Constitution of Medina

In: Historical Events

Submitted By samayyoub
Words 1862
Pages 8
The Constitution of Medina – Islamic Constantinople
HIS201 – Middle Eastern History
Sama Ibrahim Ayyoub
999028699
October 17th, 2013

In contemporary society, Islam is often depicted as a religion, which lacks in democratic values. Contrary to this popular belief, the importance of human rights in the religion is charted in “The Constitution of Medina.” Furthermore, its body of precedents proves the respect and humanity the Prophet Muhammad showed towards his Non-Muslim equals in early Arabia. This essay will aim to argue that the document titled “The constitution of Medina” is an Islamic attempt at a cosmopolitan multicultural state, which acknowledges the rights of all individuals. For the purpose of organization and analysis, this essay will first attempt to acquire knowledge on the socio-political environment Pre-Islamic Medina. Secondly, the relationship between the early Jewish community and Muslims will be examined, followed by a commentary on the Prophet Muhammad’s accomplishments in the state of Medina. In result, this will prove the democratic influence this constitution had not only on Islamic history but the Middle East as a whole. In order to grasp a clear understanding of the topic, it is most appropriate to begin by inquiring on the socio-political environment Pre-Islamic Medina which is important to understand as it had a historical influence on the constitution. Specifically speaking, the civil wars that arose between Jewish clans resulted in stratification in the society of Medina in terms of both political and social affairs. As Micheal Lecker further highlights in Muslims, Jews and Pagans: “we find a special type of fortification [in certain Jewish tribes]: a purely military construction or fortress, which could shelter the whole tribe in time of war. [...]” He continues saying, “In…...

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