Community Health Care Act

In: Business and Management

Submitted By svendetti
Words 1335
Pages 6
The Community Mental Health Act of 1963
Post University

Community mental health center act of 1963 was a significant milestone in America’s record of mental health rights. On 31st October 1963, the act was signed into a regulation by President John F. Kennedy. The law was the pioneer among other many federal policy alterations that helped ignite a significant transformation of the communal mental health arrangement by shifting resources outside huge organization toward community-based mental health action line up. The act lead to the increased improvement in the rights and treatment options for youth, children and adults living with mental sickness, though full guarantee of community-base concern has not been fully captured. This paper seeks to explain the rationale of community mental health center act of 1963.
President Kennedy referred to the law as a bold new approach and it was the first federal bylaw to promote community-based mental health care. The Act offered donations to state for the building of (CMHC) community mental health centers, special facilities designed for treatment, diagnosis and delivery of mental health prevention to persons living in the community. The centers were built to provide the following indispensable services: inpatient services, emergency services, education and consultation on mental health, outpatient services, partial hospitalization and emergency response. The donations were projected to provide 1500 more community mental health centers across the country (Dolan &Powell, 2001).
The act was proposed because the country was experiencing an increased number of children and adults with mental illness. In mid-1950’s, over 500,000 adults and children were institutionalized for mental sickness. The public sentiment concerning the system of institutionalization started to transform. People questioned the usefulness of the…...

Similar Documents

Affordable Health Care Act

...Affordable Care Act NUR/571 Affordable Care Act: Description The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was enacted March 2010. The Act is to provide better health security for Americans by putting comprehensive health insurance reforms in place that will •Expand coverage •Hold Insurance companies accountable •Lower health care costs •Guarantee more choice •Enhance the quality of care for all Americans ( “The Affordable Care Act expands Medicaid coverage and makes numerous improvements to both the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and Medicaid ” ( The actual document is a 974 page compilation of the major provisions put together by the office of the legislature. The major provisions as related to Medicaid and CHIP focus on the following: 1. Eligibility requirements – will fill gaps in current coverage for lower income Americans by minimizing eligibility levels for Medicaid across all states ( 2. Financing - Starting January 2014 adults newly eligible for Medicaid will be fully funded by the government for a period of three years, then gradually reducing funding to 90% by 2020 (Medicaid gov). 3. Information systems and data management – Government financing will be provided for investment in data technology systems needed to get Medicaid systems up and running in time for the projected start date of January 2014 and for expanding Medicaid eligibility ( 4. Coordination with affordable insurance......

Words: 1215 - Pages: 5

What Are the Most Important Elements of the Affordable Care Act in Relation to Community and Public Health? What Is the Role of the Nurse in Implementing This Law?

...The Affordable Care Act (ACA) expands access to coverage to millions of Americans, a goal health plans have long supported, but major provisions will raise costs and disrupt coverage for individuals, families, employers, and Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries. The broad market reforms outlined in the ACA take effect on January 1, 2014. Individuals and families purchasing insurance in the individual market will be guaranteed coverage for pre-existing conditions, and their premiums cannot vary based on their gender or medical history. There will also be subsidies to help consumers afford the cost of coverage, and new health insurance exchanges will help consumers find the policies that best meet their needs. At the same time, other provisions take effect that will significantly increase the cost of coverage, such as the health insurance tax, minimum essential benefits, and restrictions on age rating. $52 billion in new taxes will be imposed on businesses by mandating that employers provide health insurance. New taxes on drug companies ($27 billion) and medical device makers ($20 billion), as well as new reporting requirements and regulations imposed on physicians, will make access to health care and services more costly and difficult for seniors under Obamacare.The cumulative impact of all of these provisions increases the likelihood that some individuals will choose to purchase insurance only after they become sick or injured, further increasing the cost of coverage for......

Words: 1098 - Pages: 5

Community Health

...How can community health nurses apply the strategies of cultural competence to their practice? Provide at least one example from each of the following four strategies: cultural preservation, cultural accommodation, cultural repatterning, and cultural brokering. What is a possible barrier to applying the strategy/example chosen? Use an example that is different than the postings of other students. One of the culturally challenging barriers I have come across is that the women believe they should wait until their milk comes in before they start breast feeding. In the meanwhile they wish to feed their newborns formula from a bottle. Evidence-based practice supports breastfeeding from within one hour of birth until the child is one year old or older. In our institution we attempt cultural repatterning, that is working with the patient “to help… her change cultural practices that are harmful” (Huber, 2009, p. 14). We try to encourage the women to attend free breast feeding classes prior to delivery regarding the benefits of colostrum and the benefits of early breastfeeding . In the past nurses believed that bottle-feeding the first few days was not harmful and therefore just a cultural variation that could be supported. Allowing the mothers to formula-feed under this assumption is called cultural accommodation which “supports and facilitates the use of cultural practices that have not been proven harmful” (Huber, 2009, p. 14).Formula was believed to be the gold standard for......

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Community Health

...Community Health Nursing Assessment Western Governors University Community Health Nursing Assessment A1. Community Description Hernando County is located in west central Florida. The county was officially established on February 27, 1843. It was created from portions of Alachua, Hillsborough and Orange Counties and centered between Citrus County to the north and Pasco County to the south. Its county seat is Brooksville and its largest community is unincorporated Spring Hill. According to “Hernando County History” 2010, the county has a total area of 589.08 square miles, of which 478.31 square miles is land and 110.77 square miles is water. Hernando County is a relative small community but is known for its wild life and national parks. Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge is a National protected area of Hernando, and Weeki Wachee Springs (home of the mermaids) along with Withlacoochee State Forest are State protected areas. The county is known best for its nature preserves and is called the Nature Coast of Florida. This community has a census of 173,000 people, 93,425 households, and 79,575 families residing in this community (U.S. Census Bureau, August 16, 2009). The racial makeup of the community is 92.85% white, 4.07% black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, and 0.98% from other races. It is also estimated that out of the 55,425......

Words: 2505 - Pages: 11

Community Health Assessment of a Community

... Community assessment and analysis Presentation Red group Interview with Community health Nurse Essex County New Jersey Demographic of Essex County Essex County is located in the North eastern part of new jersey. The history of Essex county dates back to 1666 when 30 families from Connecticut established settlement along the banks of Passaic river. Essex County was officially established in 1682 by east jersey legislature. Essex County is 129.631 square miles. The Geopolitical communities are designed by natural or human made boundaries (Maurer and Smith, 2009). It holds community safer for the residents and the governing body. Essex County is bordered by human made boundaries. The weather of the community fluctuates according to the seasons. The usual temperature throughout winter stays within 24 to 42 degrees Fahrenheit. In the summer, it hikes up, and ranges between at 68 to 85 Fahrenheit. Natural disasters like flood, blizzards, snowstorms, heavy rains hurricanes, power outrage, water shortage common here. Essex county is the second most densely populated county in new jersey As of 2010 census population was 783969. The county is made up of 22 municipalities which are widely diverse encompassing large inner-city communities. Essex’s county’s economic wealth is not ......

Words: 2461 - Pages: 10

Community and Public Health Care

...nd, 2015 Community and Public health care is the best avenue in promoting health and prevention of illness in a community based setting. Usability of Pender’s Health Model and Health Belief Model in a community or public health program is Pender’s research focus on health care activities that will promote wellness of people. Health promotion, disease prevention can be more easily established and practice through community mobilization. People in rural areas practice holistic medicine, this may be due to socio-economic, culture and demographic where access to health care is limited or too expensive. Health Belief Model is a cognitively based model that focus health promotion, etiology of the identification of the disease process as it affects the community. This was one of the first health care theories, developed by Public Health Nurses to improved community health programs, in order to improved community participations in health and wellness programs. Healthy behaviors maybe identified by a person perception and behavioral modifications. For example high risk sexual behaviors and the possibility of acquiring the disease process.( Croyle RT, 2005 ) They differences between these two Model – a. Pender’s Health Promotion Model aimed to educate Public Health Nurses, in order for these nurses to become professional patient advocate in the disease process to educate their clients. Through education it will promote healthy behaviors, Pender’s (1987) saw health promotion......

Words: 383 - Pages: 2

Community Health

...Community Health Nursing Case Study Mr. Evans is a new patient to this nurse. This is the first home visit and upon presentation the patient has tachycardia and presumably newly diagnosed Atrial fibrillation, for which he takes Digoxin. According to records last Digoxin level was two months ago. Respiration are increased and adventitious breath sounds are noted. Patient states that this is his baseline. Patient has COPD and takes Proventil PRN and Theo-Dur twice a day. Patient reports he had a hospitalization for “congestion in his heart” and is currently on Lasix 40 BID. Patent denies any acute distress, home health aid reports recent weight loss, loose stools and complaint of nausea. This nurse in the field would interview the patient and his wife after the clinical assessment. I would ask about any anorexia, loose stools, nausea and or vomiting. Patient does take a stool softener daily. After assessing attend skin turgor and sign if dehydration, this nurse would investigate when the patient takes his medication, and if he has been missing any doses of meds. This nurse would ask when his next cardiology follow up is and when he is due for any labs including a BMP since 40 mg of Lasix twice a day is a higher dose, and for a current digoxin level. This nurse would ask how the patient is sleeping and how often he is using his rescue inhaler for shortness of breath and wheezing. This nurse would ask when his next follow up with oncology is and how......

Words: 641 - Pages: 3

Community Health

...Community Health Paper C228/VWT Task 1 By: Ericka Barrera November 20, 2015 A.) Identification of Community Depending on how you drive around, LA County can look very different in various parts of the community. As California’s largest county, with 10,116,705 people in the county, it is not hard to imagine that there are vast differences in even a localized area (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000-2013). With Hispanics making up almost half the population, the remaining Whites, Asians and African Americans, as well as other cultures, lend to a very diverse community. You can be in a very affluent area and drive only a few short miles and be now surrounded by run-down buildings, homeless people on the streets and poverty-stricken neighborhoods. Because of this, our community has many different health concerns that will be addressed in this paper. B.) Assessment of Needs and Risks B1. Population Economic Status In Los Angeles County, of the 10 million residents, 18.9% of households are at or below the poverty level (Los Angeles County, 2015). With the national average being 14.8%, LA County is a community that has to take care of a greater amount of people that are in need (U.S. Census Bureau, 2015). The average household income sits at $54,529 with African Americans being at the lowest median, around $36,609. Concurrently, they are also the population who has the highest percentage of poor, 38.1% (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000-2013). LA County also has a high rate of...

Words: 5280 - Pages: 22

Community Health

...C228 – Community Health Nursing – Task 1 Student’s Name Western Governors University Identification of Community Nestled in Southern Indiana just west of Louisville, Kentucky and south of Indianapolis, Indiana is Dubois County, Indiana. Dubois County is comprised of the towns of Birdseye, Ferdinand, Holland, Huntingburg and Jasper. Of those towns, Jasper is the largest and is the county seat (Kelly School of Business, 2014). Over fifty-two percent of the population consists of adults ranging from 25-64 years of age (Kelly School of Business, 2014). The leading cause of mortality in this county is heart disease, cancer, suicide and injuries (Memorial Hospital and Health Care Center & Dubois County Health Department, 2011). According to the 2011 health rankings of the county, Dubois County was higher in the benchmark of poor health, adult obesity, adult smoking, excessive drinking, motor vehicle crash death rate and teen birth rate than the national benchmarks (Memorial Hospital and Health Care Center & Dubois County Health Department, 2011). Industry overview consists of manufacturing, transportation/warehousing, health care, and finance/insurance with manufacturing providing the majority of the jobs at an average wage per job of $54,000 in 2010(Memorial Hospital And Health Care Center & Dubois County Health Department, 2011). Obesity in the county grew to 28.9% in 2008 compared to 26.8% in 2006(Memorial Hospital and Health Care Center &...

Words: 2449 - Pages: 10

Health Care System – Religious Freedom Restoration Act

...Health Care System – Religious Freedom Restoration Act The Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) is using a health care provider’s religion to determine whether or not their beliefs allow them to provide care to a patient. I personally believe this goes against medical ethics of all health care providers to do no harm. A medical provider is one who is specifically trained and a subject matter expert to provide the best possible care to their patients legally. The RFRA act allows a health care provider to disregard their medical ethics due to their own religious beliefs. While I do believe each individual is entitled to their own religious beliefs, it now interferes with providing quality medical care. For instance, if an EMT practices a religion that does not believe in homosexuality and that EMT arrives on a scene of a car accident they would not have to provide any medical aid to the casualty(s). Not only does this go against medical ethics though it also brings into judgment of how can you tell if someone is homosexual. I personally believe that any medical provider should render any aid applicable to the situation regardless of their religious beliefs. Clock ticking as Religious Freedom Restoration Act awaits action in Michigan Senate The information in the article “Clock ticking as Religious Freedom Restoration Act awaits action in Michigan Senate”, was found to be reliable. The author Jonathan Oosting is a long time writer for MLive (Michigan Live)......

Words: 517 - Pages: 3

Affordable Care Act: Health Reform

...Lesha Henry Affordable Care Act: Health Reform Fayetteville State University Abstract The Affordable Care Act: Health Reform has taken this country to a level that has made the entire country think long and hard about where it really stands as far as the cost of health care, who should pay for it and how they will pay. The American people have debated about reforming its health care system for years; is this way to go about doing it says some? When did the Affordable Care Act first came into effect, what changes did has taken place since the passing of the act, the key provisions that are in the ACA/health reform, does it protect the patient or hurt, how does it affect the insurance companies, the small business man, and how has it affected the American people. These are some of the question that will be address in this paper. The Affordable Care Act was enacted with the ideal in mind of raising the quality and affordability of health insurance, lowering the rates of by expanding public and private insurance coverage, and reducing the costs of healthcare for individuals and the government (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, June 28, 2010). Further reforms designed to decrease costs and better healthcare outcomes by changing the structure of the quality above quantity through increased competition, regulation, and incentives to streamline the delivery of......

Words: 2512 - Pages: 11

Affordable Health Care Act

...The Impact of the Affordable Care Act on North Carolina's Uninsured Population Wendy Patterson Walden University Policy & Advocacy for Population Health NURS 6050-13 Dr. Joan Moon June 30, 2015 The Impact of the Affordable Care Act on North Carolina's Uninsured Population In a speech delivered in the Rose Garden, President Obama stated, “Five years ago, after nearly a century of talk, decades of trying, a year of bipartisan debate -- we finally declared that in America, healthcare is not a privilege for a few, but a right for all” (US News, 2015). This paper will discuss the impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on the population of North Carolina, the economic impact of providing care to patients from the provider’s point of view, how patients will be affected in relationship to cost, quality, and access to treatment, and what the ethical implications of ACA means for both the provider's and the patients. The Impact of the Affordable Care Act on the Population in North Carolina According to a fact sheet published by the Kaiser Family Foundation, the ACA has the potential to extend coverage to many of the 47 million nonelderly uninsured people nationwide, including the 1.6 million uninsured in North Carolina (KFF, 2015). Although the ACA was signed into law declaring that it was a right for all to have health insurance, individual States had the option of whether to expand coverage for Medicaid recipients. “Being poor, unemployed, or homeless did......

Words: 1826 - Pages: 8

Affordable Care Act (Health Care Reform)

...Legal Methods and Process The Affordable Care Act ensures your right to appeal health insurance plan decisions which is when you ask that your plan to reconsider its decision to deny payment for a service or treatment. New rules that apply to health plans created after March 23, 2010 spell out how your plan must handle your appeal (usually called an “internal appeal”). If your plan still denies payment after considering your appeal, the law permits you to have an independent review organization decide whether to uphold or overturn the plan’s decision. This final check is often referred to as an “external review.” Many states offer help to consumers with health insurance problems. The Affordable Care Act improves these services with grants that help states start or strengthen Consumer Assistance Programs (CAPs). The states and territories that applied for these grants have received funds provide residents direct help with problems or questions about health coverage. Whether or not your state has a Consumer Assistance Program, you have rights under the health care law, including the right to appeal decisions made by your health insurance provider. If your state does not have a Consumer Assistance Program, some state and federal government offices may still be able to help you determine your rights and solve problems. Florida does not operate a Consumer Assistance Program under the Affordable Care Act. The new consumer protections and benefits of the law......

Words: 1838 - Pages: 8

Health Care Bill and Impact on the Community

...Health Care Bill and Impact on the Community Health care in the United States is a serious issue that involves all individuals and families alike. Many individuals and families in the United States are unable to receive accessible, affordable and quality health care treatment even though they work each day. Low income levels and a volatile, unstable economy is the cause of many middle class or impoverished individuals and families not being able to receive health care benefits. For many years, politicians have discussed the reformation of the health care system in the United States and H.R. 3950 will surely help the health care system and individuals and families with health care treatment. According to Holland (2010), the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was created for individuals and families to ensure that all Americans have access to quality, affordable health care and will help create the transformation within the health care system that is necessary to contain cost. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is suppose to provide coverage for more Americans and reduce the deficiency over the next ten years and beyond. According to Holland (2010), The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act contains nine titles addressing essential components of reform in: • Quality, affordable health care for all Americans; • The role of public programs; • Improving the quality and efficiency of health care; • Prevention of chronic disease and improving......

Words: 713 - Pages: 3

Community Health

...Running head: COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING ASSESSMENT Community Health Nursing Assessment Alison C. Jessup Saint Joseph’s College COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING ASSESSMENT Abstract COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING ASSESSMENT Prior to becoming a nurse five years ago I didn’t really give much thought to the community that surrounded me. I independently went about my daily life without really considering my neighbors or municipality and I certainly wasn’t geared towards thinking about how I can give back to the community. It wasn’t until I began working in a local hospital that I started to contemplate the community and those I serve not only within the confines of the brick and mortar but far beyond. I initially started to become involved in the Jordan Hospital community and today I currently participate in various committees such as our Unit Based Council, Service Excellence, Meditech 6.0 Computer Implementation and our Stroke Resource Team. Exposure to various teambuilding opportunities has enhanced my relationship with senior leadership and also allowed me to be a voice for staff nurses and implement positive change. A particular area that I saw the greatest opportunity for change with the most impact to patient care and safety was with our stroke team. It is not unusual to have patients admitted to my floor with a diagnosis of Cerebral Vascular Accident or Transient Ischemic Attacks. Rarely do we see the inpatient stroke victim, but it does happen. The first inpatient......

Words: 2872 - Pages: 12

Health Household | One Vintage Carved Chinese Bead Green Jadeite Jade Stone Double Shou Round 12mm | Byung-Hun Lee