Disaster Management in Value Chain

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d. Key Stakeholders Analysis Disaster affected people is a composite category. It includes different groups of people with varied economic and social background. However, the poor and extreme poor people are most affected due to their fragile economic condition, presence in risky locations and no potential for self recovery. They try to cope with the situation through multiple strategies. Firstly, austerity – mange situation with resources available (e.g. eat less, distress selling and desertation etc. ); secondly, forfeiture – make sacrifices to ensure survival (e.g. accept low wage for labour, accept bondage for advance payment of wage, send children to work for income, sell assets, leave home to seek job and income) and thirdly, requital – try accessing additional resources (e.g. seek loans, seek gift in kind, seek relief). Generally, disaster affected people do not perceive that they have any entitlement. They depend on immediate relief for the emergency period through NGOs, and GO. They are more dependent on the ‘safety net’ programmes of government as most vulnerable groups.
CBOs – a community based formal set up, it is civil society non-profits that operate within a single local community. They are essentially a subset of the wider group of nonprofits. Like other nonprofits they are often run on a voluntary basis. It has ability to respond in emergency promptly due to its presence within the affected society. However, their capacities and resources are very limited. They play a supportive role to humanitarian agencies with their heir assistance in post-disaster situation which is perceived as a cost-effective approach of the formal humanitarian actors.
Local Government Bodies – Union Parishad, is the last resort in government system that have exigency within the community with people’ mandates. They are one of the major vehicles for delivering response…...

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