Definitions and Attitudes in Political Science

In: Social Issues

Submitted By paperuser100
Words 1753
Pages 8
1. What is your personal definition of politics?
My personal definition of politics is a system (tacit, explicit or both) by which a subset of a population represents or governs the population (or both). I think it is only applications of this definition that vary widely.

2. What do you think are examples of political behaviours? To what extent do you engage in these behaviours in your own life? How different are these types of behaviour from what you perceive to take place in our municipal, provincial, and federal institutions?

Political behaviours are essentially the private citizen stepping outside of their personal or professional life to engage in a behaviour, activity, instance or process that will affect or factor into the policy making process of the community, city or country, to whatever very small extent. In my opinion political behaviour may also amount to the expression of a view with a situation or a view regarding a suggested change or action in the decision making of the political establishment. In our democracy, the right, even the moral responsibility to participate in elections is an example of this. Speech making, volunteer work, participating in electoral campaigns, writing to the newspapers or even leaving comments on the Internet sites of newspapers, may all be considered political behaviours. I do not engage in political behaviours to a considerable extent; my extent is negligible. Often it is all I do to leave comments on the Internet regarding news articles that are relevant to my concerns, and I do this relatively rarely. The types of behaviour in our municipal, provincial and federal institutions, of course, are much more formalistic, ceremonious, vitally symbolic of the decorum of the governance of this country, much more cautious in ascribing solutions to problems, and much more consequential than the political behaviour of…...

Similar Documents

Science Attitude

...Hypothesis: 1. The profile of the respondents varies greatly in terms of the following variables, namely; 1. environmental awareness, 2. scientific attitude, and 3. science achievement? 2. There are significant differences in the science achievement of students when they are categorized according to the following variables, namely; 1. environmental awareness, and 2. scientific attitude? 3. There are significant relationship among students when they are categorized according to the following variables, namely; 1. environmental awareness, 2. scientific attitude, and 3. science achievement? Questionnaire Direction: Kindly indicate your level of awareness by checking the appropriate column. Please be guided by the following scale. 4 = very aware 3= aware 2= slightly aware 1= not aware |Forest Ecosystem |4 |3 |2 |1 | |In terms of the forest cover, the mountains and forestlands within the region are below the | | | | | |ideal. | | | | | |Deforestation is at higher rate theta deforestation. | | | ......

Words: 402 - Pages: 2

Political Science

...continent were nationalistic, selfless and visionary—leaders who put the interest of the state over and above parochial considerations. The immediate post-colonial ,and indeed post-apartheid, period bear testimony to this. Notwithstanding capacity limitations, several of these leaders, notably Kwame Nkrumah, Julius Nyerere, Patrice Lumumba and Gamal Abdul Nasser, inspired their people and exuded a high sense of nationalism and patriotism in most of their activities. They were less concerned, for example, about material accumulation unlike the succeeding generation of continental leadership. To the list can be added Nelson Mandela who fortunately is still with us and represents the moral conscience of the continent. The exit from the political stage of the post-colonial leaders ushered in a decline in the quality of African leadership and start of a generation of military rulers with little or no vision. A good many of these rulers dehumanized, terrorized and impoverished their population by looting their treasury. To assure their unassailable grip on power, they invested not in human capacity or food production, or shelter for the teeming millions of homeless, but instead in military hardware and adventurism, lavish lifestyles, and grandiose projects of little relevance to economic performance. These so-called new generation leaders spared no effort in keeping the people disunited by pandering to ethnic and religious sentiments among the largely illiterate population.......

Words: 2838 - Pages: 12

Political Science

...contained recommendations for punishing violators of the universal non-nuclear regime which was expected to emerge after the plan was adopted.1 Sanctions have been an implicit option in the nuclear non-proliferation regime, although the text of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (npt), which was signed in 1968 and entered into force in 1970, contains no reference to them. At the bilateral level, espe- cially since the 1970s, sanctions have been imposed by supplier countries on states suspected of developing nuclear weapons or on violators of some aspects of the non-proliferation norm.8 Associate Professor of Political Science, McGill University; author of Assymetric Conflict: War Initiation by Weaker Powers (1994) and co-editor of The Absolute Weapon Revisited: Nuclear Arms and the Emerging International Order (forth- coming) . I would like to thank the Rockefeller Foundation and the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade for their financial support and Baldev Raj Nayar for his comments. 1 The plan envisaged removing national control over atomic energy and entrusting it to an international authority. Violations of the regime rules would have been stigmatized as international crimes, and punishment......

Words: 9239 - Pages: 37

Political Science

...casual questions in the realm of politics and government is what political science and this book are all about. 4. Knowing the fundamentals of your political system and good thinking is important because it allows you to keep your leaders, and family and friends accountable. 5. Single cause explanations flow from a particular or partisan posture or in the need to explain something in a sound bite 6. Correlation- a relationship between factors such that change in one is accompanied by change in one is accompanied by change in the other Causation- a relationship between variables such that change in the value of the others Spurious relationship- a relationship between variables that reflects correlation but not causation 7. Government- intuitions that have the authority and capacity to create and enforce public policies (rules) for a specific territory and people. There are about 89,000 governments 8. Government is different from other institutions in society in that it has a broad right to force, government can make citizens do things they otherwise might not do (such as pay taxes, educate their children, carry car insurance, and pay for lost library books) 9. Social contract- an agreement among members of a society to form and recognize the authority of a centralized government that is empowered to make and enforce laws governing the members of that society Authoritarian system- a political system in which one person or a group has aabsolute......

Words: 1341 - Pages: 6

Scope of Political Science

...Essay on the Scope of Political Science by Suhana Dhawan There is no general agreement on the nature and scope of Political Science, “the master science” as Aristotle described it, since there is no generally accepted definition of the discipline, and its organising concept the State. The definitions of both Political Science and the State, the latter in particular, reveal the bias of the thinkers, for example, the metaphysical (Hegel), the juridical (Austin), the sociological (Maclver), the descriptive (Garner) and many others with their own distinctive labels. In fact, there are as many definitions as there are writers on the subject and all these definitions give to the entity — the State — different meanings and conflicting roles. This tendency continues even now though in a slightly different form. “The recent definitions of politics (as a study),” writes Frank Thakurdas, “are not so much cast in the discipline of the thinker (easily detectable) but in the conceptual framework that he has worked out in advance (as it were) the basic presupposition of his personal manner of interpreting the complete phenomenon of politics. But also including the ‘purpose’ that the studies involve in terms of the practical ends they sub serve.” Some writers restrict the scope of Political Science to the study of the State alone, for example, Bluntschli. All such writers exclude the study of government from the scope of Political Science, for the State for them obviously includes the......

Words: 2288 - Pages: 10

Political Science

...A. Define Political Ideology and explain what is meant by the Political Spectrum. Political Ideology is an integrated system of ideas or beliefs about political values in general and the role of government in particular. The Political Spectrum classifies different political positions. B. How did the Quiz results classify you? Your PERSONAL issues Score is 50%. Your ECONOMIC issues Score is 90%. I am classified as Conservative. The dot showed me between being a Libertarian and right conservative. C. Based on the Quiz classification and the political ideologies explored in Chapter 1 of your text, do you feel that the Quiz was accurate? No, I do not feel I am on the cusp of being a Libertarian according to the description of beliefs within that group. Libertarianism does not align with my personal religious beliefs. D. Are you surprised by the findings of the Quiz? I’m somewhat surprised. However, I have always voted Conservative because the candidate in that position had similar beliefs as mine, and represented those beliefs with integrity. E. Do you feel that a Quiz has the ability to adequately describe one's ideology? I feel that there are too many variables in political beliefs that are gray areas and are subjective. Learning to discern a person’s stance on each and every political issue in the world today would take many things. These include a good bit of research in defining all positions surrounding each issue, the effects each would have, and how they align......

Words: 287 - Pages: 2

Political Science

...POLITICAL SCIENCE Name Institution Introduction The country has been experiencing major budget deficits. The education sector is a major casualty. Education is an important fiber of the modern society. Universities will have to find a way of either increasing their sources of funding or cut back on their expenditure. Many stakeholders in education will be affected by the cut back. Many students who would like to further their education will be discouraged by the high tuition fees, which are prohibitively high. Most parents set up their children’s education fund when the beneficiaries are still young. It is a strategy that enables them accumulate enough money to afford their children’s college education. The rise of tuition puts a strain on these funds. (Apple, 1990). Background Due to the budgetary cuts against education, the state universities and colleges will have to increase the tuition fee to cover the deficits. The tuition fee will go up by 8% this year. The 8 percent increase follows a 14 percent increase in the year last year. The budgetary cuts and the upward revision of tuition fee by the state universities will result into a large number of students being locked out of state universities: they will be “priced out’’ (Anderson, 1988). The thirst of education by these students is not hampered by the high cost of university education. They seek other options of education elsewhere. The students will go the community colleges, which are a cheaper compared......

Words: 1127 - Pages: 5

Political Science

...University of Lagos, Akoka. Department: Bachelor of Science [Economics] Matric No: 131008002 Course: Political Science [POL 101] 1. What do you understand by Politics? The term ‘Politics’ is broad. Politics is concerned with the affairs of the society involving the citizens and the government of a State. It is the interaction of people in the society with a view of forming an opinion in order to influence others. It is concerned with the affairs of the people in the society and how they seek for powers and influence. Politics can be traced to all endeavors; in all spheres of life such as families, companies, schools, organizations, even church, etc. It is everything that makes life. In fact, Politics is L.I.F.E [Living, Interacting, Fellowshipping and Expression of views], all geared towards the acquisition of power or the position of authority or position of high status so as to utilize same to influence people. In a nutshell, Politics is seeking to acquire powers and position of authority with the purpose of commanding obedience and influencing others, and it is the people’s interaction with one another with the view of affecting others opinions. 2. Do you agree that there is science of politics? Yes! I agree! Although, political science is not an exact science as physics or chemistry which are pure or natural sciences but it is a social science as Economics and Sociology. Why I agree that there is science of politics is because politics......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2

Political Science students, the minorities – these are the ones that share the same political ideologies as the democratic party, but yet they’re the ones that didn’t vote. Voter turnout for the 2014 Midterm elections was the lowest in 70 years – only 36.4% of voting-eligible Americans went out and voted on November 4th; of those voters, 75% were white (Alter, 2014). Liberal states like New York and California had a decrease in voter turnout while Southern states saw an increase, “Democrats were hindered by their inability to persuade members of the coalition that delivered the White House to Mr. Obama — young voters, women and minorities — to turn out at levels seen in presidential elections” (Parker, Weisman, 2014). One reason for the loss of democratic seats in the senate is caused by the decrease of liberal voter turnout. Although there are other underlying factors such as long lines, people’s carelessness and inability to travel to polling areas, or a state’s lack of early voting options – election results may have been different if more people voted. The victory of the Republicans can be largely attributed to the super PACs and political non profit organizations that were the financial backbone for the candidates. Thanks to super PACS this midterm election was the costliest in history, with $300 million used by the Republicans. Since super PACS allow unlimited spending from corporations and unions for political purposes, money was pouring in for candidates. Conservative......

Words: 1283 - Pages: 6

Political Science

...Political science Students Name University Affiliation Political cultures definition can be a country’s psychology. Political culture is the set of beliefs attitudes and sentiments responsible for giving order to a process that is political. Studies of political culture attempt to uncover underlying long held values and characteristics of societal groups rather than their attitudes that are short-lived towards issue of public surveys on the latter’s opinions. Political culture is thus a manifestation in aggregate form of the subjective and psychological forms of politics. Political culture attempts to make more explicit and systematic understanding of long-standing concepts that are in association with ideologies, political psychology of the nation and the people's fundamental values. There are no means that freedom and equality can stop disagreeing. Freedom is when one has the right to do something without asking for permission whereas equality is getting treatment that is similar to everyone else and equality differ in that freedom and using them in infringing equality and equality can help in undermining freedom. A good example is a situation where one can use their freedom to insult people from other races. Insulting of others goes against the fact that they are all equal. An example of equality is a situation where traffic is cleared in order for a political leader to be the priority. Freedom and equality can never lack conflict this is...

Words: 954 - Pages: 4

Political Science

...Political science midterm notes Machiavelli “He instructed the prince to think about politics in new ways and to reject notions of morality and ethics that blind leaders to the truth about effective leadership” (Dooley and Patten 57). “In his view, it is no more sinful for people to seek power and pursue self-interest than it is sinful for the earth to orbit the sun. The new empirical prince must understand that people will only follow if they perceive it to be in their best interest to do so” (D& P 58). “Machiavelli contended it is better to be feared because the prince is better able to control those who fear him than those who love him, as “men love at their own free will, but fear at the will of the prince . . . a wise prince must rely on what is in his power and not on what is in the powers of others”. Fear, for Machiavelli, is a strong and long-lasting emotion, whereas the love emotion is occasionally fickle—here today and at times gone tomorrow” (D & P 60). “Machiavelli directs the prince to only ‘take the life’ of someone when there is ‘proper justification and manifest reason for it,’ and when using violence to do so swiftly and brutally because people ‘will revenge themselves for small injuries, but cannot do so for great ones.’” (D & P 61). “A wise prince should furthermore impose all necessary pain early in his tenure and in one fell swoop, rather than spread small doses of pain over a long period of time” (61) “…inflicting necessary injury on...

Words: 407 - Pages: 2

Political Science

...Gabriel Laurencin Jr Political Science Assignment VI April 17, 2015 The last three months of college have offered me opportunity to learn and understand the science that is involved in politics. Politics can be simplified into smaller components and an easier understanding by studying how it works and the systems of which they operate. This is what we call a social science. According to Britannica Encyclopedia Political science is a social science discipline that deals with systems of government and the analysis of political activity and political behavior. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics which is commonly thought of as the determining of the distribution of power and resources. When I started the political science class my views on politics were negative. Negative in the sense that I wanted little to do with politics. My view of politics was a form of corruption were citizens were robbed. My recent studies of the political science have changed my views, interest, and expectations of politics. Growing up in the Virgin Islands my generation has heard and seen very little positive talks about politics. My definition of politics before my political science class was fairly simple. I thought politics were a group or an entity of elected officials that controlled government money. I learned that I was not one 100% right but there was way more to that one simple word. The very first thing that political science made me understand is the......

Words: 1181 - Pages: 5

Political Science

...general population is still in existence. And while they have begun to work on an energy efficiency system, we are still utilizing a system that is treacherously depending on gas, which is approximately $4.00 a gallon here in the Virgin Islands. It would also be nice for the government to put in the same time and effort as they did for their campaign into doing what is right for the people of the Virgin Islands. Now we are at the end of this class, I have learned about the history of political science, methods, political regimes, public polices, concepts, ideologies, political institutions and public policies. I have also developed an awareness of the assembly and process of the different political systems so that I can now participate in the political system. I have also gained the ability to express my thoughts in public settings by participating in class discussion. In addition, I learned to appreciate the advantages of alternative standpoints for instance ethnic, ideological or regional political ideas and issues. Lastly I am able to identify and apply factors that hamper the democratic systems in both developing countries as well as in former communist states. Upon completing this course, I have learned that not because I feel that the politicians do not have my best interest at heart that does not mean that they do not have the best interest for the community. At first I thought not participating in election was okay, but in reality I am the one suffering from my......

Words: 1128 - Pages: 5

Political Science

... Name; waweru Maureen wangari Id;640927 Course; political science Task; term paper Lecturer; Pauline ndungu 1. Table of contents 2. Introduction- definition of democracy 3. Democracy in western states * United states of America-government and politics * Germany - government and politics Democracy in African countries * South Africa- government and politics 4. Comparison and contrast between African and western democracy 5. Conclusion 6. Referees INTRODUCTION Often do we come across the word democracy people are constantly trying to define it but most do not understand it. It has many definitions but what I term best fit is a government for the people and by the people. It is a form of government in which all eligible citizens are meant to participate equally either directly or indirectly through elected representatives or by establishment of laws in which the society is run. There are three main types which include direct democracy, presidential democracy and parliament democracy. Any form of democracy tries in its own way to ascertain the will of the people and to bring public affairs into line with it. This can be achieved by direct democracy or by a body of elected representatives. Within the group of representative democracies the focus may be on a strong president which is the presidential democracy or on a strong parliament which is the parliament democracy. As earlier mentioned the question is never on whether there exist some forms of direct......

Words: 2491 - Pages: 10

Political Science

...International Secretariat plus several thousand other youth & student groups, specialist groups, networks and coordinators in more than 90 countries & territories throughout the world. representatives of the worldwide movement, and an elected member of the International Secretariat. 3) Helping the victims Amnesty International has a precise mandate, detailed in an international statute. The main focus of its campaigning is to: • free all prisoners of conscience. These are people detained anywhere for their beliefs or because of their ethnic origin, sex, colour, language, national or social origin, economic status, birth or other status -- who have not used or advocated violence; • ensure fair and prompt trials for political prisoners; • abolish the death penalty, torture and other cruel , inhuman or degrading treatment of prisoners; • end extrajudicial executions and "disappearances". Amnesty International also opposes abuses by opposition groups, including hostage taking, torture and killings of prisoners and other deliberate and arbitrary killings. 4) Campaigning for Human Rights Each year, Amnesty International members around the world work on behalf of people threatened with imprisonment, unfair trials, torture or execution. This year's activities are an indication of the level of work done every year on behalf of these people. The organization's nerve centre is the International Secretariat in London, with more......

Words: 3966 - Pages: 16

Deine Märchenwelt - Märchen, Geschichten Sagen | Selfie Games [TV]: Group Draw and Guess Party Game 1.0.1 | Maníaco (Maniac) 2013