Crohn's Disease

In: Other Topics

Submitted By randrasak
Words 753
Pages 4
Crohn’s Disease is a condition suffered by many young men and women all around the world. Though more prevalent in Northern US and Canada, the disease has found its way to the farthest reaches across the globe. It is found more commonly in females and presents ages 20-30 years, though not strictly. The disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease and can affect any part in the gastrointestinal tract. Once known as auto immune, it is now classified as immune deficiency. No cure has been found, but researchers work diligently to reduce the effects throughout a Crohn’s patient’s life.

Crohn’s Disease was given its name in 1932 by gastroenterologist Dr. Burrill B. Crohn, whom it was respectively named after. Previous to this, many cases appeared and recorded as early as 1682 which was when the first description of the condition was made by the Italian physician Giovanni Battista Morgagni. It was described as “…a young man with a chronic, debilitating illness and diarrhea” (Bellany, 2005). Since then, more and more cases have arrived and continues to effect thousands of people worldwide.

This condition falls under a medical category known as Inflammatory Bowel Diseases or IBD. The two main forms of IBD are Crohn’s Disease and ulcerative colitis. While very similar and often confused with one another, they have many different, as well as common symptoms. Less common forms are known as collagenous colitis, lymphocytic colitis and Behcet’s disease. Crohn’s Disease may affect the gastrointestinal tract but more commonly at the end of the small bowel and the beginning of the colon. The direct causes for Crohn’s are still yet to be determined by doctors and researchers but many theories have arisen. It is said to be aggravated by diet and stress and may cause it to present “…but they do not cause the disease on their own. Recent research suggests…...

Similar Documents

Crohn's Disease

...Madisyn Witfield Living with a chronic disease for anyone is a difficult way to live your life. Most of us worry about simple bills like phone, cable, and internet. People living with a chronic disease often have to worry about high health insurance premiums, or take the chance of not having insurance at all. We do not choose to be born with an illness, deformity, or a disease, but there are companies and organizations out there that are willing to help. You do not need to struggle in life with medical bills that burden you from obtaining a higher education. Background Crohn’s Disease (CD) affects around 700,000 Americans (CCFA 2012). It doesn’t discriminate between male or female, and is found evenly in both sexes. It is a chronic inflammatory condition of the digestive tract, and can occur anywhere in the digestive tract, from the mouth on down. It mainly affects the lower part of the small intestine. There is currently no cure for CD, but there are many medical treatments and surgical options available to relieve symptoms. CD can occur at any age, but is most prevalent in adolescent to young adults from age 13-35 (CCFA 2012). General symptoms that are associated with Crohn’s Disease are fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue, night sweats, and in women, loss of normal menstrual cycle. CD is a chronic disease, which means that people afflicted with this type of disease experience periods of flare-ups followed by periods of remission, where they might not......

Words: 1231 - Pages: 5

Autoimmune Diseases

...is to protect the body against diseases and other invaders that the body recognizes as foreign. Because of the immune system, our bodies are able to fight off illnesses such as the common cold. What would happen if the immune system started to attack healthy cells within your body for no known reason? Unfortunately, that is what happens to individuals who suffer from an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune disease describes a group of diseases that can affect the human organ systems. These diseases all have the same underlying problem. Which is the body’s immune system becomes defective and attacks the organs in which it was supposed to protect (Autoimmune Disease in Women, 2013). The cause is still unknown as to why the immune system can no longer tell the difference between healthy body tissues and antigens, but it is believed some microorganism, different drugs, and certain genes may increase the risk of developing an autoimmune disease (Dugdale, 2011). Having an autoimmune disease can be difficult for a person, especially in the early stages, because many do not know what to expect or have the basic knowledge on the disease. For many, these diseases can cause major complications and illnesses, especially when going untreated for long periods of time. Fortunately, with the advances in medicine and research, people, with autoimmune diseases, can live long, normal lives with proper support and treatment. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,......

Words: 1984 - Pages: 8

Crohns Disease

...Crohn’s Disease affects approximately 700,000 people in the United States. While it is most common in people ages 15-35, anyone at any age can show symptoms. Men are also just as likely to have the disease as women are. If someone, such as a parent, have the disease you are more likely to show symptoms. The risk is also higher if the person is Jewish or African American. The causes of this disease are not clear but some think that genetics, diet, smoking and stress play a role in the irritation. The person’s environment seems to also play a role. For example, people who live in northern climates are more likely to have the disease as well as people in underdeveloped countries as opposed to the more developed ones. Crohn’s is one of the many diseases that fit into the Inflammatory Bowel Disease category. This disease is many times confused with ulcerative colitis. While their symptoms may be very similar, the thing that sets them apart is the part of the gastrointestinal tract that they affect. Crohn’s can affect the large intestine, the end of the small bowel, and the thickness of the bowel wall. Symptoms include persistent diarrhea, rectal bleeding, constipation, and abdominal cramps. If symptoms are not treated the disease can also lead to fatigue and weight loss. Crohn’s is also considered to be a chronic disease meaning that the person can experience periods of remission followed by flare ups. Only in the most severe cases does the disease cause fissures, or tears in......

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

Crohns Disease

... Kelly Flannery Imaging Sequences of Crohn’s Disease Crohn’s disease, a form of Irritable Bowl Syndrome, is an ongoing symptomatic disease that has affected as many as 1.4 million people in the United States.7 Although it may occur at any age, the most common onset for IBS is between 15 to 30 years old.7 IBS can be broken down into two categories such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.7 Crohn’s disease is one of the most difficult diseases to diagnose and uses a lot of distinctive tests such as X-ray, CT, MRI, Ultrasonography, and Nuclear Imaging. We will be investigating the optimum imaging sequences to analyze the cause, diagnosis, and treatments of Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease can incorporate any location of the gastrointestinal tract, but it usually affects the area in-between the small and large bowels.7 Although the cause of Crohn’s disease is widely unknown, there are numerous implicating factors. Genetics is proposed as it “is found among first-degree relatives, suggesting a strong genetic component” .7 Other factors that play a part in contributing to the disease can be environmental, for example, smoking and your diet.7 Infectious and Immunologic factors are also considered, such as preexisting infections as a child or the infectious bacterium, Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (MAP).3 The optimum imaging sequences to diagnose Crohn’s disease are plain radiography with barium studies, Computed Tomography,......

Words: 1201 - Pages: 5

Crohn's Disease

...Mandy Adams Crohn’s Disease Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation of the digestive tract. It usually affects the lower part of the small intestine and can cause pain and diarrhea. This disease can be difficult to diagnose. Crohn’s disease is usually inherited. A person is thirty times more likely to be diagnosed if a family member has it. It is mostly diagnosed in people between the ages of twenty and thirty. The white blood cells that accumulate in the lining of the intestines causes Crohn’s disease. They produce chronic inflammation which leads to ulcerations and bowel injury. People that have Crohn’s disease are found to have high levels of a protein called tumor necrosis factor (TNF) that is produced by the immune system. The earliest, most common symptoms of Crohn’s disease are abdominal pain and diarrhea. Rectal bleeding, arthritis, or skin problems are also possible. Bleeding could be severe enough to cause anemia. Some people may have blood clots or swelling in the legs. Another symptom is episderitis which is inflammation in the white part of the eye or uveitis, which is inflammation of the interior portion of the eye and can cause vision loss if untreated. Osteoporosis and clubbing, which is a deformity of the fingertips, is also possible. Crohn’s disease causes a decrease in appetite sever enough to be deficient in vitamins and proteins. This also causes malnutrition and malabsorption. A fever may be present, but if it......

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

Crohn's Disease

...Crohn's Disease Nicole DeMase Health and Chronic Management Nur 427 December 6, 2010 Tiffany Fitch, MSN, FNP-C Crohn's Disease Patient information: A 21 year old Jewish-American presents to the emergency department with severe diarrhea and complaints of abdominal pain, decreased appetite for over two weeks and weight loss of 10lbs. The young Jewish man has no other medical problems and denies any family history other than an older brother that was diagnosed with Crohn’s when he has 20 years old. Currently, the young man is enrolled in college pursuing a career in criminal justice and did advise the emergency department staff of a learning disability. The young man requested that any information about his diagnosis should be put into writing so he can reference the information any time he has any questions. With that saying, I have provided informational facts about the disease and what a person just being diagnosed with the disease should know. Crohn’s disease that affects more than 500,000 people in the United States is a chronic inflammatory disease that causes inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Crohn’s does can affect any area of the GI tract, from the mouth to the anus, but often affects the small intestines also known as the ileum. The inflammation causes abdominal pain and makes the intestines empty frequently causing severe diarrhea and also malnutrition. Sign and symptoms of Crohn’s disease often range from mild to severe and also can have......

Words: 1028 - Pages: 5

Crohns Disease

...Crohn’s disease is a very serious and underrated disease. There is not much awareness about this disease; however it affects thousands of people a year. Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease, (IBD), named after an American gastroenterologist, Dr. Burill B. Crohn. This debilitating disease was further investigated by Dr. Crohn when an Italian physician Giovanni Battista Morgagni in 1969 diagnosed a young man with chronic diarrhea. Because of its symptoms, Crohn’s disease is often misdiagnosed, and conditions for patients only become worse. In 1913, Scottish physician T. Kennedy Dalziel reported nine cases in which patients were suffering from intestinal obstructions. This physician closely examined the patients inflamed bowel and found a characteristic of Crohn’s as describe by Dr. Crohn. The bowel had transmural inflammation with abdominal cramps, fever, diarrhea, and weight loss. This disease was affecting typical young adults in the 1920’s and 1930’s. After several other findings reportedly being documented, Dr Crohn and his colleagues presented a paper on terminal ileitis describing the symptoms and findings of Crohn’s disease to the American Medical Association on May 13, 1932. The findings were given significant recognition, making it the fist time this condition was familiarized with the public in a widely-read journal. Crohn’s disease, also known as granulomatous enteritis and colitis, is an inflammatory disease that can affect any part of the......

Words: 1276 - Pages: 6

Crohns Disease

...Crohn's Disease Team C HCS/245 University of phoenix Crohn's Disease Crohn’s Disease is one of two forms of inflammatory bowel disorder (IBD). Often referred to as Regional enteritis, Crohns Disease, is a chronic inflammation of the intestines usually confined to the terminal portion of the small intestine. Crohn’s Disease could affect the stomach but could also affect as much as the entire colon. The two forms are similar in some symptoms but differ with location and severity as well as the measurement of treatment. Like Crohn’s Disease (CD) Ulcerative colitis (UC) are parts of a biologic continuum and distinct disorder. Initial suffers of (IBD) are classified with Indeterminate colitis. The signs and symptoms are so similar with the two disorders they can only be diagnosed by proper testing. There are various testing for Crohn’s Disease According to the Mayo Clinic some known ways of testing for Crohn’s Disease would be through blood test, fecal blood, colonoscopy , cat scan, or MRI. As with most other diseases and disorders there are certain risk factors that increases your chance of contracting said disorders. Becoming diagnosed with Crohn’s Disease is usually determined by the age of 30. Common risk factors for Crohn’s Disease are age: conditions are developed at a young age, ethnicity: white have higher risk, family history: if there is a close relative such as parent, siblings, or children that have been diagnosed with Crohn’s Disease,......

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Crohns Disease

...Crohn’s Disease Crohn’s disease is a disease which causes chronic inflammatory swelling of the digestive tract. Patients suffering from Crohn’s develop ulcers anywhere from the mouth to the rectal area. The swelling can result in pain and can also cause diarrhea. The disease is more often developed among people ages 20 to 30, but it could affect people of all age groups. Once the disease begins, it tends to be recurrent with periods of remission. Although there are no known cures for the disease, there are several treatments available to help alleviate the symptoms. The disease is more common in relatives of patients with Crohn’s disease. Currently, Crohn’s disease is believed to be related to irregularities in the way the body’s immune system responds to food. In a normal immune system, the immune system protects the body from infections and there is no immune response directed against food, certain beneficial bacteria, and other substances in the intestines. However, in patients with Crohn’s disease their immune system can attack various substances within the intestines. This attack causes inflammation, bowel injuries, and ulcerations. This unusually active immune system is believed to be genetically inherited. First degree relatives of patients with Crohn’s disease (brothers, sons, and daughters) are more likely to develop the disease. There is no evidence that diet has anything to do with causing inflammation or Crohn's disease. No matter what a person consumes in......

Words: 503 - Pages: 3

Crohn's Disease

...#110 Disease of the Digestive System Crohn’s Disease Dr. Juliet Durant Cameron Palmer March 3rd, 2011 Lab Instructors Ashley Simpson Crohn’s disease is an ongoing disorder that causes inflammation of the digestive tract, also referred to as the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Crohn’s disease can affect any area of the GI tract, but it most commonly the ileum of the small intestine. The swelling extends deep into the lining of the affected organ and can cause pain; in addition to making the intestines empty frequently, resulting in diarrhea. Crohn’s disease (also referred to as ileitis or enteritis) is an inflammatory bowel disease, the general name for diseases that cause swelling in the intestines. Because the symptoms of Crohn’s disease are similar to other intestinal disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome and ulcerative colitis, it can be difficult to diagnose. Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation and ulcers in the top layer of the lining of the large intestine. In Crohn’s disease, all layers of the intestine may be involved, and normal healthy bowel can be found between sections of diseased bowel. Crohn’s disease affects men and women equally and seems to run in some families. Crohn’s disease can occur in people of all ages but is more often diagnosed in people between the ages of 20 and 30. People of Caucasian decent have an increased risk of developing Crohn’s disease, and African Americans are at decreased risk for developing Crohn’s......

Words: 611 - Pages: 3

Crohn's Disease

...Crohn’s Disease Crohn's disease is named after the physician who described the disease in a paper written in 1972. It is also called Morbus Crohn's, Granulomatous enteritis, Regional enteritis, or Terminal ileitis. The disease is usually chronic, with recurrent periods, and also periods of remission. The spread of Crohn s disease into the world is getting worse, and there is still no cure or prevention known to the disease. Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease ,IBD, the general name for diseases that cause inflammation in the intestines. Crohn's disease can be difficult to diagnose because its symptoms are similar to other intestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome and to another type of IBD called ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease may also be called ileitis or enteritis. Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation and ulcers in the top layer of the lining of the large intestine. Crohn's disease affects men and women equally and seems to run in some families. About 20 percent of people with Crohn's disease have a blood relative with some form of IBD, most often a brother or sister and sometimes a parent or child. The most common complication is blockage of the intestine. Blockage occurs because the disease tends to thicken the intestinal wall with swelling and scar tissue, narrowing the passage. Crohn's disease may also cause sores, or ulcers, that tunnel through the affected area into surrounding tissues such as the bladder, vagina, or skin. The areas...

Words: 1668 - Pages: 7

Crohns Disease

...Anatomy and Physiology of Crohn’s Disease Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic, relapsing inflammatory disease of the intestines with usually peak between 15 and 35. It is one of many Inflammatory bowl disease (IBD), and is sometimes also called Regional enteritis, Morbus Crohn’s, Terminal iletis, or Granulomatous enteritis. It primarily affects the small and large intestine, but can affect the digestive system anywhere between the mouth and the anus. It is named after the physician who examined the disease in a landmark paper written in 1932. Crohn's disease lasts for many years throughout life, and many patients require surgery at some point and even then they can have recurring symptoms. The cause of CD is unknown, although there are two major theories. One theory is that the structural changes in the cells of the bowel are perceived by the immune system as foreign and are attacked, leading to constant inflammation. The second theory is that an unknown type of bacterium persistently attacks the bowel, which also leads to constant inflammation. Patients with CD are usually nutritionally deficient which is mainly due to a decreased intake and malabsorption of nutrients. This tends to happen because certain parts of the abdomen might be inflamed so the patient may not be able to properly absorb the food, which can cause them to be deficient in certain vitamins and other nutrients. Although diet may affect the symptoms in patients with this disease, it appears......

Words: 1469 - Pages: 6

Crohn's

...<Crohn’s Disease affects roughly 500,000 to two million people in the United States ("Medicinenet.com", 1996-2012). Men and women both are affected likewise. Americans of Jewish European descent are four to five times more likely to get Crohn’s Disease than the general population. Crohn’s Disease traditionally has been a disease of Caucasians, but recently there has been a rise in registered cases the African American community. The dominance seems to have dropped in the Hispanic and Asian populations and communities. Crohn’s Disease mostly starts during adolescence and continues through early adulthood (typically between the ages of 15 and 35). There is a slight second peak of newly diagnosed cases after age 50. <The occurrence rates among Hispanics and Asians are at a decreased level than those for Caucasians and African Americans. A study in Puerto Rico examined hospitalization rates for African Americans. The commonness for African Americans was verified as 41.4 per 100,000 for Crohn's Disease ("Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America", 2009). An 11-year study of incidence rates of pediatric Crohn’s Disease in one state study pointed out rates doubled for Crohn’s from 1991 to 2002 ("Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America", 2009). In this study Caucasians had a greater occurrence of Crohn’s Disease (4.15 per 100,000); African Americans (1.83 per 100,000) and Hispanic populations (0.61 per 100,000) ("Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America", 2009).......

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6

Crohn's

...O<Crohn’s Disease affects roughly 500,000 to two million people in the United States ("Medicinenet.com", 1996-2012). Men and women both are affected likewise. Americans of Jewish European descent are four to five times more likely to get Crohn’s Disease than the general population. Crohn’s Disease traditionally has been a disease of Caucasians, but recently there has been a rise in registered cases the African American community. The dominance seems to have dropped in the Hispanic and Asian populations and communities. Crohn’s Disease mostly starts during adolescence and continues through early adulthood (typically between the ages of 15 and 35). There is a slight second peak of newly diagnosed cases after age 50. <The occurrence rates among Hispanics and Asians are at a decreased level than those for Caucasians and African Americans. A study in Puerto Rico examined hospitalization rates for African Americans. The commonness for African Americans was verified as 41.4 per 100,000 for Crohn's Disease ("Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America", 2009). An 11-year study of incidence rates of pediatric Crohn’s Disease in one state study pointed out rates doubled for Crohn’s from 1991 to 2002 ("Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America", 2009). In this study Caucasians had a greater occurrence of Crohn’s Disease (4.15 per 100,000); African Americans (1.83 per 100,000) and Hispanic populations (0.61 per 100,000) ("Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America", 2009).......

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6

Crohn's Disease

...<Crohn’s Disease affects roughly 500,000 to two million people in the United States ("Medicinenet.com", 1996-2012). Men and women both are affected likewise. Americans of Jewish European descent are four to five times more likely to get Crohn’s Disease than the general population. Crohn’s Disease traditionally has been a disease of Caucasians, but recently there has been a rise in registered cases the African American community. The dominance seems to have dropped in the Hispanic and Asian populations and communities. Crohn’s Disease mostly starts during adolescence and continues through early adulthood (typically between the ages of 15 and 35). There is a slight second peak of newly diagnosed cases after age 50. <The occurrence rates among Hispanics and Asians are at a decreased level than those for Caucasians and African Americans. A study in Puerto Rico examined hospitalization rates for African Americans. The commonness for African Americans was verified as 41.4 per 100,000 for Crohn's Disease ("Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America", 2009). An 11-year study of incidence rates of pediatric Crohn’s Disease in one state study pointed out rates doubled for Crohn’s from 1991 to 2002 ("Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America", 2009). In this study Caucasians had a greater occurrence of Crohn’s Disease (4.15 per 100,000); African Americans (1.83 per 100,000) and Hispanic populations (0.61 per 100,000) ("Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America", 2009).......

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6

DR Mi. Nr. 671 gest. | Environmental science dissertations | Kindle Cloud Reader