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Sociology Central Teaching Notes
Crime and Deviance 1. Basic Concepts

Sociology Central Crime and Deviance

Basic Concepts
In this section of the course we will be exploring the nature of conformity to - and deviation from social rules in both our own and other societies. In order to do this, we will initially need to understand a number of basic concepts that we can develop. In more detail at a later point. Before we start to do this, however, it might be useful to briefly map-out the various general areas covered by the syllabus.

In this respect, we will be looking at a major aspect of deviant behaviour in our society (crime) and the way such behaviour is associated with various social categories such as: Class Age Gender Ethnicity Locality / Region

In simple terms, we need to look at the various explanations of crime and deviance that have been produced by sociologists over the past 100 or so years.

The concept of power is a very significant one in relation to the way social rules are created and applied and, for this reason, we need to examine this concept as a means of understanding the nature of social conformity and deviance.

A significant aspect of (deviant) behaviour is the reaction of others to that behaviour and, in this respect, we will be particularly concerned with an examination of the role of the mass media in the process of Deviancy Amplification.

The concern here will be to outline the role of "official" agencies of social control in our society.

Over the past 20 - 30 years a number of "deviant sub-cultures" (Mods, Hippies, Punks and so forth) have surfaced in both our own and other cultures and the concern here will be to both examine the nature and purpose of such subcultural groupings and their relationship to deviant behaviour in general. Sociology Central…...

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