Criminology in the Criminal Justice System

In: Social Issues

Submitted By poblanton
Words 791
Pages 4
Criminology in the Criminal Justice System
P. Olivia Roehrs
CJUS 230_B01 LUO
Research Paper
July 4, 2014

Abstract Figuring out and understanding why people commit crimes is a main concern of criminology. Do the majority of criminals act and think rationally after weighing the consequences of crime? Is society to blame for an individual committing a crime? Do factors such as mental diseases or genetics play a role in whether or not one lives a life of crime? Theories have developed over time explaining the above questions and this paper will explore them and their answers.

Criminology in the Criminal Justice System Over the years many individuals have developed theories as to why crimes are committed. Determining why crimes are committed is a main concern of criminology. When studying criminology it is important to understand what it is as well as understanding crime. In the field of criminology, it is important to determine if criminal acts are rationally thought out before being committed, if society plays a role in crime, and what issues drive an individual to live a life of crime. Before one can understand criminology and its purpose, one must have a clear understanding of crime. According to Paul W. Tappan, crime is defined as “an intentional act or omission in violation of criminal law, committed without defense or justification, and sanctioned by the state as a felony or misdemeanor” (Hendrix, 2014, p. 6). Having an understanding of what criminology is can be crucial when trying to determine why crimes are committed. According to Nicole Hendrix and James Inciardi (2014), criminology can be described as “The scientific study of the nature and causes of crime, the rates of crime, the punishment and rehabilitation of offenders, and the prevention of crime” (p. 6). Tim Newbum (2007) describes criminology as the study of crime, those who commit…...

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