Chartres Cathedral

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jack53
Words 417
Pages 2
After doing research on wine production and consumption at Chartres, I found many correlations between the political, social, cultural, and artistic environments that supported and enabled the building of Chartres Cathedral. Wine production and consumption was a crucial part of the culture during and after the building of Chartres Cathedral. Like today’s culture, wine is a substantial part of everyday life. Whether it was used as a form of payment, or simply to enjoy the celebrations and company of others, wine played a great role in medieval France at Chartres Cathedral. The geography of Chartres was practical for vinification. Vineyards surrounded Chartres Cathedral. They stretched the vast slopes of valleys and banks of rivers. The population of Chartres was approximately seven thousand people. In the eleventh-century, there were many vines planted around Chartres and presses were installed which greatly expanded the wine consumption and production. Because of this growth in production, many pilgrims and various travelers were attracted to taste the local wines. The older plots where wine was being made produced better wines than the newer plots because they had a better selection of the geographic location of where the wine was being made.
The church heavily affected the wine production and consumption during Chartres. Religious figures were highly praised in the time of Chartres and the bishop had the finest plot of land for a vineyard in the region. The bishop monopolized the wine market He often gave small portions of wine to his household staff as a form of gratitude and payment. The majority of the wine that was produced in vineyards around Chartres was consumed locally. Wine was a part of everyday life. Not only was it used as part of a meal, wine was often used as a form of payment for workers. In order to keep their land, farmers would pay their local…...

Similar Documents

The Gothic Cathedral

...The Gothic Cathedral Unit 3 AIU Online The Gothic Cathedral’s In 1163 was when Notre Dame Cathedral also known as Cathedrale Notre-Dame de Paris, “Our Lady of Paris”, was first started to build. The beautiful cathedral was mostly completed in 1250. Many different architects worked on the site, this would explain the different styles types and different heights of the west front and towers. The towers were finished in 1245 and the entire cathedral was finally finished around 1345. The building of the cathedral retells the stories from the Bible with its portals, stained glass and paintings. The sculpture and stained glass plays an important role of the French Gothic architecture. The enlarged round openings instead of normal arcades could be seen from the outside as a high Gothic style. The Eiffel tower is a popular monument in France but nothing like the Notre Dame Cathedral. With more than 13 million visitors each year, The Notre Dame Cathedral is one of the most popular monuments in Paris, even in all of France. Still to this day the Catholic Church is active and the cathedral plays a significance role in religious events. Before leaving for holy wars the crusaders would stop at the Notre Dame de Paris and pray. The Notre Dame de Paris has had an eventful history. The statues of the Saints on the west front were above the portals; they were mistaken for kings and taken down. Eugene Emmanuel Violett-le-Duc and Jean-Baptgiste-Antoine Lassus started the......

Words: 782 - Pages: 4

Cathedral

...Cathedral There are three major characters in this short story. Two of which stay unnamed throughout the story, the husband and the wife. The third character is a middle-aged blind man named Robert. He is an old friend and previous employer of the wife. It has been ten years since they had seen each other in person, but they kept in consistent contact by sending each other recorded messages on tapes. When Robert’s wife Beulah passes his old employee, the young wife, more than happily opens her home to him. “Cathedral” takes place in the household of the husband and wife. The wife’s old friend comes to visit and he stays the night after a lot of traveling for his wife’s funeral. The husband is uneasy about Robert staying in their home, not because he is a stranger to him but mainly because he is blind. He arrives just before dinner. They have a few drinks, eat, and return again to the living room to continue drinking. Robert and the wife talk for a while about events that have occurred in the past ten years they have been apart. The husband intentionally being rude turns on the television. This story seems to be set in the mid 1940’s or 1950’s. This is evident because the husband asks Robert if he has one. “My dear, I have two TVs. I have a color set and a black-and-white thing,” says Robert, and he can somehow tell that the television they are watching is a color set. The majority of “Cathedral” occurs in the living room. Hours pass and the wife falls......

Words: 1177 - Pages: 5

Cathedral

...Diane Perry Response Paper 1 Inside a Box Raymond Carver’s the “Cathedral” takes place in somewhere upstate New York with an estimated time frame of a setting of late 1960’s to early 1070’s. The clues of how Robert should travel while coming and going passed the Hudson, should offer the reader a clue where the setting takes place. (Carver 109)The references in the story with a color television set, terms used in the text, the use of cassette tapes, and the use of marijuana would give the reader the impression of the timing of the story. The setting would appear to be a small town which symbolizes the thinking at that time and why the husband thinks the way he does throughout the story. References to traditional marriages, non- mixing of races during this time as well give the reader clues as to the importance of setting. Living in upstate New York would indicate that it was a small working town which correlates with the husband having the small town perception of something that is not the norm for him. In this story, Carver tells how a husband’s comfort zone, narrow-mindedness, and the ability to change how he communicates effectively will change throughout this story with a single, closely personal mind opening event. The clues in the story definitely show that the husband's character is very narrow- minded when it comes to something out of his comfort zone. He judges things without exploring or opening his mind he makes snap......

Words: 1407 - Pages: 6

Chartres Cathedral: Entering Through the Central Portal

...Chartres Cathedral: Entering Through the Central Portal As I enter through the central portal, I walk towards the apse. My journey begins entering the central portal which is the Last Judgment day of Christ, Mary and John, as well as scene of the Procession of the Chosen and the Damned. Central portal itself is a stained glass clerestory that is 4 lancet windows, a rose window and a clerestory gallery which is surrounded by turrets and dominated by a gable. The lateral portals are open by two towers which do not exceed the height of the cathedral. First thing that seen on your towards the apse. Main portals is located in the south transept contains three portals housed by a deep porch; the central portal is one of them. Central portal happens to be one of the three portals known collectively as the Royal Portal. There are two other portals which are the North and South Towers. The central portal happens to be larger than the other two portals. There are six architectural features of the Chartres cathedral building which are grouped into three different parts. The gargoyles was include, the nave, the transepts, the flying buttresses, pillars and stained glass windows. As I continue the tour after I see amazing stained glass windows, coming up to the next set of architectural features there was the gargoyles up in the North Tower located in Royal Portal of the Chartres Cathedral. As it was said before, the central portal primarily theme focuses on the last judgment and......

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Cathedral

..."Cathedral," written by Raymond Carver, is about a person who is blind and is a friend of narrator’s wife. His name is Robert. Robert is going to meet narrator’s wife, who is his friend, after his wife’s death. The narrator feels unhappy that his wife’s friend is coming to their house to spend the night. His wife has gone to pick the blind person from the train station while the narrator stays at home. When his wife arrives at home, he sees from the window and feels bad because his wife is laughing with Robert and hugging him on her arm. Robert and the narrator’s wife have worked at the same office before their marriage. She worked as the reader for Robert. She tells her husband that at the last day of her office Robert touched her face, and she wrote a poem about her experience. The narrator’s wife and blind man keep in touch with each other by sending the tape back and forth. After Robert reaches their home narrator’s wife introduces him with her husband. The narrator asks his wife to take Robert for bowling, but she feels upset and tells her husband about Robert’s wife Beulah who died recently. She tells the narrator that Beulah was also working for blind man before she got married with him. The narrator thinks how awful it must have been for Beulah to know that her husband could never look at her. They have the dinner and have conversation about Robert’s trip. The narrator finds the blind man weird because he has not put on his glasses. They watch television and see the......

Words: 1030 - Pages: 5

1. Chartres Cathedral: Entering Through the Central Portal

...1. Chartres Cathedral: Entering Through the Central Portal As we are entering the Chartres cathedral through the central portal, we want to reach our destination of the apse. Our tour begins as we enter the central portal which represents the Last Judgment with Christ, Mary and John, as well as scenes depicting the Procession of the Chosen and the Damned. The central portal itself is surmounted by a stained glass clerestory that are 4 lancet windows, a rose window and a clerestory gallery surrounded by turrets and dominated by a gable. The lateral portals are topped by two open towers which do not exceed the height of the cathedral. This is the first thing we see on our tour to the apse. These are the main portals that are located in the south transept which contains three portals housed by a deep porch; the central portal being one of them. The central portal is one of the three portals known collectively as the Royal Portal. There are two other portals which are known as the North and South Towers. However, the central portal is slightly a bit larger than the other two portals. Another known fact is there are six architectural features of the Chartres cathedral building which are grouped into three different parts. They include the gargoyles, the nave, the transepts, the flying buttresses, pillars and stained glass windows. We continue our tour after we see amazing stained glass windows, coming up to the next set of architectural features we see the gargoyles up in the......

Words: 307 - Pages: 2

Comparison and Contrast of Two Gothic Cathedrals

... Abstract This paper is going to comparing and contrasting the two Gothic Cathedrals Art Works from different times so as to lay out the key differences in their styles, time, societies and characteristics. Difference and similarities of the two artists’ stylistic will also be highlighting with their ideas, thought patterns and relativity according to the society which they belong. Thesis Statement This paper aims to explain various differences between the three designers and the painters the two Gothic Cathedrals. The artwork design and their work occur at the different times. The paper is strive to explain and detail the more about the works of art being done by three Artist and how they are importance to the society they belong, their stylistic and cultural significance, and how they act as windows into the era to which they belong. Introduction The paper is going to explain and discuss the two Gothic cathedrals the Notre Dame de Chartres cathedral and the Bourges cathedral. Both cathedrals have very beautiful structure and they were located at two different places. The Notre Dame de Chartres cathedral was built in France between 1145 and 1513 and it is also the Gothic architecture. Another Gothic cathedral architecture is the Bourges and it is located in Bourges France .the Gothic architecture Style is one of the most beautiful works of art the man had ever made. The Gothic cathedral was originated from the Romanesque building architecture style which lasted...

Words: 940 - Pages: 4

Cathedral

...Cathedral It is an ongoing problem that people are narrow-minded and have preconceptions. It does no one good and is an obstacle in your everyday life. By closing your eyes, the other senses, like feeling, hearing and smelling, tune in and take over. A lot can be learned from these senses and new truths can be unrevealed. In the short story Cathedral, the main character stops his prejudices and sees a new truth. The short story Cathedral takes place in the 1990s in a married couple’s house in New York, America. The narrator of the story is the husband. The short story is told as from a first persons point of view. The narrator introduces both his wife and their guest, the blind man. The only information we get about the husband comes from his actions and thoughts. They let us know how he thinks a blind man should act “My idea of blindness came from the movies. In the movies, the blind man moved slowly and never laughed. Sometimes they were led by seeing-eye dogs.” From these thoughts we learn about the narrator’s prejudice and preconceptions. The husband has a lack of sympathy for their guest who is blind and has lost his wife. Through most of the story, the narrator refers to Robert as “the blind man”. This indicates that the narrator don’t see him as a normal human being, but only as a disabled man. Robert, the blind man, is in his late 40s. He is muscular, bald, has a beard and is spiffy. To much regret for the husband, Robert doesn’t wear sunglasses “But he didn’t......

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

Cathedral

...Cathedral I did not care for the narrator of this story at all! The way he told the story was very irritating and made it hard for me to become interested. I had to read back over many paragraphs to comprehend what was going on. He could have put five of his short sentences that said the same thing over and over again, into one sentence. To me the narrator seemed simple minded. There was a couple moments only a sentence or two where he made me think the story was going to become easier to read, but it did not. In a way I do pity him, because his sentences consisting of only a few words and the way he would say the same sentence over, just switching the words a little made it seem to me that the narrator did not know how to speak correctly. The narrator seemed almost resentful about Robert coming to visit. He came across very rude and non-supporting of his wife, who was excited being able to see an important friend she had not seen in years. The narrator acted like being blind was a contagious and deadly disease. He did everything not to like Robert or to give him a fighting chance. Robert surprised me in the end, because after the way the narrator reacted throughout the story, in the end it was Robert who won over the narrator and gave the narrator an important life experience. Robert may be blind and could not see the narrator’s actions and facial comments, but he had to be able to feel the negative attitude the narrator had towards him. Robert just continued on,...

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Cathedral

...Cathedral In this world, it’s quite common to meet someone with a disability. In fact there are 650 million people in the world who are disabled, according to the World Health Organization. One of the main characters in “Cathedral” written by Raymond Carver, Richard, is blind. I can relate to him on a certain level because I have asthma. People with disabilities are often discriminated against, though sometimes, I believe, unintentionally. The general population of non-disabled people usually have misconceptions about disabilities because of the media and hearing about things from friends. This I what the blind man, Richard, encounters when he comes to visit the woman who used to read to him many years ago. The husband of the woman had limited knowledge about blindness that only came from what he sees in the movies. I used to get picked on because people didn’t know a lot about asthma. It is quite sad honestly, that people usually don’t take the time to learn about disabilities. The woman continually fusses at her husband about how he speaks and acts around the blind man. I, honestly, find this annoying. How is the husband supposed to learn the boundaries if she holds him back from doing anything? There is a part where the wife gives the husband a look and the husband thinks to himself “I don’t think she likes what she sees...” Personally, I think the husband is doing okay even if his knowledge of blindness is faulty. Richard is of the same opinion, I believe. He is......

Words: 440 - Pages: 2

Chartres Stained Glass

...The North Rose Window at Chartres & Its Intricate Stained Glass Story that Depicts the Importance of Christ’s Heritage from the Old Testament Although it may seem an outdated medium, stained glass is one of the most striking and intricate forms of expression. Stained glass has been one of the most powerful sources of storytelling during its extended history, especially in telling the history of Christianity in churches, cathedrals and similar notable buildings. However stained glass hadn’t been the method of communication in Christianity before the Gothic style. “The elimination of solid mural surfaces and the transformation of the Gothic building into a skeletal frame led to the ascendancy of stained glass during the twelfth century” (Bleiberg.) Not only does stained glass serve to tell remarkable stories, but it is also a significant part of the architecture. It is unlikely to find original stained glass windows that are still intact, and so it is not surprising that Chartres Cathedral, 50 miles southwest of Paris, is renowned for its well-preserved stained glass. Chartres began construction in 1194 and continued to assemble until 1250, and so the Rayonnant style remains somewhat cohesive throughout the cathedral. Chartres has three rose windows, created around 1235, which show some of the most stunning examples of high gothic intricacy and tracery. The north rose window depicts the glorification of the Virgin, and through its incredible complexity and striking......

Words: 1577 - Pages: 7

David Macaulay: Cathedral 

...David Macaulay: Cathedral  This film is an animated documentary about the building of a fictitious Catholic cathedral in 13th century France. Based on the book by David Macaulay, "Cathedral" references the real cathedrals of today, looks at the challenges of building such huge structures, given the available technology of the time, explains why they were of such importance to medieval life, and how they remain so today, 700 years later. Whenever I travel, I adore visiting cathedrals, when though I am not religious. Much of the film consists of cartoons, which I though was an interesting way to talk about such historical buildings. It's an interesting look at the incredible engineering skills and craftsmanship that went into the construction of France's famous Gothic cathedrals. "Even to our eyes, which have seen towering skyscrapers, indoor stadiums, jumbo jets and space shuttles, Gothic cathedrals still inspire awe," Macaulay says. I thought this was such an interesting way to think about why these buildings are so awe-inspiring, even though we have became so used to these things. And even more incredible than the fact that these buildings are still standing, they are still being used for their original purpose. Cathedral combines current film footage of the structures--including Notre-Dame de Paris, Chartres, Bourges and Amiens--with animated sequences illustrating how such buildings were erected. I found the animation to be a fun way to talk about these buildings,......

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

Gothic Cathedrals, Compare and Contrast Two

...Gothic Cathedrals The Gothic style has been the root for some of mankind’s most beautiful works of art. It was introduced by the Romanesque style of building. Romanesque style only lasted for nearly one hundred years before the Gothic style replaced it entirely. Abbot Suger was the founder of the Gothic style. One great form of Gothic architecture was the Notre Dame de Chartres cathedral that was built in France between 1145 and 1513. Another form is the Bourges cathedral, located in Bourges, France. Both works of art show extraordinary style and detail. Although similar in many ways, they both have different features. The Gothic style architecture began around 1145. Cathedrals styles were changing from round arches to pointed arches. Gothic cathedrals were expressions of a new age of faith that grew out of medieval Christian theology and mysticism, (Frank, Patrick). Abbot Suger was the first to create the Gothic style. He wanted to create a church to honor God by illuminating light using the stained glass. Suger believed beauty could help transform one to a heavenly world, and colored or stained glass was considered a surrogate for precious gems, (AIU Multimedia). Two cathedrals that portray Suger’s idea are the Bourges cathedral and the Notre Dame de Chartres. The Notre Dame de Chartres cathedral was constructed between 1145 and 1513 in France by architect Guy Nicot. Because it is architecture it is considered three-dimensional. The Notre Dame de......

Words: 846 - Pages: 4

Cathedral

...The story “Cathedral” by Raymond Carver is based around a narrator talking in first person about his feelings towards a relationship that his wife has with a blind man. We can extract a lot of the narrator’s emotions about the blind man, as well as the narrator’s personality because Carver uses different types of characterization. Carver’s uses first person narration as a method of revealing the narrator’s dynamic and complex characteristics. This can be seen through the use of language in the story and the change in the narrator’s perspective. Carver intentionally wrote this story in a first person point of view for the audience to grasp the complexity of the narrator’s personality through his language. When analyzing the personality of a central character, the language makes an impact on how the reader views the character. In this story, the narrator is the central character and all events, thoughts and feelings are shared directly from the narrator himself. Depending on how the passage is worded, a different personality can be inferred. For example, in the beginning of the story, the narrator has a habit of interrupting his own thoughts frequently with defensive statements and criticisms. When the narrator talks about his wife’s childhood sweetheart, he breaks in, “Why should he have a name? He was a childhood sweetheart, what more does he want?” (pg 729). A narration by a central character is essentially a thought process that readers have access to. The narrator’s......

Words: 447 - Pages: 2

The Cathedral

...“A Drastic Change in Carver’s Cathedral” “I wasn’t enthusiastic about his visit. He was no one I knew. And being blind bothered me” (Carver 184). These were some of the things the narrator made towards the blind man Robert, when hearing of his future visit to his house. In Carver’s short story “Cathedral”, the author shows a character that develops throughout the story, and this particular cathedral proves to play a big role in the theme of the story. From the very start, you could tell he was not fond of the blind man. It seemed as at the beginning, he was shallow, disconnected and insecure. By the end of the story he became more accepting of a person other than himself and proved to be a changed man, thus supporting the author’s theme that seeing is different from looking. The very first trait that can be noticed about the narrator was his shallowness. He was harshly judgmental of the blind man in quite a few ways. For one, the narrator compares him to blind people in movies, by saying “In the movies, the blind man moved slowly and never laughed” (Carver 184), and he also threw in that they usually had to be accompanied by dogs. He was totally wrong of course, because movies are different from real, and doesn’t mean every blind person is deprived of the capability to operate and move around. Another way he portrays his shallowness is by questioning the blind man’s dead wife name, Beulah. “Was his wife a negro?” (Carver 185). Knowing Robert’s wife name......

Words: 777 - Pages: 4

Tweak-SSD Pro | Watch now! | 782 Telecharger Monster High Gratuit Monster High is a doll line and media franchise produced by Mattel. The web series, TV specials and full-length movies form part...