Deceptive Interrogation

In: Other Topics

Submitted By amayn996
Words 1786
Pages 8
The Negative Effects of Police Deception in Interrogation

Andrew Maynard
CJUS 420-B02
Mr. Jeffery Fox
July 1, 2013

The Negative Effects of Police Deception in Interrogation

Police interrogation today is defined as; Interrogation is police questioning a suspect in order to find answers about a crime that has been committed. The suspect that is being questioned by police is entitled to know his or her rights. The evidence in the trial will be in admissible if the interrogator of the suspect does not inform the suspect of his or her rights ("Interrogation law and," 2001). In Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that the police have to read to the suspect detained the rights they are given under the Constitution U.S. Legal (2001). These rights protect the individual from falling into the trap of deceptive interrogation. Many people do not understand that if they just kept quiet and wait for a lawyer, their so-called innocence can be saved. Deceptive interrogation by law is acceptable, with the reading of the Miranda rights, and the police will use this tool as much as they can as long as it doesn’t exceed the boundaries they are placed under. Deceptive interrogation is unnecessary for law enforcement to exercise in order to convict the accused.
Today’s methods of interrogation are more mental then physical as mentioned before. There are several tools police can use as a means of deceiving a suspect in order to obtain a confession or information. One common strategy is the use of fabricated documents. In the Case State v. Cayward, a man sexually assaulted a 5-year-old girl and killed her. Cayward, being the suspect, the police could not convict him for the crime. The prosecutor in the case told the police to fabricate documents containing evidence from Cayward. During an interview with Cayward, the police revealed the convincing fabricated documents…...

Similar Documents

Technologies in Communication for Interrogation

...Minnesota Verse Riff Barbra Guardado, Aaron Gomez, William Minnick CJA/304 February 5, 2013 Chad Louie The police report is a type of written communication that is in this case. The police report gives a detailed account of what the officer has found at the scene of a crime along with statements from the victim and witnesses. Which leads to the next type of communication of a witness statement is a statement put in writing of the alleged crime that a person had witnessed. Search warrant is a court order filled out by an officer in order to gain legal consent to search the person and property of a person who is being suspected in a crime. The search warrant must include everything that is to be searched and address of the residence. Also must be signed reviewed and signed by a judge. The prosecutions and defenses list is a list composed of witnesses that each side will call to help support each side of the case, and give testimony for the jury of what they believe took place. On the oral communications side will be the case summery in which both the prosecution and defense will put together a summary of the way they believe all event in the case took place. The judge will then give their instructions to both the prosecution and defense must adhere to the rules the judge will set forth. The judge will also make sure that no rules will be broken and the suspect will have a fair trial. Next will be the opening statements both sides will give to the court and jury to......

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

Psychology of Interrogations

... 1) PSYCHOLOGY OF INTERROGATION Interrogation- questioning a suspect or witness by law enforcement authorities. Once a person being questioned is arrested, he/she is entitled to be informed of his/her legal rights, and in no case may the interrogation violate rules of due process. * Interrogation may be considered as accusatory, which differentiates it from interviewing. * Context of interrogation is always coercive. Although police powers may be small, psychological powers are very great * Some interrogation tactics use physical coercion, as evidenced in US with Afghanistan non-combatants e.g. water boarding. * Generally, interrogation tactics are based on psychological techniques or deceptive tactics. These techniques are designed to play on the emotions of the suspect- in the case of water boarding the fear of drowning. 1.1 The Reid Technique * Most extensively used and promoted ‘interrogation system’ * Developed by the FBI * Works on the principle of escape- * Make the interrogation as uncomfortable as possible * Suspects extricate themselves by confessing Strategy includes * Make context anxiety inducing * Use interrogation tactics to induce anxiety * Help suspects confess 1.2 The Physical Environment Of The Interrogation Characteristics which induce dependence and submission to authority, anxiety, anger and/or fear. * Isolation in cell, in an interview room (no distractions) * Inability to make choices- tea, coffee,...

Words: 1583 - Pages: 7

Power and the Use of Deceptive Emotion

...Power and the use of deceptive emotion In many different areas, power plays an important role. In order to clarify power in different contexts, it has been defined in many different ways. (Koning, Steinel, Beest & Dijk, 2011) For example, power, in the context of negotiation, can be defined as “the ability to induce the other party to settle less than he or she wanted”. (Lewicki, Saunders, Barry & Minton, 2003) It is an important aspect in negotiation since power distribution between parties greatly affects the use of different strategies, including the use of deceptive emotion, as well as the outcomes. Power in negotiation can be built based on the interdependent nature of negotiating relationships. The two dimensions under the concept of interdependent nature, which are mutuality of dependence and level of dependence, contribute to the creation of power distance. When negotiators need to depend upon each other for the negotiation outcome, they are mutually dependent. Both of them have similar power in a negotiation. Power distance is relatively small. On the other hand, non-mutually dependent relationship occurs when one party is not able to use his or her own power to obtain a favorable outcome, rather he or she needs to rely heavily on the counterparty to obtain outcomes. Power distance exists in this situation. For the level of dependence, it refers to the degree to which one negotiator depends on the other party to obtain outcomes. Negotiators who have many......

Words: 1181 - Pages: 5

Wfm - Deceptive Marketing

...Deceptive Marketing Deceptive Marketing Marketing is a well-known strategy that most, if not all, businesses use to create awareness of the products or services that they are offering to customers. Our textbook defines marketing as, “the process by which companies create value for customers and build strong customer relationships in order to capture value from customers in return” (Armstrong & Kotler, 2012, p. 5). However, some companies have taken advantage of its effectiveness to deceive customers. This paper will delve into the Whole Foods marketing deception. Whole Foods Market (WFM) is one of the most popular food markets in the United States. As its name suggests, it is supposed to sell foods that have undergone little or no processing or refinement and have no added ingredients. The stores used to have a very large logo on the side of the building saying, “Nothing Artificial, Ever!” Perhaps this is one of the biggest factors that led to their popularity, because most people shop at Whole Foods Market because of the health benefits associated with them. In October 2012, a controversial video was released exposing WFM. The video had evidence that WFM had been selling genetically modified (GM) foods to the public without their knowledge. The video shows customers who regularly shop at WFM that had been under the impression that the food there was completely organic. In an interview, they expressed their shock and dismay when they discovered that they had......

Words: 756 - Pages: 4

- Constitutional Issues in Criminal Procedure

...process. It is the right to hear and the right to be heard (Constitutional Law and the Criminal Justice System, 2008, p.269). Due Process is one of the greatest American benefits, a part of our culture if you will. Fairness is the idea of doing what's best. It may not be perfect, but it's the good and decent thing to do. It is not only important to keep the guilty behind the bars, but it is just important to keep the innocent outside of those bars. In 1998 two young boys in Chicago area – ages seven and eight – were charged with murdering an eleven-year-old girl named Ryan Harris. She had been beaten around the head, her underpants had been put into her mouth, and she appeared to have been sexually assaulted. After an unrecorded interrogation, the two boys “confessed” to hitting Harris in the head with a brick (and then stuffing leaves and grass in her nose) in order to steal her bicycle. Although the evidence pointed to an adult sex crime, the police insisted that the two boys were not too young to have done it, and that they knew details that could only be known to the detectives or the perpetrators. It was months later that the Illinois State Crime Laboratory discovered semen on Ryan Harris’ underpants – evidence that the crime could not have been committed by suspects as young as seven and eight – and prosecutors dismissed the charges. In the meantime a real criminal was walking the streets of Chicago (Leo, 2007). The case above shows what happens when procedure is......

Words: 1610 - Pages: 7

Deception by the Investigating Officer

...individuals make it increasingly harder for law enforcement personnel to extract the truth from a suspect. The use of deception techniques in interviews and interrogation are required to find the hidden truth but teeter the fence of ethical behavior. In earlier years, the use of torture to extract the truth was a common method. Studies show that under the pressure of torture, any human will do whatever is necessary to ensure survival and therefore say whatever he or she has to for the pain to stop. Multiple examples have been shown with the use of torture in Guantanamo Bay where bad information was given to interrogators because the suspects gave whatever information he or she thought would stop the torture. Police brutality in the early 1900s is also an example of techniques that previously incorporated to extract information. Because of ethical practices, more specifically deontological ethics, a transformation of interrogation techniques has become more prevalent. According to Skolnick and Leo, (1992), “Since the 1960s, and especially since Miranda, police brutality during interrogation has virtually disappeared in America. Although one occasionally reads about or hears reports of physical violence during custodial questioning, police observers and critics agree that the use of physical coercion during interrogation is now exceptional” (para. 1). Deontological ethics bases the ethics of morals with regard to rules and duty. It does not matter what good can come......

Words: 1545 - Pages: 7

Interviews and Interrogations Policy Paper

...Interviews and Interrogations Policy Paper Name SEC/360 Date Instructor In the security and law enforcement industry, interviews and interrogations are a way that officers can gathers facts and information about a situation, incident, or case. For security and law enforcement officers interviews and interrogations play a key role in building and solving cases. This paper will discuss the comparison and contrast between security interviews and security interrogations, the legal issues associated with security interviews and interrogations, and finally a security organization policy on conducting security interviews and interrogations. Interviewing and interrogating suspects are two important but separate vital aspects of collecting information about criminal activity. The difference between an interview and an interrogation is that security professionals conduct interviews, and law enforcement officers can conduct both. When a security officer conducts an interview, the main purpose is to collect information from individuals who may have witnessed a crime. At first, the facts are not known and the individual is not accused of a crime, and the setting is meant to be comfortable and have an open dialogue. With interrogations the goal is to obtain reliable information to provide to the prosecutor and to the judge or jury so they have an accurate account of the crime. The setting of an interrogation is formal and in a controlled environment conducted,......

Words: 1710 - Pages: 7

Deception and the Investigating Officer

...by the Investigating Officer in the Investigative, Interrogative, and Testimonial Processes Deception involves “acting in such a way which leads another person to believe something that you, yourself, do not believe to be true” (Alonso-Quecuty, 1992). Deception can occur in any or all of the three stages of the detecting process which include, investigation, interrogation and court testimony. Each stage is subject to increasingly tough normative constraints (Skolnick, 1999). In the investigation phase of a case police are permitted by the courts to engage in deception and they are trained to do just that. The method that they use may include wiretaps, informants, undercover agents, and the possession and sale of illegal materials or substances (Skolnick, 1999). The line between what is acceptable and what is not is that of entrapment. The deception may be employed up to the point that an “agent of the government initiates a court of action that induces an otherwise innocent person to commit a crime in order that the government may then prosecute” (Skolnick, 1999). It is being recognized that these deceptive practices will be used against those who are reasonably suspected of engaging in criminal behavior or otherwise acting in an unjust manner, to include people who are willing to do anything they can to avoid being detected and made accountable for their crimes (Skolnick, 1999). Criminals have every reason to expect that force and deception will be used against......

Words: 1493 - Pages: 6

Torture & Interrogation

...The current debate regarding torture being used as an interrogation measure stands whether or not forms of torture are being masked as “enhanced” interrogation techniques to extract information from suspected terrorists. The argument in Essay 161 is that waterboarding and other severe interrogation methods constitute as torture, and are not effective. Therefore, we should find alternative solutions to extract information. The argument in Essay 172 is that severe interrogation methods are necessary to save the lives of hundreds or thousands of innocent lives. Therefore, we should reject the arguments made by those against severe interrogation methods. In this paper, I will evaluate each of these arguments and furthermore say which argument is stronger with evidence. Enhanced interrogation methods refers to the U.S government’s program of systematic torture of detainees by the Central Intelligence Agency (and others) authorized by the George W. Bush administration.3 Waterboarding is a form of torture in which water is poured over a cloth covering the face and breathing passages of an immobilized suspect, causing the individual to experience the sensation of drowning. Waterboarding can cause extreme pain, dry drowning, damage to lungs, brain damage from oxygen deprivation, and other physical injuries including broken bones due to struggling against restraints, lasting psychological damage, and death.3 Whether waterboarding should be classified as a method of torture or not......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

Deceptive Advertisements

...Student Name Ethics in Information Technology Deceptive Advertising Deceptive Advertising Marketers spend lots of time in designing advertisements. As part of this process, they are required to make ethical choices. The advertisements consists the choices. Telling the truth in advertisement is a pretty ethical standard. However, like we are aware in todays world, there is pure truth and there is useful truth. Mostly we will see or notice useful truth on advertisement instead of pure truth. Marketers make unethical decisions when creating deceptive advertisements. That creates huge impact on customers and their experiences with the company. Moreover, there is an impact with the companies creating deceptive advertisements as well, such as either growing customer inquiries or legal issues with government regulations. Deceptive advertising is a global ethical issue. Several airline companies in United States have faced huge fines from Department of Transportation in regards to deceptive advertising. One of the airlines was Southwest. Southwest airlines have been charged for deceptive advertising for numerous times. Most recent was in early 2014, the company paid $200,000 for advertising inaccurate information on the air. Moreover, they were charged additional $100,000 for being repeated offender. Department of Transportation stays proactive and monitors the information that companies put out there for customers. Anthony Foxx, US transportation secretary stated that......

Words: 607 - Pages: 3

Lottery Winner Looks Can Be Deceptive

...Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, BUAA Corporate Finance Case Study Lottery Winnings – Looks Can Be Deceptive! Group Members: Francine Cheikh Guillermo Loic Munkh-Erdene Aberash Anna Submitted to: Prof. BAI MING Date of submit: 02/November/2015 An anonymous from Michigan has stepped forward as the winner of the most recent $181,5 million The Big Game Lottery. Lucky Guy! Now comes the hard part. But what happens when you actually win? Normally the answer appears to be "take all the money up front immediately and subsequently squander every available penny on frivolous crap." But what if someone won the lottery and then tried to handle it as rationally as possible? The key question we wanted to investigate is whether a winner should take all the cash up front or whether one should take the annuity, which consists of more money spaced out over several years. 1. If you were one of the winners, which option would you select ?Why? Most winners would select the cash option whereby 50% of the stated amount is paid out in a lump sum (less federal and state taxes). i.e. $90.75 million - 0.322(90.75m) = $61.53 million – the amount of money we will get after taxes. Let us outline several reasons why the lum sum option for us is more preferable against the annuity option: Many winners would probably prefer to invest the money at higher......

Words: 1297 - Pages: 6

Interrogation

...The trail that led to the doorstep of Osama bin Laden in Pakistan began years earlier with aggressive interrogations of al-Qaida detainees at the U.S. detention facility at Guantanamo Bay and CIA “black site" prisons overseas. It was with the use of enhanced interrogations that first led us to the descriptions of members of bin Laden’s network, including those that were protecting bin Laden at his heavily fortified compound in Abbottabad. On Sunday U.S. Special Forces killed May 2, 2011 bin Laden, in a dramatic raid. Although, torture techniques were used during interrogation to extract information that led to the mission's success. There are many Critics that oppose the use of torture on terrorist, saying that its both impractical ineffective. And the information given is often falsified. And those who perform these tactics are seen as evil and immoral. Or so the argument goes.  Yet as a result of terrorist attacks many people believe the use of torture on terrorists should be used in order to obtain information to prevent future attacks. Critics against enhanced interrogation say that the use of these tactics removes us from the moral high ground. As well as the information obtained is invalid. and that the use of other methods can be just as effective. We have seen the brutality and utter lack of regard for human life through torture by the Saddam Hussein regime, and Osama bin Laden. What put us above these terrorists are our high values we put on human rights.......

Words: 1159 - Pages: 5

Enhanced Interrogation

...Enhanced Interrogation Enhanced Interrogation, also known as torture, has been around all around the world in many instances. The most notable use of enhanced interrogation was after the terrorist attack on 9/11. The U.S. uses locations known as black sites outside of the country for their enhanced interrogation. The question on whether enhanced interrogation or torture should be allowed arises when these methods work or when they fail. Although enhanced interrogation works sometimes, we, as a country, should not use it because it is a violation of Article 5 of the UN Declaration of Human Rights. The failures of enhanced interrogation outweigh the successes of it heavily. Considering this fact, CIA members water boarded Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, suspected mastermind of the 9/11 attacks, 183 times. With that being said, the odds of enhanced interrogation being successful are not any that should be notable to accept. The amount of times that enhanced interrogation has failed compared to the amount of times it has succeeded implies it is not in favor to be continued using. Even in the first torture scene of the movie Zero Dark Thirty, the torture done on the terrorist does not work except after countless times he endured the suffering. An example of enhanced interrogation failing in reality is in Chomsky’s article when he notes that under the Bush administration “when [the detainees] kept coming up empty, they were told by Cheney's and Rumsfeld's people to push harder.” The......

Words: 1291 - Pages: 6

India's Interrogation System

...made worse and worse by the continuing deterioration of the Indian Police, one of the most ill-equipped police departments in the world. For every 1,037 Indian residents there is only one police officer. (Asian average: 558, global average: 333). Understaffed, under-skilled and under-resourced, the police in many Indian states work long hours under filthy labor conditions. Junior officers face intense pressure from supervisors to solve cases quickly and efficiently. As a result, bribery, brutal torture, murders, illegal arrests and other human rights abuses have become the norm, rather than the exception. Recently, India has demonstrated an increased commitment to rule of law and citizens’ legal rights. Because of police abuses during interrogation, Article 22 of the Indian Constitution was added to prevent police from detaining citizens for longer than 24 hours without a special order from a magistrate. Though domestic law grants this fundamental legal right, there remains a tremendous gulf between the actual law and its implementation. Police officers regularly detain suspects for several days, post-dating arrest documents 24-hours before producing the defendant before the magistrate. Similarly, pretrial detainees are routinely denied due process rights taken for granted in the western world: notice of charges and an opportunity to contact family or lawyers. In many cases these prisoners – poor and marginally literate – are completely unaware they have any legal rights at......

Words: 591 - Pages: 3

Enhanced Interrogation Techniques

...Are Enhanced Interrogation Techniques Effective and Should the United States Government Use Them? James A. Bradley II Having grown up in the age of the internet, I have seen the news stories and videos of 9/11. It has made me wonder several questions such as “Why pick America, of all places, to attack?” or “What did we do to retaliate?” To this day we still aren’t sure of the actual reasoning behind it, but we still have theories. As for retaliation, the government sought out those who did this to our country. I first became interested in this topic this past semester for political science. In groups of two, we had to write a paper based on a topic that we could select. Before doing extensive research into the topic, more questions were forming in my mind. I wanted to know what our government did to seek out justice against those who participated in 9/11. Even though my partner and I collectively had to choose a side, I wasn’t quite sure what side I choosing. Then the research continued. I researched deeper in to the subject. With what little research I had done, I started into the paper. Enhanced interrogation techniques are what the conservatives call it. Liberals call it torture. The more important question is this: Does it work? Liberals say no, while the conservatives say yes. In the eyes of a conservative it might read something like this: We believe that enhanced interrogation techniques work and provide results faster than sting operations that could take years...

Words: 1564 - Pages: 7

Peticiones / Pedidos Biblioteca | ホラー淫夢 | Platinum Evara - TV Commercial