Describe and Evaluate Two Approaches to the Treatment of Self-Defeating Behaviour

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“Describe and evaluate two approaches to the treatment of self-defeating behaviour.

For those who study behaviour it is seen as the process or adapting responses to environmental stimuli, this process becomes conditioned through reinforcement until it becomes ‘learned’. This is stored within the subconscious and revisited or attached to a situation as a means of trying to deal – or not deal – with it. This is the case with self-defeating behaviours where the pattern of behaviour is one that is preventing them from reaching their potential or sense of well-being. A therapist trying to help someone deal with this type of behaviour would be able to explain how it is also learned and through therapy try and investigate where set behaviour stemmed, its causes, and ways of dealing with recurrence as some way to gaining understanding and closure for the client.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy or CBT is one approach to the treatment of self-defeating where a regressive or limiting pattern of behaviour is identified and change of that pattern or cycle is sought through therapy by changing the person’s thinking, which in turn changes actions, and ultimately the regressive or self-defeating patterns of behaviour. For a CBT practitioner or behaviourist the problem is in the behaviour and not in the person arguing that the reinforcing and conditioning effects of a person’s environment hugely influence their behaviour. Behaviour being linked to thoughts means that all behaviour is learned right through an individual’s life and is their learned responses to their environment. Cognitive-behavioural therapy will aid the individual to learn and apply new techniques in life – focusing on how learned behaviour could be the main obstacle in overcoming problems and thus challenging set patterns of behaviour where necessary.

Two examples of self-defeating patterns…...

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