Choose Any One Theory Perspective in Anthropology and Give Its Strength and Weakness Towards Understanding Humanity

In: Social Issues

Submitted By micky2m
Words 1151
Pages 5
A
QUESTION: CHOOSE ANY ONE THEORY PERSPECTIVE IN ANTHROPOLOGY AND GIVE ITS STRENGTH AND WEAKNESS TOWARDS UNDERSTANDING HUMANITY

In a bid to fully understand the subject of anthropology, a number of theories have been coined, In as much these theories which takes in Marxism, Functionalism, Evolution perspective among other have done justice in their attempt to give light on the subject of humanity, they have been found wanting in some respects. This essay will discuss the evolution perspective and show its strength and weaknesses.
Anthropology is defined by Wolf E (1994) as the study of humans which takes a broad approach to understand the many different aspects of human experience and to achieve this anthropologists consider the past , through archeology, to see how human groups lived, they also consider what makes mans biological bodies and genetics, they even go to the extent of comparing humans with other animals to ascertain how humans are similar and different from these. In general they draw and builds upon knowledge from social and biological sciences, as well as the humanities and the natural sciences.
Evolution theory perspective or evolution anthropology as it is sometimes referred to is defined by Barnard A (2000) as the interdisciplinary study of the evolution of human physiology and human behaviour and the relation between hominids and non-hominid primates. He adds that evolutionary anthropology is based in natural and social science
One of the major proponents of the evolution perspective in understanding humanity was Herbert Spencer who according to Harris, M (2000) applied Darwin’s biological evolution to philosophy and…...

Similar Documents

Strength and Weakness

...Jack Handy of Saturday Night Live once said, “If you think a weakness can be turned into a strength, I hate to tell you this, but that’s another weakness.” While Handy might have merely said this in a comical sense, I would still agree because some of my weaknesses are my greatest strengths. One of my strengths is my drive. When I commit myself to completing a task, I am in many ways stubborn about seeing it through. My drive can also be a weakness in that I sometimes try to do too many things with perfection at the same time. During my bachelors, I was interning, volunteering and taking on friend and family issues. It was ambitious of me to think I could handle everything on top of a difficult academic schedule in school, but I tried. For me, it is difficult to understand and see the line between excess and enough drive, but this past experience has taught me that it is ok to say no and put less on my plate. Another strength is my ability and willingness to always try new things. That is how I got a chance to increase my intra personal traits by playing a major role in organizing the events of TECHNOCOM, a National level technical festival organized by our institution. This created a perfect platform for exposing myself in both leadership qualities and monitoring skills. Throughout my life I have observed two distinct career paths, my father’s and my uncle’s. My father is a veterinary doctor. He secured a government job in India, which he continues to......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Strength and Weakness

...UNIQLO Strengths and Weaknesses: I. STRENGTHS * Strong liquidation Base on the current ratio, it showed that Uniqlo counts with more than enough current assets to cover all of its liabilities. In proportion to 2.45:1 * High quick turnover from account receivables turnover and low days to collect receivables. According with the information analyzed we found that Uniqlo experienced a high level in account receivables turnover, which means that Uniqlo has high capability to collect its receivables. * Debt ratio is lower than 70% In accordance with the benchmark of debt ratio, we saw that the company is lower than the 70% which is a good standard to assess its performance. * High profit In addition, Uniqlo return on investment, return on equity and return on sales showed that the company earned a considerable profit. * Good long term investment Taking into consideration investment cash flows structure analysis, from 2010 to 2012, the money that company spent in investing activities is keep increasing. * Their earning per share is increasing Although in 2011, the company suffered a decreasing in earning pershare, but in 2012 , the company had successfully regained an increasing in its eps. * High turnover of operating cash flow Uniqlo selling process was rapid; this brought as a result an increase in the speed of the operation process, which was reflected in high operating cash flow. Weaknesses * Low Inventory Turnover inventory...

Words: 281 - Pages: 2

Understanding “Toward a Theory of International New Ventures” by Oviatt and Mcdougall (1994).

...UNDERSTANDING “TOWARD A THEORY OF INTERNATIONAL NEW VENTURES” BY OVIATT AND McDOUGALL (1994). WEEK 1: THE INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT BY NAME: ISRAEL OHIA DATE: 12TH JUNE 2013. MODULE: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS AND EMERGING MARKETS (KMGT-620-5A) INSTRUCTOR: Dr. JIM SKERTICH INTRODUCTION: The article written by Oviatt and McDougall (1994) more than a decade ago and attracted so much attention is in regard to young firms and their growth in the global marketplace. In their article, they were able to bring to fore the importance of International New Ventures (INVs), internationalization and their advantages to the global marketplace. SHENKAR, O. and LUO, Y. (2008, p.11) describes INVs as firms that target the international market as they are launching their operations while according to SHENKAR, O. and LUO, Y. (2008, p.534), Oviatt and McDougall (1994) defined INVs as a business organization from its start off, seeks competitive advantage from the use of resources and the sale of output from different countries. Oviatt and McDougall (1994) asserted that age at internationalization was critical to its successful survival, expansion and performance whereas ZAHRA, S.A. (2005) was of the view that variation could impact on the clarity of an organizations essence to internationalization. They also opined that for a firm to internationalize, it is influenced by its production capacity, the size of its home market, economic and cultural forces as well as......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4

Clarify the Key Features of a Deontological Theory of Ethics. to What Extent If Any Do the Weaknesses Outweigh the Strengths of This Theory?

...Clarify the key features of a deontological theory of ethics. To what extent if any do the weaknesses outweigh the strengths of this theory? Deontology literally translates as the science of duty. It is an approach to making decisions in ethics which relies on duties or rules to determine how you should act. Thus it is very different from consequential theories of ethics like Utilitarianism where results matter more than obligations (oughts). One of the most notable examples of a deontological theory of ethics is Kantian Ethics. Kant rejected using results as a good way to guide actions. A notable feature is that, unlike Utilitarianism, he thought empirical evidence was an unreliable guide and that how we experience things came from the mind (a priori). ‘It is impossible to conceive of anything in the world, or even out of it, which can be taken as good without qualification, except good will’. A notable point is that, Kant took an absolute approach to morality and dismissed the idea of choices or consequences to solve a moral dilemma. A significant feature is that, Kant thought that the idea of moral oughts must come from within which he called ‘reason’. Since Kant believed reason is shared by all humans and is inherent in the universe, then logically we should come to the same conclusions about how to live using their reason. Additionally, with our reason, Kant identified that there were ‘prima facia’ duties- duties that are supreme to others. Another key characteristic...

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

Anthropology Assignments

...you the four subfields of anthropology to investigate this human community? Ans: The Amazon rainforest also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest that covers most of the Amazon Basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 square kilometres (2,700,000 sq mi), of which 5,500,000 square kilometres (2,100,000 sq mi) are covered by the rainforest. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations. The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. States or departments in four nations contain "Amazonas" in their names. The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests, and comprises the largest and most biodiverse tract of tropical rainforest in the world, with an estimated 390 billion individual trees divided into 16,000 species. Q2) How do anthropologists utilize the scientific method in their studies? What are the limitations of the scientific method in anthropological studies? Ans: The scientific method is described as "a method of investigation involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to demonstrate the truth or falseness of the hypothesis, and a conclusion that validates or modifies the hypothesis”. Whatever definition one chooses to accept, the......

Words: 2392 - Pages: 10

Strengths and Weaknesses of Mcclelland’s Acquired Needs Theory and Expectancy Theory

...demanding and that they are more concern about their needs than before. Motivational strategies have probably affected the most by employee concerns and values (Greiner 1986, p. 82). ‘A motivational strategy is any effort to induce employees to initiate and sustain activities that can directly or indirectly improve service productivity’ (Greiner 1986, p. 82). Motivation can have an effect on the output of your business and concerns both quantity and quality. For example, if you are in a manufacturing company, your business actually relies heavily on your production staff to make sure that quality product are being produce and being delivered to your client at the right time. However, if your production employees are lack of motivation they will be not motivated to produce the amount of product demanded, thus will be very costly. In the essay below, we will be discussing on the strength and weaknesses of McClelland’s acquired needs theory and the expectancy theory. McClelland proposed that an individual’s particular needs are obtained over time as a result of life experiences (Wood et al. p. 146). Most of these needs fall into three general categories of needs which can be class as need for achievement, affiliation or power. The strengths of the McClelland’s acquired needs theory is that it provides a clear picture for the organization and the managers to know which type of job are suitable for the employees and which types of people that can make the organizations more......

Words: 1870 - Pages: 8

Ant 101 (Introduction to Cultural Anthropology) Complete Class

...ANT 101 (Introduction to Cultural Anthropology) Complete Class Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/ant101introductiontoculturalanthropologycompleteclass Product Description ANT 101 Complete Class Week 1 – 5 All Assignments and Discussion Questions – A+ Graded Course Material - Ashford Week 1 DQ1 Cultural Relativism. Cultural Anthropology gives three distinct meanings of cultural relativism: a moral stance that requires anthropologists to suspend moral and ethical judgments when interacting with a culture different from their own, a methodological strategy that allows the anthropologist to pay specific attention to the uniqueness of a culture, and an epistemological position that cultures are unique and therefore knowledge about different cultures is almost inherently not comparable. (Sec. 1.3). In your forum contribution: a. Discuss what you see as the strengths and weaknesses of each of these three kinds of relativism. b. Identify one belief or practice in another culture that you find puzzling, strange, or troubling, and then discuss the extent that cultural relativism is a useful approach to understanding and interacting with the people who hold it. c. Discuss the extent that cultural relativism would be a useful approach to understanding and interacting with people in your own society that did (or do) the same. d. Explore the extent to which whether one is studying in one's own country or in another makes a difference in the......

Words: 8989 - Pages: 36

Ant 101 (Introduction to Cultural Anthropology) Complete Class

...ANT 101 (Introduction to Cultural Anthropology) Complete Class Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/ant101introductiontoculturalanthropologycompleteclass Product Description ANT 101 Complete Class Week 1 – 5 All Assignments and Discussion Questions – A+ Graded Course Material - Ashford Week 1 DQ1 Cultural Relativism. Cultural Anthropology gives three distinct meanings of cultural relativism: a moral stance that requires anthropologists to suspend moral and ethical judgments when interacting with a culture different from their own, a methodological strategy that allows the anthropologist to pay specific attention to the uniqueness of a culture, and an epistemological position that cultures are unique and therefore knowledge about different cultures is almost inherently not comparable. (Sec. 1.3). In your forum contribution: a. Discuss what you see as the strengths and weaknesses of each of these three kinds of relativism. b. Identify one belief or practice in another culture that you find puzzling, strange, or troubling, and then discuss the extent that cultural relativism is a useful approach to understanding and interacting with the people who hold it. c. Discuss the extent that cultural relativism would be a useful approach to understanding and interacting with people in your own society that did (or do) the same. d. Explore the extent to which whether one is studying in one's own country or in another makes a difference in the......

Words: 14981 - Pages: 60

Hbo - Strengths and Weakness

...Strengths: 1. The team has the right mix of extroverts and introverts which gives us a right balance of team work and individual contribution. So, when we work in group, extroverts provides energy and enthusiasm to the group and introverts provide quiet adaptability and realism. 2. The group is highly dominated by intuitive people, who thrive on what is possible and what is new. They als0 experience a deep concern for each other. 3. The group has the perfect balance between the people, who think and the people, who feel. Thinkers add practicality, logical approach and analytical ability to the group where as the other half is sympathetic and understands needs, promote values and demonstrate feelings. 4. Our group has more no of perceivers, who adds spontaneity to the group and see all aspects of the issues at hand. Weakness: 1. Since, the group has only one judging personality, therefore, we tend to remain with the task and face difficulty in making quick decision. 2. The group lacks sensing personalities and thus, we as a group have a tendency to not pay attention to facts and details. Problems at workplace: 1. Extroverts have an edge over introverts because even though both of them have done equal amount of work, the extroverts may show and convince people that they have worked more. 2. Intuitive individuals have the ability to foresee future opportunities and threats and act accordingly. However, they seem to be less concerned about the......

Words: 293 - Pages: 2

Strengths and Weakness of Kantian

...Basic Strengths and Weaknesses of Kantian Ethics Main strengths of Kantian ethics: * Clarity - Kantian ethics is clear and easy to follow. Its absolutist, deontologicalnature is arguably the most easy to apply * this is good for environmental, business and sexual ethics. Any theory which is easy to apply is helpful/useful/reliable * Egalitarian - Kant states we should treat people as "an end in themselves" and so Kantian ethics puts everyone on equal ground * this is also good for all three, for obvious reasons * Consistent - the absolutist nature of the ethic means that what it says will never change - nobody is an exception * this is good for business - all customers are treated exactly the same and none are favoured * Honours respect and dignity Main weaknesses of Kantian ethics: * Maxim scope - anyone could universalise a maxim to allow anything, so long as it is universalisable * sexually, the maxim 'women should always be sexually passive' could be put forward, as could several others. Is this fair? * corrupt businesses could employ any maxim they wish to justify doing something which many of us may see as immoral * Inflexible - because of its absolutist nature, Kantian ethics offers no flexibility. Itdoesn't regard the situation of an action, which is arguably not helpful or useful in the modern world * this is a weakness for all three - environmental, sexual and business issues are all specific......

Words: 756 - Pages: 4

Ant 101 (Introduction to Cultural Anthropology) Complete Class

...ANT 101 (Introduction to Cultural Anthropology) Complete Class Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/ant101introductiontoculturalanthropologycompleteclass Product Description ANT 101 Complete Class Week 1 – 5 All Assignments and Discussion Questions – A+ Graded Course Material - Ashford Week 1 DQ1 Cultural Relativism. Cultural Anthropology gives three distinct meanings of cultural relativism: a moral stance that requires anthropologists to suspend moral and ethical judgments when interacting with a culture different from their own, a methodological strategy that allows the anthropologist to pay specific attention to the uniqueness of a culture, and an epistemological position that cultures are unique and therefore knowledge about different cultures is almost inherently not comparable. (Sec. 1.3). In your forum contribution: a. Discuss what you see as the strengths and weaknesses of each of these three kinds of relativism. b. Identify one belief or practice in another culture that you find puzzling, strange, or troubling, and then discuss the extent that cultural relativism is a useful approach to understanding and interacting with the people who hold it. c. Discuss the extent that cultural relativism would be a useful approach to understanding and interacting with people in your own society that did (or do) the same. d. Explore the extent to which whether one is studying in one's own country or in another makes a difference in the......

Words: 8989 - Pages: 36

Ant 101 (Introduction to Cultural Anthropology) Complete Class

...ANT 101 (Introduction to Cultural Anthropology) Complete Class Purchase here http://chosecourses.com/ant101introductiontoculturalanthropologycompleteclass Product Description ANT 101 Complete Class Week 1 – 5 All Assignments and Discussion Questions – A+ Graded Course Material - Ashford Week 1 DQ1 Cultural Relativism. Cultural Anthropology gives three distinct meanings of cultural relativism: a moral stance that requires anthropologists to suspend moral and ethical judgments when interacting with a culture different from their own, a methodological strategy that allows the anthropologist to pay specific attention to the uniqueness of a culture, and an epistemological position that cultures are unique and therefore knowledge about different cultures is almost inherently not comparable. (Sec. 1.3). In your forum contribution: a. Discuss what you see as the strengths and weaknesses of each of these three kinds of relativism. b. Identify one belief or practice in another culture that you find puzzling, strange, or troubling, and then discuss the extent that cultural relativism is a useful approach to understanding and interacting with the people who hold it. c. Discuss the extent that cultural relativism would be a useful approach to understanding and interacting with people in your own society that did (or do) the same. d. Explore the extent to which whether one is studying in one's own country or in another makes a difference in the......

Words: 14981 - Pages: 60

Strengths, Weakness & Core Competence

...Strengths: We will build up a brand new image in coffee market which didn’t appear ever in Hong Kong. Generally, most of people think that “drinking coffee” is for refresh your mind, common drinking in executive and business world. Now, we create our brand to sell our coffee with Fresh, Young & Vitality image to attract customers who are teenagers. We believe that there are still many room for develop this age of consumers. Teenagers are our mainly target customers, our shop outlook will setup as what teenagers like. So, we will take Japanese retail shop - Muji as a foundational reference, our coffee shops will be setup in open and simple style. Moreover, we will make comfortable and relax atmosphere around the shop that will attract more people willing to come-in. 30 outlets in different locations – easy for customers to reach and enhance the impression to all people about our brand. As customers are the key factor to success in business, our employees will take an important role as they need to deal with customers directly. So, employees are the most valuable asset of our company. They will influence our sales, quality, image and profit direct or indirectly. Therefore, employee selection is very important. Each employee must with similar working experience and fulfill our basic requirements. Also, employees should with friendly, polite, helpful and proactive characters. Any hired person will have 2 weeks training in order to get used to our coffee...

Words: 672 - Pages: 3

Choose Any Three Nail Conditions and Give a Referenced Account of Their Causes(S) and Management. Please Note Not All References Will Give You the Same Method of Management and Some Will Give More Than One Method

...CHOOSE ANY THREE NAIL CONDITIONS AND GIVE A REFERENCED ACCOUNT OF THEIR CAUSES(S) AND MANAGEMENT. PLEASE NOTE NOT ALL REFERENCES WILL GIVE YOU THE SAME METHOD OF MANAGEMENT AND SOME WILL GIVE MORE THAN ONE METHOD Nail fungi (onychomycosis) is caused by dermatophytes that invade the nail matrix. They possess the ability to thrive and grow on the protein keratin and favour damp and dark conditions, therefore the human toenail and nail bed provide the ultimate breeding ground. (Johnson 1993) The most common is Trichophyton Rubrum, the same causes “athletes’ foot”. This commonly affects the sole, dorsum, lateral borders and in between toes. If left untreated, the infection can spread to the nail matrix. (Bristow I. 1996) Fungal infections can start by trauma to the toenail which leaves it vulnerable to infection. People who do not maintain a good standard of foot hygiene are predisposed to fungal infections. Failure to dry the feet thoroughly and the use of communal showers can all be causative factors. (Johnson M. 1993) Treatment can be prolonged using topical products, in some cases up to 9 months. More often than not these are ineffective as the treatment cannot penetrate the thickened nail. The only topical agents giving some success in mild nail infection are amorolfine, cyclopiroxolamine and tioconazole. (Dawber R. 1996) If there are more than 2 or 3 nails involved, it is better to use terbinafine orally together with amorolfine topically as recent evidence...

Words: 584 - Pages: 3

Anthropology

...What is Anthropology??? • • • 20:41 Anthropology • Scientific Approach, OBJECTIVE • Study of Humankind- human groups • Seeks to produce useful GENERALIZATIONS about people and their BEHAVIORS • To arrive at an UNBIASED UNDERSTANDING OF HUMAN DIVERSITY • Only scientific discipline that attempts to embrace an understanding of all of humanity • Helps us understand ourselves an others Anthropology Perspectives • Holistic Approach (broadest view) o To view things in the broadest possible contest o To cover the whole scope of humanity o To provide a total or composite view o Human culture as a system, functional whole, all parts relate o Biocultural Perspective  Studies both the PHYSICAL and SOCIAL  EX: kuru disease (neurological disease)- disease caused by culture, transmitted by mortuary practices • Cultural Relativism o To view the beliefs and customs of other peoples within the context of their culture not one’s own o Practice of not judging other cultures based on the standards of one’s own culture o ENDOCENTRISM  Group centeredness  Tendency to see ones own culture as the center of everything  The measure or standard against which all other lifeways are evaluated  Tendency to consider ones own culture as superior or better than all others o Anthropologists must be unbiased, objective o Involves an effort to remain unbiased in ones observations o Acknowledges that cultures are DIFFERENT, but NOT RANKED o No right or wrong......

Words: 4747 - Pages: 19

WoM-Fansub | Night School (2018) | الأرجنتين