Compare Two Psychological Approaches to Health and Social Care Provision.

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Ruthlewis24
Words 1031
Pages 5
Compare two psychological approaches to Health and Social care provision.

Case Study.
Demi Lovato is a well-known actress and singer from the USA. Demi Lovato was diagnosed with bulimia, bipolar and self-harm in 2010. She had struggled with a “really unhealthy relationship with food" since age 8 after suffering bullying, and her self-mutilating behaviour started at age 11 as a means to “cope with her emotions and depression”. Demi attended rehab for these mental health illnesses, and from this is now back on track and has had a very successful career.

Approach 1: To help treat Demi’s bipolar and self-harm, the cognitive approach would use talking therapy, where a therapist/counsellor sits with the individual and allows the individual to talk about their problems and with this find ways to help the individual work out how to deal with negative thoughts and feelings and make positive changes. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is an active type of counselling. It is the first-line treatment for outpatients with bulimia. CBT is used to treat the mental and emotional elements of an eating disorder.

Approach 2: The behavioural approach would help to treat Demi’s bipolar and self-harm by using techniques to minimise stress levels. Behavioural therapy aims to change harmful and unhelpful behaviours that an individual may have e.g. eating disorder. The behavioural approach system controls approach motivation and goal-directed behaviour to achieve rewards. It is activated by rewards or goal-relevant cues, which can be either external (presence of a desired goal) or internal (expectancies of goal achievement). The behavioural approach system activation is compromised in the generation of positive goal-striving emotions such as happiness (reinforcement and punishment). By seeing a therapist or counsellor Demi could have set goals e.g. to create a record breaking…...

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