China Saper Threat

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sapper357
Words 793
Pages 4
Weak USA Cyber Policy vs China’s Security Threat to the USA?

Abstract

A cyber spy network based mainly in China hacked into classified documents from government and private organizations. One of the biggest questions still remains unanswered. Should the U.S. Congress conduct an in depth assessment of Chinese cyber spying and consider imposing tougher penalties on companies that benefit from industrial espionage. In this paper I will review china’s cyber threat and possible USA solutions to protect against the threat.

Could Weak USA Cyber Policy be the cause of China’s Security Threat?
U.S. corporations and cyber security specialists have reported an daily attack of computer network intrusions originating from China. Of the seven cases that were adjudicated under the Economic Espionage Act in 2010, six involved a link to China. U.S. corporations and cyber security specialists have reported a huge increase of computer network intrusions originating from China. Some of these reports have alleged a Chinese corporate or government sponsor of the activity, but the U.S. intelligence community has not been able to confirm these reports. In a study released in February, McAfee attributed an intrusion attempt they labeled Night Dragon to a Chinese Internet Protocol (IP) address and indicated the intruders stole data from the computer systems of petrochemical companies (Minnick, W. 11 Dec, 2011).”
So could the problem be U.S. Cyber policy? I believe congressional committees should conduct an in depth assessment of Chinese cyber espionage practices and their implications, then report the findings to the public so all will be aware. In reviewing the analysis of the commission findings; Congress also should conduct a review of existing legal penalties for companies found to engage in, or benefit from, industrial espionage. To address this threat, federal…...

Similar Documents

China Threat' Theory Is Absurd

...Op-Ed Contributors 'China threat' theory is absurd By Li Yang (China Daily) Updated: 2010-09-02 08:52  Comments(44) PrintMail | | Large MediumSmall | As the sleeping dragon awoke toward the end of the last century, the West felt uneasy. And when it took off on the road to rapid economic development, the West's unease began turning into fear, giving rise to the "China threat" theory which is bandied about so rampantly across the world today. Is there any justification behind this theory? China Daily put this question to Liu Xiaoying, a professor at the Communication Research Institute of Communication University of China. In short, Liu's answer is "no". But he prefers to delve deep into the reasons behind, what he says is, the unjustified fear gripping the West. Some people try to attribute the country's economic rise to "China's development model", Liu says, building an insurmountable barrier between the East and West, between antiquity and modernity. "China is just regaining its long lost right to have its say in world affairs. Harmonious coexistence of countries entails diverse views, not a hegemonic monopoly which presumptuously claims to speak for all the countries." The fact is that the Chinese leadership has too many domestic problems to solve and doesn't have the time to pose a threat to other countries or regions. Historically, the rise of a country has created controversies and raised the concern of its neighbors and, above all, the existing powers. It's natural......

Words: 990 - Pages: 4

China

...hardship, and the Chinese economy is set to surpass the U.S.’s before the end of this decade, China looms very large on the horizon. A U.S. intelligence report stated that China's economy is likely to surpass the U.S. in less than two decades while Asia will overtake North America and Europe combined in global power by 2030. Modern China’s rise to world economic power, like its predecessor from 1100 to 1800, is based on its enormous productive capacity. China’s rush to economic development is beautifully depicted in the documentary, “Last Train Home.” Trade and investment was governed by a policy of strict noninterference in the internal relations of its trading partners. Unlike the U.S., China did not initiate brutal wars for oil; instead it signed lucrative contracts. Also, China does not fight wars in the interest of overseas Chinese, as the U.S. has done in the Middle East for Israel. China’s sustained growth in its manufacturing sector was a result of highly concentrated public investments, high profits, technological innovations, and a protected domestic market. While foreign capital profited, it was always within the framework of the Chinese state’s priorities and regulations. The regime’s dynamic export strategy led to huge trade surpluses, which eventually made China one of the world’s largest creditors, especially for U.S. debt. In order to maintain its dynamic industries, China has acquired huge inflows of raw materials, resulting in large scale overseas......

Words: 1357 - Pages: 6

China

...1. Intro In recent years, discussions between the governments of China and the United States have centered on each country’s external imbalances, large trade surpluses for China and deficits for the United States, and the need for structural reforms to achieve more sustainable patterns of growth in future years. This paper argues that reductions in external imbalances suggest that some restructuring has occurred. However, a more detailed examination of economic developments within each country offers less basis for optimism. China has experienced a large appreciation of its real exchange rate and an external surplus less than half that of the years preceding the global recession. However, the domestic counterpart has been even-higher rates of investment as opposed to lower rates of saving and a more sustainable growth of public and private consumption. For the United States, a reduction in the external deficit has been associated with an extreme contraction of domestic investment rather than increased saving. It is noteworthy that the economic trade between the two countries has become even more unbalanced than in the years before the recession, and the bilateral deficit now accounts for two-thirds of the U.S. global current account deficit. The concluding section argues that further reduction in the trade deficit through the expansion of U.S. exporting capabilities is critical to its future performance. The section discusses policy changes that would slow the process......

Words: 6060 - Pages: 25

It to China

...outsourcing information technology to China. It will take a look at the benefits, challenges and risks faced when a company makes the decision to outsource their information technology functions to China. As globalization accelerates and competition intensifies, outsourcing has become a strategic solution for many corporations and governments around the world. More companies are outsourcing their goods and services to other countries. It has become a way for many companies to gain cost savings, increase productivity by outsourcing their information technology goods and services. Outsourcing of information technology services is one area that companies are taking more and more advantage of. Companies that outsource see increase productivity and quality improvement in their information technology services. China is starting to make advancements in their information technology outsourcing services, in the goal of one day being the number leader in this outsourcing area. Outsourcing Information Technology to China The world of outsourcing continues to grow with different goods and services being sent to other countries. Outsourcing of goods and services has been around for some time now. According to Patterson, Gott & King (2011), “IT and BPO offshoring are early manifestations of a larger trend that, in the long run, means that more functions can and will be located outside the countries where end-customers reside” (p. 5). “China has long been the world’s......

Words: 2560 - Pages: 11

China

...CHINA • Official name: People’s Republic of China • Capital: Beijing • Currency: Renminbi • Population: 1.35 billion • Government: Communist • Language: Mandarin HISTORY • Third largest country in the world in terms of area and population • Official Name: People’s Republic of China (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo) • Republic was established in 1949 • The name CHINA is probably derived from the Qin (Ch’in) dynasty (206-221 BC) which first unified the nation • Chinese used the name Zhonggua (Chung-kuo) which means middle country with their belief that China is in the middle of the world • China is divided into 23 provinces and 5 autonomous regions • China’s written history began during the Shang Dynasty • In 1921. the long civil war between the ruling nationalists or Kuomintang, led by the Chiang Kaishek, and the communists led by Mao Zedong (Mao Tse –Tung) RELEVANT FACTS • One in every five people in the world is Chinese. China’s population is estimated to reach a whopping 1,338,612,968 by July 2009. China’s population is four times that of the United States. • Red symbolizes happiness for the Chinese and is commonly used at Chinese festivals and other happy occasions such as birthdays and weddings • China’s “one child” policy has contributed to female infanticide and has created a significant gender imbalance. There are currently 32 million more boys than girls in China. In the future, tens of millions of men will be unable to find wives,......

Words: 913 - Pages: 4

Rapidly Rising Wages and Incomes- Threat or Opportunity to Western Businesses Wanting to Succeed in China?

...rising wages and incomes in China represent an opportunity or threat for western businesses wanting to succeed in china? With a growth rate of 7.7% China is a rapidly growing country that has not only the second largest economy in the world, after the united states of America, but a vastly developing country that has a major influence on the rest of the world, especially more developed countries such as the US and the UK. It has a population of 1.4 billion people, soon to be 1 billion in urbanised areas that provide an abundance of consumers for new markets and therefore making it a major player in multinational cooperation’s targets for growth and profit. In the past Chinas geography and low cost factor have meant that many Western businesses have not only expanded into China and its markets but set up manufacturing bases in many of the coastal provinces and near big cities such as Shanghai. In 2009, 153 of the largest 200 exporters in China were firms with a foreign stake. The advantages of low cost manufacturing that is vital to many western businesses to succeed however may be coming to an end. Wage levels in China have increased continually over the last two decades as the economy developed and also from a variety of factors including to an aging population, social pressure and consequently the pressure on multinational corporations who operate within china. These wage increases and therefore rising incomes both offer the opportunity and threat for western businesses......

Words: 1406 - Pages: 6

Plague, Is It a Threat

...ESSAY TOPIC: Plague, is it still a threat?  History  Aetiologgy and treatment  Plague in the modern world Abstract The plague is a communicable disease, having a high mortality rate without treatment. There are three huge pandemics in history with millions of deaths occurring. The first pandemic occurred around the year 541AD and was called “plague of Justinian”, the second pandemic “Black Death” occurred in 14th century, and the third epidemic resulted in China around the 1860s. There are three main types of plague such as bubonic plague, septicaemic plague and primary pneumonic plague, with each type of the plague; the antibiotics are the most important method of treatment for plague currently. The Yersinia pestis, as the causative agent of plague, is a Gram-negative bacillus in the bacterial family. This disease is transmitted by the biting of fleas, which occur in some animals such as the rats, rabbits and dogs. Early detection, reporting, isolating and early treatment are very important in preventing huge scales of the plague’s happening. People should take more precautions to prevent plague from infection. Today, this infectious disease is still a threat for people around the world, especially in Africa, Asia and South American countries. “Plague or its cause, Y. pestis, has been used by humans as a weapon (bioterrorist weapon) against other humans for centuries, including this current time”(Nettleman, 2012). The plague is an infectious bacterial disease,......

Words: 1644 - Pages: 7

China

...[pic] A2 Business Studies Pre-Release Research Task ‘Development in Emerging Markets: China’ Learner Name: _____________________________ Preparing for A2 Business The Unit 3 examination Strategies for success • 25% of A level • 1 hour 45 minutes exam • 80 marks • The exam is case study based and comprises one 10 mark calculation question, two 18 mark evaluation questions and one 34 mark report. The Unit 4 examination The Business Environment and Managing Change • 25% of A level • 1 hour 45 minutes exam • 80 marks • Section A: Pre-release research tasks leading to a 40 mark essay • Section B: Choice of 3 essays, one must be chosen for 40 marks • This unit is synoptic – this means that it pulls together all the material from the entire AS and A2 specification. There are two key additional elements of preparation for this paper: Complete the research task The research task is designed to enable you to investigate in detail a small part of the Unit 4 specification. The research brief will give you precise guidance on the tasks to complete. Do not make too much of this task and extend your research beyond what is asked. Do, however, relate your research to a variety of large businesses producing goods and services and operating in different markets. Read widely about business You should read newspapers, magazines, and books, watch television and surf the internet for......

Words: 6232 - Pages: 25

Threats

...Threats of new entrants The threats of new entrants could recognized low due to several fact: The size of economies of scale and its main competitors,are very large. They have strong market power and capital to maintain their value. For the company, it has more than million servers located around the world to provide searching services to customers and obtain information from customers. Therefore, they understand the customer’s habits. Its main competitors are also not lag behind to improving their searching engines servers. It have high brand loyalty of users and it is famous that one of the strongest brand recognitions in the world. However, the switching cost is low. For users, other search engines were literally one click away. The barrier of entry is high so that if a new entrant would like to earner internet industry and would get successfully, it needs to have Sufficient of capital and technology that provide a better searching engine, and also must overcome the brand loyalty. Threats of exiting rivalry The threats of exiting rivalry have two parts, searching engines and advertising. For searching engines, the threats of exiting rivalry are low. The company have obviously competitive advantage. Its searching engines provide the best searching result and the fastest searching speed in the industry. But the good performance of searching engines is in order to acquire more advertisement that place at its website. It is not a only way for advertiser to place......

Words: 495 - Pages: 2

China

...sckscm dkcsdkfcjcnsejcnjThe Great Wall Of China Research Paper Sample The Great Wall of China Research Paper Introduction The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest historical monuments that people inherited from the ancient epoch. Some elements of the Great Wall of China, built hundreds of years ago, still exist and attract millions of tourists. The question concerning the reasons for the creation such a huge construction still remains unanswered. Nowadays, it is only possible to suggest different theories and presuppositions concerning the creation of the Great Wall, but it is very difficult to give a definite answer to the question of the reasons for its creation. However, specialists (Waldron and Barfield) agree that the construction of the Great Wall of China was particularly intensive during the Ming dynasty and they emphasize that the Wall did not really had its strategic defensive significance but they rather indicate to the foreign relationships of China and Mongols as one of the major factor that defined the policy of the Ming court at the epoch. But the positions of Waldron and Barfield, in spite of seeming similarities, differ consistently since Thomas Barfield rather gives us a model for the long-term trends, history is actually made in real time, by specific persons with specific arguments. Only Arthur Waldron’s detailed picture of the policy paralysis at the Ming court offers a convincing case of why the Great Wall of China was built. Waldron’s view......

Words: 1934 - Pages: 8

China

...China’s Peaceful Rise to Dominance The current state of the globe has seen many changes in the past few decades. The global political structures have shifted and turned to provide a new landscape where substantial evolution has and will continue to occur. The purpose of this essay is to argue and prove that China will rise to power in a peaceful manner throughout the 21st century. This paper will first explain the current situation, which has left China in position to become a global leader as the new century unfolds. The essay will also examine military, economic and social issues that may positively contribute to this change and lead this Asian country to a new significant posture within the geo-political realm of international relations. The Rise of China towards the 21st Century Technology and communication improvements have changed the world for good. With new developments in these areas, the world has become much smaller and navigable in many ways when discussing China and their current rise to global prominence in recent times. The end of the Cold War which saw a bipolar world develop into a unipolar world has created opportunity for other powerful nations to step in and play a key role in global events that are unfolding. China’s massive population and natural resources have continued to organize and be directed towards more powerful means. Chinese leaders have seen this coming for years as the country began opening up to global interests in the 1970’s. As......

Words: 1363 - Pages: 6

China

...exports following the removal of quotas in January. In some categories, imports from China were several hundred per cent higher than in the previous year. In the US, politicians and trade unions blamed China for the loss of 380,000 jobs in the textile and garment industries since January 2001, a third of its employees. In Europe, garment and textile centres that had existed for hundreds of years found themselves under threat. In the developing world, country after country feared that China’s emergence would cripple its own garment and textile industries. Garments and textiles reflected a much wider trend. In one labour-intensive industry after another, the “China price” seemed impossible to match. China had become a dominant producer in garments, textiles, footwear, travel goods, leather goods, plastic products, bicycles, simple housewares, pens and pencils, cutlery, radios, phones, computers, DVD players, shipping containers, and many other products. In the US, China was viewed as a major reason for the loss of 2.7 million manufacturing jobs from 2001 to 2004.1 More than 300,000 were reported to have lost jobs in Mexico’s factories due to competition from China. China had supplanted Japan as the world’s third largest exporter in 2004 with US$593 billion (an 82% increase over two years). The US had run a record trade deficit with China of US$162 billion in 2004.2 And what was more, China appeared to be entering more advanced products, such as auto parts,......

Words: 11957 - Pages: 48

China Threat Theory

...China Threat Theory Rising China: a security threat to the West? Abstract The rising China into the world stage has paved the way to the China threat theory. The China threat theory claims that China will soon disrupt the status quo in the world that has been dictated for decades by the Western nations like United States, United Kingdom and France. Especially the United States will not easily give up or relinquish their position as hegemon. The perceived threat of a rising China; especially when there are several publications of books, articles and anti-China bashing blogs that helps to exacerbate these fears. China’s increase in soft power and hard power does not mean it is a threat to the global security; China’s development and their economic growth relies on peaceful relations with the West because China needs access to their domestic markets. The main reason why China is considered to be a threat to the West is because they cannot maintain their domination on the world stage, and has to make room for developing nations like the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). Yet China simply wants to develop and increase the living standards of its people, and no desire of aggressive military actions. Thus, the foundation of why China is still been seen as a threat will be explored but the conception will be dismissed because as a growing superpower these steps are logical and any country that is in the same situation as China now will simply...

Words: 1324 - Pages: 6

China

...CHINA: Economic Analysis TOWS of China: China Threats: • Strikes Against Multinational Companies • Allegations of Currency Manipulation • Aging population China Opportunities: • Consumption Boom in China • Instant Translation of Web Pages • Enforcement of intellectual property rights China Weaknesses: • Population • Weakness of economy • Academic and Scientific Misconduct in China • Regulation of gas prices • Corruption in developing country • Country is creating political risk • Air pollution China Strengths: • Stable infrastructure • Chinese influence in Africa • Natural resources • Polluted water supply INTRODUCTION Although there are many points outlined within the TOWS. There are only several, which are most apparent, and significant that will be discussed. A few competitive advantages a Multinational Corporation will benefit from would be some of China’s strengths, which are; infrastructure and telecommunication, and it’s influence on Africa. Some issues a Multinational Corporation may run into would be among the labor force. There are many solutions that China is already headed toward in response to the main issue of human labor. Most of which will benefit a potential Multinational Corporation and China’s......

Words: 1972 - Pages: 8

Threats

...20 THREATS 1 Since this is a pioneering, people might find it unusual to use a toothpaste in a chewable form. 2 Another challenge would be convincing the traditional toothbrush users to buy the product. 3 The biggest competitor would be the chewing gum companies. 4 There is a high potential that consumers will not use this product as a substitute product for toothpaste. 5 Possibility of slow market growth. 6 Possibility of product being a “fad” in the market. 7 The challenge of being universally accepted in the marketplace. 8 Once it enters the market, it can be easily duplicated. 9 There could be a low customer demand. 10 It would be difficult to penetrate the competitive market. 11 Doctors may still recommend toothpaste as the number one solution for oral treatment. 12 The need to have the positioning of product in the minds of the consumers would be hard to achieve. 13 Mouthwash companies can also be seen as one of the competitors. 14 Customers might not find the same satisfaction they get from tooth brushing. 15 The changing needs of the consumers are inevitable. 16 As a developing company, it requires a huge amount of effort to market the product. 17 The increasing number of counterfeits. 18 There could be a seldom buying in this product since people are used to brushing teeth. 19 Consumers especially generation X may perceived that it may cause cavity because of being a gum type. 20 It may be difficult for the company to achieve its desired...

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Romantica Clock | Scott McLean | مشاهدة وتحميل فيلم Fantastic Beasts 2 2018 اونلاين