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In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By divel2002
Words 15106
Pages 61
Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes Vol. 86, No. 1, September, pp. 99–130, 2001 doi:10.1006/obhd.2001.2974, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on

Mood and Emotions in Small Groups and Work Teams
Janice R. Kelly
Purdue University

and Sigal G. Barsade
Yale University

Affective influences abound in groups. In this article we propose an organizing model for understanding these affective influences and their effects on group life. We begin with individuallevel affective characteristics that members bring to their groups: moods, emotions, sentiments, and emotional intelligence. These affective characteristics then combine to form a group’s affective composition. We discuss explicit and implicit processes through which this affective combination occurs by examining the research on emotional contagion, entrainment, modeling, and the manipulation of affect. We also explore how elements of the affective context, such as organizationwide emotion norms and the group’s particular emotional history, may serve to constrain or amplify group members’ emotions. The outcome, group emotion, results from the combination of the group’s affective composition and the affective context in which the group is behaving. Last, we focus on the important interaction between nonaffective factors and affective factors in group life and suggest a possible 2001 Academic Press agenda for future research.

During the past century, a tremendous amount of research attention has been devoted to understanding the structure and performance of small groups
The order of authorship was determined by coin toss. Both authors contributed equally to the manuscript. We thank Yochi Cohen-Charash, Donald Gibson, J. Richard Hackman and Howard Weiss for their comments on a previous draft of this article. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Sigal G. Barsade, School…...

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