Cipla History

In: Business and Management

Submitted By halalimkim
Words 875
Pages 4
Company History * 1935- Cipla was registered as a public limited company in Mumbai. Khwaja Abdul Hamied, the founder of Cipla (Chemical, Industrial & Pharmaceutical Laboratories) was gave the company all his patent and proprietary formulas for several drugs and medicines, without charging any royalty. * 1941–As the Second World War cuts off drug supplies, the company starts producing fine chemicals, dedicating all its facilities for the war effort and helped British with drugs during World War II to create goodwill so that after war we India can request for freedom * 1952– Sets up first research division for attaining self–sufficiency in technological development. * 1960– Starts operations at second plant at Vikhroli, Mumbai, producing fine chemicals with special emphasis on natural products. * 1960- Cipla began manufacturing a new, patented drug, propranolol, and when the drug's patent holder, ICI, protested to the Indian government, the CEO of Cipla successfully lobbied the government of Indira Gandhi to change India's patent laws to eliminate patents that directly covered drugs, and instead to allow only patents that covered methods to make drugs. This change made propranolol and other patented drugs, generic and led to criticism of both India's patent laws and Cipla. India reinstated patents on drugs in 2005 * 1968– Cipla manufactures ampicillin for the first time in the country. * 1972–Starts Agricultural Research Division at Bangalore, for scientific cultivation of medicinal plants. * 1972 Cipla reign passed to Dr. Yusuf Hamied. * 1976–Cipla launches medicinal aerosols for asthma. * 1980–Wins Chemexcil Award for Excellence for exports. * 1984–Develops anti–cancer drugs, vinblastine and vincristine in collaboration with the National Chemical Laboratory, Pune and Wins Sir P C Ray Award for developing inhouse…...

Similar Documents

History

...“The mid-twentieth-century era of a dictatorship is a highly disturbing chapter in the history of civilization. The key development was not only the resurgence of authoritarian rule but also the rise of a particularly ruthless brand of totalitarianism that reached its full realization in the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, and Japan in the 1930’s. Stalin, Hitler, and Japan’s military leaders intervened radically in society and ruled with unprecedented severity” (McKay, History of World Societies, p. 907). Hitler came to power in 1933 in Germany. There are a few reasons why Hitler came to power from his incredible speaking to his many promises. Germany had just been through a war and had lost. With the ending of the war the Treaty of Versailles was a step toward establishing order. “More harshly the Allies declared Germany (with Austria) was responsible for the war and had therefore to pay reparations equal to all civilian damages caused by the war” (McKay, History of World Societies, p. 863). The government opposed and protested this Treaty, but there was no alternative. With this treaty in effect, living in Germany was very hard. The people of Germany were poor and needed someone to lead them out of this depression they had fallen into. Hitler promised to restore hope and to solve the problems of the depression. To Germans at the time Hitler made sense, uniting everyone. With Adolf Hitler came his National Socialism movement. National Socialism was shaped by Hitler’s beliefs......

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Cipla Portfolio

...CIPLA LTD. Mahesh Bhalala Roll no-3 UNDER GUIDANCE OF DR. ANIL ANGRISH NIPER Company Discription Founded in 1935, Cipla is the second largest pharmaceutical company in India with market share of 5.4% in FY10. Company offers various drugs and healthcare products with major share in many therapeutic categories & in most dosage forms. The company has well diversified product portfolio that includes OTC products, prescription products, flavors and fragrances, pesticides, and animal products. The Company's products are certified by various recognized regulatory authorities namely Food and Drug Administration (FDA), USA; Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), UK and like. The Company also provides technology services for preparation of product, product and process know how and new developments with various manufacturing facilities and R&D centers located across India. Company's business model is based on international strategic alliances by focusing on pursuing organic growth while reducing capital commitment and regulatory risks. In the US, Cipla has entered into partnership for 118 products with 22 partners. Number of partners has increased from 17 to 22 over the last 12 months. Of the pipeline of ~100 ANDAs filed till date, 57 have been approved (35 commercialized)while 45ANDAs are awaiting approval.In addition, Company has developed a strong presence in the 170 countries including both developed and developing countries and derived 55.4% of......

Words: 1755 - Pages: 8

Ratio Analysis of Cipla

...RATIO ANALYSIS OF CIPLA LIMITED FOR THE YEARS 2007 TO 2011 * RETURN ON ASSETS: This ratio is decreasing from 2007 to 2009 and increased in 2010 because total assets are increasing faster than profit after tax. * RETURN ON INVERSTED CAPITAL RATIO: This ratio is showing decreasing trend. As reserves, shareholder’s fund and long term liability are denominator which is increasing faster than numerator i.e. profit after tax. Company is not shareholder friendly as it reserves surplus more. * RETURN ON NET WORTH: This ratio is decreasing till 2009 then increasing in 2010. Profit after preference share dividend and networth both are increasing but net worth is increasing faster than profit after preference share dividend. Company reserve is more and equity shareholding is constant from 2007 to 2009 and increased in 2012. * TOTAL ASSETS TURNOVER RATIO: Sales are increasing but at slower pace than total assets in 2007. In 2008 and 2009 both sales and total assets are increasing but sales are increasing faster therefore ratio are also increasing. In 2010 total assets are increasing faster than sales. * INVESTED CAPITAL TURNOVER RATIO: Sales and shareholder’s fund and long term liabilities both are increasing but sales are increasing faster than shareholder’s fund and long term liabilities. * AVERAGE COLLECTION PERIOD: Debtors and credit sales are increasing from 2007-08 to 2009-10. Debtors are increasing faster therefore collection period is......

Words: 2499 - Pages: 10

History

...This Time is Different: Comparing Al-Qaeda’s Unique Place in the History of Terrorism with the Freedom Fighters of the Irish Republican Army” Al Qaeda and the Irish Republican Army are two of the most complex and famous terrorist organizations in modern history. While both groups share some principles with one another, and undoubtedly have committed and continue to commit horrible acts, the world’s perception of each is undoubtedly different from the other. There is an apparent contradiction in Karl Heinzen’s famous quote: “If to kill is always a crime, then it is forbidden equally to all; if it is not a crime, then it is permitted equally to all.”[1] This difference in public perception is a result of several key tenets of each organization’s strategy and structure.       The IRA fights to protect and support the liberties of the Irish people, while Al Qaeda relies upon the religious doctrine of a radical Islamic minority to carry out jihad against Western infidels. Al Qaeda, while claiming to represent the entire Muslim world, has never had a real home or a consistent base to draw upon; inversely, a large proportion of the Irish people are steadfast in their support for the cause. Al Qaeda’s indiscriminate killing of innocent civilians has resulted in a falling out with a large percentage of its former supporters. Finally, the IRA had a distinct, tangible, and realistic goal of expelling the British from Ireland, while Al Qaeda seeks to establish a new caliphate based......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

History

...of child-care facilities for working mothers". Sir Randol detailed other disadvantages women faced including the inheritance law of primogeniture and the inadequate maintenance laws for child support. In its particular pursuit of the right to vote for women and its general intention to advance the status of women in the Bahamas, the Suffrage Movement established strategic alliances with the other social movements of this time. It found a strident proponent of its cause in Randol Fawkes, leader of the Bahamas Federation of Labour. The Progressive Liberal Party in its pursuit of a majority rule government supported the right to vote for women and vigorously championed the cause shortly after the bye-election of 1960. Ilsha Mcphee History Coursework Question 1(A) What role did the Women’s Suffrage Movement Play during the “Quiet Revolution” in the Bahamas? Notable women such as Dame Doris Johnson, Mary Ingraham, Eugenia Lockhart, Mabel Walker and Georgianna Symonette has made countless triumphs toward the equal rights of all women in the Bahamas. In particular all of these women mentioned before were major persons in the Women’s Suffrage Movement in the Bahamas. This movement’s main purpose was to ensure that all women would have a right to practice the franchise. However, this is not the only thing that resulted in the hard work of the women apart of this movement. In fact, even the amount of times you could have voted and the men’s vote was affected positively...

Words: 1569 - Pages: 7

History

...essay and the sample provided by my instructor? i hope so Hannibal is by far one of the Great Captains of History Hannibal battle tactics are the stuff of legend not just in our time but in his time as well which is a hard feat for any general. Hannibal made his fame during the second Punic war 218-203 BC against the Roman Republic at the time the greatest power in the Mediterranean. His crossing of the Alps is probably one of the most daring military marches in history and to survive it after the weather and attack from tribes loyal to Rome with an army still intact and pretty much ready to fight shows his logistical savvy and the supreme ability to inspire his men to fight on despite the odds. His first battle was Trebbia which he need to win to draw in allies and supplies he won by using the Carthaginian superior cavalry skill this battle encouraged the Gaul’s and Liguria’s to join his cause and bolstered his force to 40000 men. The Romans, greatly alarmed and dismayed by their defeat at Trebbia, immediately made plans to counter the new threat from the north. The Roman Senate resolved to elect new consuls the following year in 217 BC. Gnaeus Servilius Geminus and Gaius Flaminius {1}. The two roman general divide the Rome army in Italy between the as the army under Flaminius march pass lake Trasimene Hannibal sprung one of the most perfect ambushed in history. He chose the ground well with heavy forest on the hill on the north side of the lake it was the perfect......

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

History

...Police of the World Joel Terry Doctor Alan Rogers Contemporary U.S. History – HIS 105 Strayer University - Lithonia Campus June 15, 2014 Police of the World Since gaining independence from the British in 1776, the United States foreign policy over the years has gone from expansionist to isolationism to defending democracy. With the responsibility of defending democratic rights for those who cannot defend themselves, the United States in my opinion has taken on the role of “policeman of the world.” This role became more evident with the use of U.S. military force in international incidents like U.S. intervention in the 2011 Libyan Civil War to oust Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, and U.S. involvement in the 2011 Yemeni Civil War protesting the leadership of Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Despite the United States hailed, as a defender of democracy by some, their actions are usually not selfless. In both situations, protecting United States interests was a major factor. Both Libya and Yemen are hot beds for terrorist activity by radical groups like al-Qaeda. The United States monitors the activities of these groups in an effort to intercept information to thwart acts of terrorism, particularly against Americans. Leadership in these vulnerable countries is of great interest to the United States because some regimes are sympathetic to these militant groups. A lack of clear leadership in these countries also poses a threat to U.S....

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

History

...Running head ASSIGNMENT 1.2 INDUSTRIALIZATION AFTER THE CIVIL WAR ​ 1 Assignment 1.2: Industrialization after the Civil War Final Paper Annette L. Belton-Amponsah History 105 Dr. Van Vleck May 31, 2014 ​​​​ After the end of the Civil War the United States set on a new course which was called the industrialized Revolution during 1865 through the 1920. There were many different type of innovations and new opportunities for growth after the Civil War that changed the country forever. Many of these innovations led to vast amount of new jobs for minorities and other Americans. The first major change was the vast expansion of the railroads. With the full weight of the Federal Government the railroads leapt from approximately 30,000 miles of track to more than 350,000. Railroads spanned the nation, making the movement of goods, products, reasonable and reliable. Also, many people moved north to live near cities where the rail roads were being run. The United States changed to the better after the Civil War and during the industrialization revolution era families sold their farms to move closer to city life. After the Civil War the use and breakthrough of petroleum was established in 1853, Professor Schulman of Yale University discovered Kerosene, was considered a “useless” by product of crude oil, a powerful illuminate. (Schultz, P294) They needed a leader in......

Words: 864 - Pages: 4

History

...The Arabs: A History by Eugene Rogan Robert Irwin on an eloquent history of Arab hopes and disappointments * Share17 * * * * * ------------------------------------------------- Email * ------------------------------------------------- Robert Irwin * ------------------------------------------------- * ------------------------------------------------- The Guardian, Saturday 31 October 2009 An American Army helicopter flies past a mosque in Baghdad, Iraq. Photograph: Joe Raedle/Getty Images The Arabs: A History 1. The Arabs: A History 2. by Eugene Rogan 3. 4. ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Buy the book Bottom of Form by Eugene Rogan 532pp, Allen Lane, £25 Early on in his book Eugene Rogan, who teaches the modern history of the Middle East, confesses that in "any free and fair election in the Arab world today, I believe the Islamists would win hands down". Again, towards the end of this engrossing and capacious book, he reiterates that the "inconvenient truth about the Arab world today is that, in any free and fair election, those parties most hostile to the United States are most likely to win". Today, Arab fear of the west and resentment at the humiliating and socially damaging effects of westernisation fuels Islamism and the spread of terrorism. How have we come to this pass? Rogan answers this question by tracing the history of Arab hopes and ultimate disappointments from...

Words: 1343 - Pages: 6

History

...History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation")[2] is the study of the past, particularly how it relates to humans.[3][4] It is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Scholars who write about history are called historians. Events occurring prior to written record are considered prehistory. History can also refer to the academic discipline which uses a narrative to examine and analyse a sequence of past events, and objectively determine the patterns of cause and effect that determine them.[5][6] Historians sometimes debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present.[5][7][8][9] Stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the tales surrounding King Arthur) are usually classified as cultural heritage or legends, because they do not support the "disinterested investigation" required of the discipline of history.[10][11] Herodotus, a 5th-century BC Greek historian is considered within the Western tradition to be the "father of history", and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, helped form the foundations for the modern study of human history. Their work continues to be read today and the divide between the culture-focused......

Words: 358 - Pages: 2

History

...Columbia: Coffee is King The Social, Cultural, and Political Implications of the Coffee Economy Aurelia Moore Columbia College September 26, 2015 Introduction The cultivation and exportation of what is regarded as the finest coffee in the world, transformed the beautiful country of Colombia. At present, coffee cultivation is one of rural Columbia’s largest sources of employment (Coffee in Columbia, 2013). From a social standpoint, the coffee industry helps to foster positive social change through the creation of healthy economies, communities, and resources for those working in the industry, including health care and education. Culturally speaking, the art of coffee cultivation has a lengthy history in Columbia and is a way of life in much of the rural, mountainous country. Despite the earthquakes and other natural disasters which have impacted the region, the coffee growing community is typically inclined to band to together to rebuild if and when needed, in order to return as quickly as possible to their known way of life. Politically speaking, coffee is a huge economic driver for the country. Social Implications Beyond the natural emphasis on coffee generated profits, Columbia’s coffee export industry has long endeavored to create positive social change and impact. In existence since 1927, the Columbian Coffee Growers Federation (FNC) is charged with representing and defending the coffee grower’s interests and to promote social agendas desired by the......

Words: 1046 - Pages: 5

History

...bronze types which were already invented in East Asia. The mirror image of each letter, rather than entire words or sentences was carved in relief on a small block. Each letter, which are easily movable were put together to form words; lines of type were formed by the blank space left after each word; and lines of type were brought together to make up a page. Letters could be arranged into any format, because of which, a countless variety of texts could be printed by reusing and resetting the type (Kreis, 2011). Gutenberg got the idea of making printing press from existing technologies: textile, papermaking, and wine presses. However, he introduced an idea of molding and casting of movable metal type, which is a remarkable work in the history. He used the idea of presses used for making wine and cheese, and modified the existing ones to make a press for transferring the image from type to the papers. An operator is needed to use the lever to increase and decrease the pressure of the block against the paper to get the image of what is on the type. It was also necessary to develop suitable inks for printing with the new printing press. By that time, there were only water-based inks used for hand lettering and for block printing, which do not stick on metal type. Thus, a viscous oil based ink that sticks on the metal type was required for the new machine. Gutenberg not only designed a movable type printing press, but he also invented suitable kind of oil-based ink for the......

Words: 2525 - Pages: 11

History

...Research Paper Mental Health Irene Forchu VNT [pic][pic] Buzz Aldrin’s personality, his medical history, and his perceptions of his condition Introduction. This paper will present Buzz Aldrin as one of the prominent celebrity who was diagnosed with a mental illness. It was reported in June 2009 that he suffers with clinical depression and alcoholism but later improved his life considerably when he recognized and sought treatment for his problems. He is about 81 years and show signs to leave for another decade or more. This article will describe Buzz Aldrin personality as a celebrity, his diagnoses, his life history and his perception about his illness. All these will be summarized under the following subheadings; His personal life, History and achievements, his diagnoses and conclusion. Personal life Aldrin has been married three times: to Joan Archer, with whom he had three children, James, Janice, and Andrew, to Beverly Zile, and to his current wife, Lois Driggs Cannon, whom he married on Valentine's Day, 1988. He filed for divorce from Lois on June 15, 2011 in Los Angeles, citing “irreconcilable differences,” according to his attorney, one day after the couple separated. Aldrin is an active supporter of the Republican Party, headlining fundraisers for GOP members of Congress. In 2007, Aldrin confirmed to Time magazine that he had recently had a face-lift; he joked that the G-forces he was exposed to in space "caused a sagging......

Words: 1583 - Pages: 7

History

...Giovanny Veloz US History 3/28/12 On March 26th I visited the American Museum of Natural History. After 3 hours of roaming around I couldn’t find much that pertained to this history class so my friend that works there was able to sneak me into the American Historical Society right next door. This was a goldmine of information and exhibits pertaining to history during all different types of eras. Right in front of the museum was a life size statue of Abraham Lincoln and to my surprise, he was really tall. One document that really caught my eye was a rare handwritten copy of the Thirteenth Amendment, signed by Lincoln himself. I was intrigued by this document because all I was doing was looking at this piece of paper and imagining Lincoln sitting down actually signing this with a feather and some ink. Trying to picture yourself living back in those days is The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction”. The Emancipation Proclamation, which went into effect on January 1, 1863, was a major step towards the abolition of slavery, helping to fulfill the promise of the Declaration of Independence and renew the nation’s founding philosophy of human liberty. Due to the Civil War, Lincoln realized that changing the Constitution itself would not be sufficient...

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

History

... Races have their own hotels, buses, and restaurants. Pluralism A state in which people of all racial and ethnic categories have about the same over all social standing. Assimilation The process by which minorities gradually adopt cultural patterns from the dominant majority population. Part II Answer the following questions in 150 to 350 words each: • Throughout most of U.S. history in most locations, what race has been the majority? What is the common ancestral background of most members of this group? Throughout most of U.S. history the white race has been the majority. This race is majority because of the social standards they have not just because of the population. The white race was the first settlers in the new land. As known, the most common ancestral background of most members of this group is European. Europeans came to this land for new life opportunities. They were able to come together and form their own country and boundaries because they broke ties off with their European rulers. • What are some of the larger racial minorities in U.S. history? What have been the common ancestral backgrounds of each of these groups? When did each become a significant or notable minority group? The white race, which is made up of both Hispanic Americans and the Non-Hispanic is the larger racial minorities. Hispanic Americans make up 85% of the population and Non-Hispanics make 79%. White people are categorized as people who have very light skin......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

进击的巨人 | Eps1 Berlin Station Season 3 | Read Essay