Chinese During the Australian Gold Rusk

In: Historical Events

Submitted By lt006894
Words 1035
Pages 5
2.6
THE CHINESE AT THE ‘NEW GOLDFIELDS’
Miners who came from the Guangzhou region of southern China called the Australian goldfields Tsin Chin Shan. It meant ‘the new goldfields’. The Chinese were often resented and distrusted. They looked different, with their long pigtails, wooden-soled shoes and wide-brimmed straw hats. They ate different food, had different customs and spoke Cantonese, a very different language. The Chinese carried everything to the goldfields across their shoulders on long bamboo poles.

Source 2.6.3
Report from the Victorian Legislative Council, 1856–57 Ninety-nine-hundredths of their race are pagans, and addicted to vices of a greatly immoral character. They feel bound to state that the presence of such a large number of their class in the midst of our great centres of population must necessarily have a most destructive effect upon that portion of the rising generation with which they most frequently come in contact.
Victorian Legislative Council, Report of the Select Committee on Chinese Immigration, Votes and Proceedings, 1856–57, pp. 853–4.

Source 2.6.1

Chinese on the way to the goldfields. Off to the Diggings — Flemington Near Melbourne (Reproduced from How to Farm and Settle in Australia by Samuel Charles Brees)

Source 2.6.2
Letter from a miner, Antoine Fauchery, on Chinese miners They lived in their own camps often quite isolated from those of Europeans. In many cases [Lambing Flat area] they were confined to certain areas by the local police and so contact with other miners was limited. There were very few Chinese women in these camps. There were 8 female among 24 000 males in Victoria in 1861. They built their own temples [joss houses] and stores and organised their own entertainment. They were described as being ‘strong, industrious, patient, they work slowly perhaps but methodically, never stopping and never worrying…...

Similar Documents

Gold

...Gold as an investment option | | Mayank Chandola MBA in International BusinessSymbiosis Institute of International Business | | Table of Contents History of the yellow metal 2 Why it is attractive? 3 Portfolio diversifier 4 Inflation hedge 4 Investment risks in Gold 5 Risk with physical gold 5 Political Risks 5 Market Risks 5 Exchange rate risks 5 Demand/Supply side risks 5 Outlook 6 References 7 History of the yellow metal Gold has always been used as a medium of exchange for goods since ancient times and has not suffered devaluation in the same ways as paper currency. Gold has a record long history as a commodity and as a store of value. It has been formally a monetary media in and around the world. Gold has faced complete official demonetization long back, yet it experiences continued and renewed interest as a private or unofficial monetary medium. Even governments around the world are making greater use of gold in international financial affairs. Over time, gold has undergone three major transitions: 1. Gold was a medium of exchange in the early civilization 2. Next, an international banking system was developed around it, in which paper money was fully convertible into gold 3. This convertibility was ceased in 1971 by the then president Richard Nixon and a purely fiat money system took its place. Early civilizations equated gold with gods and rulers. Humans almost intuitively place a high value on gold, equating it......

Words: 1695 - Pages: 7

Gold Report

...Gold Fundamental Report February 2012 Disclaimer This report has been prepared by the Knowledge Management Department of NCDEX Limited for the purpose of information dissemination. The facts are reported from publications and have not been checked for authenticity. NCDEX and its employees will not be responsible for any decision taken by the reader based on this report and are adv advised to take independent advise on the commodity(is) dealt in this report . For more information contact Ashwin Dilip Vidhate Knowledge Management Group NCDEX Ltd. ashwin.vidhate@ncdex.com +91 022 6640 6836 2 Table of Contents 1. Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4 2. Gold supply ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5 Gold supply: Indian scenario............................................................................................................................................................ 14 3. Gold demand ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 15 Gold demand: Indian scenario ..................................................

Words: 12225 - Pages: 49

Strang and Change for Gold Coast Hotel Industry

... 1.0 Introduction The Gold Coast is located in the southeast corner of Queensland which is 70 kilometers from the capital city of Queensland- Brisbane. As one of the most popular tourism destinations in the world, the Gold Coast has unique natural resources such as 70 kilometers of beaches, hinterland and rain forest as well as world-class tourism facilities such as theme parks and accommodation. More than 11 million people visit the Gold Coast every year (Gold Coast Destination Tourism Strategy 2012 – 2016). Therefore, the accommodation sector plays an important role in the local economy. According to Gold Coast a Destination Management Plan (2005), approximately 5% Gross Regional Products were generated by the Gold Coast accommodation sector in 1999. This report will firstly describe the 5-star hotel industry on the Gold Coast. Then, a PESTE model and Porter’s Five Forces model are utilized to examine the broad environment and the task environment of the five-star accommodation sector on the Gold Coast. These are used to identify threats and opportunities and also to evaluate the potential profitability in the industry. At last, three strategic issues that are currently encountered by the industry are addressed and a series of strategies are formulated. 2.0 Industry Description According to a Tourist Accommodation Data Sheet (2010), there were 26 hotels and resorts, and 98 service apartments on the Gold Coast in 2010. Among these accommodation, there are approximately......

Words: 5035 - Pages: 21

Australian Info

...Australian Political System – A closer look August 3, 2012 By ulipops The political system of Australia comprises of 3 main tiers of the government mentioned as below. 1- The Federal Government – Australia, known to be a constitutional monarchy makes use of a parliamentary system of the government. This is further divided into three different branches called legislative, executive and judiciary. The constitution of the Democratic legislature comprises of the Queen, the Senate and the House of representatives. The federal Government is allocated with certain powers while the legislative powers are handed over to the Commonwealth Government. 2- Territory and State Government – There are ten territories in Australia located just outside the state borders. Out of these ten territories, the Commonwealth has authorized to have limited rights of self government to ACT (Australian Capital Territory), NT (Northern Territory), two mainland territories and the Norfolk Island. Regarding the states, Australia has a total of six states namely Tasmania, West Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. Each state has its own constitution that is run by the federal branches known as legislative, executive and judiciary. The state government has the right to pass laws which even the Commonwealth Government does not have. 3- Local Government – The local government is a subdivision of the States and the Northern territory. Canberra known to be Australia’s National...

Words: 1440 - Pages: 6

Gold

...old Price Forecast 2013 Predictions and Estimates from Multiple Analysts The Gold price forecast for the year 2013 has been covered by multiple analysts. Here is their consensus: While the price of Gold has a gamut of forecast ranges for 2013, most experts remain bullish on the yellow metal for the year, though some have scaled back their estimates slightly over the past few months. A compilation of their predictions are listed below. Bank of America Merrill Lynch In a December 2012 report, Bank of America Merrill Lynch stated that Gold would average $2,000 in 2013, with the metal climbing to $2,400 in 2014. “Large-scale policy easing by the U.S. Federal Reserve and European Central Bank positions Gold as a useful hedge against global macro and inflation risks taking the commodity to $2000/ oz levels”, said the bank. The bank added that, “We have a sixmonth [Gold price] target of $2000 an ounce, but see scope as well for prices to rise to $2400 an ounce by the end of 2014. These targets reflect our view that the Fed will maintain mortgage purchases until the end of 2014 and will move to buy Treasuries following the end of Operation Twist in December 2012.” BNP Paribas BNP Paribas expects Gold to average $1,865 an ounce for the year. “Market sentiment towards Gold has been much more uncertain in 2012 than was the case in previous years. Yet, we expect Gold to achieve a new record high in 2013 due to further monetary easing, less tail risk related to a breakup of the......

Words: 9281 - Pages: 38

Gold

...created to trade commodities) in adopting rules for self-regulation and methods of arbitration and enforcement. During this period the trade was restricted only to the local areas. This trade was declined its importance when there was an enhancement in the telecommunication, transportation and with the advent of modern cities. Specialized market centers were developed in their place in many parts of the world, which facilitated Spot, or cash, trading and forward contracting. The Chicago Board of Trade was the first commodity exchange in the United States of America to be opened in 1848, and is still the largest exchange as well. The futures contract was developed here in the 1860s. The New York Cotton Exchange founded in 1871 was also among few other early United States exchanges. During the Great Depression of 1933, the Commodity Exchange, Inc. was established. It was started in New York and by the merger of four smaller exchanges - the National Raw Silk Exchange, the Rubber Exchange of New York, the National Metal Exchange, and the New York Hide Exchange. India has a link with the commodities market as India is an agro based economy and is the largest consumer of gold, which provides a huge market for both Agri-commodities and gold. India has a huge spot market for all these commodities E.g. Indore has a huge market for soya, Ahmadabad for castor seeds, etc. During pre-independence period also there was a demand for these commodities. In the mid 1960’s due to war,......

Words: 380 - Pages: 2

Australian English

...INTRODUCTION The title of this work is “Australian English” The work which is presented deals with the study of the Australian English Language, about its pronunciation, regional variations, vocabulary. The Australian English is a language with its own peculiarities and it differs a lot from Standard English and the other variants because it has its own history and development. There appeared a large number of new words in each variety of the English language because of historical, political, different socio- economic events and of course it has affected to the Australian English. I wanted to learn more about the appearance, development and using nowadays of the Australian English language. The aims of this work are: -To study the difficulties of using and understanding the words in AusE -To define cultural peculiarities of AusE speakers The topicality of this work is explained by the interest to the difference of Australian English between the other English variants and to the practical usage of the vocabulary. The theoretical value of this work is determined by necessity of the comprehensive analysis of Australian English because every language allows different kinds of variations: geographical or territorial, stylistic and others. It is very important to use up- to –date information of the western scientists who are concerned nearly to the English linguistics. The practical value is seen in rising interest to the......

Words: 9331 - Pages: 38

Australian and New Zealand Schemes During Global Financial Crisis

...1.0 Introduction The global financial crisis of 2007 transmitted shock waves worldwide urging international governments to prepare defensive measures to combat this economic turmoil. Hence, on 12th October 2008, the Australian and New Zealand governments introduced analogous schemes to guarantee liabilities issued by a wide range of financial institutions whereby prior to this phenomenon, neither nation had deposit insurance arrangements in place, a distinctive characteristic common in other developed nations. The Australian Government introduced a blanket guarantee on deposits namely the Australian Government Guarantee Scheme for Large Deposits and Wholesale Funding until October 2011. Consequently, it was cultured to a scheme in which the first AUD$ 1 million was to be guaranteed free of charge, with larger and foreign branch deposits able to be insured for a fee (Committee, 2009). The Crown Retail Deposit Guarantee Scheme and Wholesale Funding Guarantee Facility were implemented at the same time in New Zealand. The initial coverage was NZ$1 million per deposit-holder per institution, but this was reduced to NZ$500,000 for bank deposits and NZ$250,000 for non-bank deposits in September 2009 when the scheme was extended to the end of 2011 (Committee, 2009). Both governments also introduced unlimited wholesale bank debt funding guarantee schemes available for new borrowings; Whole Funding Scheme and Crown Wholesale Guarantee Scheme respectively in Australia......

Words: 2953 - Pages: 12

Gold

...Gold Anonymous. Metal Bulletin Monthly 418 (Oct 2005): 50-51. Abstract (summary) Pure - or 1,000 thousandths - gold is equivalent to 24 carats, but gold is generally used as an alloy because it is such a soft metal. The jewellers' terms "fine gold" and "pure gold" mean 920 and 840 thousandth alloys respectively, the balance being supplied by copper. The addition of copper produces red and pink golds, while deep yellow gold is practically 100% pure and "white gold" is often a gold alloy containing nickel and palladium. Pure - or 1,000 thousandths - gold is equivalent to 24 carats, but gold is generally used as an alloy because it is such a soft metal. The jewellers' terms "fine gold" and "pure gold" mean 920 and 840 thousandth alloys respectively, the balance being supplied by copper. The addition of copper produces red and pink golds, while deep yellow gold is practically 100% pure and "white gold" is often a gold alloy containing nickel and palladium. Full Text Gold is among the oldest metals known to mankind, over whom it has often exerted a compelling force of attraction because of its rarity, lustrous beauty and permanence. A sun-yellow ductile metallic element, gold mostly occurs as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits. It has a high melting point (1,063°C) and is one of the best conductors of heat and electricity, as well as being resistant to corrosion, except from chlorine, fluorine and aqua regia acid. It is one of the densest elements at 19.3 g/cm^sup...

Words: 1615 - Pages: 7

Australian Culture

...E. Social Organization. 1. Group behavior: Australians practice numerous behaviors that are perceived to be polite. These behaviors are being punctual to events, maintain eye contact during a meeting/conversation, bring gift to the host of the party, pay for things only when it is your turn, and do not liter in public places, etc. 2. Social Classes: Just like any other country, Australia has three social classes: Upper class, middle class, and lower class. The upper class is composed of the top 5 – 10 % of the wealthiest; the middle class consists of people who have nonmanual jobs, professional jobs such as doctors, accountants, bankers, etc. The lower class is regarded as people who have low paying manual jobs. 3. Clubs, other organizations: Australia is home to ample amounts of humanitarian organizations, especially non-government organizations (NGOs). These organizations include, but not limited to, Amnesty International, Australian Red Cross, Defense for Children International, International Women's Development Agency, Salvation Army, Brotherhood of Saint Lawrence, and Care Australia. NGOs provide need-based community service, promote change in the government, and create solutions to specific needs. 4. Race, ethnicity, and subcultures: Australia is home to many race, ethnicity, and subcultures. Though more than 90 percent of Australians are of predominantly European (white) ancestry, 6 percent of the population are Asians, and 2 percent is......

Words: 742 - Pages: 3

Gold

...government. Gold has real value due to its beauty, usefulness, and scarcity. * With a fiat currency the government can essentially manufacture money virtually out of nowhere. Since leaving the gold standard in 1971 US currency in circulation increased from $48.6 billion to over $1 trillion dollars in 2012. Between 1971 and 2003 the entire supply of money in the United States has increased by 1,100%. Under a gold standard, new money could only be printed if a corresponding amount of gold were available to back the currency. * Since leaving the gold standard in 1971, inflation has reduced the value of the dollar, and inflated the price of oil about 32 fold. In 1973, Saudi Arabia agreed to trade oil only in dollars. This created a new international demand for the fiat dollars the Fed was now printing and as more dollars flooded the world, general inflation in oil prices followed. When on a partial gold standard in the 1950s and 1960s the nominal price of oil was stable, averaging $2.90 a barrel. By June 2008 the nominal price of oil hit $126.33 per barrel * Since gold is a finite natural material, and must be mined and processed at a significant cost, it tends to be produced at levels consistent with demand. Under a gold standard, creating more currency requires obtaining more gold, which raises golds market price and stimulates increased mining. More gold is then used to back more money until a point when currency levels are adequate, the price of gold levels out,......

Words: 879 - Pages: 4

Gold

...Amundi, Nomura, Credit Suisse and JP Morgan Proprietary research by leading regional financial institutions and brokerage firms in China, Hong Kong, Japan and India Industry promotion bodies such as the world Gold Council and the Silver Institute Annual reports and investor presentations by a core group of 150 public companies countries from India, Hong Kong, China, Europe, USA, Australia, Canada, South Africa, South East Asia and Zimbabwe. T h e s c o m p a n i e s operate in various industries including the diamond industry, luxury goods industry, precious jewellery retailing industry and general retailing • • • Earnings call transcripts which are extremely useful Industry trade publications International and regional financial news organisations Nevertheless, analysis of data and trends is an art. For the most part, our researchers at Equity Communications are our greatest asset. In the following pages, you will discover our views on the consumption of precious jewellery in India as well as discover our ideas on the likely direction of such consumption in the future. You will also get to find out why we selected India as the most promising market for precious jewellery for many years to come. For our purposes, we define precious jewellery as jewellery pieces made of gold, platinum or silver, in their pure form or combined with other lesser metals like copper. Such jewellery pieces can be in plain form or gemset precious jewellery. In the gemset category, this report......

Words: 40024 - Pages: 161

Australian Economy Analysis

...major exporter of commodities. Iron-ore and gold account for 28% of total commodities exports (81 Billion US$ in 2013). Coal represent 18% or 38 Billion US$ and oil and gas for 9 percent. Manufactured goods constitute 33 percent of the total exports with food and metal products and machinery and equipment accounting. Agricultural products, particularly wheat and wool make up 5 percent of trade outflows Australia is a major importer of machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines and telecommunication. Main import partners are China (15 percent of total imports), United States (13 percent of total imports), Japan (8 percent of total imports) and Singapore (7 percent of total imports). Trading Partners Trade with the Asia-Pacific region has become increasingly important for Australia. Of Australia's top sixteen major trading partners (representing around 80 per cent of merchandise exports); countries from the Asia-Pacific region are the destination for around 89 per cent of this trade. China is the most important trade partner of Australia, the country export Iron ore and gold as well as oil and many raw materials. China is also Australia’s largest source of imports. Major imports from China are mostly finished goods that include clothing, communications equipment, computers, prams, toys, games and sporting goods, furniture and televisions. The vast scale of trade with China has also seen massive investments by Chinese companies in Australia. The......

Words: 934 - Pages: 4

Australian Theatre

...“Australian theatre reflects the changing artistic, social, political and personal issues and concerns of our nation.” Theatre performance has existed in Australia for around 200 years and the subject of Drama has been taught since the 1970’s. This is with the exception of Aboriginal corroborees, a form of dance drama which have been around for around 40 000 years. Australian theatre began officially on June 4th, 1789 with the production of ‘The Recruiting Officer’ months after the first fleet Arrived in Australia. The production was comedy that had been very successful in England. In Australia it was performed in a mud hut by convicts and had an audience of around sixty people. In the intermission things such as wheat, rum, tobacco and fowls were sold, as this was all that the convicts could afford. Theatre performance gained a new perspective in Australia in 1796 when Robert Sidaway, a convict, opened the first theatre in Australia, which seated 120 people and had an admission of one shilling. This theatre was closed due to pickpocketing and burglary, however another one was opened by Sidaway in 1800 though it did not last very long either. The main focus of Australian theatre has been on bushrangers and convicts. For over a century stories of Michael Howe, who was shot and killed in Van Dieman’s land in 1818, have been the types of stories that Australian plays have been written about. The very first play in Australian theatre was written by David Burn and was entitled...

Words: 1257 - Pages: 6

Second Languages and Australian Schooling

...Australian Education Review Second Languages and Australian Schooling Joseph Lo Bianco with Yvette Slaughter Australian Council for Educational Research First published 2009 by ACER Press Australian Council for Educational Research 19 Prospect Hill Road, Camberwell, Victoria, 3124 Copyright © 2009 Australian Council for Educational Research All rights reserved. Except under the conditions described in the Copyright Act 1968 of Australia and subsequent amendments, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the written permission of the publishers. Edited by Carolyn Glascodine Cover illustration by ACER Project Publishing Typeset by ACER Project Publishing Printed by BPA Print Group National Library of Australia Cataloguing-in-Publication entry Author: Title: ISBN: Series: Notes: Subjects: Lo Bianco, Joseph. Second languages and Australian schooling / Joseph Lo Bianco ; Yvette Slaughter. 9780864318374 (pbk) Australian education review ; 54. Bibliography. Language and languages--Study and teaching--Australia. Language and languages--Study and teaching—Bilingual method. Education, Bilingual--Australia. Other Authors/Contributors: Slaughter, Yvette. Australian Council for Educational Research. Dewey Number: 370.11750994 Visit our website: www.acer.edu.au Acknowledgment The Author and Series Editor wish to acknowledge the......

Words: 42730 - Pages: 171

Assistir Traffik Liberdade Roubada Dublado Online HD | Somaliland, Rep of (North Somalia) | Ojamajo Doremi Sharp (2000)