Diabetes in Adolescence

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Running head: CHLAMYDIA

Chlamydia Case Study with Questions

Chlamydia “The bacterial infection chlamydia trachomatis is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STI). The Chlamydia bacterium can infect the cervix, fallopian tubes, throat, anus and male urethra”. (Henning, D., Alice, R., Sanci, L., Dunning. T., 2006) Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular organisms from bacteria that now comprise 3 species. “They include the following: Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia psittaci, and Chlamydia pneumoniae.” (Bashour, 2007) It is a kind of bacteria that can infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra, eye, or throat. Chlamydia is the name of several types of bacteria. One strain occurs primarily in the tropics and causes lymphogranuloma venerum – symptoms include skin lesions and swelling of certain glands in the genital area. According to Kirkland (2006), it is stated that an estimated 2.8 million cases of Chlamydia are reported in the United States each year. It is also mentioned that according to the CDC, there is an increase of more than 60% of Chlamydia cases undiagnosed and untreated. This percentage remains higher among females 15 to 19 and 20 to 24 years of age. Chlamydia can be transmitted during vaginal, anal or oral sex. Chlamydia can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during vaginal childbirth. Since Chlamydia is known as a silent disease because about three quarters of infected women and about half of infected men have no symptoms. If symptoms so occur, they usually appear within 1-3 weeks after exposure. “Chlamydia infection is most wide spread in adolescents who reside in an inner city are at greater risk of contracting Chlamydia infection.”(Burns, N., Briggs, P., Gaudet, C., 2007) Usually, there are no symptoms. Seventy-five percent of women and fifty percent…...

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...Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus, most commonly known as “Diabetes” is a chronic disease associated with abnormally high levels of the sugar (Glucose) in the blood. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body's cells. The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas. Insulin helps glucose enter the cells. In diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body can't respond normally to the insulin that is produced, this causes glucose levels in the blood to rise, leading to symptoms such as increased urination, extreme thirst, and unexplained weight loss. Type I diabetes, sometimes called juvenile diabetes begins mostly in childhood or adolescence. In this form of diabetes, the body produces little or no insulin. It is characterized by a sudden onset and occurs more frequently in populations descended from Northern European countries (Finland, Scotland, Scandinavia) than in those from Southern European countries, the Middle East, or Asia. In the United States, approximately three people out of 1,000 develop Type I diabetes. This form also is called insulin-dependent diabetes because people who develop this type need to have daily injections of insulin. Brittle diabetics are a subgroup of Type I where patients have frequent and rapid swings of blood sugar levels between hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. These patients usually require several injections of different types of insulin......

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...Adolescence is often considered a time of confusion, rebellion, and problems. While this can occur, most people emerge from adolescence without any problems and successfully navigate the changes that accompany adolescence. Researchers do seem to agree that there are a lot of changes that take place during adolescence, but it does not always mean that it is an unpleasant time in the lives of humans (Santrock, 2011). As children enter adolescence they will experience neurological, hormonal, and physical changes. It is also important to consider the psychosocial development of adolescents and how it can be influenced by these biological changes as well as the environment that the adolescent is experiencing. Many of the changes that adolescents experience are the result of a combination of factors and the interaction of biology and the environment. Neurological Changes Many times the focus on neurological development is during the early childhood years of development. Such rapid changes take place during early childhood, it is many times the focus of clinicians and academics, but very significant changes also take place during adolescence as well (Rutter, 2007). One of the most interesting neurological changes that are observed in adolescents is that the connections between neurons continue to be refined through pruning (Rutter, 2007). The amount of brain matter tends to increase throughout childhood, but a decline in grey matter is found in adolescence due to pruning of the......

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Diabetes and Adolescence

...Diabetes and Adolescence Christian Minaxi Grand Canyon University: NRS 433V February 15, 2013 Diabetes and Adolescence Article First Guo, Jia ; Whittemore, Robin ; He, Guo-Ping (2011).The relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control in youth with type 1 diabetes: an integrative review. http://ehis.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/detail?vid=8&sid=feb187e3-959a-463b-b132-6fdc0a76dfec%40sessionmgr12&hid=5&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY Abstract: guo j., whittemore r. & he g.-p. (2011) The relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control in youth with type 1 diabetes: an integrative review. Journal of Advanced Nursing 67(11), 2294-2310. Abstract Aims. The purpose of this integrative review was to describe the relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control in youth with type 1 diabetes and to explore factors which affect this relationship. Background. In the past 15 years, research has indicated that youth with type 1 diabetes face considerable self-management challenges and are at increased risk for poor metabolic control. To enhance the development of behavioral interventions for youth with type 1 diabetes, the relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control needs to be more clearly elucidated. Data Sources. Research studies that examined the relationship between diabetes self-management and metabolic control in youth with type 1 diabetes......

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...Subject area: Diabetes • What is Type 1 Diabetes? Type 1 Diabetes is when the body does not produce insulin, usually children and young adults are diagnosed with this disease. Roach, D. P. (2011, November 20). American diabetic association. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/ • What is Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 Diabetes is when the body's cells ignore the insulin or the body does not produce enough insulin. Bryan, S. (2011, January 26). American diabetes association. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-2/ • Briefly describe how to distinguish between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 is when you are insulin dependent and you are born without a functioning pancreas. Type 2 Diabetes can be controlled through diet and exercise. • What are the current statistics for type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 Diabetes is more common in the following ethnicities Latinos, African Americans, Pacific Islanders, Native Americans, Hawaiian Natives, and Asian Americans. 8.3% of the population has diabetes and nearly 7 million are undiagnosed. 0.26% of adolescence under the age of 20 have Type 2 Diabetes. (06 M). Retrieved from http://localtvwghp.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/diabetes-statistics.pdf • How can type 2 Diabetes be prevented? (cite a source and explain it in your own words) Almost half of people with IGT (impaired glucose tolerance) end up developing Type 2 Diabetes in their lifetime. This means......

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...Diabetes Mellitus Machelle Van N140 Instructor’s Name November 5, 2012 Diabetes Mellitus According to the Australian Institute of Health and Wellness, “Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition in which the body makes too little of the hormone insulin or cannot use it properly” (pg. 1, para 1). The pancreas produces insulin which helps glucose to enter cells through the bloodstream; the sugar is then converted into energy. Diabetes is uncontrollable when there is a build-up of glucose in the bloodstream, and there is not enough glucose entering the cells. If left untreated, diabetes can cause damage to the brain, kidney disease, heart disease, stroke, and complications to other parts of the body. Diabetes often appears in childhood or adolescence. Etiology The disease affects more than 20 million Americans and more than 40 million Americans have pre-diabetes that can lead to type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to overcome the resistance. Three Major Types of Diabetes Type I Diabetes | Type 2 Diabetes | Gestational Diabetes | Diagnosed in childhood or adolescence; the disease can occur in adults. | Common than type 1 diabetes; makes up many of the disease. | Develops at any time during pregnancy. | The body cannot produce insulin. | Occurs frequently in young people, and adulthood. | Women are at a higher risk of developing......

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...Adolescence comes from the latin word “adolescere” meaning to grow up”. It started from 12 to 18 years old. During this stage, you develop the ability to understand abstract ideas, such as higher math concepts and develop moral philosophies including rights and privileges, establish and maintain satisfying relationships by learning to share intimacy without feeling worried or inhibited, question old values without losing your identity. You may go through many changes as you move from childhood into physical maturity. The sudden and rapid physical changes that you go through make you very self- conscious, sensitive and worried about your own body changes. You may make painful comparisons about yourselves with your peers. Sometimes you may tend to pull away from your parents in search for your own identity, and your friends become more important, your peer group may become a safe haven, in which you can test new ideas. This group consists of non romantic friendships, often including “cliques,”gangs, or clubs. Members of the group often act alike, have secret codes or rituals and participate in the same activities. And as you move into mid-adolescence ages 14 to 16 years old and beyond, you may start to have romantic relationships. Through romantic friendships, dating and experimenting, you learn to express and receive intimate or sexual advances. As adolescence you should know your duties and responsibilities towards yourself, your family and to the society. To yourself you......

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...Adolesence Adolescence is a time of "storm and strife" : : Introduction : : Adolescence is a time of “storm and strife”. Adolescence is a period of time between childhood and adulthood. This is the age when one can either make something of his life or destroy it all, this is the time when a person makes those friends who changes the how he looks at life and how he faces it. An adolescent's main goal these days is to fit in and not be different from their peers. In this paper I will explore the probabilities of the following grievances experienced by the adolescent youth which are drugs, suicide, and homelessness. : : Body of the Essay : : Adolescence is the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood; it generally refers to a period ranging from teen years through 20s. As now life is growing more complex, however, adolescents are increasingly cut off from the activities of their elders, leaving most young people with education as their sole occupation. Inexorably, this has isolated many of them from the adult world and has prolonged their adolescence. Now almost all over the world the adolescent years have become marked by violence to an alarming degree. The phenomenon of teenage suicide has become particularly disturbing, but risk-taking behaviors of many sorts can be observed, including alcohol and drug abuse. Adolescents only want to have fun and go to parties. They get addicted to drugs and start to revolve their lives around drugs. Some get arrested......

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...Raven Davis 11/25/14 Professor Pearse Emerging Adulthood: My Story After leaving the adolescence stage, young adults are not ready mentally to take on adult roles and responsibilities. Therefore the stage called emerging adulthood takes place before adulthood is entered. There comes a point in an individual’s life where he/she must surpass his/her youth and enter adulthood. This development, otherwise known as maturity, often transforms the individual in all physical and mental characteristics. Maturity, in many ways, sets the basis for how a person will view and approach life. I have experienced maturation from a shy and insecure child in middle school to a responsible and confident young adult in high school and throughout college. However, some people seem to think that this level of maturity comes to a stopping point once you reach a certain age. I have learned that that is not the case at all. Being mature plays a role in every aspect of life in general, which means it is an ongoing growth no matter your age, race, ethnicity, or gender. Personally, since I was a little girl I have always had a mature mindset in many situations. I had never act my age and I always found myself hanging out with older girls and guys. Everyone around me said I act like their mom when it came to making long and short term decisions. I was not your typical teenager when it came to romantic relationships or friendships of any kind. One example that showed me I had a very unique maturation was...

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...1 The Act of Adolescence Medical Decisions In society there's constant debates on the issue of adolescence being considered mature enough to make their own decisions. For a long period of time adolescence have been viewed as immature and less capable then adults in making a living. Issues on if adolescents are capable of making their own medical decisions has been one argument that’s been represented with both con and pro views. Many argue that adolescents should have control over their body and be allowed to make a decision especially when dealing with medical issues that effect them emotionally and physically. But have they ever thought about the consequences these decisions can have on the adolescent life? On the contrary, others argue that adolescents lack full capacity to make complex decisions, giving parents the responsibility to make these decisions for them. Adolescence are not able to think with ethical reasoning until they are consider adults. According to previous research, I believe adolescence do are not mature enough to make their own medical decisions. It all relies on the variety of aspects they encounter as they grow older such as cognitive development and decision-making. The way adolescence brain works effects the decision they make. In the article “Maturity of Judgment in Adolescence: Psychosocial Factors in Adolescent Decision Making” both authors Laurence Steinberg and Elizabeth Cauffman states that impulse control takes an important role in......

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...Diabetes: the most common disease that runs in my family A Research Paper Presented In partial Fulfillment of the Course PE 211 04 Health Principles To Professor Earl Henry December 4, 2013 Health Principles December 4, 2013 Abstract Diabetes is a disease that runs on my mother’s side of the family. This paper will pull out the different types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Each type has different symptoms that will show the requirements of receiving diabetes. Diabetes can be treated but it can’t be necessarily be curable. It is important that to motivate people to start taking care of their body’s. Young children around the world, especially in America start getting treatments for being diabetic. It is devastating to see young children suffer at young ages because of the foods they eat and not getting plenty of exercises. Having a good health is very important and for young children there should not be any excuses. The reason why I picked this topic is because my mother’s side of my family are diabetics and it is very common to them. My grandmother has to take medications everyday for her diabetes. My family has the decency to take care of their body’s, but it’s a disease that runs in our family. There is a great chance for me in the future to catch this disease if I do not pay attention to my own health. Everett Grant Professor Henry Health Principles December 4, 2013 Diabetes There are many risk factors for type 2 diabetes, it goes through family......

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...Diabetes Speaker Notes Slide 2- This presentation will discuss the goals of Healthy People 2020 with the focus of the presentation on Diabetes. It will define diabetes and the age groups affected by the illness. We will discuss the reason the Red Group felt this focus area was important. The presentation will identify ways to enhance or optimize diabetic health. Health disparities among different populations in the United States will be discussed. Community resources will be identified for patient and family education. The American Diabetic Association will be discussed as well as some of the programs they offer. Slide 3- Healthy People provides Science Based, 10 year national objectives for improving health of all Americans. Healthy People for three decades has set national goals and monitored them to encourage collaborations across communities and sectors, empower individuals toward making informed health decisions, and measure the impact of prevention activities. (Healthy People. gov, n.d.) Slide 4- We felt this was an important topic because diabetes affects all age groups from children, teens, young adults, pregnant women to older adults. This disease doesn't discriminate who it attacks. Diabetes involves multi-organ body systems including the eyes, vascular system, and urinary system. Many Americans have lost their vision, limbs, kidney function and even their life to this disease. We felt education is important because many people still don’t know what......

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...In today’s day and age the adolescence in under more stress than ever before. Peer acceptance lack of coping skills and or social support leads the adolescence to feel that suicide is the only way out. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among teens between the ages of 15-19(Ball & Binder, 2008. Pg.1132). Too often the adolescence may feel that they are unable to cope with every day’s stressors partly due to the lack of appropriate skills and outlets, adequate support systems, or available mental health interventions. Depression suicide and substance abuse emerge as life becomes overwhelming and the future unmanageable (Edelman, & Mandel, 2010). There are warning signs of the possible suicidal ideations in the adolescence. The distressed adolescence tends to give clues, both verbally and nonverbally. Some of the warning signs may be the expression of hopelessness a preoccupation with death or an increasing rage or anger (Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span list several other warning signs on page 558). Any single clue may mean nothing but, in this writers opinion serves as a red flag and the idea should be taken seriously. Suicide threats should never be ignored, and the adolescent who is thinking harming or possibly harming themselves should never be left alone (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2006, Shaw et al., 2005). Adolescent suicide can be prevented. When you suspect that an adolescent may be or is suicidal an immediate intervention should be......

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...Diabetes Among African Americans Diabetes has been affecting the African American community in the United States for a long time. Diabetes is a disease that occurs in people by altering the body’s metabolic process in producing insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is produced in the pancreas which regulates the amount of sugar in our blood stream, and in turn becomes energy. There are two types of diabetes: type 1diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Type 1diabetes, which usually begins during childhood or adolescence, is a condition characterized by high blood glucose levels caused by lack of insulin (American Diabetes Association). This occurs when the body's immune system attacks the insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them. Type 2 diabetes which is the most common form of the disease, usually occurs in middle aged adults after the age of forty-five (American Diabetes Association). It’s a condition characterized by high blood glucose levels caused by either lack of insulin or the body's inability to use insulin efficiently. Forty percent of African American boys and forty nine percent of girls will develop diabetes during their lifetimes and therefore face the possibility of severe diabetes-related complications and a life span that is reduced by 4 to 23 years (Institute for Alternative Futures). In 2010, there were 5,547,700 African Americans in the United States with diabetes. African Americans have at least twice the risk of amputations, renal failure,......

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...Diabetes Mellitus The term "diabetes mellitus" refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood glucose, commonly called blood sugar. Glucose is vital to your health because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It's your brain's main source of fuel. (Turner, 2010, p.18) of you have diabetes, no matter what type, it means you have too much glucose in your blood, although the reasons may differ. Too much glucose can lead to serious health problems. Chronic diabetes conditions include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Potentially reversible diabetes conditions include prediabetes — when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes — and gestational diabetes, which occurs during pregnancy. (Turner, 2010, p. 22) Diabetes symptoms vary depending on how high your blood sugar is elevated. Some people, especially those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, may not experience symptoms initially. In type 1 diabetes, however, symptoms tend to come on quickly and be more severe. Some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes include: Increased thirst Frequent urination Extreme hunger Unexplained weight loss Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there's not enough insulin) Fatigue Blurred vision Slow-healing sores Mild high blood pressure Frequent......

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...Adolescence (from Latin: adolescere meaning "to grow up")is a transitional stage of physical and psychological human development generally occurring between puberty and legal adulthood (age of majority). The period of adolescence is most closely associated with the teenage years, although its physical, psychological and cultural expressions can begin earlier and end later. For example, although puberty has been historically associated with the onset of adolescent development, it now typically begins prior to the teenage years and there has been a normative shift of it occurring in preadolescence,(generally ends with the beginning of puberty, but may also be defined as ending with the start of the teenage years) particularly in females (see early and precocious puberty). Physical growth, as distinct from puberty (particularly in males), and cognitive development generally seen in adolescence, can also extend into the early twenties..  Puberty is the process of physical changes by which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction to enable fertilization. It is initiated by hormonal signals from the brain to the gonads; the ovaries in a girl, the testes in a boy. In response to the signals, the gonads produce hormones that stimulate libido and the growth, function, and transformation of the brain, bones, muscle, blood, skin, hair, breasts, and sexual organs. Physical growth—height and weight—accelerates in the first half of puberty and is......

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