Death and Afterlife : Christianity, Buddhism and Atheism

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By putih88
Words 3053
Pages 13
1.0 Introduction
“No one knows whether death is really the greatest blessing a man can have, but they fear it is the greatest curse, as if they knew well” (Plato). This quote emphasizes that death is an aspect in life that all mankind have to deal with in their lives and for some people; it is considered as an uncomfortable subject and they try to avoid the subject in every possible way simply because they are afraid of what lies after death. The definitions of death have been one of the most debated issues for thousands of years as different individuals have different views on death depending on religions, culture, personal belief and medical profession. Basically, in medical terms death is defined as the termination of all the vital functions that supports a living organism (Godbole 2009). The answer as to whether there is life after death is simply a question of faith for some individuals. Religions generally interpret death as the death of the body and not of the soul. To this day, there is no precise answer to this issue and over the centuries experts have tried to explore and unravel the mysteries of this complicated or rather confusing phenomenon but have failed to arrive at a concrete conclusion.
It has long been established that the Western and Eastern society have very different views on death that have been developed over the centuries. In the Western society, death is viewed as something that is permanent and emphasized the notion of Heaven and Hell. Heaven is conceptualized as a place of eternal bliss or happiness after death and Hell is depicted as a place where souls are continuously tortured or punished by creatures of Hell called demons. The entrance to either of these places relies on the deed or sins that have been committed in one’s life. Christianity is one of the many religions that view death in this concept. The Eastern society, as an…...

Similar Documents

Difference and Similarities Between Christianity and Four (4) World Religion, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Muslims and Hinduism.

... Title: Difference and Similarities between Christianity and Four (4) World Religion, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Muslims and Hinduism. Introduction: In the world today there are many religions of different beliefs with vast numbers of followers. However, some of these religions turn to have similarities and differences which defer them from each another. The following report briefly talks about the differences and similarities between Christianity and other four (4) major world religions and they are Buddhism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism and Muslims. Zoroastrianism and Christianity Zoroastrianism was founded by a man named Zoroaster who was born around 1200 BC (www.Answers.com). During that time the Jewish people were held captive by Babylonians and most of their beliefs .i.e. Christianity and Judaism have Zoroastrian influence in them because they (Jewish) were exposed to that (Zoroastrian). But we will discuss about the similarities and the differences between Christianity and Zoroastrian. Similarities Zoroastrian worship one God to whom they believe the world was made and also the Christians too believe in one God, they (Zoroastrians) also believe that a Saviour will be born of a virgin who will defeat the devil and establish his kingdom when he returns just like Christians believe in Jesus Christ (www.metareligion.com) . Furthermore, both religions preaches about the existence of hell and heaven, both believed that hell is a place rewarded for righteous doing and hell......

Words: 2305 - Pages: 10

Contrasting Buddhism to Christianity

...CRITICAL THINKING ASSIGNMENT I. Part One: Buddhism i. The Question of Origin – Buddhists believe that the world has no beginning, and not everything that exists has to have one. As the famous quote by Bertrand Russell says: “There is no reason to suppose that the world had a beginning at all. The idea that things have a beginning is really due to the poverty of our thoughts.” (Thera, 2002) ii. The Question of Identity – Buddhism teaches that there is no self, but instead there are separate, ever-changing components that make up who we are. Defining one’s “self” would mean adhering to whatever our role or composition is today, which will certainly change in due time. This dependency followed by change would inflict suffering - what Buddhists live to avoid. (Silver, 2012) iii. The Question of Meaning/Purpose – Buddhists believe that their main goal is life is to end suffering by ending desire. According to this religion, humans suffer because they desire and hold on to things that are temporary and will eventually vanish. The purpose in life of the Buddhist is to follow the Eightfold Path – as directed by the fourth of the Four Noble Truths – to end suffering and attain enlightment. (Religion Facts, 2005) iv. The Question of Morality – Buddhism answers the question of morality with the term sila, which is the natural condition of goodness that we were born with. They attempt to preserve their sila and avoid being altered by worldly influences. Buddhists......

Words: 720 - Pages: 3

Buddhism vs Christianity

...1/28/13 Buddhism vs Christianity Buddhism and Christianity are complex religions. They are quite different from eachother. They have different places of worship, prophets, practices, and much more. They're virtually the most different religions in history. Where you worship your choice of almighty power is important. Buddhists worship in temples. The most common are the Pagoda and Stupa.The main characteristics you will notice about these places are their unique shapes. Pagodas range from four to seven stories. They have kind of a rectangular shape and the tips wing out at the ends almost like an umbrella. A Stupa is a stone structure built on top of presumed artifacts of Buddha. Inside these temples there may be a worship hall, mediation hall, and gold warrior-type figures, which are said to be the gaurdians of heaven. A statue of Buddha will usually be the main subject of interest. Highlighting the characteristics of the lotus sitting Buddha is psychedelic lighting. Some statues of Buddha were carved with solid pieces of white or emerald jade. The walls are usually green, orange, or yellow. Christians worship in Churches, Cathedrals, and Chapels. The look of every church is different depending on what denomination you are. Usually they all have steeples going around the sides. The insides are filled with detailed stain glass windows. On them are pictures of Jesus or his mother Mary. People sit on pues to listen to the sermon of the preacher before......

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6

Buddhism Religion and Afterlife

...Buddhism Religion and Afterlife The idea of death and the afterlife is a topic that everyone can relate to. Whether one has a bigger belief towards western religion, eastern religion, or no religion at all (atheism), the idea of life after death exists in the minds of many. All the major world religions teach that life continues after death. As for my religion, Christianity; the beliefs can be generally classified as a linear, whereas the faith traditions such as Buddhism and a few others can be classified as mainly cyclical. Cyclical is the opposite of linear, People do not just live and die once, but can be reborn a number of times (and live a series of lives) before reaching their final end-state. After death, the soul (or the essence of a person) is reborn in this world to live a new life. The process of being re-born into the world is also known as reincarnation. This continuous cycle of life is known as samsara, and it is the aim of every Buddhist to achieve freedom from it so that they will no longer be reborn into the world. Buddhists believe people are continually reborn into this world, unless they have achieved liberation (freedom) from samsara (the continual process of birth, death and rebirth). The Buddha experienced samsara when he saw the effects of old age and sickness, leading to death. Freedom from samsara occurs when a person has reached nirvana. Buddhism began as a way to address the suffering that exists in the world, and was not overly-focused on......

Words: 2100 - Pages: 9

Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity

...Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity Many countries form ideas and rules based on religion that is practiced as a whole by the society of that country. In addition religion continues to affect rules and ideas that is promoted by various cultures. Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity are some of the most popular religions that are used throughout the world. Arabs has made Islamists powerful in Countries like Tunisia, Egypt and Morocco. Religious institutions are a public significance more so now than before. “In the Muslim political imaginary, the khulafa’ al-rashidun represent an idealized moment in history, that of the first four caliphs, the rightly-guided, who came after the prophet Muhammad: Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, Umar Ibn al-Khattab, Uthman Ibn Affan, and Ali Ibn Abi Talib. The period from the death of the prophet in 632 to that of Ali in 661 marks a golden era after which political history is conceived as having degenerated. However, Umar Ibn Abd al-Aziz (717-720) from the Umayyad dynasty is often seen as part of the rightly-guided Caliphs and defines what is often dubbed the “5th caliphate”. He exemplifies the possibility of being a pious and just ruler in times of corruption.” (Zeghal, 2012) The above reference was used by Jebali and was taken out of Islamic past to state about political renewal within an Islamic saying. Representatives of al-Nahda insisted that the reference was symbolic, and did not question al-Nahdha’s commitment......

Words: 1058 - Pages: 5

The Comparison of Buddhism and Christianity

...Running head: The Comparison of Buddhism and Christianity 1 The Comparison of Buddhism and Christianity World Religion 212 November 3, 2013 Running head: The Comparison of Buddhism and Christianity 2 Buddhism is a polytheistic religion, however, it does not believe in Supreme Creator Being. Christianity is a monotheistic and believes that Christ is the son of God. Christianity is an offshoot Judaism whereas Buddhism is an offshoot of Hinduism. Christianity is a Abrahamic religion and Buddhism is a Dharmic religion. There is no god in Buddhism anything like Jesus Christ. Buddha is seen more as a really great person that once lived that reached a higher level of consciousness. Buddha wanted to teach how people goo free themselves and reach Nirvana. Jesus had a set of rules to live in order to get to Heaven. If is really not known or expelled were what Nirvana is, besides a freedom from the pain and suffering from life and the recantation we all must go through. Heaven on the hand is supposed to be a paradise where you in the after life you meet all your loved ones in a paradise, made by god himself. Buddhism was started about 5 B.C.E in India , Christianity started around 33 C.E. in Palestine. Granted they started many years apart but they do have the same basic ethics and commitment to community and family . They have the same basic concept of......

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Afterlife

...Subject Date Afterlife A new version and creation of afterlife: This has been mainly the topic of religions to talk about afterlife and relating the life in the world with the afterlife. They link the good or bad conditions in afterlife as reflecting the deeds of human beings in the life before death. It is an effective way to direct anyone’s behavior by frightening him that if he would do wrongdoings then he must have to face the aftermath afterlife. Despite of their effectiveness, the description and ideas of afterlife by these religions or popularly held views may have some contradictions and they need to be thought upon from the beginning. In this essay, a new version of afterlife has been created while getting help from the literature on this topic. However, the originality of the version in this essay is that such depiction of afterlife has never been made earlier to the best of knowledge and the aspects of afterlife which are already popular have been kept intact so that it is convenient to understand the points in this essay. First, it is useful to reflect on major points of afterlife which make it effective and influential over the lives of common man. One of the main points of afterlife is it guarantees continuity of life because it links itself with the life in this world or life before death. Another aspect of afterlife is its relation with the life before death as rewards and punishments in afterlife are based on deeds in life before death. Another aspect...

Words: 1676 - Pages: 7

Christianity vs Islam (Death)

...To understand a religion’s views on death I believe you must first understand the very core of that religion. The first important core to understand a religion is to know what that religion thinks you should do in order to enter the afterlife. Another key to understand death as far as religion goes is how a person is expected to live life. When a person is dying or dead what happens to the body as far as a funeral plays a huge role in religions also. What is the afterlife? That is a question that separates many different religions and therefore people. What really is the difference between Christianity and Islam? One of the main chore thoughts in Christianity is that Jesus died on the cross to pay for human kinds sins. However if a person doesn’t repent of all their sins, and ask Jesus to come into their life or heart and change their lives then their faith is for nothing. Islam’s believe however that allah is the only God and allah tricked everyone including his servants that Jesus died on the cross. However muslims believe they can have their sins forgiven by praying at the right time, cursing Jews and Christians, or fighting for islam. From what I’ve learned from my research sin in Islam is not really a big deal. However in Christianity all sins are equal and a person must ask for forgiveness for all of their sins. Differences: living life As Christians people are expected to love God with all their heart, and to live for him completely. For a......

Words: 1023 - Pages: 5

Comparing Christianity and Buddhism Beliefs on Death and Afterlife

...Whilst there are different orthodox Christian beliefs – Catholics, Protestants, the Baptists and other Christians, the core of Christian belief about the afterlife is that there is an afterlife, that conduct on earth – how we behave - will determine where in the afterlife you will eventually end up. That there is a hell for the wicked ones – especially the Catholic Church still teaches that hellfire is for eternity and there is heaven for those who behaved well. Also, the Catholic Church claims there is an afterlife state which is between heaven and hell the Catholic Church calls ‘purgatory.’ The theological teaching is that after a time of purgation, the spirit will eventually be progress and will go to heaven. There are other Christians, the Protestants, who do not accept purgatory. Catholic theology also states that sinners can confess their sins to Catholic priests and those sins are forgiven for ever – it does not matter how grave the sins might be – including genocide – if the sinner truly repents, he will be forgiven. Buddha accepted the basic Hindu doctrines of reincarnation and karma, as well as the notion that the ultimate goal of the religious life is to escape the cycle of death and rebirth. Buddha asserted that what keeps us bound to the death/rebirth process is desire, desire in the sense of wanting or craving anything in the world. Hence, the goal of getting off the Ferris wheel of reincarnation necessarily involves freeing oneself from desire. Nirvana is the......

Words: 404 - Pages: 2

Christianity vs Buddhism

...This paper is a comparison between two very different religions. Specifically Christianity and Buddhism. Coming from opposite sides of the globe these two religions could not be any farther apart in any aspect. I will discuss who Christ is for Christians and who Buddha is for Buddhists. I will also get into the aspects of charity, love, and compassion in both religions and I will be looking at the individual self and how christians see resurrection where the buddhists feel about the afterlife. One thing to keep in mind is that the two religions are very different but they seem to have a very similar underlying pattern. Both believe that there was a savior of their people, Buddha and Christ, and both believe that there is something good that happens to us when our time is done here on earth. This is a very generalized summarization but in order to go in to depth I need to explain the two religions more to fully convey this theory.  The Christian religion, like all other religions has its strengths and weaknesses in our modern society. Perhaps the strengths out weight the weaknesses as this is one of the largest religions in the world. Hundreds of people follow the Catholic/Christian religion yet still a greater number follow yet other religions. Perhaps this is because they see the weaknesses or perhaps it is simply because their parents have taught them that it is a sin to follow this religion. The Christian religions do however present much more of an appealing......

Words: 2080 - Pages: 9

Buddhism vs Christianity

...of the different types of religion, whether that be Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism or any of the other ones, all share many similarities as well as many differences. However, it is these differences that set each of them apart from one another. Two of the most prominent religions in the world today, Christianity and Buddhism, couldn’t be more different, but yet share many similarities. Both Christian and Buddhists ideas and teachings have served to guide and influence the lives and decisions of each of their respected followers for many centuries and both continue to be a dominating force in the world today Christianity offers a distinct and comforting sense of purpose for those who believe. As a human, we are destined to make mistakes. Christianity offers us a way of knowing that we are forgiven of our sins. It shows us that we are loved no matter what, and it gives us a sense of how we should live our lives in order to be who God wants us to be. Christianity provides us with an ideal father figure to look up to and pushes us to live up to his ideals. We believe that our purpose is to work to be the best possible person we could be and to treat everyone with love and kindness. We believe that God made us just the way he wanted us to be and that God has a path already laid out for us. Many of us will essentially give up our lives to the Lord with hopes that he will guide us down the right path. Christianity offers us a sense of understanding and a way to......

Words: 1709 - Pages: 7

Buddhism and Christianity

...Buddhism and Christian Faith Jennifer Herron HUM/130: Religions of the World Week 9: Final World Religion Report February 19th, 2012 Glenda Mitchell Since the beginning of time, religion was a part of society, much like it is today in a more modern era. There are so many different religions and sects of religions which brings about different interpretations and meanings understood by the people who practice a certain religion. Each religion has its own individual story and theory on how this world came to be and what happened in order for it to be created. With so many different religions and people practicing each one it is easy to be disrespectful when it comes to others’ beliefs and sometimes all it takes is an open mind and the will to just learn about another faith and really get down to the bottom of understanding where it came from and how it all started. At the end of our lives we all wonder about the place beyond this world and many live by the thought that they will make it to this place whether it be called Heaven or something else. For this paper I chose Buddhism and Christianity to discuss and I will be able to explain the differences as well as any common beliefs these religions hold. To start off with I did not know much about Buddhism or what it was all about. My mother’s biological father was from Japan and so this is what really sparked my interest about this religion, other than the fact that I just think it is completely interesting. I spent a......

Words: 2081 - Pages: 9

Christianity and Buddhism

...between Christianity and Buddhism. Understanding why Buddhists believe in no soul, no life after death, and why there are no moral absolutes, so as not to raise any future issues, would be the best way to start of a relationship with someone of this religion. As to not offend their beliefs it would be best to probably avoid any activities that may have them question their beliefs because they believe that every decision determines your next place in life. Offering to teach them about your beliefs while learning from them about theirs is a good way to avoid offending either party It would be difficult to present any aspect of Christianity to a Buddhists because of the gap that is offered by the differences in our religions. Reincarnation is a touchy subject because it causes questions that many would not be willing to answer. Buddhists do not believe that there is the existence of a thing called soul but believe that everyone has lived more than one life. This borders on saying that as a human being we are not individual because we have lived many times. In Christianity the idea of this is preposterous because we believe that once our soul leaves our bodies it goes to Heaven or Hell not into the body of another being. Christianity teaches that we are giving this one life and to live it according to the word of God. This is the greatest barrier between our religions because of the many questions it raises. I would be nervous about presenting the Gospel to a believer of......

Words: 405 - Pages: 2

Afterlife

...everyone, humanity, is still in search for the real truth. Is there life after death? Does our existence ceased once we stop breathing? Do we experience a rebirth, or do we go someplace else? The quest for answering these questions is still on going and humanity will never stop wondering what is his purpose here on Earth and beyond. Throughout ages different explanation were provided, form ancient scriptures, to religions perspectives, from scientific proofs to real life experiences, all of them tried to give the proper answer, but as society evolved so did the answers. As new explanation did come to life, the old ones seemed more and more unreasonable. As I try to cite them all, I will also try to shed some light about our fate, but even though this is impossible I will let you to be the judges of that. In ancient times the perception of afterlife played a very important role in Egyptian society, as well as in both Roman and Greek one. According to Egyptian scriptures of the time, when a person dies parts of his body know as Ka and Ba would go to the Kingdom of the Dead, while his soul would wander in the Fields of Aaru, the Egyptian heaven. (Wallais, 1906). Egyptian also believed that only a mummified body lying on a coffin was entitled to have an afterlife. (Bard, 1999). The Greek and the Romans had the same belief system about life after death. According to Greek Mythology, Hermes the messenger of the......

Words: 1501 - Pages: 7

Buddhism and Christianity

...Buddhism Buddhism and Christianity have some slight similarities, but are vastly different in respect to the spiritual perspective and approach to healing. Buddhism does not necessarily encompass a spiritual perspective and is based on The Four Noble Truths set forth by founder, Siddhartha Gautama. Gautama achieved self-salvation through meditation and had an epiphany about how to be free of suffering. In doing so, he became the “Enlightened One” and was hence known as the Buddha. The truths revolve around suffering and are: the truth of suffering, the truth of the cause of suffering, the truth of the end of suffering, and the truth of the path that leads to the end of suffering. The Buddha's Four Noble Truths can be said to be a type of formula for healing. In these truths is the recognition of the cause of suffering, and the path that treats the cause of the suffering. Suffering, physically or spiritually, can then be healed through prayer and meditation and achieving mental clarity on their way to Nirvana. Although prayer is also common in the Christian religion, achieving Nirvana is not. Buddhism’s spiritual perspective is only similar to Christian perspective because they use prayer as an approach to healing. However, a Buddhists prayer is more an inner prayer to achieve mental clarity for healing, and Christian’s prayer is to God. In both religions, the healing of the body is not just physical, but also spiritual. Both religions believe in physical healing......

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

Download Apk | Awaken the angels, Join the league! League of Angels R2Games | ab1) DR Flugpost MiNr 606-607 ** postfrisch (lesen)