cultures. The challenge for IHR managers is to avoid culture clashes and adequately prepare unit members, specifically expatriates, on adapting in a foreign environment (Tung, 1987; Selmer, 2001; Chauh, Hoffman, Jones and Williams, 2007). This essay will discuss these challenges in relation to IHR directors designing recruitment and selection processes and training and development programs. The essay will also describe briefly the challenges IHRM come across as a result of pressure to rationalise and differentiate their operations, and explain how these challenges prove IHRM to be more complicated than the domestic human resource management (HRM) of large firms.

While geographic dispersion is not a new concept it is growing in importance as new trends make it more practical for a team’s configuration to consist of members in different sites unbound by the distances between them (O’Leary, Cummings, 2002). Being geographically dispersed has several benefits such as having access to a larger…...

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